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شنبه ۱۳ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۵:۰۶ - ۳ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

محاكمه غيرعلني بازجويان متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي


اميرمصدق كاتوزيان

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, April 21, 2002 - Trials begin of the interrogators in the serial murders case - Zemin visits the Supreme Leader - Interior ministry bill to reform local councils' law - Internet in high schools - Housing cost jumps by 25 percent in Tehran - Iranian sculptor in Austria - Russian skin heads attack Iranian students in Moscow Military Court Tries Interrogators in Serial Murders Case * A Majles MP reveals that the Tehran military court has already held three sessions of trials of the five Intelligence Ministry interrogators involved in the investigation of the serial assassinations of political dissidents, adding that the closed-door trials would continue. This was a first admission of such trials. Abolrahim Baharvand, a conservative MP from Khoramabad, tells Tehran's Qods and Entekhab newspapers that the tape of the interrogations were leaked were leaked by the office of President Mohammad Khatami through a son of Ayatollah Montazeri, who made it available to foreign media. The video tapes show the 5 interrogators abusing the four accused and the wife of Said Emami, pressuring them to admit to having links with Israel and the CIA. MP Baharvand says the interrogations were supervised by Khatami, but observers note that the judicial organization of the armed forces took over the investigations from Khatami's office. They say military court is now trying the interrogators as an act of self defense against the charges of torture and abuse during that investigation. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) Zemin Meets the Supreme Leader * Islamic Republic Leader Khamenei tells the Chinese President Xiang Zemin that the US tries to impose its position on the Middle East. Zemin says Israel should leave the occupied territories as soon as possible. President Khatami asks China to use its position in the UN Security Council to prevent further Israeli military operations in the Palestinian towns. Zemin says China would invest in oil and gas projects in Iran and other oil-producing countries. (Mina Baharmast, Prague; Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) Interior Ministry to Propose a Bill to Reform Local Councils' Law * The interior ministry is working on a bill to reform the local councils' law with the goal of increasing the councils' authority, says Ms. Ashraf Borujerdi, an interior ministry official in charge of the local councils' affairs. However, journalist Hamid Salami says the new reforms would not increase the councils' authority. He tells RFE/RL that the first three years' practice of the local council law shows that the government does not want to give up its power and influence in running the cities and localities. However, the duties of the local councils may find a more accurate definition in the revised bill, he adds. Hamid Salami also says a part of the local councils' bill which calls for the establishment of super-councils at the helm of provinces was not put into effect during the past three years. Super councils would have helped resolve some of the conflicts between lower councils and their municipal governments, he adds. (Mehdi Khalaji) Internet in High Schools * A Majles bill calling for private sector involvement in providing internet service to high schools was nixed by the conservative Guardians Council. Tehran-based educational affairs expert Mohammed Qaed tells RFE/RL that high school students need access to the Internet in order to become more familiar with the world culture and to develop an inquisitive mind. He says using the Internet for research is now common in Iran's universities. (Shireen Famili) Housing Cost Jumps by 25% in Tehran as City Stops Selling Air Rights In the aftermath of the Tehran mayor Malek Madani's announcement that the city plans to stop selling air rights to developers of high-rises, real estate prices jumped up 25 percent. A Tehran City Council member, an economist and an economic journalist comment about the city's policy of selling air rights during interviews with RFE/RL. * Economist Fariborz Raisdana says air rights means permission to build high-rise buildings beyond the limit permitted by the law. Selling air rights has resulted in rising real estate prices, over population in some neighborhoods and . Selling air rights is not a sustainable source of income for the city, since it depends on the real estate market which is already showing signs of depression. * Journalist Ali Mirzakhani tells RFE/RL that selling air rights is a form of hidden taxation, since it is passed by the developer to the consumer. He adds that during the past ten years, selling air rights has been the main source of income for the city. * City Council member Ahmad Hakimpur says selling air rights to developers is only one of the hundred sources of income for the city, but the city is now earning more than 80 percent of its income from this source alone. With more than two million cars clogging Tehran's cities, he advises the city to begin charging more dues from vehicle owners in order to replace the loss of income from selling air rights. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Iranian Sculptor in Austria * Behruz Heshmat, a successful Iranian sculptor living in Austria since 1976 tells RFE/RL about his sculptures on display in European cities as well as public places in Tehran. (Shireen Famili) Russian Skins Heads Attack Iranian Students and an Embassy Worker * Three Iranian students and an Islamic Republic Moscow Embassy worker were assaulted by the Russian skin heads during city-wide attacks on Asian-born foreigners. The attacks were planned to coincide with the birthday of Hitler but were staged a day after. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) WORLD * Israel leaves Nablus and most of Ramallah, but continues the siege of Yasser Arafat's offices. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * UN Security Council approves a US-drafted resolution calling for investigations into Israel's military operations in the Jenin Palestinian refugee camp. (Fariba Mavedat) * Mohammad Zaher, the former Afghan king, announces that he does not want to revive the monarchy in Afghanistan. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) * Voter turnout was a record law in the first round of the Presidential Election in France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * London-based Arabic newspaper al-Hayat criticizes the Islamic Republic's call for an Arab oil embargo against Israel and the west as a domestic propaganda ploy and an attempt to foment discord in Arab countries. The Islamic Republic embassy in Saudi Arabia denounces the article. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * German interior minister goes to Tunisia to check on the investigation into last week's synagogue explosion in which 16 mostly German tourists died. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * EU foreign ministers hold a joint meeting in Spain with foreign ministers of the countries on the southern shores of the Mediterranean. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Egypt arrests 100 accused of attempting to revive the out-lawed "Islamic Freedom" party. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Germany says it has paid damages to more than half of the 1.5 million living victims of forced labor during the war. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) ARTS AND IDEAS Modern Thought in Contemporary Iran * Inspired by a Russian princess, two Iranian Qajar-era reformists wrote social criticism from the point of view of a donkey. (Javad Tabatabai, Nazi Azima) Historical Research: Government in the Passage of Time * Tehran-based professor of political history Gholam-Hossein Mirza-Saleh discusses the roots of the Renaissance. (with Nazi Azima) Immigration and Multiculturalism * Paris-based sociologist Said Peyvandi tells RFE/RL about his speech in London's Iranian Library lecture series on immigration and multiculturalism. (Shahran Tabari, London)دکتر عبدالرحيم بهاروند نماينده اقليت مجلس از خرم آباد در گفتگوي خود با روزنامه هاي قدس و انتخاب براي نخستين بار از آغاز محاکمه ۵ نفر که در بازجويي از متهمان قتلهاي زنجيره اي نقش اصلي را بازي کرده اند خبر مي دهد. محاکمه اي که بنا بر گفته هاي او٫ تا کنون ۳ جلسهء آن –پشت درهاي بسته شعبهء ۳ سازمان قضايي نيروهاي مسلح و بدون هيچگونه بازتاب خبري—برگزار شده است. آقاي بهاروند، نمايندهء جناح راست در مجلس مي گويد در گفتگويي که با مسئولان قضايي در اين باره داشته٫ آنها گفته اند از آزار و اذيتي که بازجويان نسبت به متهمان قتلها روا داشته شده و در همان سي دي نوار بازجويي مواردي از آن بازتاب يافته٫ به شدت ناراحتند. با اين همه همين مسئولان اين را هم افزوده اند که بازجويان ياد شده زير نظر محمد خاتمي رئيس جمهوري اسلامي کار مي کرده اند و از همين رو به طور کامل در اختيار مسئولان قضايي نبوده اند. اين در حالي است که شماري از آگاهان پرونده تاکيد دارند از زماني که سازمان قضايي نيروهاي مسلح به رياست حجت الاسلام محمد نيازي کار بازجويي هاي متهمان را برعهده گرفت٫ هيا تي که آقاي خاتمي براي بررسي اين پرونده مامور کرده بود٫ نقشي در بازجوييها نداشت. نمايندهء خرم آباد در بخش ديگري از گفته هايش٫ نزديکان به رئيس جمهوري را متهم مي کند که بدون اطلاع او٫ نوار کامل بازجوييها را که وزارت اطلاعات در اختيار دفتر رئيس جمهوري قرار داده بوده٫ به يکي از فرزندان آيت الله حسينعلي منتظري مي دهد و او هم نوار را به خارج از ايران فرستاده است. اين در حالي است که نزديکان سعيد منتظري فرزند آيت الله منتظري که در سال گذشته حدود 6 ماه زنداني شد٫ اکنون مي گويند دليل عمدهء بازداشت وي از سوي دادگاه ويژه روحانيت٫ پيدا کردن سی دی يادشده در خانه او بوده است. همين نزديکان می گويند دادگاه ويژه روحانيت پس از اطمينان حاصل کردن از اينکه سعيد منتظري اين نوار را تنها در اختيار پدرش و ديگر مراجع قم گذاشته و به خارج نفرستاده٫ وي را آزاد کرده است. زمستان گذشته٫ اتحاديه ملي روزنامه نگاران بريتانيا سي دي گزيده نوارهاي بازجويي از متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي را در جلسه اي در لندن بازتاب داد. سي دي نمايانگر آن بود که طي بازجويي ها از متهمان قتل و هم چنين همسر سعيد امامي٫ بازجويان با آنها بدرفتاري کرده اند و آنها را مورد ضرب و شتم و هتک حرمت قرار داده اند. در بخشي از اين سي دي يکي از بازجويان که اينک در صندلي متهم نشسته با تهديد متهما، تکرار مي کند که بازجويي ها زبر نظر محمد خاتمي رئيس جمهوري انجام مي گيرد. شماري از آشنايان با اين پرونده نگران آنند که هدف سازمان قضائي نيروهاي مسلح از محاکمه بازجويان متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي آن هم به گونه اي غيرعلني٫ سلب اتهام از خود است. اصل سي و هشت قانون اساسي جمهوري اسلامي٫ اعمال هرگونه شکنجه را براي کسب اطلاع و اقرار منع کرده و متخلفان از اين اصل را شايسته مجازات دانسته است. اصل صد و هفتاد و دو همين قانون محاکم نظامي ويژه اي را شايسته رسيدگي به جرايم مربوط به وظايف خاص نظامي يا انتظامي دانسته و سازمان قضايي نيروهاي مسلح با استناد به همين قانون در گذشته ماموران امنيتي را افرادي نظامي تلقي کرده است. از همين رو، همان طور که سازمان يادشده خود را تنها نهاد شايسته براي رسيدگي به پرونده متهمان قتل ها دانسته بود، اينک نيز در مسند قضاوت براي رسيدگي به شکنجه همان متهمان قرار گرفته است. شماري از حقوقدانان در ايران معتقدند رسيدگي به پرونده بازجويان امنيتي بايد در محاکم عمومي علني رسيدگي شود و نه در دادگاه هاي نظامي غيرعلني. با فاش شدن آغاز محاکمه غيرعلني بازجويان متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي در سازمان قضائي نيزوهاي مسلح، اکنون مشخص تر شده است که چرا خبرگزاري دانشجويان ايران، ايسنا، روز جمعه -- روز تعطيل مجلس -- با رجوع به نمايندگان شاخص تر و متنفذتر دو جناح مجلس پاسخ به پرسش هايي را بازتاب داد، درباره محتواي سي دي يادشده و چگونگي خروج آن به خارج از ايران. در حالي که در پي بالاگرفتن ناگهاني بحث مجدد در اين باره٫ اين اختمال داده شده بود که دليل آن يا اختلافات جناحي بر سر پرونده احضار برخي نمايندگان اصلاح گرا به دادگاه باشد و يا قطعنامه آتي سازمان ملل متحد درباره وضعيت حقوق بشر در ايران که پيش بيني مي شود که در آن به شکنجه هاي بازتاب يافته در سي دي بازجويی ها از متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي اشاره شده باشد.

عبدالرحيم بهاروند، نماينده محافظه كار خرم آباد در مجلس شوراي اسلامي، طي گفتگوهائي با روزنامه هاي قدس و انتخاب گفت سه جلسه از محاكمات پنج نفر از بازجويان متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي به صورت غير علني در سازمان قضائي نيروهاي مسلح برگزار شد و جلسات بعدي محاكمه در هفته هاي آينده برگزار خواهد شد. وي يكي از فرزندان آيت الله منتظري، جانشين سابق آيت الله خميني براي مقام رهبري جمهوري اسلامي را عامل خارج ساختن "سي دي" محتوي ويديوي بازجوئي خشونت آميز از متهمان اين قتل ها معرفي كرد.

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