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پنجشنبه ۱۸ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۰:۴۰ - ۸ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

فرمانده سپاه پاسداران: آمريكا در تهديد ايران جديست


عليرضا طاهري

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, May 12, 2002 - Guards commander takes US threats seriously - Pourzand is being forced not to appeal his jail sentence - Iranian MPs visit British MPs in London - EU mulls authorizing talks on economic ties with Tehran - Iranian rugs lose market share in Europe - US-based Iranian Charity builds clinic in Iran Revolutionary Guards Commander Takes the US "Threat" Seriously * The "US threat" is "serious" and Iranians should prepare for "defense," according to Pasdar general Yahya Rahim-Safavi, commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), who spoke at a gathering of new Basij volunteers in the IRGC base in Chabahar port on Sea of Oman. Rahim-Safavi's remarks was the latest in a series of statements from conservative officials signaling a new initiative to confront the US: Former president Hashemi Rafsanjani claimed that "world" would stand up to the US in defense of the Islamic Republic; former Majles Speaker Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri said the US relies for support on its allies within Iran; and head of Tehran Judiciary Abas-Ali Alizadeh said police folded a US plan to distribute one million liters of free alcohol and millions of "pornographic" video tapes among Iranian youth. However, despite the Islamic Republic Leader Khamenei's ban against talks with the US, some reformist politicians want a quick end to tensions. Mohsen Mirdamadi, head of the Majles national security and foreign relations commission, said Tehran has regrettably neglected to take advantage of many opportunities for d‚tente with the US. (Alireza Taheri) Pourznad's Daughter Says He's Under Pressure to Refuse to Appeal His Jail Sentence * Veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand's daughter says her father is being pressured by the Judiciary not to appeal his eight-year jail sentence. New York-based Banafsheh Pourzand, 41, tells RFE/RL Tehran fears that Pourzand might spell out everything that happened to him during his five-month imprisonment upon his release from jail. Pourzand appeared frail and disheveled during a supervised visit with his sister on May 3, she adds, and appeared to have endured heavy physical and psychological injuries. Pourzand family asked Doctors without Borders to to examine him in his Tehran jail. Banafsheh Pourzand says the expected transfer of her father to Tehran's Evin prison cannot be confirmed. In a statement today, the Amnesty International expressed worry about Pourzand's health and demanded his immediate and unconditional release. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Iranian Parliamentarians Visit the UK * MPs from the Majles Iran-UK friendship group headed by Tabriz MP Akbar Alami left for the UK today for a visit with their British counterparts. Their British host, House of Lords member Peter Temple-Morris, labor, and head of British parliament's UK-Iran friendship council tells RFE/RL that the Iranian MPs trip is in response to a similar trip made to Iran two years ago by the British MPs. Talks will include, among other things, US-Iran relations and the need for the appointment of a new British ambassador to Iran. The British group, Lord Temple-Morris adds, has asked the UK foreign ministry to expedite the ambassador's nomination. (Shahran Tabari, London) EU-Iran Economic Cooperation Treaty: An Outlook * In their meeting Monday in Brussels EU Foreign ministers will discuss authorizing negotiations with Tehran on an economic cooperation treaty. Reformist newspaper Nowruz calls the expected authorization a "valuable economic and diplomatic victory." EU has signed similar treaties with Turkey and Pakistan. Unwilling to reduce tensions with the US, Tehran considers signing an economic treaty with EU a strategic principle, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. With $12 billion in annual trade, EU is Iran's biggest economic partner. Regulating trade relations with EU through a treaty could provide a more suitable environment for Iranian exports in the European markets, and could help Tehran attract foreign investment. Crisis in Iran's Hand-Woven Rug Industry: Losing Market Share in Europe Iran's share of Europe's hand-woven rugs market has declined to 25 percent from 55 percent, according to Mohammad-Reza Kamali, head of the association of hand-woven rug producing cooperatives. The uneven quality of the Iranian product, its high price relative to the price of Iran's Asian competitors, and lack of export planning and management, have contributed the drop in the market share, he told a Tehran newspaper yesterday. * Italy-based Reza Rashidi, former rug exporter and an expert of the European hand-woven rug market, says if solutions to remedy the situation are not implemented immediately, Iran's share of the European rug market could soon fall to 10 percent. He tells RFE/RL that most Iranian rug dealers in Europe are on the verge of bankruptcy. In Iran, the state control of rug exports and cumbersome regulations resulted in the spread of corruption and foreign exchange profiteering. Carpet exporters had to deal with the middlemen with access to export licenses and foreign exchange. According to Rashidi these and the following factors contribute to Iran's loss of market share in Europe: state regulation that resulted in currency speculation and profiteering, export middlemen with access to export licenses who cut the profits of exports, uneven quality and high price of Iranian carpets, use of artificial fibers in some Iranian carpets and stubborn traditionalism of the Iranian designers and weavers who continue to produce bad copies of old Persian designs and are out of step with interior design trends in Europe. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Extremely Exaggerated Interpretations of the Leader's Source of Legitimacy * In an open letter to Grand Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, head of the Leadership Experts Assembly (Majles-e Khobregan-e Rahbari), which oversees the conduct of the Leader of Islamic Republic, prominent Qum cleric Jafar Mohaqeq-Damad criticized Meshkini's assertion that God appoints the Leader. Meshkini had said that only members of the Experts Assembly, and not the public, are endowed with the power to "discover" the person whom God has appointed to the leadership of the Islamic Republic. Implying that the Leader equals in purity and divine appointment to the saints defies every Shiite religious principle and rattles the foundations of the religion, Mohaqeq-Damad wrote in the letter which was a first public demonstration of the closed-door criticism in Qum's religious seminaries of the recent exaggerated claims by the conservative clergy about the divine legitimacy of the Leader. These Shiite seminarians say some of the widely inflated interpretations of the Leader's role in society assume powers for the Leader that even the Hidden Imam, considered by Shiites as the True Sovereign, does not have. (Mehdi Khalaji) US-Based Charity Helps Poor Children in Iran * In a seminar held last week at the National Institute of Health, Dr. Mahnaz Motaveli, a Johns Hopkins University researcher of genetic heart diseases, discussed ways to provide Iranian children with charitable healthcare assistance without overstepping US sanctions. Motaveli tells RFE/RL that Children of Persia, the Maryland-based charity she heads, helps an Iranian NGO build a clinic in the poor Sistan va Baluchestan province of Iran with funds raised in a benefit concert by pop singers Andy and Korous. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) WORLD * The Palestinians in Gaza are concerned about possible Israeli forces' incursion. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * A group of peace-loving Palestinians and Israelis in Italy march for peace, following a 40-year old tradition. Palestinian and Israeli musicians perform in a peace concert at Rome's Coliseum. (Ahmad Ra'fat) * The presence of President Bashar Assad of Syria in the three-way summit at Sharm el Sheik with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Saudi Arabia's Prince Abdullah indicates a reversal in Syria's former stance on Israel, since the meeting's support for peace with Israel implies recognition of Israel, says veteran journalist Amir Taheri, an expert of the Middle East politics. He tells RFE/RL that it seems Arabs have eventually come up with a concrete plan, adding that after his meeting with President Bush, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah shows more inclination to condemn all forms of violence, including suicide bombing. (Mehdi Khalaji) * In his opening remarks at the seventh conference of the Arab oil producing countries, President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt rejects the use of oil as weapon in the Middle East conflict. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Pakistan establishes a new anti-terrorism unit and arrests 300 members of hard-line Islamist groups in the aftermath of the suicide bombing at the Karachi port that killed 11 French submarine engineers and three Pakistanis. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * EU foreign ministers will discuss granting asylum to the 13 Palestinian gunmen involved in Bethlehem's Nativity church standoff. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Some Middle Experts attending the UCLA's London conference believe that the next conflict in the Middle East will be over water, says Tehran University professor Sadeq Zibakalam, who, in his own speech, deals with the transition from Arab nationalism to Islamic fundamentalism. He tells RFE/RL that most papers presented at the conference by scholars from the US, UK, Iran and Arab countries deals with ways to end the Israeli-Palestinian hostilities. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Next week, former US President Jimmy Carter will be the highest US official to visit Cuba since the 1959 Cuban revolution. (Alireza Taheri) * Turkmenistan asks US to extradite former Turkmen foreign minister Sheik Moradov who has been charged with illegal weapons trade. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * China opens negotiations with South Korea about the thousands of North Korean refugees in China who want to immigrate to South Korea. (Shahram Tehrani, Moscow) * Palestinian officials, including Yasir Arafat himself, join President Bush in calling for reforms in the Palestinian Authority. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) CULTURE AND IDEAS New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran * As an introduction to the series' new topic, Haji Baba-ye Esfahani, Persian translation of a James Morier novel, Paris-based scholar Javad Tabatabai reviews the work of three early translators of European literature, who spearheaded the movement to create a new written Persian language for expressing new ideas. (Nazi Azima) History of the European Renaissance: Foundations of Rationalism * Books, encyclopedias and universities provided an environment in Europe for the development of rationalism and democracy. (Nazi Azima, based on research Tehran-based scholar of political thought Gholam-Reza Mirzasaleh) Interview of the Week * Paris-based veteran scholar of Iranian culture and history Farokh Ghaffari discusses the travel writing of the Muslim 14th Century world traveler Ibn Battuta who visited Iran. Ghaffari compares Battuta's observations in Iran with those of the Venetian traveler Marco Polo during a conversation with RFE/RL's commentator, sociologist and UNESCO advisor Ehsan Naraqi. (Jean Khakzad) Iranian Painter Ostovani Exhibits in Germany * Yari Ostovani, who shows 32 of his recent paintings in a solo exhibit at Bochum's city center tells RFE/RL that some of his works are based on the Greek legend of Icarus. (Shahram Mirian, Buchom) Classic Love Stories: Khosrow va Shirin * Sadredin Elahi continues with his recitation of Khosrow va Shirin by Nezami Ganjavi. Progressive Iranian Music: Colonel Mohmmad Taqi Khan Vaziri * RFE/RL's music commentator discusses the role that early 20th Century composer Mohammad Taqi Khan Vaziri played in developing the new national Persian music. (Mahmud Khoshnam) Iran-Germany Poetry Festival: Hafiz and Schiller * Scholars from Iran and Germany tell RFE/RL about the papers they presented on the poetry and ideas of Persian classic poet Hafiz and Germany's Schiller at a seminar organized by the Schiller Foundation in Düsseldorf. (Shahram Mirian, Düsseldorf) سرلشكر پاسدار يحيي رحيم صفوي، فرمانده سپاه، ديروز در چابهار، خطاب به شماري از پاسداران انقلاب و داوطلبان سپاه بسيج گفت: "همه رويدادهاي اخير نشان مي دهد كه آمريكا در تهديدات خود بر ضد جمهوري اسلامي جدي است، اما هنوز نمي دانيم كه اين تهديدات چه وقت جامه عمل خواهد پوشيد." فرمانده سپاه پاسداران افزود:"ماهيت،ميزان و ابعاد اين تهديدات بتازگي دگرگون شده است و من معتقدم كه مردم بايد خودشان را براي دفاع آماده كنند." اين نخستين بار است كه يكي از فرماندهان نظامي جمهوري اسلامي در ارزيابي تهديد هاي آمريكا در قبال حكومت تهران، تا اين اندازه پيش مي رود، بي آن كه مباني ارزيابي ياد شده را مشخص سازد. تحليلگران مي گويند: موضع آمريكا در قبال جمهوري اسلامي از زماني كه جرج واكر بوش، رئيس جمهوري آمريكا، در ژانويه گذشته، حكومت ايران را در محور شرارت جاي داد، تا كنون، تغيير محسوسي نكرده است. بنا بر اين، فرمانده سپاه پاسداران بايد ارزيابي خود را از جدي بودن تهديد شدن جمهوري اسلامي و نيز تغيير اخير در ماهيت اين تهديدها را بر پايه اطلاعات ويژه و نامحسوس براي عموم، عرضه كرده باشد. همين تحليلگران مي افزايند: اگر ارزيابي فرمانده سپاه از جدي بودن تهديدهايي كه متوجه جمهوري اسلامي است درست باشد، تلاش اصلاحگرايان را براي ترميم روابط واشنگتن-تهران را بهتر مي توان درك كرد. شايد بر پايه همين جدي بودن تهديدات باشد كه محسن ميردامادي، رييس كميسيون امنيت ملي و سياست خارجي مجلس شوراي اسلامي، و يكي از چهره هاي شاخص اصلاحگرايان در مجلس شوراي اسلامي، عصر ديروز گفت: "ايران بايد سياست تنش زدايي در رابطه با آمريكا پي ريزي كند، و اميدوارم بار ديگر ناگزير از نوشيدن جام زهر نشويم." در اين گفته، رييس كميسيون امنيت ملي و سياست خارجي مجلس شوراي اسلامي به دوران پايان جنگ هشت ساله و مرگبار ميان جمهوري اسلامي و عراق اشاره دارد. در آن زمان، آيت الله خميني، رهبر انقلاب، پذيرش آتش بس با عراق را به نوشيدن جام زهر تشبيه كرد؛ جام زهري كه پس از نابودي هاي گسترده بايد در جماران نوشيده مي شد در حالي كه در همان زمان بسياري معتقد بودند كه پيش از آن، ايران در جنگ با عراق، فرصت هاي طلايي بسياري را براي پيروزي و دريافت غرامت از دست داده بود. اكنون نيز، رييس كميسيون امنيت ملي و سياست خارجي مجلس، بار ديگر، درباره از دست رفتن فرصت هاي مناسب و سودمند براي ايران در رابطه خود با آمريكا هشدار گفته است. از سوي ديگر، به گفته تحليلگران، ياد آوري فرمانده سپاه را مي توان به نوعي آمادگي درگيري جدي جناح محافظه كار با آمريكا تعبير كرد بي آن كه سودمندي هاي اين آمادگي و درگيري روشن باشد. در ايران، جناح محافظه كار بر كليه بازوهاي نظامي در ايران مسلط است. جناح محافظه كار، بگفته تحليلگران، اي بسا با حساب بيش از اندازه بر همين بازوي نظاميست كه اميدوار است در برابر هر گونه حمله احتمالي آمريكا به نوعي ايستادگي كند. در اين حال، اكبر هاشمي رفسنجاني، يكي از مردان هميشه مقتدر در جمهوري اسلامي، در هر گونه درگيري ميان آمريكا و جمهوري اسلامي روي پشتيباني "دنيا" از تهران حساب مي كند. آقاي هاشمي رفسنجاني مي گويد: "آمريكا واقعا موجود خطرناكي شده است، اما آمريكايي ها نه مي توانند به هدف هايشان برسند، نه دنيا حاضر است كه در برابر آمريكا تا اين حد كوتاه بيايد." علي اكبر ناطق نوري، يكي ديگر از چهره هاي شاخص جناح محافظه كار، آمريكا با عنوان "پر رو" توصيف مي كند و مي گويد: "اگر آمريكا در درون ايران پايگاه نداشته باشد، اين قدر پر رو نمي شود." همزمان، در حالي كه فرمانده سپاه پاسداران از جدي بودن آمريكا در تهديد جمهوري اسلامي صريحا ياد مي كند، رييس مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام دنيا را پشتيبان جمهوري اسلامي در رويارويي با آمريكا مي داند، و آقاي ناطق نوري آمريكا را "پر رو" مي خواند و انگشت خود را به سوي پايگاه هاي نامعلوم آمريكا در ايران مي گيرد، حجت الاسلام عباسعلي عليزاده رييس كل دادگستري استان تهران، تعبير يكسره تازه يي از رويارويي جمهوري اسلامي با آمريكا دارد. آقاي عليزاده، يكي از چهره ها خبرساز جناح محافظه كار و از مخالفان سر سخت اصلاحگرايان، مي گويد: "آمريكا چون از براندازي نظام جمهوري اسلامي نوميد شده است، سعي مي كند تا با آلوده كردن جوانان ايراني، اسلام و انقلاب را به تباهي بكشاند." عباسعلي عليزاده مي افزايد: "فقط در تهران يك ميليون ليتر مشروبات الكلي كشف شد كه قرار بود ميان جوانان رايگان توزيع شود." رييس كل دادگستري استان تهران همچنين از كشف ميليون ها ويديو و سي دي "مستهجن" خبر داد. روزنامه هاي ايران، اعم از محافظه كار و اصلاحگرا، تا امروز اطلاعات بيشتري درباره كشف هاي مورد نظر آقاي عليزاده منتشر نكرده اند.

سرلشكر پاسدار يحيي رحيم صفوي، فرمانده سپاه پاسداران انقلاب، ديروز در چابهار، خطاب به شماري از پاسداران انقلاب و داوطلبان سپاه بسيج گفت: "همه رويدادهاي اخير نشان مي دهد كه آمريكا در تهديدات خود بر ضد جمهوري اسلامي جديست... و مردم ايران بايد خود را براي دفاع آماده سازند." عليرغم منع مذاكرات با آمريكا توسط رهبر جمهوري اسلامي، شماري از سياستمداران اصلاحگرا همچنان اعتقاد دارند بايد هرچه زود تر راهي براي رفع تنش ميان دوكشور پيدا شود. علي اكبر هاشمي رفسنجاني، رئيس سابق جمهوري اسلامي معتقد است "دنيا" از جمهوري اسلامي در برابر آمريكا دفاع خواهد كرد. براي مطالعه متن كامل گزارش راديوآزادي در باره سخنان فرمانده سپاه پاسداران و مواضع جناح محافظه كار در باره مذاكره با آمريكا، دگمه متن فارسي را كليك بزنيد.

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