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یکشنبه ۱۴ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۴:۰۳ - ۴ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

تصويب طرح ممنوعيت كودك آزادي در مجلس شوراي اسلامي، از ديد يك نماينده مجلس و يك مدافع حقوق كودكان


مينا بهارمست، مصاحبه با شهربانو اماني انگنه و شيرين عبادي (تهران)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, June 17, 2002 - Majles moves against child abuse - Turkey's president in Iran - EU foreign ministers discuss economic treaty with Iran - A time bomb under Iran - UAE attracts Iranian shoppers - Iran-Turkey economic relations Majles Approves Bill to Punish Child Abuse * Majles unanimously voted to end the father's consent requirement in the prosecution of child abusers and lifted the religious block on prosecution of fathers accused of child abuse. MP Shahrbanu Amani-Angeneh tells RFE/RL that the bill lets the judiciary bring charges against perpetrators without the need for a civil complaint. Tehran-based lawyer and children's rights activist Shirin Ebadi says the bill responds to a need. She tells RFE/RL that social workers of the Society to Protect Children's Rights, which she servers as a board member, could not file complaints after investigating allegations of child abuse phoned to a special hotline. Under the new bill, parents who force their children under 15 to work would be prosecuted. Since both factions agreed on the bill, Ebadi believes that the Guardians Council will approve it. (Mina Baharmast) Turkey's President Visits Iran: Neighbors Eager for More Business * Accompanied by a 120-strong business delegation, Turkey's President Ahmet Necdet Sezer arrived in Tehran on Monday for a two-day visit that is seen as an indication of improved relations between the two neighbors. Geneva-based analyst Houman Peymani tells RFE/RL that relations between Tehran and Ankara have been improving since President Khatami was elected. The two countries cooperate on a number of projects and Iran is Turkey's second largest oil supplier. But their bi-lateral trade has not reached its full potential due to Turkey's current economic conditions and its $100 billion foreign debt. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) EU Foreign Ministers Consider Trade Treaty with Iran * US opposition to Iran has made it difficult for EU foreign ministers to approve negotiations on an EU-Iran trade cooperation treaty. Germany and the Netherlands try to prevent US displeasure by making economic cooperation contingent upon an end to human rights violations in Iran. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * An EU-Iran trade cooperation treaty would strengthen the conservative faction against the reformists, writes Italian newsweekly Panorama. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Iran's "Third Generation" * New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman writes from Tehran that young Iranians are a bomb waiting to explode. Quoting Tehran-based analyst and frequent RFE/RL commentator Mohsen Sazegara, Friedman writes that the new generation has little sympathy for the founders of the revolution, and "wherever this generation decides to go is where Iran will go in the next decade." (Fariba Mavedat) RFE/RL's Special Report on Water * In a special report on water shortages in the world, RFE/RL interviews Iranian, British and American water experts. (Jamshid Zand) Iraqi Kurds would back US operations against Saddam * Jalal Talabani, head of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), told the German weekly Der Spiegel that Iraqi Kurds would cooperate with the US in a possible US military move to topple Saddam Hussein's government. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) UAE Promotes Dubai's Shopping Appeal to Iranians * The UAE is preparing to host President Khatami in an official visit, and expects more Iranian shoppers this year during Dubai's annual summer shopping festival. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Iran-Turkey Economic Relations * Iran has historically been one of Turkey's major markets and Turkey is Iran's link to Europe and a big oil and gas customer. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) WORLD * A few delegates, mostly Afghan intellectuals, walk out of the loya jirga after Speaker Mohammad Esmail Qasemyar refuses them permission to speak. (Ahmad Takal, Kabul) * Social democrats win in Czech parliamentary elections. (Ardavan Niknam, Prague) * Conservatives win majority in France's parliamentary elections. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * US planning preemptive attacks against international terrorists and their state sponsors. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Israel begins erecting wall against West Bank to stop suicide bombings. * A detailed satellite photo of the neighborhood in Tehran where Israel's army chief was born was presented to him to show the accuracy of Israel's new spy satellite. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * US extradites to Egypt a suspect in President Anwar Sadat's assassination. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games. Songs and Song Makers * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam interviews Germany-based composer and musician Hamid Motebasem. One Book, One Author * Author Abutorab Khosravi tells RFE/RL that he wrote his book "Asfar-e Kateban" in three different styles of Persian prose. (Bahman Bastani) Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun * Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi. From Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif * Filmmaker and RFE/RL reporter Ali Attar surveys the new Afghanistan for RFE/RL in a journey from Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif.

طرح ممنوعيت كودك آزاري در 14 ماده بدون مخالفت نمايندگان در مجلس شوراي اسلامي به تصويب رسيد و اينك براي تائيد نهائي به شوراي نگهبان ارجاع شد. طبق قوانين كنوني ايران چون اقامه دعوا براي كودك آزاري به شاكي خصوصي نياز دارد. شهربانو اماني انگنه، نماينده اروميه در مجلس شوراي اسلامي، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: مصوبه مجلس نياز به شاكي را در تعقيب موارد آزار كودكان از ميان بر مي دارد. انجمن حمايت از حقوق كودكان در ايران مدتي است كه يك خط تلفني مخصوص را به ضبط شكايات در اين مورد اختصاص داده است. يك عضو اين انجمن، دكتر شيرين عبادي، وكيل دادگستري و از فعالان مدافع حقوق كودكان، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: مصوبه مجلس در حمايت از كودكان پاسخ به نيازي بود كه در جامعه احساس مي شد. وي مي افزايد: اكثرا كودك آزاري جرمي است كه در منزل و توسط نزديكان، حتي خود پدر انجام مي شود. وي مي افزايد مددكار هاي انجمن حمايت كودكان بعد از بررسي شكايات رسيده به خط تلفني مخصوص اين انجمن، هنگامي كه طرح شكايت را ضروري مي يافتند با اين اشكال مواجه مي شدند كه بدون موافقت پدر شكايات آنها پذيرفته نمي شود. وي مي افزايد: در قانون جديد واداشتن اطفال به كار و گرفتن دستمزد براي آنها جرم شناخته شده است و پدر يا مادري كه بچه را به كار در كارگاه هاي قاليبافي و كارخانجات ديگر به كار وادار كند، تحت تعقيب قرار مي گيرند. خانم عبادي با توجه به تصويب اين طرح توسط هر دو جناح مجلس اظهار اميدواري مي كند كه شوراي نگهبان آن را تائيد كند.

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