لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

یکشنبه ۲۱ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۱:۳۸ - ۱۱ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

خانه هاي عدالت در روستاها: تلاش قوه قضائيه براي بازسازي شوراهاي داوري زمان شاه


عليرضا طاهري: مصاحبه با محمد حسين آغاسي، وكيل دادگستري و حقوقدان

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, June 01, 2002 - Reviving pre-revolutionary local courts and divorce laws - Sexual abuse of children and pedophilia - Child kinapping - 100-year-old oil town upset about new exploration - Azerbaijan denies agreement with Iran over the Alburz field Judiciary to Revive Pre-revolutionary Local Houses of Justice * Judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmud Shahrudi suggested establishing local houses of justice to settle the millions of cases lingering in Iran's court system. He also criticized the courts' involvement in divorce cases, which is an outcome of the new divorce law. Tehran-based lawyer Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi says "local houses of justice" is a new name for the so-called "arbitration councils" (shora-ha-ye davari) set up in the final years of the Shah's rule for settling small claims and civil feuds outside justice department courts. Aghasi tells RFE/RL that the new divorce law is a partial adaptation of the "very progressive" pre-revolutionary family protection law. However, the judiciary chief's criticism is based on article 1133 of Iran's civil code that clearly says men can divorce their wives anytime they want. The new divorce law, which adds conditions and obligations to a man's right to divorce his wife, had to be approved by the Expediency Council, because the Guardians Council found it un-Islamic, says Aghasi. (Alireza Taheri) Unprecedented Warning against Sexual Abuse of Children and Pedophilia * For the first time since the revolution, a social pathologist publicly discussed the spread of sexual abuse of children by family members and said the numbers of pedophilia victims and runaway girls are on the rise. Dr. Davar Shiekhavandi, Tehran-based professor of social pathology, told the reformist students' news agency ISNA that teenage boys often end up living with adult foreign men after falling victim to rape. Also, many teenage boys can be seen living with men in poor squatter camps around the cities. Dr. Shiekhavandi told ISNA that the number of runaway teenage girls in Tehran streets is more than the officially announced 20,000. (Siavash Ardalan) Child Kidnappers Release Young Boy * Fariburz, the teenage son of an alleged human smuggler, was released by the crime gang that had held him as hostage in a dispute with the boy's father. Police are looking for the fugitive father who is said to have cooperated with the gang in the kidnapping of his son. (Farnaz Qalehdar, Tehran) Residents of Iran's Oldest Oil Town Oppose New Exploration * Iran's contract with Canada's Sheer Energy to boost output at the 100-year old Masjid Soleiman oil field maybe a boon to the local industry, but residents at the site of Iran's first oil well say the new exploration would force them out of their homes. They are concerned that the price offered for their properties by the oil company is at best half of the market rate. (Siavash Ardalan) Azerbaijan Denies Pact with Iran over Disputed Caspian Oil Field * Deputy director of Azerbaijan's state-owned oil company said yesterday that no agreement has been reached with Iran on the Alborz oil field. Iran has rejected Azerbaijan's claim to this field, but after last week's visit to Iran by Azerbaijan's president Aliyev, the two countries reportedly agreed to jointly explore disputed oil and gas fields in the Caspian. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Iranian Asylum Seeker in Australia Goes on Hunger Strike * Australian immigration authorities say Nader Sayadi Estahbanati, who went on a hunger strike after being transferred to a ship for deportation to Iran, did not present any credible evidence to support his application for political asylum in Australia. (Baktash Khamsehpour) Iranian Parliamentary Delegation Visit Kuwait * A delegation of Iranian MPs arrived in Kuwait for an official visit. Iran's deputy interior minister Asghar Ahmadi also began a four-day visit to Kuwait. Iran and Kuwait signed a security cooperation pact in 2000. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) WORLD * More than a million soldiers face each other at the border between Pakistan and Kashmir. (Siavash Ardalan) * Russian President Putin escapes an attempt on his life unharmed. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Hard-line Palestinian organizations like the Islamic Jihad and Hamas oppose Arafat's US-backed reforms in the Palestinian Authority. Israeli officials see Arafat himself as an obstacle to reform. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Serbia and Montenegro join in a new federation, dissolving Yugoslavia. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Doctors go on strike in France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * UN High Commission on Refugees criticizes new measures in Europe against illegal immigrants and asylum seekers. (Alireza Taheri) * Denmark passes new immigration law restricting political asylum. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * UN conference on labor urges rules to prevent work-place accidents. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * More than one million women per year attempt suicide in China, and 17,000 succeed. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) * Human Rights Watch asks the US to do something about the 384 al Qaeda detainees. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * FBI says al Qaeda may attack US passenger jets with Stringer missiles. (Homayoun Majd) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * Germans are gleeful over 8-0 win against Saudi Arabia (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Saudi soccer fans mourn loss to Germany. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cario) * Round-up of the World Cup games. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul, South Korea) * Vatican clerics and the Pope himself are caught up in soccer fever. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * After 1-0 loss to Senegal, France is concerned about keeping its title as the world champion. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * RFE/RL interviews Hamburg soccer star Mehdi Mahdavi Kia on a bed in a Bonn hospital, where Iranian-born surgeon Dr. Nemati operated on his back last Monday. Mahdavi-Kia says spinal cord pain kept him from practicing for the past four months. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) New York Magazine Silent Ceremony: Recovery Ends at the WTC Site * Thousands gather in a wordless ceremony to mark the termination of recovery and cleanup work at the 16-acre site of the September 11 terrorist attack. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Paris-based Artist Zendehrudi Unveils New Work in Tehran * Prominent contemporary artist Hossein Zendehrudi, who has lived in France since 1964, unveiled his new work today in an exhibition at Tehran's Jadeh Abrisham (Silk Road) gallery. Based on his photos of Iran's images, the new work marks a sharp transformation in his work, which has been based on Persian calligraphy and religious symbols. Zendehrudi tells RFE/RL that he found new material to work with during his trip to Iran last year, when a retrospective of his work went on display at the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Master Musician Alizadeh Appears at New York's Symphony Hall * Master tar player and composer Hossein Alizadeh, who performs today at New York's Symphony Space, tells RFE/RL that touring Iranian musicians perform for Iranian compatriots living in the west, but also play an important role in familiarizing foreign audiences with Persian music. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Weekly medical advice show. (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles) Poetry in Persian Music * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam discusses the use of a poem by Nima Yushij in the music of master tar player Mohammad-Reza Lotfi. Classical Love Stories: Yusef va Zoleikha * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the Yusef va Zeleikha story based on poetry by Nuredin Jami. One Book, One Author: Psychology of Torture * Author Monireh Baradaran discusses her latest book "Psychology of Torture" with RFE/RL's book critic Bahman Bastani.

محمد حسين آغاسي، وكيل دادگستري و حقوقدان در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد خانه هاي عدالت روستائي، كه آيت الله هاشمي شاهرودي، رئيس قوه قضائيه تشكيل آنها را به عنوان راهي براي سبك تر كردن بار دادگستري پيشنهاد كرده است همان شوراهاي داوري است كه در اواخر دوران شاه به دعاوي كوچك و اختلافات محلي رسيدگي مي كردند. رئيس قوه قضائيه گفت 80 درصد از 5 ميليون پرونده مفتوح در دادگستري از طريق خانه هاي عدالت قابل حل و فصل است. آغاسي مي افزايد: انتقاد رئيس قوه قضائيه از مطرح شدن دعاوي طلاق در دادگاه ها بر اساس ماده 1133 قانون مدني است كه به مردان اجازه مي دهد هرگاه كه بخواهند زن خود را طلاق دهند. آغاسي مي گويد قانون حمايت خانواده كه در زماه شاه تصويب شده بود قانون بسيار مترقي اي بود و در ارديبهشت 58 آن قانون توسط جمهوري اسلامي لغو شد ولي به علت اعتراض نمايندگان زن به بي قيد و شرط بودن حق طلاق مرد، با تصويب قوانين بعدي، قيودي به حق طلاق مرد اضافه شد كه عملا مي كوشيد مقررات زمان شاه را به نحوي احيا كند كه مرد هروقت كه بخواهد نتواند زن خود را طلاق دهد و به دادگاه مراجعه كند و زن هم تحت شرايطي بتواند تقاضاي طلاق كند. با اين حال، آغاسي يادآور مي شود كه قيودي كه مجلس براي حق طلاق مرد قائل شد، از آنجا كه مخالف شرع است، در شوراي نگهبان رد شد و در مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام به تصويب رسيد.

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