فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با هومن پيماني
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, April 05, 2002
- Iran-Russia relations
* Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi's meeting in Moscow with President Putin is a sign of the willingness of both Russia and Iran to continue their cooperation, says Human Peymani, an analyst of Central Asian issues. He tells RFE/RL that by meeting with the Iranian FM, the Russian President wants to show his independence from the US in foreign policy matters. However, Peymani doubts Russia aids Iran on development of nuclear arms, since if bilateral relations change Russia itself could become a target. Russia and Iran cooperated against the Taleban and toward the establishment of an inclusive government in Afghanistan. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Pro-Palestinian Demonstrations Have Little Impact
* Thousands demonstrated against US and Israel in Tehran after a Friday prayer speech by the Islamic Republic Leader. But Iranians are aware that the government stages the anti-Israel demonstrations and would not do anything to help the Palestinians, says London-based journalist Alireza Nourizadeh. The Leader's proposal that Arabs stop oil exports to Israel's supporters in the west for one month is neither practical nor helpful, Nourizadeh tells RFE/RL. Iran and other oil producers would be the first to face economic crisis from such a move. In other Islamic countries such as Libya and Syria, the anti-Israel demonstrations are also staged and politically exploited by governments, adds Nourizadeh. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
President of China to Visit Iran
* Iran-China trade has reached $3.3 billion, its highest level in thirty years, a Chinese foreign ministry official said on the first ever visit of a Chinese head of state to Iran. He says China considers Iran and Libya its friends and the President Zemin's visit to Tehran will be in response to President Khatami's 1999 visit to China. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing)
Iran: A Week in Review
A Tehran journalist writes a weekly roundup for RFE/RL.
* Iran holds the world record in the number of holidays.
* Nearly half of the respondents to an opinion survey think their personal finances will not change during the next 12 months. Inflation and joblessness will rise in the new year.
* Health officials warn of a dangerous bacterium in leftover bread collected by peddlers from homes and sold as animal feed.
* Iran's Red Crescent and the Highway Police give two different death tolls for the New Year holiday accidents. No explanation is given for the difference between RC's 209 and highway police's 143.
* Iranians braved the rain to observe the "Sizdeh bedar" national picnic day.
Islamic Republic Flip Flops on Nationalism and Islam
* The emphasis on Islam over Iranian nationalism after the revolution was a reaction to the Shah, whose government stressed nationalism over religion, says commentator Rasool Nafisy. He tells RFE/RL that during the eight-year war, the government switched to Iranian nationalism to mobilize people against Iraq. After the war, the new Leader Khamenei rejected nationalism, as a reaction to Arabic chauvinism. In Khatami's reformists statements no conflict can be seen between Iranian nationalism and Islam, but the conservatives, such as Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi, continue to say that defending Islamic holy places, such as al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, takes precedent over defense of Iranian borders. Nafisy says Mesbah's position can be dangerous, because it is very similar to bin Laden's. After 23 years, the Islamic Republic has not found a way to create a unique identity for Iran by mixing the national and Islamic elements of the Iranian character, he adds. (Homayoun Majd)
Special UN Human Rights Iran Rapporteur Releases Report
* In his 33-page report on human rights violations in Iran, Maurice Copithorne, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights, wrote that attacks on the press and political activists intensified, but continued suppression has resulted in increased awareness of Iranians about human rights. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
UN Unveils Iranian Painter's Berlin Wall Section
* A section of the Berlin Wall with a painting by Kani Alavi, an Iranian artist in Germany, went on display in front of the UN in New York. "Freedom is the best conceivable gift," says the artist in an interview with RFE/RL. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Iranian Soccer Club Esteqlal Loses to South Korean Anyang
* Esteghlal came third in the Asian Club Championship soccer games after losing to the South Korean team Anyang. In the rain and bad weather only luck could determine the winner, says Mehrdad Massudi, RFE/RL's soccer commentator. However, he adds, during the past few years, professional soccer in Iran has fallen behind its East Asian rivals mainly because of a lack of professional attitude in Iranian soccer players. (Ardavan Niknam)
* The Palestinian Authority executes three Palestinian "collaborators." (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Bush calls for an Israeli withdrawal from the Palestinian territories. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* EU fails in its latest Middle East peace effort. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Israel finds documents showing Arafat involvement in suicide attacks. PLO spokesperson Hanan Ashrawi says Israeli policy would result in more deaths on both sides. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* A spokesperson for EU's Solana tells RFE/RL about Spanish FM and Solana's failed Middle East trip. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Confident of the destruction of his Afghanistan-based Islamic opposition, Uzbekistan President Karimov invites the exiled opposition to return, says RFE/RL's Uzbek reporter, Azizollah Aral, who says Karimov's invitation excludes Islamic fundamentalists and "terrorists." (Shireen Famili)
* World Health Organization says exercise can save two millions lives in the world annaully. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Rome plans to open a peace office in Jerusalem. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Review of western press articles on the Middle East Crisis. (Nazi Azima)
* An American delegation meets with Kurdish leaders in Northern Iraq. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Travels to Iran
* British officer William Franklin who visited central Iran in the 18th Century writes about the country's mood after the fall of the Karimkhan Zand. (Nazi Azima, based on research by Javad Tabatabai)
Parvin Etessami, Pioneering Poet and Women Activist
* In an interview with RFE/RL from her home in Tehran, prominent poet Simin Behbahani comments on the life and times of the great poet Parvin Etesami on the 61st anniversary of her death. (Nazi Azima)
Street Children in Iran
* The site of gangs of children living in the streets has become commonplace, says Tehran-based journalist Zahram Moshtaq. She tells RFE/RL that some of the teenagers arrested by the Islamic vice police join the abandoned and runaway kids living on the streets. Psychologist Fatemeh Qasemzadeh considers economic problems the main reason for the surge in the number of street children. She tells RFE/RL that the government's reaction has been sporadic and insufficient. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
دكتر هومن پيماني، يك كارشناس امور آسياي مركزي، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: سفر كمال خرازي وزير امورخارجه جمهوري اسلامي به مسكو و ديدار او با ولاديمير پوتين، رئيس حكومت و ايگور ايوانف، وزيرامورخارجه اين كشور، نشانه تمايل حكومت هاي ايران و روسيه به ادامه همكاري در سطح منطقه اي است. وي مي افزايد: در شرايطي كه آمريكا حكومت ايران را عضو محور شرارت مي داند، روسيه تمايل دارد سياست خود را نسبت به ايران از آمريكا متمايز نگاه دارد و خود را به عنوان يك كشور مستقل و قدرت جهاني وانمود كند. دكتر پيماني مي گويد همكاري اتمي جمهوري اسلامي و روسيه جنبه تسليحاتي ندارد و روسيه براي حفظ منافع خود در درازمدت، به علت همسايگي با ايران، هيچگاه در صدد صدور سلاح هاي اتمي به ايران برنمي آيد، زيرا ممكن است در صورت تغيير احتمالي روابط آن با ايران در آينده، خود در معرض اين سلاح ها قرار گيرد.وي مي گويد از زمان به حكومت رسيدن طالبان، ايران و روسيه سياست مشتركي در قبال افغانستان داشته اند بر مبناي پايان جنگ و تشكيل يك دولت فراگير.