لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۹:۱۳ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

نشست غير علني امروز مجلس براي بررسي آفت بيكاري در ايران


فريدون خاوند (گزارش اقتصادي روز)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, June 16, 2002 - Unemployment discussion in Majles behind closed-doors - EU foreign ministers discuss Iran treaty - Turkey's president to visit Tehran and Tabriz - Judiciary deputy faults ban on media discussion of US relations - Appeal court confirms Pourzand's sentence - Judiciary competes with bar association Majles Discusses Widening Unemployment Problem behind Closed-Doors * In a closed-door meeting with the central bank governor and the head of the planning and budget organization, the Majles today discussed problems of the economy, investment and job creation, according to Majles spokesman Ahmad Bourghani. But keeping Majles discussions about the economy secret from the public, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator, would cause more fear and speculation about the magnitude of the bad news they may be trying to hide. At the current rate, Iran will have more than 5 million jobless youth within two years, and 70 percent of those will have been unemployed for more than two years. Unemployment is particularly high among the highest educated, and more than 8,000 doctors are jobless. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) EU Foreign Ministers to Decide on Economic Cooperation Treaty * In their monthly meeting tomorrow in Luxemburg, EU foreign ministers will once again discuss granting permission to the European Commission to conduct negotiations with Iran on an economic cooperation treaty. The decision has been postponed for several months. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Turkey's President to Visit Tehran and Tabriz * Turkey's president Ahmet Necdet Sezer will begin an official visit to Iran during which he will be the first Turkish top official ever to visit Tabriz, center of the Turkish-speaking province of Azerbaijan. The twenty years of mistrust between the two countries has faded somewhat, and both countries are eager to expand their economic ties. (Alireza Taheri) Judiciary Deputy Faults Ban on Media Discussions of US-Iran Relations * The ban issued last month by the Tehran judiciary against media discussions of US-Iran relations was a reaction to a "rumor" of such a ban by the national security council. Deputy chief of judiciary Hardi Marvi said today in a press conference in Tehran that despite the ban's legal problems, it continues to be supported by the judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmud Shahrudi. Marvi said jailed businessman Shahram Jazayeri and those he has bribed will be punished. Marvi also named Naser Vaez Tabasi, son of Ayatollah Abbas Vaez Tabasi, the powerful head of Mashhad's Astan-e Qods-e Razavi foundation, among those suspected of corruption, but said no arrest warrant has yet been issued for him. Before Marvi's press conference, reporters' questions were censored by the judiciary's public relations office. (Mehdi Khalaji) Appeal Court Confirms Pourzand Sentence * According to the conservative newspaper Reslalat, an appeals court has confirmed veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand's 11-year jail term. For the first time since Pourzand's midnight abduction by unknown men seven months ago, a reformist newspaper, Nowruz, questioned the validity of the judiciary's charges. Nowruz wrote that no newspaper has yet been named as a recipient of the millions of dollars the US allegedly gave to Pourzand to distribute among the reformist press. (Alireza Taheri) Judiciary Competes with Bar Association on Certifying Lawyers * Deputy judiciary chief Ayatollah Marashi criticized the Tehran bar association's recent statement about offering free legal advice, claiming that the association has failed to meet the public's needs. The judiciary has begun offering a similar service through a parallel organization it has set up using a law passed by the previous Majles with the support of the conservative Guardians Council, which blocked the reformists' bill to repeal it. Tehran-based lawyer and human rights activist Nemat Ahmadi says the bar association had always had an office offering free legal advice. He says the judiciary, faced with widespread public dissatis-faction with its performance, tries to project its shortcomings on the Tehran bar association. Ahmadi faults the judiciary for ineptitude, foot-dragging, and alienating Iran's experienced lawyers, and says that those who have failed the bar association's Majles-approved legal exam now manage to receive licenses to practice law from the judiciary. (Mehdi Khalaji) New York Review of Books: Who Rules Iran? * In an article for the June 27 issue of the New York Review of books titled "Who Rules Iran?" author Christopher de Bellaigue discusses the post-Khomeini era and Khomeini's conflict with his designated successor Ayatollah Montazeri. (Nazi Azima) WORLD * The loya jirga elects members of Afghanistan's national assembly. (Ahmad Takel, Kabul) * UN warns that lack of budget threatens the international aid organizations helping in the repatriation process of the refugees. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Chirac conservatives are set to win the majority of votes in today's national assembly elections in France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Australia's royal society of psychology faults the treatment of illegal immigrants in refugee camps. (Jamshid Adili, Sydney) * In a special report on water shortages in the world, RFE/RL interviews Iranian, British and American water experts. (Jamshid Zand) * US anti-missile defense program. (Fariba Mavedat) * Three Saudis accused of membership in al-Qaeda said during their trial in Morocco that a representative of Osama bin Laden told his supporters to leave Afghanistan and attack US targets in the countries where they used to live. (Fariba Mavedat) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games. Iranian Gallery Owner in Cologne * Nasrin Mir, the only Iranian female art gallery owner in Cologne, tells RFE/RL that before becoming a painter she used to practice law in Iran. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran: Haji Baba-ye Esfahani * Paris-based political history scholar Javad Tabatabi reviews Mirza Habib Esfahani's translation of James Morier's Haji Baba, which paved the way for a new Persian prose capable of expressing contemporary concepts. (Nazi Azima) History of the Political Thought * Golam-Hossein Mirza-Saleh, a Tehran-based political science professor, discusses the formation of the Safavid and Ottoman empires as centers of resistance against the dominance of the western civilization in the East. (Nazi Azima) Conference on 1953 Coup * In a conference held at St. Anthony's College, Oxford, scholars discussed the events leading to the Shah's dismissal of the populist prime minister Mohammad Mosaddeq in 1953. Connecticut University professor Fakhredin Azimi said that internal factors, including political opposition to Mosaddeq, had a greater role in toppling Mosaddeq than the US and British intervention. Mahmud Kashani, son of Mosaddeq's one-time ally turned opponent Ayatollah Kashani, tells RFE/RL that Mosaddeq could not tolerate dissent. Nader Rastegar tells RFE/RL that Mosaddeq's fall began on the day he assumed premiership and foreign intervention could not have succeeded without strong domestic opposition to his rule. Oxford University's Homayoun Katouzian says conspiracy theories blaming the fall of Mosaddeq on the CIA-backed coup ignore the facts. (Shahran Tabari, London) Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun * Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi. From Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif * Filmmaker and RFE/RL reporter Ali Attar surveys the new Afghanistan for RFE/RL in a journey from Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif.دكتر فريدون خاوند (راديوآزادي): نشست امروز مجلس شوراي اسلامي براي بحث در بارة راه هاي مبارزه با بيكاري با حضور وزيران كار و امور اجتماعي و امور اقتصادي و دارايي و نيز رؤساي بانك مركزي و سازمان مديريت و برنامه ريزي به صورت غير علني برگزار شد. طرح مسألة بيكاري در نشستي غير علني، به خودي خود پرسش بر انگيز است. چرا اين مسأله پشت در هاي بسته، دور از نگاه تماشاچيان و خبرنگاران مطرح ميشود، حال آنكه نه پاي امنيت خارجي كشور در ميان است و نه اسرار سياست داخلي؟ احمد بورقاني، سخنگوي هيئت رييسة مجلس شوراي اسلامي در پاسخ اين پرسش ميگويد كه طرح مشكلات پيش روي توليد و اشتغال و نيز آثار منفي ناشي از انتشار اينگونه مسائل، دليل غير علني بودن نشست امروز مجلس است. اينگونه ابتكار ها مي تواند نتايجي مغاير با هدف دلخواه پديد آورد، زيرا دستكم بخشي از افكار عمومي به اين نتيجه خواهد رسيد كه پنهانكاري نمايندگان ناشي از ابعاد ترسناك واقعيت هاي اقتصادي كشور است. تازه آنچه كه امروز به گونه اي علني مطرح ميشود به خودي خود نگراني آور است. كافي است به رسانه هاي بامداد امروز تهران نگاهي بيندازيم. روزنامة «همشهري» به نقل از طهماسب مظاهري مي نويسد كه اگر ايجاد اشتغال در كشور با همين روند پيش برود، در سال 1383 حدود پنج ميليون بيكار خواهيم داشت كه سه ميليون نفر آنها براي چند سال متوالي بيكار خواهند بود. مظاهري به آمار وزارت كار و امور اجتماعي اشاره ميكند كه بر اساس آن هفتاد در صد بيكاران ثبت نام كرده در اين وزارتخانه بيش از دو سال بيكاري داشته‌اند. ياد آوري ميكنيم كه شمار واقعي بيكاران ايران، بر پاية ملاك هاي سازمان بين‌المللي كار، بيش از آمار رسمي جمهوري اسلامي است و به همين سبب شماري از مراكز پژوهشي تحول باز هم نگراني آور تري را، در بازار كار ايران پيش بيني ميكنند، از جمله وجود نه تا ده ميليون بيكار تا سال 1385 (چهار سال ديگر) اگر وضع به روال كنوني ادامه يابد. طولاني تر شدن هر چه بيشتر دوران بيكاري، يكي از منفي ترين گرايش هاي بازار كار ايران است. گرايش منفي ديگر، گسترش شتاب آلودة آفت بيكاري در ميان دانش آموختگان است، از جمله تحصيل كردگان پزشكي. به گفتة محمد رضا ازقندي، رييس سازمان نظام پزشكي ايران، در حال حاضر هشت هزار پزشك، چهارده هزار ماما و هيجده هزار پرستار ايراني بيكارند. آيا آماري كه امروز در نشست غير علني مجلس مطرح شده، نگراني آور تر از آنچيزي است كه همه ميدانند؟ ترديدي نيست كه در وضعيت اضطراري كنوني دولت خاتمي و مجلس ششم نمي توانند به انتظار رفورم هاي اساسي و پيآمد هاي آتي آن بنشينند، به ويژه آنكه قطار اصلاحات ساختاري با موانعي كه مي دانيم روبرو است. در شرايطي اين چنين، اولويت از آن طرح هايي است كه زود به سر انجام برسند، از جمله «طرح ضربتي اشتغال» كه محور ها و محدوديت هاي آنرا ميشناسيم. ظاهرا مجلس در جستجوي طرح هاي ديگري است.

نخستين نشست نمايندگان مجلس شوراي اسلامي براي بررسي راه هاي رفع معضل بيكاري در ايران امروز (يكشنبه) به صورت غير علني برگزار شد. به نظر مي رسد كه با توجه به شرايط اضطراري كنوني در بازار كار، جستجوي سريع ترين راه ها براي ايجاد فرصت هاي شغلي در صدر اولويت هاي مجلس و دولت قرار گرفته است. طولانى تر شدن هر چه بيشتر دوران بيکارى، يکى از منفى ترين گرايش هاى بازار کار ايران است. گرايش منفى ديگر، گسترش شتاب آلودة آفت بيکارى در ميان دانش آموختگان است، از جمله تحصيل کردگان پزشکى. در حال حاضر هشت هزار پزشک، چهارده هزار ماما و هيجده هزار پرستار ايرانى بيکارند. ترديدي نيست كه در وضع كنوني دولت خاتمي و مجلس نمي توانند به انتظار به ثمررسيدن اصلاحات ساختاري بنشينند و مجلس در پي راه حل هاي اضطراري ديگري غير از برنامه دولت براي پرداخت وام در ازاي استخدام كارگر به كارفرمايان است.

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