لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

شنبه ۲۰ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۸:۴۶ - ۱۰ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

ايران در سالي كه گذشت: بررسي حقوق بشر


گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با الهه شريف زاده هيكس و عبدالكريم لاهيجي

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, March 26, 2002 - Islamic Republic's Human Righs Record - Self-laceration in Qum Ashura mourning - National ID card - Tehran stock exchange 1380, A Year in Review: The Islamic Republic's Human Rights Record * Abdolkarim Lahij, secretary of the Paris-based Society to Defend Human Rights in Iran, and Elaheh Sharifpour Hicks, of Human Rights Watch, describe for RFE/RL how human rights conditions worsened during the past year. When conservatives saw that they could not win by legal means, they threw their opponents in jail. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Self-Wounding Mourners Scuffle with Police in Qom Police in Qom intervened yesterday during the annual Shiite mourning rituals (Ashura) when mourners began to lacerate their heads with sharp machetes, according to a Qom resident who witnessed the incident. He tells RFE/RL that the scene of bleeding and the ensuing confrontation terrified the crowd of onlookers. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Self- Laceration Ritual and its Political Undertone Slashing one's head repeatedly and flogging one's back are among the most dramatic forms of Ashura mourning, says RFE/RL's Mehdi Khalaji. Laceration was revived in Qom after the revolution by Iranian and Pakistani followers of Ayatollah Shirazi, an opponent of Khomeini, who called themselves Karbalai. When Khomeini banned self-wounding the ritual moved underground, became political, and spread to other provinces. (Mehdi Khalaji) A National ID Card for All Iranians New national ID cards to be issued for all Iranians within the next few years will feature a 10-digit code unique to each person, says Tehran-based journalist Roya Maleki in an interview with RFE/RL. The 10-digit number will include the individual's address and the card must be renewed with any change of address. The national card will not replace the ID booklets Iranians carry today, but will act as a parallel ID. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Tehran Stock Exchange Wows Investors While it plays little role in the country's economy, the Tehran stock exchange is gaining popularity among investors who, during the past three years, have seen its index grow steadily, a performance unmatched by any European or American stock exchange. Complicated regulations, however, make it inaccessible to investors outside Iran. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) WORLD * Earthquake kills 2000 in Afghanistan. (Shireen Famili, Alireza Taheri) * FAO feeds 250,000 Afghan students. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * US Special Forces will train Afghan army. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Peace tops the agenda in Beirut's Arab summit. (Jamshid Chalangi, Beirut) * Secretary Straw of UK calls for preventive diplomacy against terrorism and rogue regimes, such as Saddam's. (Shahram Tabari, London) * US army buys 8 percent more fuel than last year. (Amir Mosaddeq Katouzian) * Annual report of the Committee to Protect Journalists censures Ayatollah Khamenei. (Siavash Ardalan) * Court overturns death by stoning order against a victim of rape in Muslim northern Nigeria. Mina Ahadi, a human rights activist in Cologne, tells RFE/RL that international pressure saved the life of this 35 year old woman. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Egypt will try a leader of Islamic Jihad and 63 members of Muslim Brotherhood. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Islamic fundamentalism rising in Central Asia, warns writer Ahmad Rashid. (Shahran Tabari) * Azerbaijan and Armenia disagree on Upper Karabakh. (Homayoun Majd) * EU seeks to raise tariffs on US imports. Hasan Mansur, an analyst in London tells RFE/RL that new US steel tariffs was a last resort move to save an industry which has not invested enough in new equipment and technology in the past decade. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) ARTS AND IDEAS * Iranian Love Stories: Zohreh and Manuchehr, based on poetry by Iraj Mirza. (Sadredin Elahi and Fahimeh Barati) * Weekly book review program, "With Books in Iran" (Kamran Fani, Tehran) * Persian contemporary poetry

در بررسي موارد نقض حقوق بشر در ايران، راديوآزادي جمع بندي از زندان و محاكمه فعالان سياسي و تعقيب و تعطيل مطبوعات را بدست مي دهد. دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي، رييس جامعه ايراني دفاع از حقوق بشر مي گويد طي سال گذشته نه تنها رعايت حقوق بشر در ايران افول كرده است بلكه جناح محافظه كار كه از طريق قانوني به منافع خود دست نمي يابد، به نقض قانون اساسي جمهوري اسلامي نيز متوسل شد و كوشيد شخصيت هاي سياسي را از طريق به زندان افكندن آنها از صحنه حذف كند. الهه شريف پور هيكس مسئول ايران در سازمان ديده بان حقوق بشر مي گويد نقض حقوق بشر در سال گذشته در ايران وخامت بيشتري يافت و بر شمار زندانيان سياسي افزوده شد.

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