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جمعه ۷ آبان ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۸:۱۸ - ۲۸ اکتبر ۲۰۱۶

رابطه ايران و آمريكا: نياز به يك تصميم استراتژيك بزرگ براي منافع ملي ايران

فريدون زرنگار و شهران طبري، مصاحبه با هوشنگ امير احمدي و صادق زيبا كلام

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceThursday, February 28, 2002 TOP STORY US-Iran: The Need For a Major Strategic Decision * US-Iran problems require a strategic decision on the part of Tehran, says Houshang Amirahmadi, Rutgers University professor and head of the advocacy group, American-Iranian Council. For Iran, he tells RFE/RL, the heavy price of peace with the US is still immensely lighter than the price of war. * Dr. Amirahmadi finds former president Rafsanjani's call for the return of Iran's frozen assets "ten years old," and that in view of the high stakes for Iran the relatively minor issue of assets should not be made an obstacle for a major strategic move between the two countries. The belief by some that the Iranian reformists' advocacy of better relations with the US would only benefit the conservative faction is nonsense, he says. Better relations would benefit both the reform movement and Iranian national interests, Amir-Ahmadi says. * Tehran University professor Sadeq Ziba-Kalam says that Iranian statesmen should focus on the country's national interests, which are only hurt by the tension Tehran causes with the US. He tells RFE/RL that the "Death to America" slogan and US flag burning have cost Iran a great deal. Many Iranian conservative leaders agree, Ziba-Kalam adds, but lack the courage to say so. (Ferydoun Zarnegar, Shahran Tabari) IRAN IRI Foreign Minister's Interviews in Germany * Washington is using September 11 to drag the world into unilateralism, says Iranian FM Kamal Karrazi in interviews with the German press. He calls for UN supervision of the war against terrorism, adding that Tehran favors a diplomatic resolution to the Iraq crisis instead of a US military assault. (Mina Baharmast, Prague; Shahram Mirian, Berlin) German MP Comments on Kharrazi Trip to Berlin * Bundestag foreign relations committee member Rita Grieshaber, in an interview with RFE/RL, says talks with the IRI foreign minister centered on Afghan issues, including Iran's involvement in reconstruction and its support for the Kabul government. She says Iraq and the Middle East were also discussed. (Shireen Famili) Flight Safety: Obsolete Jetliners and Mismanagement * In an interview with RFE/RL, Mostafa Khanzadi, MP from Damavand and Firuzkuh, says he opposes the impeachment of the Minister of Transportation over the crash of IranAir's Tupolev jet that killed 119. Transportation Minister Khorram took over an organization with tremendous shortcomings only a few months ago, explains Khanzadi. Iran's flight safety problem is due to obsolete jets, so impeachment of a cabinet minster is no solution, says Dr. Amir-Baqer Madani, economics professor at Tehran's Shahid Beheshti University, though it may help to bring the issue to the attention of government officials. He too considers the worn-out fleet the main reason for the bad safety record of Iranian airlines. (Jamshid Zand) Majles Approves 1381 Budget Bill * With an increase of 30 billion rials, the Majles sent the budget bill to the Guardians Council for final ratification. The main uncertainty of the 693,000 billion rials budget is the oil market, which will determine implementation of such reforms as the unifying of the exchange rates. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) Majles Inflates an Already Inflationary Budget * The Majles's twelve percent budget increase actually increases the government's general expenses by an unprecedented 60 percent over last year, says Tehran University professor Musa Ghani-Nezhad. He warns that salary increases for government employees may be inflationary, though he tells RFE/RL that the main part of the budget, concerning expenditures for government businesses, remains untouched. Dr. Ghani-Nezhad doubts the income projected in the budget will materialize. (Fereydun Zarnegar) Iran Week in Review * The government closed down the offices of the largest student activist organization . . . Economic activity, including the stock market and real estate transactions stalled . . . Fear of a US attack spreads across Iran . . . Government officials, including Rafsanjani, started talking of detente and the conservative press and TV stopped their anti-US slogans. (For RFE/RL from Tehran) WORLD Russia Reacts to US Military Advisers in Georgia * While Russia's foreign minister asked for more explanation about US activities in Georgia, President Putin's chief of staff says the work of Americans there is important, considering Russian concern over ties between Chechen rebels and al-Qaida terrorists. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Washington Press on US Army Advisers in Georgia * President Bush says US forces will help any country where there is terrorist activity. (Homayoun Majd) Hamed Karzai in France * Accompanied by President Chirac, the Afghan interim leader opens a museum exhibition of Afghan art in Paris. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Afghanistan in the Past 24 Hours * In Berlin the UN Secretary General asks for an extension of the international peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan. Crisis in the Middle East * Eleven Palestinians, two Israelis killed in West Bank; bomb in Jordan kills two. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) British PM agrees with Bush on Axis of Evil * On Australian TV, Tony Blair says he supports Bush's "Axis of Evil" position. (Shahran Tabari) Al-Qaida Terrorists Escape to Yemen * The US Ambassador met Yemeni tribal leaders to discuss the escape of al-Qaida terrorists from Afghanistan to Yemen. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Fire in Hindu Passenger Train * India arrests 50 suspects in the train fire that killed 58 and fuelled Muslim-Hindu skirmishes. (Golnaz Esfandiari) WFO and Other Relief Organizations Help * Afghanistan New programs are being planned to feed Aghans. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Chirac-Karzai Joint Press Conference in Paris * France will help in Afghan reconstruction, and will train two units of the Afghan army, Chirac said in his joint press conference with Hamed Karzai. Afghanistan needs help to become self-sufficient, Karzai said. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) THIRD HOUR Cultural Activities in Los Angeles Iranians visit an architectural exhibition on Broadway's historical buildings. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles) Iranian-American Band Attracts 1300 * Lian, a multi-national musical group, uses a mixture of traditional Iranian and western instruments in order to bring Iranian music to American listeners, explain band leaders Pirayeh Pourafar and Houman Pour-Mohammadi in interviews with RFE/RL. (Fahimeh Barati) On the Green Grass * RFE/RL's soccer commentator reviews the week in soccer and responds to questions from listeners. (Mehrdad Massoudi)

دكتر هوشنگ امير احمدي، استاد دانشگاه راتگرز نيوجرسي و رييس "شوراي ايراني آمريكايي" American-Iranian Council در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: "مسائل ايران و آمريكا مشخص است و براي راه حل آن بايد يك فكر استراتژيك كرد و به يك تصميم بزرگ نياز دارد... و ايران بايد آماده باشد كه هزينه سنگين صلح با آمريكا را بپردازد كه بي نهايت از هزينه جنگ با آمريكا سبك تر است." امير احمدي مي افزايد: "حرفي كه آقاي رفسنجاني در باره بازگشت دارايي هاي مسدود شده ايران در آمريكا مي زند ده سال كهنه است." وي مي افزايد: "مشكل ايران و آمريكا به قدري سنگين است و خسارات و منافع احتمالي آن به قدري بالا است كه نبايد دارايي هاي ناچيزي كه ايران در آمريكا دارد را به اندازه اي عمده كرد كه مانع يك حركت وسيع استراتژيك بين دو كشور بشود." امير احمدي موضع جناح اصلاح طلب كه رابطه به آمريكا در شرايط حاضر به سود جناح محافظه كار تمام مي شود را "بسيار بي ربط" توصيف مي كند و مي گويد: : "رابطه با آمريكا به نفع ملت ايران، به نفع جنبش اصلاح طلبي و به نفع منافع ملي كشور است." از سوي ديگر، دكتر صادق زيبا كلام، استاد دانشگاه در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: منافع ملي ايران بايد در صدر سياست هاي دولتمردان ايران قرار گيرد. وي مي افزايد: "تنش را ما ايجاد كرديم نه آمريكا و منافع ملي جمهوري اسلامي ايران در نتيجه تنش با آمريكا به شدت زيان ديده است. مرگ بر آمريكا كه ما مي گوييم و پرچم آمريكا كه ما آتش مي زنيم هزينه گزافي براي منافع ملي ما ايجاد كرده است." وي مي افزايد بسياري از رهبران جناح راست در جمهوري اسلامي به همين نتيجه رسيده اند ولي به دليل جو موجود جسارت اينكه اين را مطرح كنند در خود نمي بينند.

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