اميرمصدق كاتوزيان، مصاحبه با محمدعلي دادخواه، وكيل ابراهيم يزدي (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, April 30, 2002
- Court summons Iran Freedom Movement leader
- Condoleezza Rice finds Iran in the "axis of evil"
- Japanese foreign minister to open contact between US and Iran
- Factions clash on controlling possible US-Iran talks
- Khatami says Iran helped the US in Afghanistan
- Conservative clergy resist UN convention to end women's inequality
- Judiciary summons the writer of the book on women musicians
- Majles to review draft of an animal rights bill
- Finance minister is unhappy with the failing privatization process
- Human rights activists applaud US return to UNHRC
Court Summons Dissident Nationalist Leader Ebrahim Yazdi
* A Tehran revolutionary court summons the leader of the nationalist-religious party Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI) a week past his arrival home after 16 months in the US, according to MP Hasan Seyedabadi, a member of the Majles judiciary commission. However, Yazdi's lawyer Bahman Dadkhah tells RFE/RL that neither he nor his client have been served anything by the court, adding that the MP quoted in newspapers might know more. Dadkhah says the interior ministry's commission on political parties has declared MFI legal, and there is no need for the judiciary to summon Yazdi on charges of running an illegal organization. Last year, when the judiciary jailed 60 members of FMI and other religious-nationalist political activists, it also issued an indictment against Yazdi on subversion charges.
President Bush's National Security Advisor Finds Iran in the Axis of Evil
* Answering questions after a speech at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, Condoleezza Rice, US President Bush's national security adviser says "coddling" the Islamic Republic by European allies of the US has not helped change its "behavior," which she described as "support for terrorism around the world...and the Middle East. She acknowledged the existence of "positive forces within" the Islamic Republic, but added that those forces "are not quite yet capable of changing the nature of Iran's behavior." (Alireza Taheri)
Japan Tries to Act as Go-Between in US-Iran Relation
* Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs Ms. Yoriko Kawaguchi tells London's Financial Times that during her upcoming visit to Iran she will try to open an unofficial connection between the US and Iran. She says she will also try to encourage Iranian reformists to develop closer relations with the outside world. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Factions Clash on Control over Negotiations with the US
* The public is left in dark about the credibility of rumors about secret negotiations between Iranian and US officials. However, regime's factions clash over controlling the potential Iran-US negotiations. (Siavash Ardalan)
Khatami Claims Iran Helped the US Defeat Taliban
* President Khatami tells a press conference in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, that the US could not have succeeded in defeating Taliban and dispersing the al-Qaeda terrorists without the help from Iran and Tajikistan. He signs a treaty with Tajikistan to build a road through Afghanistan which would bring Tehran closer to Dushanbe by 1000 kilometers. (Ardavan Niknam)
Judiciary Summons Writer of Book on Women in Music
* Toka Maleki, the writer of a volume on Iranian female musicians was summoned to the press court, along with the book's publisher and the writer of a review of the book in the government-owned newspaper Hamshahri. Pari Maleki, Toka's mother, tells RFE/RL that the legal action against her daughter came as a surprise to the family. A sentence about prophet of Islam's love for music, quoted from a contemporary translation of a historical, 1000-year-old Arabic book on Islamic musicians sparked religious protests in Qum and Khorramabad. The writer, based on her research on historical documents, concluded that the prophet of Islam enjoyed music played and sung by women, says Tehran-based scholar of Persian music Gholamreza Javadi in an interview with RFE/RL. Some conservative religious leaders find this conclusion an insult to the sanctities of Islam, he says. The legal action against the writer and publisher is a part of the on-going battle among the factions of the Islamic Republic. Mohammad-Ali Ayazi, a prominent Qum seminary teacher, tells RFE/RL that quoting from a historical book for the purpose of research is not "insulting the Islamic sanctities," especially since it has been done without any malicious intent. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Iran and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
* In response to the campaign by women Majles MPs to promote domestic ratification of CEDAW, a prominent conservative ayatollah calls the convention adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly an intervention by western countries in the internal and social affairs of other countries. He finds CEDAW's call for equality of men and women un-Islamic. The CEDAW was rejected six years ago by the High Council on Cultural Revolution, headed by President Mohammad Khatami. However, four months ago, Khatami's cabinet approved it and sent it to the Majles for ratification. Mahmonir Amedi, director of Tehran Institute for Women Studies, tells RFE/RL that even if Majles ratifies the CEDAW, the conservative Guardians Council will object to many of its articles, such as the virgin girls' right to choose their husbands without their father's approval, women's right to equality in inheritance, divorce, child custody and their right to become judges or sources of religious emulation. However, she adds, some Islamic rules can be changed in line with the needs of the time. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Majles to Review Draft of an Animal Rights Bill
* Mohammad Zanjian, the director of the Animal Rights Protection Society of the Eastern Azerbaijan province tells RFE/RL that a draft of a bill to protect animal rights has been received by the Majles and will be reviewed. The bill, drafted with the help of religious scholars, aims at protecting rare species and preventing abuse of animals. (Siavash Ardalan)
Finance Minister Criticizes Privatization's Slow Pace
* The privatization of state-owned businesses slows down to a halt, even though the process is a pivotal part of the Third Five-Year Economic Development Plan, according to a letter by Iran's minister of finance Tahmasb Mazaheri to ten fellow cabinet ministers. In the letter, Mazaheri says 6 billion rials (nearly $1 billion at today's exchange rate) has to be raised during the current fiscal year, and twice as much next year and the year after that from the sale to public of some 414 businesses operating under ministries of industries and mines, oil, agriculture, commerce and transportation. The privatization process, however, cannot be revived by writing a letter. Te government's Privatization Organization said last month in a report that the country economic conditions are not suitable for having a powerful private sector. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
US Returns to the UN Human Rights Commission
* The US return to the UN Human Rights Commission after a year of absence is positive, says Paris-based human rights activist Abdulkarim Lahiji, the vice president of the world association of human rights organizations. He adds that US vote could not have helped pass the resolution condemning human rights violations in Iran during the UNHRC's Geneva gathering last month. (Jamshid Zand)
* Israel delays decision on cooperation with the UN fact finding commission charged with investigating last week's events at West Bank's Jenin Palestinian refugee camp. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Iraq considers Kuwait one of its provinces. Kuwait asks Syria for mediation. (Farideh Rahbar)
* Musharraf holds referendum in Pakistan. (Siavash Ardalan)
* Libya says it is ready to pay damages to the relatives of the victims of the terrorist bombing of the Pan Am jet over Lockerby, Scotland. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* A Russian delegation negotiates with the US about replacing Russian oil with oil from Alaska.
* Argentine mothers mourn their children every Friday at Plaza de Mayo, across from the Presidential palace in Buenos Aries. (Alireza Taheri)
* Bishop Tutu of South Africa calls for peace in the Middle East. (Alireza Taheri)
* Moroccan-born French soccer star Zein al-Din Zeidan criticizes extremist politician Jean-Marie Le Pen, who will face President Chirac in the upcoming France Presidential election. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Classical Love Stories
* Sadredin Elahi, San Francisco-based scholar of classical Persian texts, recites the story of Zal and Rudabeh from Ferdowsi's Shahnameh.
Weekly Book Review Program
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book reviewer Kamran Fani reviews a new Persian translation of the German writer Gunter Grass's novel, The Tin Drum. He also reviews translations of Leslie A. White's "Evolution and Culture" and "About the Safavids" by Roger Savory, and a collection of articles called "From Here and There" by Abdolhossein Azarang.
* The prominent contemporary poet Mehdi Akhavan Sales reads his quatrains.
Classical Love Stories
* San Francisco-based scholar of classical Persian texts tells the story of "The Domes" from Nezami's "Haft-Peykar." (Sadredin Elahi)
Islamic Revolution & Political Parties
* In the final segment of RFE/RL's ten part series on Iran's political parties before, during and after the Islamic Revolution, political analysts, historians and former activists describe the role played by political parties in the election of Mohammad Khatami and its aftermath. (Mehdi Khalaji)
محمدعلي دادخواه، وكيل مدافع ابراهيم يزدي در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد از صحت اظهارات يك عضو كميسيون قضائي مجلس در باره احضار ابراهيم يزدي به دادگاه بي اطلاع است، ولي مي افزايد تا ديروز ابلاغي براي من و موكلم ارسال نشده است. وي مي گويد خبر هاي خارجي در باره مصالحه وي با دادگاه انقلاب صحت ندارد. دادخواه مي افزايد: كميسيون ماده 10 احزاب صراحتا نهضت آزادي را قانوني اعلام كرده است، بنابراين لزومي به احضار دبيركل آن به دادگاه به اتهام عضويت در يك تشكل غيرقانوني وجود ندارد. وي مي گويد وفاق ملي و ثبات سياسي ايجاب مي كند كه به قانون پايبند باشيم و همدلي و همبستگي را در بين آحاد جامعه ترويج كنيم.