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یکشنبه ۱۴ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۲۲:۲۵ - ۴ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

اختلاف روسيه و ايران بر سر رژيم حقوقي درياي خزر


همايون مجد (واشنگتن)، مصاحبه با بهمن آقايي ديبا

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, February 22, 2002 On Radio Azadi (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty - Persian Service) TOP STORY: Iran-Russia Conflict Over the Caspian Legal Regime * Oil and gas exploration in the disputed areas of the Caspian Sea, especially when backed by military build-up, may end in violence, warns the international energy consultant and an expert of the Caspian Sea energy issues, Bahman Aghai-Diba, in an interview with RFE/RL's Washington correspondent. Iranian navy recently stopped British Petroleum from exploring in the Alborz area for Azerbaijan. Now, IRI Oil Minister is urging Russia and others to finalize the legal regime, as soon as possible, by announcing Iran's own exploraton plans. Iran has always maintained that, based on its 1922 and 1946 treaties with the former Soviet Union, the Caspian Sea resources must be mutually shared by the lateral states, and if there is need to divide the sea, each of the 5 should receive 20% of both the water and the sea bed, says Aghai-Diba. Russia used to support Iran's position, but during the past two years, it has switched sides, he adds. With Turkmenistan joining Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, it seems that Iran is the only Caspian Sea lateral state to hold on to the shared exploitation position. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) IRAN Cancellation of the IRI Foreign Minister's Trip to Russia: Speculations of the Russian Press In various articles and interviews with officials and observers, the Russian press continue to print speculations and views about the reasons for the sudden cancellation of the trip to Moscow by Kamal Kharrazi, the IRI Foreign Minister. Among the reasons brought up by the Russian press are the differences over the wording of the joint statement about the visit; and, Puttin's refusal to see Kharrzai - both rejected by an official Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson. A Russian analyst in Vremia newspaper believes, the real reason is the conflict between the two countries over the legal regime of the Caspian Sea. Analysis in Western Press about the US-Iran Relations * Reformists IRI Parliament members' call for an investigation into the foreign policy activities of IRI's rogue institutions, is aimed at Iran's internal politics, writes Stratford Commentary. The IRI statement about the arrest of 150 Alqaida and Taliban leaders in Iran is an answer to the US accusations about IRI having allowed the terrorists into Iran. (Fariba Mavedat) An Iranian Ayatollah on ABC's Nightline * Ayatollah Mehdi Hadavi Tehrani defends Islam as a religion of peace and calls Bin Laden an American creation, during an interview with ABC's Nightline. (Homayoun Majd) Reasons for the Resignation of Tehran Mayor: Conflicts and Mismanagement * Mismanagement of the Tehran municipality and weakening a strong organization that had thrived under his predecessor, eventually pushed the Mayor of Tehran, Morteza Alviri, to resign, says Tehrani reformist journalist, Jafar Golabi, in an interview with RFE/RL. Conflict within the Tehran City Council, and the enmity that developed between Aliviri and the City Council member, Asgharzadeh, also contributed to the problem, adds Golabi. He points out that the members of the Tehran City Council were political figures elected because of their reformist credentials, not their experience in dealing with the City's issues. Under Alviri, reports Golabi, Tehran Municipality lost its strong position in collecting dues and dealing with violators. Contractors and investors became disenchanted with the city and held back their support, both financially and morally; employees became demorazlied. A bill to reduce the City's budget did not help either. "People compare the former mayor's record with Alviri's and find that the two are really incomparable," Golabi says. IRI Hardliners Offer Internet Registration for Suicide Terrorists: Internet in Iran * Ansar Hezbollah, a militant pro-Conservative Islamic militia, which has opposed the Internet and all forms of western media, has begun offering registration service over the Internet for the young man who are willing to take part in suicide terrorist attacks against the US, writes Guy Dinmore of the Financial Times. IRI is promoting creation of Internet businesses, in the hopes that it may create jobs, according to London's Guardian. The Impact of the IRI Monopolization of Iran's Internet Gateways and the New Rules for ISP's * Since the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council's ruling to monopolize the Internet gateways in Iran has not yet taken effect, ISP's continue to offer Internet service to users as before, according to journalist and Internet expert in Tehran, Ashkan Pazouki, who says, in an interview with RFE/RL that, some of the ISP's have placed proxies on their systems, which limit the access to certain websites, but there are many who continue to offer full protocol service. Pazouki adds that IRI's move to control the ISP's was only in part due to the use of cheap Internet telephone services and the subsequent loss of income for Iran's telecom monopoly. He says Iranian coffeenets and ISP's continue to operate freely, and some of them have obtained licenses, in order to comply with the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council's order. Government monopoly of the Internet Gateways will begin next March, he says, and it is not clear what effect it may have on the usage of Internet. Northwest Press Festival: Small Circulation of Bi-Lingual Provincial Newspapers * Most of the local press in the Northwestern provinces have small circulations of under 2000, since they do not employ educated writers and journalists, according to the journalist and commentator, Ensaf-Ali Hedayat in an interview with RFE/RL about "Northwest Press Fesitival" held last week in the city of Oroumieh. In spite of the weakness of the existing publications, the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance has stalled hundreds of press applications, some for more than eight years. Most readers in the area shun the weak bi-lingual provincial press in favor of the national press written in Persian. More than 56 newspapers and magazines published in the provinces of Azerbaijan, Zanjan and Ardabil were present in the gathering, but Kurdistan press were not allowed to take part, even though some of them enjoy wide circulations in Kurdistan and Azerbaijan. However, Ensaf-Ali Hedayat says, newspapers and magazines licensed to publish in the Western Azerbaijan in Kurdish, took part in the show and were popular. In addition to the local press, 13 national Iranian newspapers had also taken booths in the two-day exhibition. (Jamsheed Zand) US Preparing to Attack Iran, Says Washington-based Sociologist * US officials do not believe in the existence of difference of opinion within the IRI, and they do not think the reformist faction can wield any true power, says Rasul Nafisi, PhD, professor of sociology in Strayer University in Washington in an interview with RFE/RL. He believes that US is preparing to attack strategic targets in Iran, and Israel may join the US in such attacks. (Homayoun Majd) WORLD The Murder of Daniel Pearl Confirmed * US and Pakistani officials confirmed that Islamic terrorist cut the throat of their captive, the 33 yeear-old Wall Street Journal reporter, Daniel Pearl. (Golnaz Esfandiari) The US President Calls for Freedoms in China * In his speech at a prominent Chinese University, President Bush said he prays for freedom of religion and other democratic freedoms in China. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) Crisis In the Middle East: Sharon's Speech * Israeli, Palestinian and international observers had diverse interpretation of the speech delivered yesterday by Israeli Prime Minister. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cario) US Defense Minister Denies NYT Report About False Information Office * Misleading the enemy about US intensions is a known war tactic, according to the US Defense Minister, who denied NYT report about a new division in the Defense Dept. charged with fabricating news. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Eid al Adha Celebration in Islamic Countries * By slaughtering millions of livestock, Muslims around the world observe Eid al Adha, according to their own local traditions. (Jamsheed Chalangi, Cario) Eid al Adha Celebrations in France * The 4 million Muslims living in France observe Eid along with Muslims around the world. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) THIRD HOUR Said And Unsaid About Contemporary Iranian History * In this RFE/RL historical 4-part series, Seyyed Zia Tababai, the political leader of the 1920 coup that ended the Qajar dynasty's rule in Iran, remembers the details of the coup and talks about the character of Reza Khan Mirpanj, the military commander of the coup, who assumed power as Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. The interview was recorded 40 years ago by journalist and RFE/RL colleague, Sardr-edin Elahi, who in an interview with Iraj Gorgin, RFE/RL's editor, discusses his experience of meeting Seyyed Zia and recording of the interview. (Iraj Gorgin) The Art of the Translator: Najaf Speaks * In a lecture recorded by RFE/RL in a bookstore in Los Angeles. Iran's leading translator of English language literary and philosophical books, Najaf Daryabandari explains the art of translation. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles) Academy Award Nominees and the Importance of Academy Award * In an interview with RFE/RL, Hollywood-based Iranian film and television director Reza Badiee comments about the Academy Awards. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles)

بهمن آقايي ديبا، مشاور شركت هاي بين المللي انرژي در واشنگتن و يك كارشناس امور انرژي درياي خزر، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد دفع الوقت در رسيدن به توافق بر سر رژيم حقوقي درياي خزر و ادامه فعاليت هاي اكتشاف و استخراج گاز و نفت در مناطق مورد اختلاف، با توجه به تجهيز نظامي كشورهاي منطقه، مي تواند كار را به برخوردهاي خشونت آميز بكشاند. موضع ايران اين بوده است كه منابع درياي خزر بايد براساس قراردادهاي 1922 و 1940 ميان ايران و اتحاد شوروي سابق، به طور مشترك ميان كشورهاي حاشيه آن تقسيم شود. آقايي-ديبا مي افزايد در صورتي كه قرار باشد تقسيمي صورت گيرد، ايران به تقسيم به صورت مساوي اعتقاد دارد كه 20 درصد از منابع اين درياچه اعم از آب يا كف دريا را نصيب ايران مي سازد. با پيوستن تركمنستان به موضع قزاقزستان، آذربايجان و روسيه، به نظر مي رسد كه ايران در موضع خود تنها مانده است. اقايي ديبا مي گويد عليرغم اختلاف بر سر رژيم حقوقي، كشورهاي ديگر اكتشاف و استخراج در مناطق مربوط به خودشان را مدتهاست كه شروع كرده اند. در مناطقي كه هنوز تعيين حدود نشده است، امكان برخورد وجود دارد و نمونه آن هم فعاليت شركت بريتيش پتروليوم بود در منطقه نفتي البرز كه قواي نظامي ايران جلوي فعاليت هاي تحقيقاتي كشتي بريتيش پتروليوم را كه براي آذربايجان كار مي كرد، گرفت.

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