عليرضا طاهري، مصاحبه با پرستو فروهر (فرانكفورت)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceWednesday, June 19, 2002
- Serial murders aftermath
- Iran-Turkey relations
- EU-Iran negotiations
- Murders investigators link to the Supreme Leader
- Expediency Council seeks to control the Majles
- War of ideas in Iran
- Supreme Leader's economic giants
- Tehran water shortage
Serial Murders' Victim Kin Seeks Punishment for Organizations, not Individuals
* In an interview from Frankfurt, Parastu Foruhar, daughter of the murdered Dariush and Parvaneh Foruhar, leaders of the nationalist political Iranian Nation Party (Hezb-e Melat-e Iran), says the Foruhar family has not pardoned the intelligence officers who killed her parents. The head of the Islamic Republic armed forces judiciary Mohammad Niazi said yesterday in a press conference that he was surprised at the family's reaction. The court had cited the family's alleged pardon as its reason for commuting the death sentences of the two killers to 10 years in jail. Parastu Foruhar tells RFE/RL that the family had protested against the homicide prosecution of individuals who had confessed they had acted within their organizational duties as members of the anti-opposition unit of the ministry of intelligence. (Alireza Taheri)
Presidents of Iran and Turkey to Remain in Constant Direct Phone Contract
* President Ahmet Necdet Sezer of Turkey and President Mohammad Khatami agreed to always remain connected with each other through a direct phone line. Khatami assured Turkey that Iran would not allow its territory to be used by terrorists for attacks against Turkey. Despite the the trip's apparent successes, the two neighbors remain opposed to each other's form of government. (Alireza Taheri)
EU-Iran Negotiations on Economic Cooperation Pact
* EU considers its upcoming negotiations with Iran an extension of the talks it has been having with Iran for a number of years. EU foreign ministers made Iran's commitment to comply with its international anti-terrorism and anti-nuclear commitments a precondition for the negotiations. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
* US State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher said Washington told the EU it wanted assurances that any move to boost economic ties with Iran would be contingent on improvement in Iranian behavior. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Analyst Links Murders' Investigators to Supreme Leader
* The investigators seen on video torturing serial murders' suspects were given absolute authority by the Supreme Leader, says Sweden-based political commentator Nima Rashedan, reacting to armed forces judiciary head Mohammad Niazi's statement yesterday. Niazi said the 3-hour video that was leaked abroad was edited from 300 hours of taped investigations. Rashedan tells RFE/RL that Niazi should release the entire 300 hours to the Majles committee assigned to investigate the serial murders and the government's handling of the investigation. There may be more shocking scenes in the 297 hours of unreleased video. (Siavash Ardalan)
Expediency Council Legislates Itself above the Majles
* The Expediency Council, whose members are appointed by the Supreme Leader, passed a motion binding the Majles to follow its guidelines, a move considered by many unconstitutional. Majles Speaker Mehdi Karubi inquired about the motion in a letter to the Expediency Council head Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Iran and the War of Ideas
* New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman writes from Tehran about the clash between theocracy and democracy in Iran's "crazy semi-democracy." (Fariba Mavedat)
Supreme Leader's Two Economic Giants
* A diverse array of businesses, from food processing to highway construction, fetch for the Astan-e Qods Foundation in Mashhad an annual income equal to the government's total general operating budget, according to a report issued in Tehran by the economic office of the French embassy. The report estimates that the Mostazefan ("Oppressed") Foundation controls nearly 10 percent of Iran's GNP through its 1630 businesses employing 150,000. The two foundations report only to the Supreme Leader, issue no organizational chart and no annual report. However, the Majles required them to pay taxes this year and the Leader approved. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
Tehran's Water Shortage
With its 12 million inhabitants Tehran has a disproportionate share of Iran's water resources. RFE/RL's Jamshid Zand interviews water experts in Iran, Britain and Germany.
* Former agriculture minister Isa Kalantari says drinking water is wasted on washing cars and watering lawns, since the city has no system to deliver untreated water separately. Tehran's water system has been designed for 3 million inhabitants, not 12 million.
* Tehran-based Masud Karimnia says the officials should begin considering renewable sources of water for the city of Tehran and devise a system for preventing misuse of drinking water.
* London-based Bijan Golshaian says even at the peak level, Tehran dams cannot respond to the growing need for water.
* Figures given by the head of Tehran water authority indicate that at the current pace, the reconstruction of the leaky water system would take 60 years.
* Tehran-based Hossein Hamidinia says disrepair of water distribution pipes causes great wastage.
* Tehran-based Touraj Yavari says the underground water sources that provide half of Tehran's water are getting alarmingly polluted.
Iran Teams in World Robo Cup Games
* Four teams from Iran take part in the international tournament of robotic football held in Japan and South Korea. (Baktash Khamsehpour)
Reformists Journalists in Paris
* Masud Behnud and Mashallah Shamsolvaezin, reformist journalists on a lecture tour in Europe, speak about the role of the press and the reform movement at the monthly meeting of the Society for Dialogue and Democracy in Paris. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Israel reoccupies Palestinian towns in retaliation for yesterday's suicide bombing that killed 19. Jordon's king and Egypt's president rejected in advance the conditions expected to be announced by President Bush for the formation of an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Hamed Karzai to announce his new cabinet today. (Siavash Ardalan)
* Afghan refugees in Iran say they are uncertain about political stability in Afghanistan, writes the Frankfurter Allgemeine. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* As Morocco announces the arrest last month of an al-Qaeda leader, Saudi Arabia arrests several Saudis suspected of al-Qaeda membership. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Moscow's Economist writes about the impact of the recent conflict with Pakistan on India's economy. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* One hundred Italian MPs call the minister of culture to the Parliament to answer questions about the defeat of the Italian national soccer team to South Korea in the soccer World Cup. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Japan and South Korea to help the US begin talks with North Korea. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Belarus holds a festival of Iranian films as a parliamentarian delegation head by Majles Speaker Mehdi Karubi arrives in Minsk. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* UAE arrests several on money laundering charges. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games.
Weekly Science Magazine
First Computer Virus
* The first ever computer virus able to infect picture files has been received by a McAfee researcher from its anonymous creator. In an interview with RFE/RL, Ali Rakei, researcher at the Mitre Corporation, explains the design of the new virus. Professor Leonard Adleman, University of Southern California, tells RFE/RL that he does not regret publishing the first computer virus in 1983, created by one of his students, because publishing it "forearmed the world to things that would have happened." (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Water on Mars
* The space ship Odyssey has detected large amounts of hydrogen below the surface of Mars, indicating the existence of ice in both poles of the planet. This increases the possibility of life on this cold planet and has important implications for a possible future trip by astronauts to Mars.
Artificial Vision: Mind's Digital Video Camera
* New York's Dobelle Institute has made a limited form of artificial vision a reality. Dr. Bahram Rahmani, eye surgeon and ophtolmalogy researcher at Northwestern University in Chicago, tells RFE/RL that Dobelle sends computer processed signals of images to electrodes implanted in a patient's visual cortex. The stimulation of the brain by electrodes produces a pattern of bright spots that form an image. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
New Finding about a Cause of Glaucoma
* Helicobacter pylori has been known from mid 80s to be a major cause of ulcer disease, but now a Greek researcher says in a paper published in the Archive of Internal Medicine that it may also cause glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness. This discovery may have important implications for treating glaucoma and preventing blindness. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Youth, Society and Education
* Paris-based sociologist Said Peyvandi criticizes text books' obsession with the past and comments on the government's decision to add courses on dialogue among civilizations to high school curriculum, brain drain and departure of the elites and the fate of the Tehran University students arrested during a coed field trip in Fumen near Caspian Sea. (Said Peyvandi and Nazi Azima)
* RFE/RL's Iraj Gorgin recites selections from Persian literature.
Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun
* Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi.
پرستو فروهر، دختر داريوش و پروانه فروهر، دو رهبر حزب ملت ايران كه در جريان قتل هاي زنجيره اي به قتل رسيدند، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد براي جلوگيري از اينكه به نام خانواده ما احكام قتلي صادر شود و بگويند متهمان قتل هاي زنجيره اي به اشد مجازات محكوم شدند و به نام خانواده فروهر اعدام شدند، نامه اي رسما به كنسولگري جمهوري اسلامي در فرانكفورت ابلاغ شد. وي مي افزايد ما در اطلاعيه خود گفتيم كه تقاضاي مجازات مرگ نداريم ولي به هيچ وجه گذشت نكرديم براي اينكه چارچوب كلي اين پرونده را ما قبول نداريم و روند رسيدگي به آن در جهت پنهان شدن حقايق اصلي اين روند بود و نمي توانيم با اين عمل موافق باشيم. محمدنيازي، رئيس سازمان قضائي نيروهاي مسلح در مصاحبه مطبوعاتي خود گفت در واكنش بازماندگان فروهر ها به اطلاعيه خود تعجب كرده است. وي در آن اطلاعيه تخفيف مجازات عاملان اين قتل ها از اعدام به ده سال حبس را ناشي از گذشت خانواده فروهر قلمداد كرده بود.
پروانه فروهر مي افزايد: متهمان اين پرونده طبق دستور سازماني عمل كردند و خودشان در اعترافات خود بارها عنوان مي كردند كه حذف فيزيكي مخالفان سياسي جزو چارت عملياتي و وظايف سازماني آنها در وزارت اطلاعات بود. پرستو فروهر مي افزايد: اقدام آنها فقط در بستر فكري و سازماني آنچه آنها خود را به آن متعهد مي دانند قابل بررسي و محاكمه است نه به صورت مجرد و در چارچوب قتل عمد آن طور كه اين پرونده سعي مي كند قضيه را نشان دهد.