همايون مجد (واشنگتن)، مصاحبه با رسول نفيسي
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, June 28, 2002
- Expediency council legislates itself above the Majles
- Police ends students sit-in hunger strike
- Tehran mayor's revenge against the city council
- Iranian refugees in Sweden
- Beheshti's legacy
Legislation by Expediency Council
* The Expediency Council, whose members are selected by the Supreme Leader, assumed a legislative role above that of the Majles and the Guardians Council by writing its own bills on minimum legal age for marriage and conditions under which women can apply for divorce, says Washington-based sociologist and political analyst Rasool Nafisy. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Police End Student Activists Their Sit-In Hunger Strike
* Six members of the central committee of the association of Islamic student councils, Dafter-e Tahkim-e Vahdat (Office of Reinforcing Unity), Iran's largest pro-reform student organization, ended their sit-in hunger strike in front of the judiciary building after intervention by the police. The action was organized to protest continued detention of student activists arrested during the demonstrations that followed the 1998 attack on Tehran University dorms. Also, Mohammad Mohammadi, father of the jailed student activists Manuchehr and Akbar Mohammdi, tells RFE/RL that he has lost all contact with his son Manuchehr since he was transferred to a jail in Qaem Shahr. He says the Qaem-Shahr prison does not have a block for political prisoners and his son is being kept in the same block as common criminals. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Tehran Mayor's Conflict with the City Council over Building Permits
* The Economist reports that the Tehran mayor's ban on issuing building permits in seven large Tehran neighborhoods, which he had imposed as revenge on city council members who had isolated him politically, has already doubled housing prices and deprives the municipal government of a major source of revenue. (Fariba Mavedat)
Iranian Refugees in Sweden
* The international federation of Iranian asylum seekers discussed tougher immigration laws in Europe during a conference this week in Sweden. Federation head Esmail Moludi tells RFE/RL that the number of Iranian asylum seekers in Sweden during the past six months dropped to only 380 due to the government's swerve to the right. He puts the total number of Iranians in Sweden at 60,000. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti's Legacy: Special RFE/RL Report (Part 2)
In a special report on the 23rd anniversary of his death from an explosion that killed 71 other prominent MP's and government officials, RFE/RL reviews the political career of Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, the first post-revolutionary head of the judiciary, who had been the main candidate for succeeding Ayatollah Khomeini as the Supreme Leader.
* Director of the Hamburg-based Iranian oral history studies society Hamid Ahmadi tells RFE/RL that during his years in Hamburg as the prayer leader, Beheshti secretly organized the scattered students' Islamic councils into what later became the association of Iranian students' Islamic councils of the US and Europe. After the revolution, Beheshti organized such tools of repression as the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps and neighborhood Islamic committees through his Islamic Republic party, which he had founded in order to consolidate power in the hands of the clergy.
* Paris-based analyst Ahmad Salamatian says Beheshti assumed the role of organizer and strategist of the revolution a few months before the Shah's fall, based on his belief that the anti-Shah groups in Iran, including the national front and the Freedom Movement of Iran, did not have the necessary organizational skills and popular base to lead the movement. As the power behind the constitutional assembly, Beheshti added the principle of valayat-e faqih (absolute rule of the Islamic jurist) to the constitution. Salamatian, who was an advisor to Iran's first elected president Abolhasan Banisadr, says Beheshti could not control Banisadr and organized a campaign to oust him.
* Hasan Shariatmadari, son of Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari, says Beheshti was not highly regarded by the traditional religious establishment in Qom since he taught English to seminary students. Proud and self-confident, Beheshti, who was a high school teacher, refused pay from the seminaries controlled by the powerful ayatollahs.
* London-based board member of the "Sazeman-e Fadaiyan-e Khalq (Aksariat)," a former pro-Soviet Marxist-Leninist armed movement, says Beheshti established the Islamic Republic party in order to organize the forces who had just assumed power to expand the social foundations of the new regime, but the clerical rule was not one man's idea. (Mehdi Khalaji)
* Israel arrests an Israeli accused of spying for the Lebanese Hezbollah. (Jamshid Chalangi)
* In their meeting at Calgary, Canada, the G8 leaders resolved to fight international terrorism and its supporters. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
* New York Times article on the political aftermath of the Worldcom accounting sandal. (Fariba Mavedat)
* Jordan arrests 10 al-Qaeda members. Saudi Arabia defends its citizens who were arrested in Morocco for conspiring to blow up NATO ships in the Mediterranean. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Afghanistan judiciary quits prosecuting interim government's women's affair minister Sima Samar on charges of insulting Islam after the intervention of transitional president Hamed Karzai. (Shireen Famili)
* Police arrests 5 of the 35 illegal aliens who fled the Wummera detention center after the latest protest. (Jamshid Badili, Sydney)
* Voice of America News Director Andre de Nesnera received the American Foreign Service Association's "Tex Harris Award for Constructive Dissent" for having aired an interview with the Taliban's Mullah Omar 13 days after September 11 attacks. (Siavash Ardalan)
* Russian scientists protest against low pay. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games.
"The Who" Cancels World Tour
* The aging British rock band "The Who" cancels its upcoming world tour due to the sudden death of the bassist John Entwistle. (Ardavan Niknam)
Trip to Iran: Travel Writing by Foreign Visitors
* In his report on Iran, a French 19th Century envoy to Iran writes about the Qajar king Nasseredin's system of government. (Nazi Azima, Prague; Javad Tabatabai, Paris)
In the Memory of Professor Mohammad Jafar Mahjub
* Shahriar Mahjub, son of the late Persian literary scholar professor Mohammad Jafar Mahjub, literary critic and prominent translator Najaf Daryabandari, and Persian literature encyclopedia editor Hasan Anusheh discuss the life and work of M.J. Mahjub in interviews with RFE/RL. (Nazi Azima)
Classic Love Stories: Vis va Ramin
* Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Vis va Ramin based on Fakhredin Asad Gorani.
Cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh
* Germany-based veteran cartoonist Kambiz Derambakh tells RFE/RL about his start 40 years ago in Tehran magazines and the development of his work. (Bahman Bastani)
New York Magazine Highlights: Man's Instinctive Love for Music
* Researchers in the new study field biomusicology date music's existence on earth million years before the appearance of mankind, and investigate the instinctive love of man for music by analyzing pre-ancient musical instruments. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
دكتر رسول نفيسي، جامعه شناس و تحليلگر سياسي مقيم واشنگتن، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام با تعيين حداقل سن ازدواج براي دختران و شرايط درخواست طلاق براي زنان، در حقيقت مي خواست خود را به عنوان يك قانونگذار، در موضعي بالاتر از مجلس و شوراي نگهبان قرار دهد.