لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۲۰:۵۶ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

بن بست در روابط مجلس و قوه قضائيه از ديد يك حقوقدان


عليرضا طاهري، مصاحبه با احمد بشيري (تهران)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, April 07, 2002 Majles-Judiciary Impasse * Qazvin MP and the head of Majles judiciary commission Nasser Qavami said in the Tehran daily Nowruz that the judiciary's unaccountability to the Majles has made the work of his commission impossible. In an interview with RFE/RL, activist lawyer Ahmad Bashiri says before 1989, the Islamic Republic Judiciary was run by a committee whose members could not wield personal power influence over matters in front of the Judiciary. The Judiciary's current crisis is rooted in the post-revolutionary purges of knowledgeable judges. Those who came to run the judiciary, he says, had no legal experience. (Alireza Taheri) Kharrazi Ends his Moscow Visit * Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi calls his talks with Russian officials "active and constructive" and says the Islamic Republic does not consider Palestinian fighters terrorists. Kharrazi also says Iran's cooperation with Moscow in the fields of defense and atomic energy are clear and based on international norms and regulations. (Homayoun Majd) Second Anniversary of the Berlin Conference: A Special Report * Politics scholar Changiz Pahlavan says the regime used the March 2000 Berlin conference as an excuse to arrest political activists and suppress students, youth and women movements. Such a reaction intensified the regime's crisis of legitimacy and intensified public discontent, he tells RFE/RL, asking "What pride is there in continuing to rule over a nation of discontents." (Shireen Famili) Risk Assessment: Frustration, Discontent and Political Instability * Simon William, of the Economist Intelligence Unit's Country Risk Report on Iran, tells RFE/RL that public frustration with the reform movement jeopardizes Iran's political stability. Even though positive conditions for economic growth do exist in Iran, fear of political instability makes foreign investment riskier. The judiciary's plan to charge the central bank governor and other economic executives with corruption and mismanagement make the future of monetary reforms doubtful and would instigate fear in other managers, weakening the government's ability to carry out the reforms. Also, the success of certain economic reforms, such as elimination of the huge government subsidies, would anger the public and thus contribute to the political risk factor. (Shahran Tabari, London) Chinese Know Little about Iran * Chinese people's awareness of Iran is limited to soccer. They ask RFE/RL's reporter whether the Chinese First Lady would have to cover her hair when she accompanies her husband President Zemin to official functions during their upcoming trip to Iran. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) Czech-Persian Dictionary * Reza Mirchi tells RFE/RL about the new 3000-word Czech-Persian dictionary he has authored. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Prague) WORLD * Israel attacks the Palestinian town of Jenin. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Review of Arab press comments on President Bush's speech on Middle East. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Blair meets Bush in Texas. (Siavash Ardalan) * UN Human Rights Commission issues resolution asking Commissioner Mary Robinson to go to Middle East. Relief organizations expressed concern about Israeli forces attacking ambulances. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Afghan interim government foreign minister Abdullah says through an aborted bombing campaign in Kabul the Islamic Party leader Golbedin Hekmatyar planned to destabilize the new government and delay the return of Zaher Shah. . (Nazi Azima) The War in Bosnia: 10 Anniversay * RFE/RL's Rome correspondent, Ahmad Ra'fat, who was in Bosnia during the war, warns that if the 18,000-strong NATO force leaves the region, war would rage again between Bosnian Muslims and their Croat and Serb opponents. (Ardavan Niknam) * Review of US press comments about President's Bush's new Middle East peace initiative. (Siavash Ardalan) * Spring brings relief for Saddam Hussein since talk of a possible US attack is taking a back seat to the crisis in Middle East, writes the New York Times. (Alireza Taheri) * Middle East Magazine (Farideh Rahbar, Jamshid Chalangi) * Mohammad Sobeye, Palestinian Authority's ambassador to the Arab League and Shimon Aron, an Israeli journalist, discuss the time frame of the Israeli siege of Palestinian town in interviews with RFE/RL. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Germany supports the US President's Middle East peace plan. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * North Korea offers to resume negotiations with South Korea and the US. (Alireza Taheri) * Golbedin Hekmatyar planned to topple the interim Afghan government with the help of Pakistan's secret service, writes Frankfurter Allgemeine. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) ARTS AND IDEAS New York Magazine * Composer Philip Glass's music for films. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) * New York-based painter and art critic, Hengameh Fouladvand reviews the Whitney Museum's biennial exhibit of contemporary American art. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Weekly Medical Advice and Commentary (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles) Berlin Conference: Special Report * On its second anniversary of the Berlin conference on reforms in Iran, which was followed by the assault of the conservative-led judiciary against the reformist journalists and political activists Bahman Nirumand tells RFE/RL that eventually no one was convicted for the "crime" of attending the conference, even though three conference participants are still in jail on other charges. Writer Kazem Kardavani tells RFE/RL that participants were invited as individuals and ranged from religious supporters of the reformist government to secular political and human rights activists. Lawyer Mehrangiz Kar, a conference participant who was arrested, tried and initially convicted to four years in prison, tells RFE/RL that during the interrogation process, she realized that her arrest had little to do with the Berlin conference. Kar says the Berlin conference followed the elections in which the conservative faction lost control of the Majlis. RFE/RL's special reports segments of speeches given at the conference by writer Akbar Ganji and Ms. Kar. (Shireen Famili) Composer Shahriyar Saleh Performs in the Kennedy Center * Composer and ensemble leader Shahriyar Saleh tells RFE/RL about his concert of traditional Persian music at Washington's Kennedy Center. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)

حجت الاسلام ناصر قوامي، نماينده قزوين و رئيس كميسيون قضائي مجلس شوراي اسلامي در گفتگو با روزنامه نوروز گفت: پاسخگو نبودن و عدم همكاري قوه قضائيه در برابر مجلس مانع انجام وظايف كميسيون قضائي مجلس بوده است. احمد بشيري، حقوقدان و وكيل دادگستري در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: اين باعث مي شود كه حاكميت، در مواردي كه به قوه قضائيه مربوط مي شود با بن بست روبرو شود. وي مي افزايد: اعضاي شورايعالي قضائي كه قبل از تغيير قانون اساسي بر قوه قضائيه نظارت مي كرد، با هم تبادل فكر داشتند و قادر به اعمال نظر شخصي در امور قوه قضائيه نبودند. با اين حال وي مي گويد: مشكل قوه قضائيه فردي يا شوراي اداره شدن آن نبود بلكه مشكل اصلي به هم ريخته شدن قوه قضائيه اين بود كه از همان اول تمام كساني كه مسئوليت اداره اين قوه را بر عهده گرفتند، از تجربه كار كردن در وزارت دادگستري بي بهره بودند.

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