ماه منير رحيمي، مصاحبه با علي محمدي، تحليلگر امور اجتماعي
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, April 02, 2002
- Tehran police expands neighborhood watch units
- Rumsfeld says Iran sponsors terrorism
- Fire burns down Iran's largest second-hand clothes market
- Iranians observe ancient national picnic day
Tehran Police to Add Neighborhood Watch Units
* The Tehran police plans to train and organize private guards into a unit under its command to further control neighborhoods--and to suppress people and instigate fear, according to Tehran-based urban affairs observer Ali Mohammadi. Commenting on press statements by acting police chief Talai about the achievements of the police during the past twelve months, Mohammadi tells RFE/RL that the emergency unit and other new police services did not help lower the statistics of murder, violent crimes and robberies, partially because of coordination problems between police and judiciary. Detectives rely on torture and guess work to solve crimes since they lack training on new crime discovery equipment and techniques. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
US Defense Secretary: Iran Sponsors Terrorism
* US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, accusing Iran, Iraq and Syria of supporting terrorism in the Middle East, said that "murderers are not martyrs, and targeting civilians is immoral, whatever the excuse." He also said that these governments deny their own people their rights. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Iran's Largest Second-Hand Clothes Market Burns Down
* In a huge fire that some say was arson, 450 shops where 1400 people worked burned down in Iran's largest market for imported second hand clothes. The shops were outside the northwestern city of Orumieh and lacked running water and other services, including insurance, according to Tabriz-based journalist Ensafali Hedayat, who tells RFE/RL that damage is estimated at 14 billion rials. Police and city workers prevent merchants from rebuilding in the area. The city wants to move the market elsewhere and the provincial government has promised loans to shopkeepers. The American and European second hand clothes imported through Turkey attracted thousands of bargain hunters. (Ardavan Niknam)
French Embassy Releases Report on Iran's Deals with French Automakers
* The production of 380,000 cars during the past 12 months was the highest output in the past 25 years for Iran's auto industry, according to a report published by the economic office of the French Embassy in Tehran. Two makers produced 90 percent of all cars, said the report, adding that the Islamic government's strategy is to increase the ratio of domestic components, protect the industry from foreign competition and expand auto exports. However, the low quality of the cars made in Iran makes the return on recent and future investments doubtful. The report calls for structural reforms in the industry, which seem impossible in today's political atmosphere. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
Iran's Esteqlal Poised to Win Asian Clubs Competition
* Captain Mansur Heydari sends his team to face its South Korean rival tomorrow in a game that may lead to a third Asian Soccer Clubs Cup championship for the Tehran-based Esteqlal soccer team. Heydari was a player 32 years ago when Esteqlal, then called Taj, beat the Israeli team to the Asian Championship. (Alireza Taheri)
Iranians Observe the National Picnic Holiday
Iranians in Iran and all over the world observed Sizdahbedar, the national picnic holiday held on the 13th day of the New Year.
* In Tehran people welcomed rain after years of drought, even though it ruined their picnic plans, according to members of a Tehrani family interviewed by RFE/RL reporter Mahmonir Rahimi.
* In France most Iranians held their picnic a day earlier on Sunday. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Some Iranian office workers will hold a picnic in a London park on next Sunday, says Jamileh in an interview with RFE/RL. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* A large group of Iranians took Monday off to gather for a picnic in a park in Cologne. A woman told RFE/RL she has clipped information about the roots and meaning of the ancient custom to share with German onlookers curious about so many Iranians picnicking on a workday. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* The Nile washed away an Iranian family's traditional wheat grass plates, as they celebrated with Egyptians who observe a similar tradition called Shanbeh Nasim. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Sharon talks of exiling Arafat while Palestinians vow to resist to death the siege of Ramallah and other West Bank towns. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* The death of an Italian priest who was shot by Israeli forces in Ramallah angers the Vatican and Italian officials. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Bush says rooting out terrorism is necessary for peace in the Middle East and the world. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* French Foreign Minister criticizes Israeli siege of Arafat headquarters. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* A review of Israeli and Palestinian officials' statements about Israel's strategic reason for the occupation of Ramallah. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Plans for the funeral of the Queen's mother. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* In the statement issued on the second day of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) session on terrorism in Malaysia, the definition of terrorism was left to the UN. However, OIC asserted that the Palestinian suicide atacks against Israel are not terrorism. (Siavash Ardalan)
* Senator Arlen Specter warns against possible US attack against Iraq and says the Administration should inform Americans of the attack's potential outcome. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* President Musharraf of Pakistan visits Kabul. Afghanistan braces for the rivalry in the upcoming supreme council between followers of exiled king Zaher and followers of former president Rabbani.
* Armenian defense minister says military cooperation with the US is a sign of Armenia's inclusive foreign policy. (Emil Danielian, Yerevan)
ARTS AND IDEAS
* Iranian Love Stories: Zohreh and Manuchehr, based on poetry by Iraj Mirza. (Sadredin Elahi and Fahimeh Barati)
* Weekly book review program, "With Books in Iran" (Kamran Fani, Tehran)
* Interview with the Paris-based Zoroastrian ethnologist Kasra Vafadari about the ancient roots of the Iranian New Year and the national picnic day on the 13th.
سردار طلائى، جانشين فرمانده نيروى انتظامى تهران بزرگ از تشکيل واحدى به نام پليس محلات در سال ١٣٨١ خبر داد. به گفته وى، سرايدارها، شبگردها و نگهبانان خصوصى براى افزايش امنيت محله ها آموزش خواهند ديد و زير نظر نيروى انتظامى فعاليت خواهند کرد. على محمدى، تحليلگر امور اجتماعى در ايران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادى مى گويد: غرض از تاسيس اين تشکيلات حفظ امنيت محلات نيست، بلکه کنترل شهروندان است. محمدى مى گويد: "مى خواهند تمام جاها را تحت کنترل داشته باشند و اين خودش يک شگرد جديد جهت اختناق افکار و کنترل افراد و پليسى کردن محلات و ايجاد رعب و وحشت در اجتماع است." جانشين فرمانده نيروى انتظامى تهران بزرگ همچنين گفت مرکز فوريت هاى پليس (موسوم به پليس ١١٠)، مرکز مشاوره، مرکز اطلاعرسانى درمورد گمشدگان و مراکز امداد رسانى، و همچنين تشکيل مراکز پليس تخصصى از اقدامات سال گذشته پليس تهران بود. على محمدى در مصاحبه با راديوآزادى مى گويد:تاسيسات جديد، که وى سرمايه گذارى در آنها را کافى نمى داند، ناشى از افزايش آمار جرم و جنايت و رواج اعتياد است. محمدى مى گويد زنجيره بوروکراسى در واکنش انتظامى و قضائى نسبت به جرم و جنايت، فوريت را در سيستم فوريت هاى پليسى ١١٠ خنثى مى کند. وى مى افزايد: نيروى انتظامى از نيروى انسانى کارآزموده و تکنولوژى امروز براى کشف جرم بى بهره است و براى استفاده از سيستم هاى جديد آموزش نديده و به جاى آن براى کشف جرم به شکنجه متوسل مى شود و ادله خود را براى اثبات جرم بر احتمالات پايه مى گذارد.