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سه شنبه ۱۶ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۹:۳۷ - ۶ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

قوه قضاييه، عامل اصلي نقض حقوق بشر در ايران: ديدگاه گزارشگر ويژه حقوق بشر سازمان ملل


گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با عبدالكريم لاهيجي

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, March 02, 2002 - Judiciary condemned for Human Rights Violations - Iran's Weakening Stance on Caspian Sea Legal Regime - Some Writers Boycott IRI Seminar - Student Movement Offices close following Clash Judiciary Is the Main Human Rights Violator in Iran - Copithorne * Violations of human rights have increased in Iran, writes UN Commission of Human Rights Special Rapporteur Maurice Copithorne in his latest report. He calls the IRI judiciary the main offender, citing the arrests and jailing of writers, students, and intellectuals, and closed-door trials of political activists. The UN Human Rights Commission will issue another resolution condemning the IRI, Paris-based Dr. Abdulkarim Lahiji, head of Iranian Society for Defense of Human Rights, tells RFE/RL. Since Copithorne's term has ended, the UN Human Rights Commission will vote on a new Special Rapporteur next month in Geneva. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Of Caspian Sea Oil & Gas, Iran Will Get Only Air, Writes IRNA Paper * Iran is increasingly isolated in its position on the legal regime of the Caspian Sea, warns Iran, the newspaper of the official news agency IRNA. As Russia closes ranks with other Caspian littoral states, Iran's position is weakened because of the vague positions expressed by IRI officials, says RFE/RL's Alireza Taheri. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Tehran has not been able to form a coherent policy on the Caspian Sea. The IRI claim of 50 percent of Caspian Sea resources, based on 1921 and 1946 treaties with the Soviet Union, is unacceptable to the littoral states. Iran warns that Tehran's relatively unclear position and preoccupation with internal conflicts are gradually limiting Iran's share of the Caspian Sea to the air above. (Alireza Taheri) Some Writers Boycott IRI-Sponsored Literary Seminar at Kish * Ali-Ashraf Darvishian, a former board member of the Iranian Writers Association, calls a seminar organized jointly by the Kish Island Free Trade Zone and the Tehran-based Center for Dialogue among Civilizations "a bloody feast," and announced in an open letter that he would not be a part of it. But Mohammad Qasemzadeh, a member of the Iranian Writers Association's board of directors, tells RFE/RL that several writers that the reformist newspaper "Hayat-e Now" listed as participants declined to participate for "personal" reasons, such as fear of flying, while and literary critic Javad Mojabi tells RFE/RL that the seminar coincides with his plans for a trip abroad. Mojabi disputes that the writers were coordinating a boycott of the seminar, and says the issue should not be made a political one. (Baktash Khamsehpour) Rift in the Pro-Reform Student Movement: Daftar * Tehran security council has shut the doors of the Office for Reinforcing Unity, or Daftar, Iran's largest pro-reform student organization. The closing came after a clash between members of the Daftar's central committee and a splinter group that had elected a new central committee in a meeting in Shiraz. The Ministry of High Education is attempting to mediate between the two groups. (Amir-Mossadeq Katouzian) Iran's Role in Reconstruction of Afghanistan * In a New York Times op-ed piece, IRI's former UN representative Mohammad Javad Mahallati and Brandeis University professor Olga Davidson argue that Iran is best positioned to help in the reconstruction of Afghanistan. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) WORLD * Death toll passes 300 in Hindu-Muslim clashes in India. (Amir-Mossadeq Katouzian) * Mobarak: Saudi Middle East peace proposal will not succeed. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Iraq invites Britain to inspect its weapons factories. (Alireza Taheri) * Former Iraqi military officers gather near Washington to discuss plans to topple Saddam. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Putin supports US military advisors in Georgia. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Six arrested in Rome, as police close downtown fearing possible terrorist attacks. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Azerbaijan extradites 2 Egyptian members of outlawed Islamic groups to Cairo. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * US "shadow administration" in place since September. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * More than 400,000 land mine casualties in past twenty years in Afghanistan, says Fazel Karim Fazel, head of Afghanistan's anti-mine program during an interview with RFE/RL. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Karzai press conference at French foreign ministry. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Afghan foreign minister Abdollah talks to RFE/RL about advancements made in Afghan reconstruction and the conflicts between rival warlords in the north. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Uzbek warlord Dostom claims solidarity with Kabul in an interview with Der Spiegel. (Shahram Mirian, Koln) * New German immigration law encourages assimilation, according to Hamid Nowzari, the head of Iranian Refugees Association in Berlin. He tells RFE/RL that the new law that was drafted by the socialist and Green parties is a positive step, but adds that it makes it harder for new refugees to enter Germany. (Shireen Famili) THIRD HOUR Two Iranian-born Filmmakers Talk of American's Backlash against Iranians in the US * In a new documentary aired on PBS stations, Tannaz Eshaqian and Sara Nodjoumi, two second generation American Iranians examine the impact of September 11 on the lives of Iranians in the US. "I Call Myself Persian" describes the many ways second generation Iranians avoid using the term "Iranian" when they introduce themselves. (Behnam Nateghi) * A review of the movie "Black Hawk Down" (Behnam Nateghi) * Health Program: Los Angeles-based Dr. Mansour Moslehi discusses ways to cope with fever, and the alternatives to anti-pregnancy pills.

موريس كاپيتورن، گزارشگر ويژه حقوق بشر سازمان ملل در آخرين گزارش خود براي اجلاس كميسيون حقوق بشر اين سازمان در ژنو، نوشت موارد نقض حقوق بشر، از جمله دستگيري و حبس روزنامه نگاران و دگرانديشان و محاكمه هاي غيرعلني در ايران افزايش يافته است. وي قوه قضاييه جمهوري اسلامي را عامل اصلي تجاوز به حقوق بشر درايران معرفي كرد. دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي، رييس جامعه ايراني دفاع از حقوق بشر، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي، مي گويد ماه آينده در اجلاس كميسيون حقوق بشر، بارديگر قطعنامه اي در محكوميت جمهوري اسلامي صادر خواهد شد. وي همچنين پيش بيني مي كند كميسيون حقوق بشر جانشيني براي موريس كاپيتورن، كه دوره ماموريت وي به پايان رسيده است، انتخاب خواهد كرد.

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