مهدي خلجي، مصاحبه با عبدالكريم لاهيجي، حقوقدان (پاريس)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, June 09, 2002
- Guardians rejects bill to ban torture
- Nabavi threatens warmongers with disclosure
- Doctors protest low rates
- Sugar industry struggles as imports rise
- UAE trade expo in Tehran
- Three views on the economy
- US-Iran relations
- Pro-reformist journalists lecture in Paris
Guardians Council finds bill banning torture "un-Islamic"
* Calling it "un-Islamic" because it would limit the absolute independence of judges, the conservative Guardians Council rejected the Majles bill banning all forms of torture. Paris-based lawyer and human rights activist Abdolkarim Lahiji, head of Iranian Society for Defense of Human Rights, says in Islam only judges who are "mojtahed," or sources of religious emulation, have absolute independence, and there is almost no cleric of that rank among the judges in the judiciary. He tells RFE/RL that without a political will to enforce the law and the independent legal institutions to implement it the bill would not have been effective in any case. Furthermore, the bill does not address Islamic punishments, which are considered torture in the international human rights charter. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Nabavi Threatens "warmongers" with disclosures
* Reformist MP Behzad Nabavi, deputy speaker of the Majles and a board member of the Islamic leftist organization Mojahedin Enqelab-e Eslami, warned the Majles today of "warmongers" whose "adventurous activities" might provoke the US to attack Iran. Nabavi, a target of the conservatives' judicial and propaganda pressure, threatened his opponents with disclosing important "unspoken" secrets. (Mehdi Khlaji)
Doctors Protest against New Fees
* In a letter to President Khatami, the trade organization representing Iranian physicians protested new rates announced by the government for doctor visits and other medical services. Tehran University professor Dr. Mohammad-Reza Mahmudzadeh, a pediatrician, says in order to make ends meet, doctors have to work in several clinics. He tells RFE/RL that the new rates would force many doctors to close their private practices. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Sugar Industry Struggles as Imports Increase
* More than 160 experts and government officials gather today in Esfahan for the two-day conference on the problems of the sugar industry. Iran consumes two million tons of sugar, but its capacity to produce sugar has not increased since the revolution. The high cost of the domestic product and the shortage of raw materials, as well as the heavy subsidy paid by the government for sugar, have turned Iran into one of the largest sugar importers in the world. A few merchants close to centers of power reap huge profits from sugar imports, which threaten the jobs of nearly 60,000 employees and temporary workers. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
UAE Trade Expo opens in Tehran
* A 70-member delegation of UAE businessmen and officials arrived in Tehran today for the opening of the second UAE trade fair in Tehran. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Los Angeles Dancer Awaits Trial in Tehran Jail
* Mohammad Khordadian, a Los Angeles-based aerobics instructor whose videos are popular in Iran, was denied bail after his last week's arrest in Tehran Airport on his way back to the US after a two-month visit with his family, according to an item in the official daily "Iran," which said he would soon be put on trial for his activities in Tehran, which according to "Iran" was limited to visiting Tehran's tourist attractions. (Alireza Taheri)
Iran's Economic Problem: Three Views from the US
Three US-based Iranian economics professors comment on Iranian economy in interviews with RFE/RL.
* Boston's Northeastern University professor Kamran Dadkhah says unification of the exchange rate, and ending the foreign currency deposits requirement as a guarantee for returning the exports' proceeds to the country, were among the more positive recent economic decisions of Khatami's government. However, the exchange rate should be allowed to freely float and the government should plan ahead for the amount of foreign currency it injects into the domestic market.
* Hamid Zangeneh, economics professor at Widener University, says Iran should try to pay its imports expenses with the earnings from non-oil exports.
* Mehrdad Valibeigi, American University economics professor, says Khatami's move to declare pistachio nuts Iran's second important non-oil export was positive, but Iran's main problem is lack of a foundation to attract foreign capital. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Die Zeit Reports on US-Iran Relations
* The German weekly Die Zeit reports from Tehran that the Islamic Republic wants to negotiate with Washington but the conservatives would never allow the reformists to conduct such negotiations. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Shamsolvaezin and Behnud Meet with Iranians in Paris
* Mashallah Shamsolvaezin and Masud Behnud, two reform journalists on a European tour, met with Iranian exiles in Paris at the monthly session of the Society for Dialogue and Democracy. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* President Bush to meet Israel's Ariel Sharon on Monday. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Afghanistan's supreme council to convene on Monday. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* RFE/RL's Alireza Taheri previews tomorrow's meeting of the Afghan supreme council.
* Pakistan's Musharraf seeks support from Saudi Arabia and UAE in the Indo-Pakistani conflict. US Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld visits Kuwait on his way to Islamabad and New Delhi. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* French conservatives worry that they may not win a majority in the national parliament in today's elections due to the competition among right wing parties. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit says he is not too ill and will not step down. Turkey borrows $14 billion from IMF to ward off potential economic crisis. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Agreeing with Russia's position, Azerbaijan's president Geidar Aliyev says after a meeting with President Putin in St. Petersburg that the Azeri-Armenia conflict over the Upper Karabakh should be resolved with no winner and no loser. (Alireza Taheri)
* Maryam Rahmanian, a member of the Tehran-based NGO Sustained Development (Toseh-eyeh Paydar), and a member of the international coordinating committee of the 700 NGOs meeting on the sidelines of FAO's summit in Rome, says globalization and common markets impose their policies on the Third World countries. Rahmanian, who spoke at the opening of the NGOs' meeting, tells RFE/RL that NGOs push for the concept of "food sovereignty" to uphold the right of nations to decide their own food policies. Rahmanian tells RFE/RL that her organization, committed to development without damage to the environment, is one of the oldest post-revolutionary Iranian NGOs. Although Iran is more advanced than other Middle East countries in the development of NGOs, lack of information and understanding of their roles and government rules has made many new Iranian NGOs ineffective, she adds. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Mike Tyson loses to Lennox Lewis. (Alireza Taheri)
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* Roundup of today's World Cup games by RFE/RL's soccer commentator. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul)
New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran: Haji Baba-ye Esfahani
* Paris-based political history scholar Javad Tabatabi reviews Mirza Habib Esfahani's translation of James Morier's Haji Baba, which paved the way for a new Persian language for expressing contemporary concepts. (Nazi Azima)
History of the Political Thought: A Review
* Golam-Hossein Mirza-Saleh, a Tehran-based political science professor, reviews the past programs on European Renaissance, adding that as of next week, new series will begin on the development of political thought in the East. (Nazi Azima)
Classical Love Stories: Yusef va Zoleikha
* Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the Yusef va Zoleikha story based on poetry by Abdolrahman Jami.
* French scholar of Persian and Arabic manuscripts Francis Richard discusses the collection of the Alexandria library in an interview with RFE/RL. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
World of Music
* RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam begins today's program with examples of the European Impressionist music and continues with music based on Rumi poetry in the US and the work of Iranian composer Esfandiar Qarabaghi.
شوراي نگهبان مصوبه مجلس در منع شكنجه را خلاف شرع و قانون اساسي دانست. در مواردي كه منع شكنجه خلاف شرع تشخيص داده شد، شوراي نگهبان آن را باعث محدود كردن اختيارات قاضي دانست. بنا به گفته اين شورا در اسلام قاضي اختيار مطلق دارد. دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي، حقوقدان و رئيس جامعه ايراني دفاع از حقوق بشر در پاريس در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: اختيار مطلق قاضي وقتي است كه قاضي مجتهد باشد در حاليكه اكثر قضات ايران مجتهد نيستند و بايد به استناد قوانين عمل كنند. وي مي افزايد: اين طرح دردي از شكنجه شده ها و افرادي كه در آينده شكنجه مي شوند را درمان نمي كند زيرا در فقدان اراده سياسي براي اجراي آن توسط نهادهاي مستقل از حكومت، قانون به تنهائي نمي تواند از كسي حمايت كند. وي مي افزايد: شكنجه نه تنها در قانون اساسي منع شده بلكه مجازات هم دارد، اما در ايران متاسفانه شكنجه رواج دارد. وي مي افزايد در اين مصوبه، مصداق هاي شكنجه كه در اصل 38 قانون اساسي منع شده است، تعريف شده است، اما مجازات هاي اسلامي كه در قوانين بين المللي شكنجه دانسته مي شود، مشمول اين مصوبه نمي شوند.