لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۱۶ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۹:۵۴ - ۶ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

ويژه روز جهاني آزادي مطبوعات: كاهش شديد تيراژ مطبوعات ودلهره واضطراب مطبوعاتي هاي ايران


شيرين فاميلي، مصاحبه با ماشاء الله شمس الواعظين و احمد زيدآبادي

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, May 03, 2002 - World Press Freedom Day - Friendship treaties with Persian Gulf States - Chinese model and Iran: Oppression & Economic Growth - EU Adds Mojahedin-e Khalq to List of Terrorist Organizations World Press Freedom Day in Iran: Journalists' Fears and Lower Newspaper Circulation * Reformist cleric Mohsen Kadivar, head of Iran's Society to Defend Press Freedoms, criticizes the arrests and jailing of journalists and the closing of more than 49 newspapers and magazines during the past year in a speech to the Society's members marking UNESCO's World Press Freedom Day. The Society's spokesman, Mashallah Shamsolvaezin, veteran editor of four banned newspapers, tells RFE/RL that newspaper readership has fallen sharply in the past year because the public considers present newspapers heavily controlled. Journalists, fearful of arrest and prosecution, resort to self-censorship. Reformist journalist Ali Zeydabadi, sentenced to 23 months in jail and banned from journalism for five years, tells RFE/RL that the fall in newspaper readership reflects the public's disappointment in the reform movement. (Shireen Famili) Vice President Calls for Signing Strategic Treaties with Persian Gulf States * In an interview with UAE newspapers, Iran's Vice President Mohammad Abtahi calls for signing strategic treaties between the Arab Persian Gulf states and Iran. He described Iran-Saudi relations as "close" and said Tehran seeks better relations with other Persian Gulf states. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Chinese Model and Iran: Oppression and Economic Growth * Washington-based sociologist and political analyst Rasul Nafisy says that by advocating the Chinese model of economic growth without freedoms, the conservative newspaper Keyhan rejects democracy as an American phenomenon. He tells RFE/RL that in Keyhan's concept, human life appears as expendable as it was to Pol Pot's followers in Cambodia.. Nafisy warns that such ideas might result in the total extinction of the educated middle class. (Ardavan Niknam) EU Adds Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization to Terrorist List * The European Union is moving to block the assets of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization as it places the MKO on its list of international terrorist organizations. (Ardavan Niknam) WORLD * Reporters sans Frontiers places photos of the heads of 38 countries named as worst enemies of press freedom on a large map of the world in a Paris metro station. RSF's spokesman tells RFE/RL that journalists face jail and execution in Iran, mentioning that an Iranian journalist refused to talk during today's press conference, fearing prosecution at home. Jamileh Mojahed, the first reporter to announce the fall of Taliban on Afghanistan television, tells RFE/RL that she is pleased to have started her country's first woman's magazine after five years of Taliban rule. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Israeli forces reoccupy the West Bank town of Nablus. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * US, EU, Russia and UN leaders agreed to set up an international peace conference on the Middle East. (Jamshid Zand) * Israeli and Palestinian officials welcome an international peace conference. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Mohammad Dahlan, director of a Palestinian Authority security organization, who was accused by the extremist group Hamas of collaborating with Israel, says in an interview with al-Hayat newspaper that reform is needed in the Authority's many security forces. He accuses some of Arafat's aides of corruption. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * The Economist Intelligence Unit writes that the allied forces operation in Pakistan to hunt al-Qaeda elements may not succeed. (Fariba Mavedat) * The Speaker of the parliament of the autonomous Kosovo government accuses Milosevic of genocide during his testimony at The Hague. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan hold bilateral negotiations on disputed oil fields in the Caspian. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Russian military's planned maneuver worries Iran. (Ardavan Niknam) * EU leaders discuss US tariffs on steel. (Jamshid Zand) * New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists names Belarus, Iran among the top 10 most dangerous working environments for journalists. CPJ's director Ann Cooper tells RFE/RL that factional conflicts has placed Iranian journalists in a difficult position. (Ardavan Niknam) * Breshna Nazari, editor of the Kabul Weekly tells RFE/RL that 88 new magazines and newspapers have started publishing since the fall of Taliban in Afghanistan, but the interim government officials and local administrators restrain press freedoms. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) * Germans mourn the victims of last week's high school shooting. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * A number of prominent Italian movie directors say they will make a motion picture in support of the Palestinian cause. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Voting begins in the UK in local councils elections. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Pickpockets, thieves and robbers defy police in China. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) ARTS AND IDEAS * Travel to Iran: Travel Writing by Foreign Travelers English officer William Franklin, who visited Iran in 18th Century, writes about the succession conflict among the heirs of the ruler Karimkhan Zand. (Nazi Azima, based on research by Javad Tabatabai) Mohammad Taqi Bahar, Poet, Politician and Scholar * On the 51st anniversary of Bahar's death, scholars Farrokh Ghaffari and Sadeq Sajadi discuss Bahar's personal style and his method in literary research in speeches at the Sorbonne. (Nazi Azima) * Iraj Gorgin recites Bahar's famous poem, Damavandieh. Classic Persian Love Stories: The Domes * Literary scholar Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Domes from Nezami Ganjavi's Haft-Peykar. Pop Musician Farshad Rabani * Los Angeles-based pianist and composer tells RFE/RL that in his new CD he mixes Iranian with American pop, as well as Spanish and Arabic music.

روزنامه نگاران ايران در حالي به برگزاري مراسم روز جهاني آزادي مطبوعات مي پردازند كه طي سال گذشته 60 نشريه و روزنامه توقيف يا تعطيل شدند و و بسياري از روزنامه نگاران تحت محاكمه قرار گرفتند. محسن كديور، رئيس انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات در نشستي با اعضاي اين انجمن به مناسبت روز آزادي مطبوعات از تعطيل روزنامه هاو حبس مطبوعاتي ها در ايران انتقاد كرد و يادآور شد كه اگر صداي مردم از طريق مطبوعات منعكس نشود جامعه با دشواري روبرو مي شود. ماشاالله شمس الواعظين، سخنگوي انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد در حال حاضر بارديگر ديگر جايگاه ايران در جدول سركوبي مطبوعات تنزل كرده است. وي مي افزايد تنزل شديد تيراژ مطبوعات اعم از اصلاح طلب و محافظه كار در ايران ناشي از آن است كه افكار عمومي مطبوعات فعال در ايران را "كنترل شده" مي داند و از سوي ديگر، نويسندگان از ترس دستگيري به خودسانسوري افتاده اند. علي حكمت، نايب رئيس انجمن دفاع از انجمن آزادي مطبوعات اصلاح قانون مطبوعات ايران را خواستار شد. احمد زيدآبادي، روزنامه نگار اصلاح گرا كه اخيرا به 23 ماه حبس و 5 سال ممنوعيت قلم محكوم شد، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد در اثر ابهامات و مشكلات قانون مطبوعات، دادگاه ها با دستگيري و بازجوئي هاي بي مورد و غيرقانوني، روزنامه نگاران را به رعب و وحشت دچار مي سازند. وي عدم استقبال مردم از مطبوعات را ناشي از نااميدي آنها نسبت به روند اصلاحات مي داند.

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