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دوشنبه ۱۵ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۶:۰۲ - ۵ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

روز معلم: نگاهي به تاريخچه جنبش معلمان و بررسي خواسته هاي امروز فرهنگيان كشور


اميرمصدق كاتوزيان، مصاحبه با محمد درخشش و رحمان شمس

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, May 03, 2002 - Teachers' Day: Then and Now - Leader's ban on negotiations with the US - Iranian workers and globalization - Plastic pallet maker in Dsseldorf Teachers' Day: A Review of Teachers' Movement in Iran * Teachers' Day commemorates the May 3, 1962 teachers' strike, during which teacher activist Abolhasan Khanali was killed by the police during a demonstration in front of the Majles. A key organizer of that strike, Mohammad Derakhshesh, head of Iran's Teachers Society (Jame-e Moaleman-e Iran), who was in jail at the time, tells RFE/RL that Khanali's death was a turning point in teachers' movement. It brought down the administration of Prime Minister Sharif Emami and forced the government to release leaders of the strike, including Derakhshesh, from jail. After other unions rose to support the teachers, the government met most of the teachers' demands, including better pay, housing allowance and a say in the appointment of schoolmasters and district directors. Rahman Roshan, deputy director of the Tehran House of Teachers, who helped organize Iran's largest ever teachers demonstrations last winter, tells RFE/RL that in spite of President Khatami's appointment of a special committee, teachers demands have not been met. He says teachers want pay and benefits equal to other government employees, healthcare, suitable housing and the right to elect schoolmasters and school district directors. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) US-Iran Relations: Aftermath of a New Ban on Negotiations * Tehran-based journalist Said Haqqi, publisher of the banned independent newspaper "Mellat" (Nation), tells RFE/RL that Ayatollah Khamenei's ban on negotiations with the US does not include non-governmental contacts, such as between parliamentarians. He says the Leader would lift the ban if he feels that having relations with the US serves Iran's national interest. (Siavash Ardalan) The Financial Times Reviews the Leader's New Ban on US-Iran Talks * In an article from Tehran, the Financial Times correspondent Guy Dinmore writes that new US moves to prevent the sale of Iran's gas to Greece and the purchase of European Airbus jets by Iran prolongs the air of Iran-US hostility. (Mina Baharmast) Aftermath of the Ashgabat Summit * Ten days after the fruitless Caspian summit, Russian newspapers report that Azerbaijan demands shipping rights in the Russian section of the Caspian, and Turkmenistan's president says that Iran is jealous of Turkmenistan's special relationship with Turkey. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Iranian Labor and Globalization * Yesterday's Labor Day demonstrations in Tehran showed that Iranian workers view globalization with suspicion. But can Iran overcome its current unemployment problem without competitive industries, foreign exports and foreign capital? (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) Iranian Manufacturer of Pallet Shipping Cases Exhibits at Interpack * At the 16th international exhibit of packing materials and machines, held last week in Dsseldorf, two Iranian companies displayed their wares. Ali Mirkhan, the head of Peykareh Plastics of Iran, tells RFE/RL that his company, founded five years before the revolution, exports its shipping pallets to Middle East countries, Africa and Taiwan. He says his company developed hygienic pallets in joint research with Germany's Aachen and Dortmund universities. (Shahram Mirian, Dsseldorf) Assembly of Experts Member Defends the Leader's Ban on US Talks * Mohsen Araki, a member of the Assembly of Experts and head of London's Islamic Center, tells al-Hayat newspaper that the Leader of the Islamic Republic, who does not find talks with the US beneficial to Iran, determines Iran's foreign policy. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) WORLD * Israel lifts the siege of Arafat's compound in Ramallah. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * UN cancels fact-finding mission to the Jenin Palestinian refugee camp. (Siavash Ardalan) * Stockholm University law professor Said Mahmoudi tells RFE/RL that Israel has convincing political reasons for refusing to cooperate with the UN fact finding mission, but Israel's decision is not defensible from legal and moral points of view. (Siavash Ardalan) * The Pope's envoy meets with Israel's president and Arafat on the standoff at Bethlehem's Nativity church. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Former Afghan king Mohammad Zaher calls Afghanistan's warlords to cooperate with Hamid Karzai's interim government. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) * Two of former Yugoslav president Milosevic's top lieutenants will testify in his trial at The Hague. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Amnesty International criticizes China's human rights violations. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) * UN ecologist Qahreman Soleymanpur tells RFE/RL that developing countries such as China and Iran would suffer more from the so-called greenhouse effect. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Reporters sans Frontiers releases its annual report on suppression of press around the world. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * President Bush tells Hamid Karzai in a phone conversation that the US would help in the rapid reconstruction of Afghanistan through a Marshal-like plan. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) * Esmail Qasemyar, head of the commission in charge of organizing the upcoming supreme council in Afghanistan, tells RFE/RL that the goal of his tour of Europe is to familiarize expatriate Afghans with the election. (Shahram Mirian, Bonn) * More than 1.5 million French marched yesterday against Le Pen's candidacy in the upcoming presidential election. ARTS AND IDEAS Los Angeles Report * Cellist Homayoun Khosravi tells RFE/RL about the growing awareness about Persian music in the US. (Fahimeh Barati) Weekly Soccer News and Commentary (Mehrdad Masudi) Classical Persian Love Stories * Sadredin Elahi continues with his recitation of the Domes story from Nezami's Haft-Peykar. Contemporary Persian Poetry * The late, prominent poet Ahmad Shamlou reads his famous piece, Pariya. (From RFE/RL's archives) Folk Singer Shaqayeq Kamali * The German-based singer tells RFE/RL about her new ensemble performing Persian folk songs. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)

محمد درخشش، دبير جامعه معلمان ايران، در مصاحبه با يادآور مي شود كه روز معلم يادآور خاطره كشته شدن ابوالحسن خانعلي در جريان اعتصابات و تظاهرات گسترده معلم هاي كشور در سال 1340 خورشيدي است كه درنقطه عطفي در تاريخ جنبش معلمان ايران به شمار مي رود و پس از آن كابينه شريف امامي سقوط كرد و بسياري از خواسته هاي معلمان، از جمله افزايش حقوق و مزايا و حق انتخاب روساي مدارس و مناطق آموزشي تامين گرديد. آزادي درخشش و يكي ديگر از رهبران جنبش معلمان از زندان، از ديگر پيامد هاي اين روز بود. رحمان شمس، معاون خانه معلم تهران كه در سازمان دادن به تظاهرات گسترده زمستان گذشته، بزرگترين اعتراض صنفي معلم ها در تاريخ معاصر، نقش داشت در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد اين تظاهرات چهار روزه كه با خشونت پليس به پايان گرفت نتوانست خواسته هاي معلم هاي ايران از جمله حقوق و مزايائي مساوي با ساير كارمندان دولت را تامين كند. وي مي افزايد معلم ها همچنان خواهان نقش در انتخابات مديران مدارس و روساي مناطق آموزشي هستند، بيمه درماني و مسكن مناسب هستند.

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