لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۷:۴۷ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

تصويب مصوبه مجلس براي جذب سرمايه خارجي توسط مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام


فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با جمشيد پژويان (تهران) و كامران دادخواه (باستون)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, May 27, 2002 - Expediency Council approves legislation to lure foreign investment - UAE foreign minister visits Iran - Tehran judiciary sues government's daily over discussion of US-Iran talks - Russia agrees to US demand for UN nuclear observers in Iran - Financial Times: US-Russia conflict over Iran - Jailed journalist Ganji's latest book banned - Child Abuse Goes Unpunished in Iran, Says Lawyer - Court Interrogates Pourzand about new charges Expediency Council Approves Majles Legislation on Foreign Investment * The Expediency Council approved yesterday the Majles legislation to ease restrictions on foreign investment. Tehran University economics professor Jamshid Pazhuyan tells RFE/RL that the law would end political and legal obstacles to foreign investment, but economic obstacles will continue to keep investors away. Boston Northeastern University economics professor Kamran Dadkhah says the new law does not eliminate the danger of losing one's entire capital due to potential escalation of political tensions in Iran. He tells RFE/RL that Iran cannot attract foreign investment before normalizing relations with the US. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) UAE Foreign Minister Visits Iran * UAE foreign minister Hamdan bin Zayed al-Nahyan met in Tehran with foreign minister Kamal Kharazi. Meanwhile, the UAE daily al Etehad repeated the UAE's claim of sovereignty over the disputed three Persian Gulf islands. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Tehran Judiciary Sues Government's Daily Over Discussion of US-Iran Talks * Two articles in the government's official daily "Iran" prompted Tehran judiciary to sue the newspaper and the two writers who had violated its ban on media discussions about US-Iran contacts. The writer of one of the articles is Mohsen Mirhadi, head of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, who was sentenced last month to five months in jail and six years ban from journalism for advocating US-Iran talks in his newspaper Nowruz. The other piece by staff writer Mohammad Qaraqozlu was about the closed-door meeting held last week by Mirhadi's committee to discuss future benefits of relations with the US. (Mehdi Khalaji) Russia Agrees to US Demand for UN Nuclear Observers in Iran * Russian officials agreed to the US President's demand to send international nuclear observers to the site of Iran's $800 million nuclear power plant in Bushehr, which Russia is building. Head of the Majles energy committee, in London for an official visit, said international observers will monitor Iran's nuclear power plant. A spokesperson at the International Energy Agency said monitoring will begin as soon as nuclear materials enter the plant. (Siavash Ardalan) Financial Times: US-Russia Conflict over Iran * The US should increase its pressure on Russia over Iran, writes London's Financial Times. The EU's policy of constructive dialogue can also help prevent Iran from becoming an atomic power. (Fariba Mavedat) Jailed Journalist Ganji's Latest Book Banned * "The Archipelago of the Prison," the latest book by jailed writer Akbar Ganji was banned in Tehran yesterday. Authorities ordered publisher Hossein Paya to recall all the book's copies from bookstores. Ganji's is the fourth book this month to be banned after publication. Qum-based scholar of Shiite theology Ebrahim Sadat tells RFE/RL that the same group, who has been provoking the authorities to ban reformist newspapers during the past two years, has now turned its attention to books because not many newspapers have been left to close. (Mehdi Khalaji) Two Reformist Journalists Talk about Iranian Press in Europe * In a series of lectures to Iranian gatherings in Europe, reformist journalists Mashallah Shamsolvaezin and Masud Behnud speak about the challenges facing reformist press in Iran. In their first presentation at the Iranian Democrats Sunday night meeting in Cologne, Germany, Shamsolvaezin, editor of four banned newspapers, said the Tehran judiciary's recent ban on media discussions of US-Iran relations has had little effect on newspapers and MPs, who spoke and printed articles about the issue. Masud Bahnud, columnist of at least five banned newspapers, said the reform movement in Iran will go on, even if Khatami's government fails. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) Child Abuse Goes Unpunished in Iran, Says Lawyer * An 18-month-old child died in Mashhad yesterday from bruises and burns inflicted by his abusive father, but legal obstacles prevent judiciary from prosecuting the perpetrator. Tehran-based lawyer Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi says Iranian law recognizes the father as the child's legal guardian and without the father's own complaint, it cannot prosecute allegations of torture and abuse of children. He tells RFE/RL that the Majles legislation to prevent domestic child abuse will be blocked by the Guardians Council on the account of its clash with Islamic laws. (Golanaz Esfandiari) Court Interrogates Convicted Journalist Pourzand about New Charges * Veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand, 72, was summoned to court yesterday; a month after a "special" court in Tehran's Mehrabad Airport's judiciary complex sentenced him to 11 years in prison. Pourzand told ISNA, the student news agency, that he has not been tortured and is happy with the conditions at his solitary prison. Tehran-based lawyer Ahmad Bashiri says the court may be investigating new, yet-to-be-announced charges against Pourzand. Bashiri tells RFE/RL that there is no crime in Iranian law by the name of "news espionage" for which Pourzand has been convicted. Pourzand's wife, lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar tells RFE/RL that Pourzand's statements to ISNA should not be trusted since the court did not allow the Tehran-based Islamic Human Rights Commission to visit him in jail. (Alireza Taheri) Goals of the National Labor Conference * In its first session yesterday in Tehran, the third national labor conference focused on joblessness, social security, healthcare and three-way negotiations between labor, employers and government. The number of the jobless increases by 300,000 to 400,000 per year. However, Vice President Mohammad Satarifar, head of the planning and budget organization, said in his opening speech at the conference that more than one million new jobs will be created this year. Tehran MP Abolqasem Sarhadi said no attempt to create new jobs can be successful in today's tense political environment. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) Two European Banks Begin Selling Iran's Eurobonds * According to the Financial Times, Iran will soon announce that two European banks, BNP Paribas and Commerzbank, will help Iran raise 500 million Euros by selling Iran's first Eurobond issue since the 1979 revolution. (Siavash Ardalan) WORLD * Indian and Pakistani forces exchanged fire in Kashmir. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Palestinian Authority to merge 12 security organizations with 35,000 staff. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice said in a TV interview yesterday that the US does not want to elect a new leader for the Palestinians. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * China rules out missile attack as a possible cause for yesterday's mid-air explosion of the China Airlines passenger jet. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) * Right wing party of Alvaro Uribe Velez wins 53 percent of votes in Columbia. (Mina Baharmast) * In a seminar held in Kabul, Afghan interim leader Hamid Karzai asked for international help to rebuild Afghanistan's ancient monuments and museums. Kabul museum official Mohammad Yahya Mohebzadeh recounts the scene he witnessed at the museum years ago when Taliban forces broke and destroyed any sculpture or art of human or animals figures during an interview with RFE/RL. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Kabul) * The EU countries tighten regulations for admitting asylum seekers. Richard William, international policies director of the British Council for the Refugees tells RFE/RL that EU governments should remind their people of the benefits of foreign immigrants and the fact that Europe is not the largest recipient of refugees in the world. A great majority of the refugees go to Iran and Pakistan, he adds. Nezhad Hosseini, legal advisor to London-based Iranian Refugees Federation, tells RFE/RL that new restrictions in Europe are a reaction of the rise to power of conservative parties. Worries about the impact of the new European attitude prompted his organization to hold a seminar in London last week to answer Iranian and Kurdish refugees' questions about the new regulations. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Soccer World Cup Games: RFE/RL's soccer commentator Mehrdad Masudi reports from Seoul on the preparations for the upcoming soccer world cup. * Polanski Wins the Cannes Festival's First prize ARTS AND IDEAS Songs and Song Makers: Morteza Hananeh, Composer * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam reviews the work of composer and conductor Morteza Hananeh. One Book, One Author: Shahrnush Parsipour's Shiva * Berkley-based novelist Shahrnush Parsipour discusses her new novel "Shiva" in an interview with RFE/RL's book critic Bahman Bastani. Classic Love Stories: Khosrow va Shirin * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the Khosrow va Shirin story based on Nezami Ganjavi. Story of Progressive Music: Loris Cheknavarian * In an interview with Loris Cheknavarian, RFE/RL' music critic Mahmud Khoshnam reviews his symphonies and operas, including the epic Rostam and Sohrab. Sina Najafi, Editor of a Cultural Quarterly Cabinet * Sina Najafi, founder and editor of the New York-based cultural weekly Cabinet, tells RFE/RL that his magazine prints scholarly articles about unusual and uncommon subjects. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)

مصوبه مجلس شوراي اسلامي براي جذب وحمايت سرمايه گذاري خارجي كه در شوراي نگهبان رد شده بود سرانجام روز يكشنبه به تصويب مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام رسيد. اين مصوبه كه احتمالا تا دو هفته ديگر به دولت ابلاغ خواهد شد، اينك جانشين قانون مشابهي مي شود كه چهل سال از عمر آن مي گذرد و سرمايه گذاري اتباع حقيقي و حقوقي خارجي را غير از امور نفتي در تمام رشته هاي ديگر در ايران آزاد مي سازد. دكتر جمشيد پژويان، استاد اقتصاد دانشگاه در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد عدم امنيت غيراقتصادي، يعني نگراني سرمايه گذاران خارجي نسبت به نابودي اصل سرمايه در اثر تصميمات مقننه يا اجرائي در ايران، از مشكلات جذب سرمايه گذاري خارجي در ايران است و تصويب قانون جديد در برطرف كردن اين نگراني گام مثبتي بود؛ اما به علت وجود ناامني اقتصادي در ايران، اين قانون نمي تواند سرمايه گذاري خارجي را افزايش دهد. كامران دادخواه، استاد اقتصاد دانشگاه نورث ايسترن واقع در شهر بوستون، مي گويد: عدم اطمينان در اقتصاد ايران را بايد از مسئله ريسك يا خطر سرمايه گذاري جدا كرد. وي مي افزايد: مشكل مالكيت خصوصي صنايع هنوز در ايران حل نشده و نرخ بهره اجازه نمي دهد كه پس اندازها به طرف سرمايه گذاري انبوه سوق داده شوند. دادخواه مي افزايد: دولتمردان و مردم ايران در فرهنگ فعلي براي سرمايه گذار احترام و ارزش قائل نيستند. وي مي گويد: تاوقتي جمهوري اسلامي مشكل روابط خود با آمريكا را حل نكرده است، ايران قادر به جذب سرمايه گذاري خارجي به طور كلان نمي تواند باشد.

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