سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با محمد كيانوش راد و احمد زيدآبادي
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL - Persian ServiceThursday, February 21, 2002
On Radio Azadi (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty - Persian Service)
The IRI Parliament's Possible Investigation into US Charges
* Positions expressed by individuals and institutions in Iran in relation to foreign affairs, should not be considered as the official position of IRI, says Mohammad Kianoush Rad, a reformist member of IRI parliament in an interview with RFE/RL, explaining today's statement issued in the parliament by the reform faction. He says, if proofs were to be found that would somehow link to Iran actions such as the transfer of arms to the Palestinian Authority, it must be noted that there may have been "rogue" elements in Iran, like there are in every country, who might do things in spite of the country's official foreign policy. Kianoush-Rad adds that, so far, no proofs of such links have been found. Kianoush-Rad says an investigation into US charges must be conducted by the Supreme National Security Council, and by the parliament itself, if necessary.
* The text of the statement clearly shows that, parliament reformists see the US claims as probable and even something more than probable, says journalist and foreign policy analyst in Tehran, Ahmad Zeid-abadi, in an interview with RFE/RL. It is unclear now, adds Zeid-abadi, whether the IRI reformist parliament members have proofs or are just making guesses, but in either case, such probability is clearly there in their statement. He says, it is obvious that the parliament wants an investigation into the US charges, but whether such an investigation will take place, depends on the power of the parliament, and so far, developments have shown that, unfortunately, the parliament cannot do its job on such matters. Zeid-abadi says, the Supreme National Security Council may already have knowledge of the truth of the US allegations, and if not, we have to ask whether the structure of the Council would allow it to initiate such investigations. Anyhow, he adds, the world community is well aware of the limitations of the power of the IRI parliament; and just calling for an investigation, does not necessarily resolve the problems of the foreign concerns. By calling for an investigation, he adds, the parliament is actually warns that, these actions provide a pretext for a US military attack on Iran. In the interview with RFE/RL, Zeidabadi refuses to identify the so-called rogue powers involved in actions such as the alleged transfer of arms to the Palestinian Authority, and says, mentioning the existence of such powers is enough to bring Judicial indictment against the person, let alone identifying them on the radio. Naming those powers is not something a reporter can do, he concludes. (Siavoush Ardalan)
Reformists to Investigate US Claims about IRI's Involvement in Arms Smuggling to Palestinians and Alquaida Members Escape to Iran
* In a statement issued in the IRI parliament in reaction to the US President's "Axis of Evil" speech, the reformist camp called for a full investigation into the US charges that factions of IRI transferred arms to the Palestinian authority and allowed Alquaida members into Iran. Full prosecution of those responsible for such violations of the country's official foreign policy was demanded. The statement blames the conservative faction for the provocative statements and actions that are aimed at militarizing Iran-US relations. They said conditions in the society, such as ignoring te popular vote and people's aspirations, give excuses to the US for criticizing Iran. (Mina Baharmast)
US Positions on Iran and Iraq: Axis of Evil Speech Follow up
* US foreign policy spokesmen maintain that the US is behind the Iranian people's aspirations for democracy and maintains that the relative political openness in Iran does not exist in Iraq. US also counts on Russia to limit IRI's programs to obtain mass destruction weapons. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
IRI to Develop Oil and Gas Projects in the Caspian Sea, Will Not Wait for Legal Regime
* Since others have already started exploiting their Caspian Sea resources, it is possible for Iran to do that too, says Houman Peymani, PhD, a Caspian Sea expert in Tehran, in an interview with RFE/RL. The IRI Oil Minister announced that Iran will not wait for an agreement between Caspian Sea lateral countries before putting in action its own exploration projects. Houman Peymani says, there are conflicting claims about ownership of some oil and gas fields in the Caspian. Iran has maintained that exploitation of such fields should be postponed until a legal system for the Caspian is agreed upon by all the lateral states. Peymani believes that, Russia has neither the power nor the will to persuade Iran to accept Russia's position on the Caspian Sea legal regime. Based on an agreement which existed between Iran and the former Soviet Union, all Caspian Sea resources were mutually owned by the two countries and were to be shared. Iran continues to hold on to that position, says Peymani. However, he adds, new realities may force Iran into changing that position. According to Peymani, Iran has never officially accepted an 11 percent share of the Caspian Sea resources, as rumors have it. What is important, he says, is that there should be a just and fair distribution of the Caspian Sea resources. (Ferydoun Zarnegar)
Iranian Pro-reform Student Movement Faces Grave Obstacles
* Under pressure from the hardliners, pro-reform student movements have lost their members to jail, radicalism or inertia, says RFE/RL reporter Mehdi Khalaji, in the aftermath of the statements in Tehran by Ali Afshari, a leading pro-reform student activist, who apologized for having said, in a "forced TV interview" that student movement aimed to overthrow the regime. Student activistis, says Khalaji, no longer see a direct and clear way for implementation of the democratic reforms within the framework of IRI and the Absolute Rule of the Jurisprudent or Valayat-e-Faqih. (Mehdi Khaliji)
Student Activist's Apology for Forced TV Interview
* I am ashamed and I apologize to the Iranian People and the reform movement, said Ali Afshari, a recently freed student activist about the TV interview aired in April by IRI in which he "confessed" that Iran's pro-reform student movement aimed at overthrowing the regime.
* There was no need for apology, says Amir Keyvan Zokaii, a colleague of Ali Afshari in the Amir Kabir Univeristy's Student Association, during an interview with RFE/RL. Zokaii adds that all the students who watched Afshari's forced interview knew that he was forced to do it an cried as they watched it.
* In an interview with RFE/RL, Nima Rashedan, a Sweden-based political analyst, describes the techniques used by IRI interrogators to persuade a subject to confess to uncommitted crimes and to accuse his own allies of crimes. Among these techniques, Rashedan says, are long-term solitary confinement and feeding the subject untrue information about the activities outside prison against the subject by his own friends.
* Faraj Sarkouhi, a human rights writer now living in Germany, who had been the subject of such pressures in solitary confinement himself, explains the techniques used by his interrogators, during an interview with RFE/RL. Sarkouhi says the methods that Afshari describes in his press conference were in use when Saeed Emami was a Deputy in the IRI Ministry of Information and Security under Minister Ali Falahian. Their issue is not the entire public opinion in Iran, adds Sarkouhi, but the Hizbolah masses in Iran who continue to believe in IRI. They want to continue to keep these masses believing that they should unite against "the foreign enemy," says Sarkouhi; each time a victim comes out and says he had confessed under pressure and torture, the regime's tactic becomes less effective; that is why I was happy that Ali Afshari came out and said these, says Sarkouhi.
* Parliament should eliminate from the law the provision that allows a judge to exclude the lawyers of the accused from the fact finding and interrogation proceedings, says Abdolfattah Soltani, Ali Afshari's lawyer, during an interview with RFE/RL. (Siavoush Ardalan)
Western Policies and the Islamic World, a Conference in Wilton Park, England
* The goal of the Wilton Park conference, organized by British Foreign Ministry, was to discuss policies that the Islamic countries find helpful in improving relations with the West. In addition to delegations from the Islamic countries, including Iraq, scholars from Israel, the US and England also took part. The only participant from Iran was the University of Tehran professor and occasional RFE/RL interviewee, Sadegh Ziba-Kalam, PhD, who lectured about Ideological and Political Attitudes in Islamic Countries and Western Reaction. In an interview with RFE/RL's London correspondent, Ziba-Kalam gives a summary of his talk, which dealt with the roots and reasons for the rise of fundamentalism in the Islamic world. (Shahram Tabari, London)
Violence in the Middle East: Attacks and Arrests
* Israeli troops attacked Palestinian centers in Gaza and West Bank from air, land and sea. Palestinian security forces arrested three implicated in the assassination of the Islraeli tourism minister. In response to Barak's statement against Arafat, Mohammad Zubair, Palestinian Authority's representative in Arab League says in an interview with RFE/RL, it was Barak who made a big mistake by not moving on peace during his 1.5 years in office. (Jamsheed Chalangi, interview with Mohammad Zubair, Cairo)
Perez Goes to Madrid
* Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Perez will discuss his Middle East peace plan with the Spanish Prime Minister. (Ahmad Rafat, Rome)
Afghanistan in the Past 24 Hours
* The two belligerent sides in Mazar Sharif agreed to disarm. American envoy went to Kabul. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul)
President Bush Asks China for Help in Negotiations with North Korea
* US asked China to help in US-North Korea negotiations, the US President said during his joint press conference with the Chinese head of state. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing)
Investigation Begins into the Train Fire in Egypt
* Investigators suspect a cooking gas container explosion to have caused the fire that killed 370 in the Egyptian train on its way to Luxur from Cairo. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Tajikistan Joins Nato's Partnership for Peace
* The agreement, Partnership for Peace, means military cooperation with NATO in such matters as officers' training and environmental protection, according to Rahim Sharifov, Tajikistan's envoy to EU and NATO, in an interview with RFE/RL. (Shirin Famili)
Campaign Begins in the French Presidential Elections
* President Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Lionel Jospin face each other in the upcoming French Presidential elections.
Peace Activists in Israel Push Harder
* Professor Galia Golan, a director of the Israeli peace movement, Peace Now, tells RFE/RL's Rome correspondent that peace activists in Israel are promoting peace with Palestinians with more intensity, as a result of the recent rise in tensions and violence in the Middle East. (Ahmad Rafat, Rome)
US Accuses Belarus of Aiding Iraq, Sudan and Terrorist Organizations
* A US envoy arrived in Belarus for talks with Belarus head of state and other officials about the US claims that Belarus provides arms to Iraq, Sudan and terrorist groups. Belarus officials say US aims at keeping Belarus from the world market in weapons. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
Said And Unsaid About Contemporary Iranian History
* In this RFE/RL historical series, Seyyed Zia Tababai, the political leader of the 1920 coup that ended the Qajar dynasty's rule in Iran, remembers the details of the coup and talks about the character of Reza Khan Mirpanj, the military commander of the coup, who assumed power as Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. The interview was recorded 40 years ago by journalist and RFE/RL colleague, Sardr-edin Elahi, who in an interview with Iraj Gorgin, RFE/RL's editor, discusses his experience of meeting Seyyed Zia and recording of the interview.
On The Green Grass
* In this weekly show, RFE/RL's soccer commentator and reporter, reviews the week's soccer events in Iran and the world.
در پيامد انتشار بيانيه فراكسيون اصلاح طلب مجلس شوراي اسلامي در باره لزوم تحقيق در باره صحت ادعاهاي آمريكا، محمد كيانوش راد، نماينده اهوار درمجلس شوراي اسلامي و عضو كميسيون امنيت ملي و سياست خارجي مجلس، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد مواضعي كه اشخاص، گروه ها يا نهادها در ارتباط با سياست خارجي در ايران ابراز مي كنند نبايد از سوي دولت هاي خارجي مواضع رسمي حكومت ايران تلقي شود. وي مي افزايد اگر دلايلي در باره صحت ادعاهاي آمريكا در باره ارتباط ايران در باره اقداماتي نظير كمك تسليحاتي جمهوري اسلامي به دولت خودگردان فلسطيني و پناه دادن به عناصر القاعده در خاك ايران بدست آيد، بايد توجه داشت كه نهادها يا عناصر خودسري در ايران مرتكب اين اعمال شده اند. كيانوش راد مي افزايد تاكنون در اين باره مدركي بدست نيامده است اما در هرحال، شوراي عالي امنيت ملي و خود مجلس بايد در اين باره تحقيق كنند و خاطي را به مجارات برسانند. احمد زيدآبادي، روزنامه نگار در تهران مي گويد بيانيه مجلس در باره لزوم تحقيق در باره اقدامات عناصر خودسر در سياست خارجي لزوما نمي تواند به انجام تحقيق منجر شود و طرف هاي خارجي ايران از محدوديت هاي قدرت مجلس در نظام حاكميت ايران آگاهي دارند. وي مي افزايد مجلس با اين بيانيه مي خواهد هشدار دهد كه عناصري از جناح محافظه كار با اقدامات تحريك آميز مي خواهند آمريكا به اقدام نظامي عليه ايران وادار كنند. وي از نام بردن عناصر و نهادهاي خودسر امتناع مي كند و مي گويد تاييد وجود چنين نهادهايي كافي است كه گوينده را در معرض تعقيب قضايي قرار دهد و از خبرنگار نمي توان انتظار داشت اسامي اين نهاد ها را در يك مصاحبه راديويي مطرح سارد.