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شنبه ۱۳ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۲۱:۲۶ - ۳ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

امكان لغو تصميم كميسيون حقوق بشر: راه تجديد ماموريت گزارشگر ويژه حقوق بشر سازمان ملل در ايران


همايون مجد (واشنگتن)، مصاحبه با منوچهر گنجي، كارشناس حقوق بشر

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, April 27, 2002 - UN Human Rights Commission's decision on Iran could be reversed - Khatami's press conference in Tashkent - Khatami calls for a change in the US "language of evil" - Regime fails to reconcile with dissident religious leaders - Court interrogates MP Nabavi on Petropars contracts - US Iranians protest the Senate bill on visas - Healthcare charity lottery leaves ticket holders stranded for prizes - Family planning advocacy group finds Iran ahead of US in sex ed UN Could Reverse Human Rights Commission's Decision on Iran The UN Human Rights Commission's decision not to censure Iran on human rights violations is not final, since the commission's role is only advisory, says Washington-based expert on human rights Manuchehr Ganji. In his 30-page report, the Special UN Human Rights Commission's Rapporteur Maurice Copithorne details close scrutiny of the Islamic Republic's human rights violations, he tells RFE/RL. To be effective, the decisions of the UNHRC will have to be approved by the UN social and economic council. This year, the US was not represented in the UNHRC, but it is a member of the social and economic council, which will take up voting on UNHRC decisions during its sessions in New York in July 2002. Iranians should write to the UN Secretary General and to the heads of the US, Britain, France and the other 54 countries represented in the council urging them to reverse the UNHRC's decision not to renew the mission of the UNHRC Special Raporteur to Iran. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Khatami's Press Conference in Tashkent * Iran has no official program with Uzbekistan to jointly search for al-Qaeda members, says President Khatami of Iran during a press conference in Tashkent. Khatami says the Iran-supported Northern Alliance provided the groundwork and local allies for the US anti-terrorism military operations in Afghanistan. Al-Qaeda elements who entered Iran through its borders with Afghanistan and Pakistan were sent to their own countries. (Ardavan Niknam) Khatami Calls for Change of US Language * Iran is ready for relations with the US if the US changes its "language of evil," says President Khatami of Iran during an interview with the International Herald Tribune. He says US policy towards Iran is driven by President Bush's inexperience and the pro-Israel lobby. Regime Fails to Reconcile with the Dissident Religious Leaders * Islamic Republic Leader Ayatollah Khamenei's efforts to reconcile with his detractors among the country's top religious leaders have been coldly received. According to a statement signed by "the Youth of Qum," Khamenei contacted Mashhad-based Grand Ayatollah Hasan Tabtabai Qumi and Qum-based Ayatollahs Sadeq Ruhani and Vahid Khorasani, all among the top Shiite "sources of emulation." * London-based journalist Alireza Nourizadeh tells RFE/RL that the regime tries to include dissident clergy in its policy of national reconciliation. But grand ayatollahs object to government attempts to control the traditionally independent religious hierarchy. A kind message or a smile cannot wipe out years of suffering and insults felt by the three ayatollahs mentioned in the Qum report, Nourizadeh says, noting a handshake between Khamenei's in-law MP Hadad Adel with dissident Ebrahim Yazdi was another sign of the regime's reconciliation efforts, which may have been caused by the regime's sense of vulnerability. (Amir-Mossadeq Katouzian) Court Interrogates MP Nabavi on Petropars Contracts * In the aftermath of his third session in the court answering questions about the government-owned oil company Petropars contracts for exploration in the Persian Gulf South Pars fields, reformist MP Behzad Nabavi tells reporters that he is not accused of any wrongdoing. (Siavash Ardalan) American-Iranians Protest the Senate Bill on US Visas to Iranians Passage of the bill to ban issuing non-immigrant US visas to citizens of Iran and five other countries on the State Department list of state sponsors of terrorism has met with widespread protest in the US Iranian community and caused concern among their relatives in Iran. The visa ban is only a small part of the bill, however, which calls for tighter control of borders and better exchange of information on aliens among federal agencies, says US immigration lawyer Mohammad Saidi. He tells RFE/RL that, according to the bill approved by the US Senate Judiciary Committee, applications for non-immigrant visas will have to be reviewed by the State Department and other agencies to ensure that the applicant would not be a national security risk. He says American-Iranians can write to congress to protest the bill, which unfairly blocks access to US universities for ordinary Iranians. (Homayoun Majd) Healthcare Charity Lottery Suspends Operations * With millions of lottery tickets in people's hands, the healthcare charity (Sazeman Behzisti) that issued the tickets has not held a prize drawing for months. Roya Maleki, who wrote an article about the lottery in today's issue of the Tehran daily Bonyan, tells RFE/RL that large cash prizes attracted buyers to the lottery tickets, which earned an estimated 200 billion rials per month for almost eight years, but it now appears that only 40 percent of the proceeds went to charity. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Population Action International Finds Iran Ahead of US in Sex Education * Population Action International, a Washington-based nonprofit family planning advocacy group, says emphasizing abstinence in sex education keeps vital knowledge about sexually-transmitted diseases and pregnancy away from young adults. The report finds the Netherlands the only country with an exemplary policy, based on that country's low stats on STDs and teen pregnancy. "Iran has a relatively strong public health system through which family planning and maternal health services are widely delivered," according to Margaret Greene, who helped write the report. (Alireza Taheri) WORLD * A Palestinian kills and wounds 10 Israelis in the West Bank, as UN fact finding commission on Jenin Refugee camp delays its arrival by 24 hours. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * The US President calls for an end to violence in the Middle East. Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia offers a new plan for peace. (Siavash Ardalan) * Seventeen in Germany die in high school shooting. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Tens of thousands demonstrate in Paris against racism and chauvinism. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * The US Defense Secretary Rumsfeld visits Afghanistan. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) * Caspian littoral countries may reach bilateral agreements among themselves in the aftermath of failure of the Ashgabat summit to reach an agreement. * The International Association of Human Rights Defense Organizations calls last week's session of the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva worthless. The association says in a statement that the UNHRC could not find a mechanism to monitor human rights violations around the world and ended up giving the violator countries a blank check. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Arab business women and scholars meet in Kuwait during the two-day conference on Arab Women and Economy. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Homeira Mehnati, a member of the commission charged with organizing Afghanistan's supreme council tells RFE/RL that women in Afghanistan hope that the new government would improve their conditions. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) ARTS AND IDEAS New York Magazine * New York University's Peter Chelkowski will among the top scholars of Iranian traditional performing arts to speak at the various seminars and lectures organized by the Lincoln Center for Performing Arts, which will feature three tazieh plays in this year's Summer Festival. Chelkowski tells RFE/RL about the changes he has seen in the style of Iranian religious passion plays during the 25 years since he organized a tazieh seminar for the Festival of Arts in Shiraz. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) * Niloofar Mina, a New-York-based ethnomusicologist reviews the work of three masters of Persian music, Mohammad Reza Shajarian, Hussein Alizadeh and Keyhan Kalhor. A schedule of their upcoming US tour was announced last week by the organizer World Music Institute. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Weekly medical advice show

منوچهر گنجي، كارشناس حقوق بشر، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد عدم تصويب قطعنامه كميسيون حقوق بشر سازمان ملل عليه نقض حقوق بشر توسط جمهوري اسلامي، كه با 20 راي در برابر 19 راي رد شد، به هيچ عنوان قطعيت ندارد. وي مي گويد براي آگاهي از چگونگي رعايت حقوق بشر در ايران كافي است كه به وضع اسفناكي كه در گزارش موريس كاپيتورن، گزارشگر ويژه كميسيون حقوق بشر سازمان ملل توصيف شده است، رجوع كنيم. گنجي مي افزايد تصميمات كميسيون حقوق بشر كه يكي از ركن هاي فرعي شوراي اقتصادي-اجتماعي سازمان ملل است آن زماني جنبه اجرائي پيدا مي كند كه به تائيد اين شورا برسد. اين شورا در نيمه جولاي 2002 به گزارش كميسيون حقوق بشر مي پردازد. گنجي مي افزايد ايرانيان مي توانند از همين حالا با فرستادن نامه و فكس براي دبير كل سازمان ملل و روساي جمهوري و مقامات بلندپايه كشورهاي آمريكائي و اروپائي از همه بخواهند كه كمك كنند در شوراي اقتصادي-اجتماعي تصميم گرفته شود كه ماموريت كاپيتورن براي بررسي حقوق بشر در ايران تمديد بشود.

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