لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

پنجشنبه ۱۸ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۲۳:۳۹ - ۸ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

دستاورد ايران از ديدار سران كشورهاي ساحلي درياي خزر از ديد يك كارشناس


جمشيد زند، مصاحبه با تورج اتابكي (هلند)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, April 26, 2002 - Iran and the Caspian summit - Islamic Republic foreign policy and planning ahead - Human Rights NGO's see a crisis in the UNHRC - Judiciary executes six for armed robbery - Police closes illegal pharmaceutical lab - Outcome of the Caspian Summit for Iran * The Ashgabat summit of the five Caspian littoral states ended in no agreement on the Caspian legal regime, but did reduce the tensions among the participants, says an expert of Central Asian politics Touraj Atabaki, Professor of Oriental Studies, University of Utrecht, Netherlands. He tells RFE/RL that the summit showed that an early agreement cannot be expected; and any agreement would depend on Iran's bilateral relations with each of the four other Caspian neighbors. He adds that Iran found in the summit an opportunity to reaffirm its demand for at least an equal share of the Caspian resources. (Jamshid Zand) US-Iran Relations: Lack of Planning in Iran's Foreign Policy * The London Financial Times reports that the Islamic Republic Leader Ayatollah Khamenei has asked Iran's High Council on National Security to begin studying the benefits of relations with the US. The story once again shows that the Islamic Republic lacks forward thinking and planning in its foreign policy, says Washington-based commentator Rasul Nafisi. He tells RFE/RL that the Islamic Republic only reacts when it finds itself in danger. He adds that contrary to what the Islamic Republic Founder Ayatollah Khomeini and his successor Khamenei believe about negotiating with the US, negotiating does not mean agreeing, even enemies negotiate and all negotiations are not about winning and losing. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Human Rights NGO's Warn of a Crisis in UN Human Rights Commission * The UN Human Rights Commission faces a crisis due to the membership of governments accused of violating human rights in the Geneva-based world body, warn several human rights organizations in Paris, pointing out to the fact that last week at its annual gathering in Geneva, the UNHRC could not gather enough votes to condemn human rights violations in China, Russia and Iran. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Judiciary Executes Six for Armed Robbery * The Islamic Republic Judiciary publicly executes six armed robbery convicts; four at two of the Tehran's busiest intersections and two at the Qasr prison. The executions are carried out just a few days after a resolution to condemn the human rights violations in Iran did no get enough votes at the Geneva meeting of the UN Human Rights Commission. Tehran-based human rights activist and lawyer Naser Zarafshan tells RFE/RL that the UNHRC resolution was only two votes short of passage, adding that the release from jail of student activists and members of the nationalist-religious coalition in Iran may have had an effect on the vote at UNHRC. Tehran-based lawyer Nemat Ahmadi tells RFE/RL that public execution is neither an Islamic rule nor an Iranian law, but only shows judiciary officials' bad taste. (Ardavan Niknam) Iran Closes an Illegal Pharmaceutical Lab * A pharmaceutical lab producing illegal versions of discontinued pills was closed by authorities in Karaj, a suburb of Tehran. Dr. Heydar Tabrizi, an expert of Iranian healthcare system tells RFE/RL that the lab responded to the demand in the market for the discontinued pills, and the demand exists because the ministry of healthcare has failed to communicate to doctors and the public its decision to discontinue the drugs, which was based on their harmful and sometimes lethal side effects. (Shireen Famili) Review of the Week by a Journalist in Iran * Real estate developers with thousands of empty apartments in choice neighborhoods of Tehran stand to benefit from the city's decision to stop selling air rights. The decision, which was partially reversed later, has already resulted in a 30 percent jump in housing prices. Also, the High Council of the Association of Islamic Labor Councils calls for a large worker turnout during the demonstrations on the Labor Day held on May 1st in Iran. Also, the Iranian teachers' association threatens the ministry of education with strikes and more demonstrations to demand better pay. Also, in an opinion survey of 1000 teachers, the students of the Tehran Teachers College find that the teachers' organizations with the lowest popularity rating among the teachers wield the most power in the ministry of education; and the ratio is reverse for the most popular teachers' organizations. (Shireen Famili) Economist: Oil or Weapon? * London's weekly the Economist writes that Iran's suggestion to use oil as a weapon in the Middle East conflict may curb the enthusiasm of potential foreign investors in Iran's oil and gas projects. (Fariba Mavedat) WORLD * New ethnic strife in India and Pakistan kills 14. (Ardavan Niknam) * Israel arrests 15 in a new incursion into Palestinian towns. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * The US Embassy in Yemen closes, as Jordan and Yemen ban pro-Palestinian demonstrations. Seven al-Qaida terrorists bust out of a Yemen prison. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * The US President calls for an end to violence in the Middle East during his meeting with Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Saddam Hussein celebrates his 65th birthday. (Fariba Mavedat) * The police in Baku disrupt the Azerbaijan Democratic Party's rally and arrest several of the party's members. (Mani Kasravi, London) * 300 journalists from 60 countries gather in Eurasia conference in the Kazakhstan capital. President Khatami of Iran and President Norsultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan also attend. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * The US Congress approves a bill to divide the INS into two agencies. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * The EU interior ministers approve a common policy on asylum seekers. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * French soccer player Michel Platini joins the FIFA as a board member. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) ARTS AND IDEAS Travels to Iran * British officer William Franklin who visited central Iran in the 18th Century writes about the country's mood after the fall of the Karimkhan Zand. (Nazi Azima, based on research by Javad Tabatabai) In Memory of Mohammad-Taqi Bahar * Two scholars talk about two aspects of the public career of the poet, journalist and politician Mohammad-Taqi Bahar, on the 51st anniversary of his death. Naseredin Parvin discusses his career as a journalist; and Mashallah Ajudani talks about Bahar as a politician and political thinker.

دكتر تورج اتابكي، استاد دانشگاه اوترخت Professor of Oriental Studies, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands در هلند و كارشناس امور آسياي ميانه، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: نشست پنج كشور ساحلي درياي خزر كه هفته گذشته بدون نتيجه در عشق آباد پايتخت تركمنستان به كار خود پايان داد، از تنش هاي موجود ميان اين كشورها تاحدودي كاست اما نشانه هاي چنداني حاكي از رسيدن به مصالحه در كوتاه مدت بين اين كشورها به چشم نمي خورد. وي مي افزايد: هرگونه مصالحه در گرو رابطه دوجانبه بين ايران و تك تك كشورهاي حاشيه درياي خزر خواهد بود. وي همچنين مي افزايد ايران در اين كنفرانس فرصت يافت موضع خود را مبني بر تقسيم مساوي بين كشورهاي ساحلي مورد تاكيد قرار داد.

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