لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۴ آبان ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۰:۳۸ - ۲۵ اکتبر ۲۰۱۶

بازتاب استيضاح وزير مسكن و شهرسازي: اوج گيري زمزمه استيضاح ها

عليرضا طاهري

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, June 03, 2002 - Tehran convenes Palestinian hard-liners - Housing minister survives impeachment - Criticizing Ayatollah Khomeini - Man accused of faking his own torture - Ministry plans to monopolize IT - Preparing for university entrance exam - Central bank breaks down currency's backing Tehran Conference for Militant Palestinian Leaders * Leaders of militant Palestinian organizations, including Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, gathered in a two-day conference in Tehran headed by Ali Akbar Mohtashami, the Majles deputy who once helped establish Lebanon's Hizbullah. Muhammad Sobeih, a Palestinian Authority spokesperson, tells RFE/RL that PA welcomes any support for the Palestinians so long as it is sincere. (Siavash Ardalan, Prague; Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) Housing Minister Survives Majles Impeachment * Housing minister Ali Abdol-Alizadeh, the first in Khatami's cabinet to be impeached by the predominantly reformist Majles, barely managed to keep his job by winning 119 votes to 114 after a long session. Some MPs say at least half of Khatami's cabinet ministers are inefficient and must be removed. (Alireza Taheri) Criticism of Khomeini on the Anniversary of His Death * Since his death, Ayatollah Khomeini's ideas have been portrayed as more important than the Islamic Republic constitution, and no criticism of his positions has been allowed. But in his latest article "Etiology of Non-Elective Government" reformist cleric Mohsen Kadivar claims that Ayatollah Khomeini never intended to establish a democracy and did not consider people's vote as a source of legitimacy for the Islamic government. Kadivar maintains that references to democracy in Ayatollah Khomeini's writings belong to a period when he thought people were not ready to accept "velayat-e faqih," the concept of absolute rule of Islamic jurists. This view of Khomeini differs from that held by many reformists, who attribute to him their concept of "religious democracy," and is close to that of undemocratic hardliners such as Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi. Kadivar recently completed 18 months in prison for comparing the absolute power of the Leader of the Islamic Republic to the power held by the former Shah. (Mehdi Khalaji) Intelligence Ministry Says Man Faked Torture * Intelligence ministry accused Vahid Sadeqi of staging his own abduction and torture in order to embarrass the government. In an interview from his hospital bed last Thursday Sadeqi told RFE/RL that four men tortured him by pouring acid and gun powder on his body. Pictures of his burned and bruised body went on display on several Iranian Internet sites. Sadeqi, a Shiraz-based nationalist-religious activist, was the organizer of a local memorial for Yadollah Sahabi, a founder of the Freedom Movement of Iran. Worried about possible legal repercussions of links with Sadeqi, Yadollah Sahabi's son Ezatollah said Sadeqi had been expelled from the nationalist-religious group six months ago because of his radical views. He added that Sadeqi's involvement in his father's memorial in Shiraz was a "mistake." (Siavash Ardalan) Ministry to Add Information Technology to its Name * Iran's ministry of post, telegraph and telephone (PTT) plans to change its name to the ministry of communications and information technology. Mostafa Mohammadi, director of the association of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), says the intended name change signifies a government monopoly of information technology. That violates the Third Five-Year Economic Development Plan, approved by the Majles and the Leader, which directs the ministry to turn over information technology operations to the private sector. He says private sector investors who created Iran's booming Internet business now worry about the government's plans for the industry. Many ISP owners are thinking about closing down and taking their capital abroad. The PTT, a huge and lethargic organization with few knowledgeable middle managers, lacks the technical know-how to satisfy complex IT needs. (Jamshid Zand) Benefits of University Entrance Preparation Courses * Hasan Tavakoli, deputy of the organization in charge of national university entrance exams, said taking preparation courses offered by private educational institutions are not necessary for passing the exams. Tehran-based educational affairs expert Shirzad Abdollahi says the popularity of these courses is a sign of their effectiveness, and points to the inadequate education the students receive in the state-run high schools. He tells RFE/RL that poor families cannot pay the high tuition of private classes but that does not prevent their children from passing the national exam for entering universities. He says the entrance exam is still the best way to choose among applicants to Iran's higher education institutions, which have room for only a tenth of those who apply. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Iran's Relations with Persian Gulf Arab Countries * The speaker of Kuwait's parliament, in Iran on an official visit, called for Iran's cooperation in forming a security regime in the Persian Gulf. A delegation from Iran holds security cooperation talks with Kuwait focused in part on fighting drug smuggling. Khaled Salah, editor of the Egyptian weekly "al-Ahram ul-Arabi" tells RFE/RL that Iran seeks to improve its relations not just with Kuwait, but with all Persian Gulf Arab countries. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Central Bank Releases Report on Currency's Backing * In an unusual move, the central bank reported that 75 percent of the 27,280 billion rials issued in the fiscal year 2000-2001 was backed by the national jewels. Gold, foreign currencies and other assets made up the remaining 25 percent. It is not clear why the central bank chose to issue a breakdown of assets backing Iran's currency, but the move brought the issue of the security and value of the national currency to the forefront. In the monetary system based on the gold standard, the value of a nation's currency was based on and backed by gold, but in 1971 the gold standard was abolished and a nation's money became a commodity valued by supply and demand and backed by the strength of that nation's economy. RFE/RL's economic correspondent finds the Central Bank's emphasis on the national jewels astounding, because the jewels have remained the same since 1979 but the volume of currency in circulation has increased by 400 times. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) Tehran Housing Market Slows Down As City Blocks New Development * Tehran Mayor's decision to halt housing development in congested neighborhoods has doubled apartment prices in Tehran but the number of transactions has fallen to 90 percent of last year's figure. The decision has also increased land prices in Tehran's suburbs and satellites by 30 percent. Mehdi Kaveh, general director of executive affairs at the Tehran City Council, tells RFE/RL that the municipal government has stopped selling air rights in excess of the city's zoning regulations and does not respond to the Council's call for reconsidering the decision. He says the city is reviewing other ways of making money, since nearly 80 percent of Tehran's budget used to come from selling air rights to developers. (Ferydoun Zarnegar) WORLD * Six Pakistani soldiers die in heavy exchange of artillery fire at the Kashmir border. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Sixteen Asians leaders, including Pakistan's president and India's prime minister, will take part in Kazakhstan Asian security conference. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow; Alireza Taheri, Prague) * Tel Aviv-based expert on the Middle East Barry Rubin tells RFE/RL that both Israeli and Palestinian leaderships try to stop suicide attacks. Palestinian Authority spokesperson Muhammad Sobeih tells RFE/RL that Palestinians agree to take part in the international Middle East peace conference on the condition that Israel stops its incursions in Palestinian territories. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Newsweek's scoop about CIA's spying on two of the September 11 hijackers came a week after the FBI was criticized for not reacting to information on would-be hijackers. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * French voters show little interest in next week's parliamentary elections. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Drug smugglers operating in the Golden Triangle between Laos, Myanmar and Thailand fund terrorism, according to Taiwanese news agency. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) * Writer Larry Eliot criticizes new limitations in Europe on immigrants and asylum seekers in an article published by London's Guardian. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Pakistan's president sends a message to Italy's prime minister. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * On the 13th anniversary of the Tiananmen massacre, the Washington Post writes that pro-democracy student leaders are still in jail while the US deals with their jailers. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Interpol asks the Persian Gulf Arab countries for cooperation in fight against terrorism. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * Round up of today's World Cup games by REE/RL's soccer commentator. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul) Songs and Song Makers: Ataollah Khoram * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam reviews the music of popular composer Ataollah Khoram. One Book, One Writer * Amir-Hossein Cheheltan reads portions of his book "Tehran, A City Without Sky" and discusses his work with RFE/RL's book critic Bahman Bastani. Classical Love Stories: Yusef va Zoleikha * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the Yusef va Zoleikha story based on poetry by Nuredin Jami. Visit to Bam Citadel * Azadeh Rahsepar, a US-based journalist, talks about her visit in Iran to the Bam Citadel (Arg-e Bam) in central Iran and tours the ancient remains with a guide. (Azadeh Rahsepar) Poetry Reading * Iraj Gorgin reads a poem by contemporary poet Nima Yushij. عليرضا طاهري (راديوآزادي): پيشاپيش روشن بود كه علي عبدالعلي زاده در وزارت مسكن و شهر سازي ابقا خواهد شد. محمد خاتمي از اين وزير كابينه اش صريحا دفاع كرده بود. مهدي كروبي -رييس مجلس - پا را از اين هم فرا تر نهاد و آشكارا گفت كه بسود آقاي عبدالعلي زاده راي خواهد داد، در حالي كه روساي مجلس معمولا درباره رنگ رايي كه مي دهند خاموش مي مانند. با اين همه، روشن نيست كه اگر چهل و پنج نماينده غايب، در روز راي گيري حاضر مي بودند، سرنوشت وزارت آقاي عبدالعلي زاده چه گونه رقم مي خورد. در دوران جمهوري اسلامي استيضاح مجلس از وزيران تنها دو بار به سرنگوني وزيران بازخواست شده انجاميده است: مجلسي ها، دوازده سال پيش، با دادن راي عدم اعتماد به ايرج فاضل، وزير بهداشت در دولت اكبر هاشمي رفسنجاني، ااو را از اين مقام به زير كشيدند. چهار سال پيش نيز مجلس عمدتا محافظه كار پنجم به سر نگوني عبدالله نوري وزير كشور در كابينه نخست محمد خاتمي راي داد. آقاي نوري اندكي بعد در دادگاه ويژه روحانيت محاكمه و محكوم شد. او هم اكنون دوره پنج ساله زندانش را در اوين مي گذراند. در اين ميان، استيضاح مجلس از عطا الله مهاجراني -وزير فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامي در نخستين كابينه آقاي خاتمي - شورانگيز ترين و خبرسازتر از نمونه هاي مشابه آن بود. عطا الله مهاجراني در برابر بازخواست مجلس سر بلند بيرون آمد، اما سرانجام زير فشار سنگين محافظه كاران از وزارت كناره گيري كرد. در مجموع مي توان گفت كه استيضاح از وزيران، در دوران پس از انقلاب اسلامي ، زير دندان مجلسي ها چندان مزه نكرده است. اما با نزديك شدن زمان انتخابات و همزمان با ادامه ناخرسندي هاي روزافزون مردم، نمايندگان كنوني مجلس خواهند كوشيد تا نشان دهند كه برغم دوم خردادي بودن و پشتيبانيشان از محمد خاتمي، در برابر ناكارآمدي هاي اعضاي دولت خواهند ايستاد تا شريك آن بشمار نروند. هم اكنون، بسياري از همين نمايندگان زمزمه سر داده اند كه نزديك به نيمي از اعضاي كابينه محمد خاتمي ناكارآمدند و بايد جايشان را به چهره هايي شايسته و كاردان بدهند. با اوج گرفتن اين زمزمه ها، تجربه ناكام استيضاح از وزير مسكن و شهر سازي، به مجلسيان اموخته است كه در بازخواست هاي آينده شان از وزيران، روي مشق هايشان بيشتر كار كنند و با سلاح آمار دقيق و مدارك مستدل اعضاي كابينه را به چالش فرا خوانند. حملات عمدتا لفظي مخالفان آقاي عبدالعلي زاده در مجلس يكي از علل اصلي سربلند بيرون آمدن وزير مسكن از ميدان اين بازخواست بود. (براي نمونه; تكيه بر اين كه "جمهوري اسلامي در زمينه مسكن هر روز شاهد بروز ناملايمات جديديست" يا "وزير مسكن در طراحي سياست هاي كلان اقتصادي در بخش مسكن منفعلانه برخورد كرده است"يا عبارت هاي انشا گونه مشابه، براي بركنار كردن يك وزير به هيچ روي كافي نيست) بي تاثيري همين گونه انتقادات صرفا لفظي، در دفاعيات علي عبدالعلي زاده بازتاب داشت. وزير مسكن با لحني تند به يك چنين انتقاداتي تاخت و گفت: "استيضاح كننده اي گفت ششصد هزار خانه ايراني، افغاني ساز است. من از كارگر و مهندس ايراني عذرخواهي مي كنم. انصاف هم چيز خوبيست. اگر از من ابا نداريد، از كارگران خجالت بكشيد." در ايران، به ساختمان هايي اصطلاحا "افغاني ساز" مي گويند كه عمر آن ها بسيار كوتاه است و كارگران كم مزد افغان آن ها را مي سازند. راي اعتماد مجلس به وزير مسكن كابينه آقاي خاتمي بي گمان بر اعتماد به نفس دولت خواهد افزود اما تصويري كه شماري از خود همين وزيران از دولت به دست مي دهند، بروشني نمايشگر اين واقعيت است كه دولت ايران زير بار شكننده يي از مشكلات روز افزون جاي دارد. براي نمونه، احمد خرم وزير راه و ترابري مي گويد: "در ايران پانصد نقطه حادثه خيز و مرگبار وجود دارد كه از ميان بردن آن ها چهل سال طول مي كشد." آقاي خرم صريحا مي گويد كه حتي با وزارت و مديريت خود او، اين پانصد نقطه حادثه خيز چهل سال تمام همچنان مرگ آفرين خواهند ماند. هشدار گويي وزير كار دولت آقاي خاتمي نيز رنگ و بوي گفته هاي وزير راه و ترابري را دارد. در حالي كه در ايران همگان بي كاري را بزرگترين بلاي اقتصادي مي دانند، صفدر حسيني وزير كار اعتراف مي كند: "با تمامي ظرفيت ها و امكانات موجود (در جمهوري اسلامي) و توان جذب نيرو به بازار كار، باز هم نزديك به سه ميليون بيكار خواهيم داشت. پس مساله بيكاري را سياسي نكنيد." به زبان ساده تر يعني: همين هست كه هست؛ از من كار بيشتري بر نمي آيد. با سه ميليون بيكار بايد سوخت و ساخت. (اين اعتراف زماني بر زبان آقاي وزير مي آيد كه ابوالقاسم سرحدي زاده نماينده مردم تهران در مجلس مي گويد:" با اين وضعيت نا آرام، مشكل اشتغال حل شدني نيست و به اين ترتيب، كشور دارد از دست مي رود.)

علي عبدالعلي زاده وزير مسكن وشهرسازي، با اختلافي ناچيز ميان آراي موافق و مخالف، توانست از مجلس راي اعتماد دوباره بگيرد. اين نخستين بار بود كه مجلس اصلاح طلب يك وزير كابينه خاتمي را استيضاح مي كرد. راي اعتماد مجلس به وزير مسكن كابينه آقاي خاتمي بي گمان بر اعتماد به نفس دولت خواهد افزود، اما تصويري كه شماري از خود همين وزيران از دولت به دست مي دهند، بروشني نمايشگر اين واقعيت است كه دولت ايران زير بار شكننده يي از مشكلات روز افزون جاي دارد. براي مطالعه متن كامل گزارش راديوآزادي از پيامد استيضاح وزير مسكن در مجلس و همچنين سابقه استيضاح ها و مشكلاتي كه وزراي كابينه خود را قادر به مواجهه با آنها نمي بينند، دگمه "متن كامل" را كليك بزنيد.

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