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چهارشنبه ۵ آبان ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۶:۲۰ - ۲۶ اکتبر ۲۰۱۶

صادرات مغز: مبارزه با بيكاري از طريق اعزام نيروهاي متخصص به خارج از كشور

سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با فريدون خاوند

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, June 29, 2002 - Plan to export skilled labor - Tehran air pollution - Beheshti's legacy - Schools' dangerous disrepair Government Plans to Export Skilled and Professional Labor * The government's plan to export skilled and professional labor that is university-educated and foreign-language speaking is an effort to reduce social tensions resulting from widespread unemployment and to earn foreign currency, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. In the international job market, Iran would be competing with Eastern European countries, India and Asian countries, he adds. (Siavash Ardalan) Health Hazards of Airborne Particles in Tehran Air * International healthcare expert Dariush Farhud said breathing particles in the air reduces life expectancy in Tehran by a couple of years. Tehran-based journalist Zeynab Esmaili tells RFE/RL that air pollution in Tehran has not reached lethal levels, but the lack of any policy and a lack of reliable figures contribute to the problem. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Iran Second to China in Executions * According to a report issued by an international anti-death penalty organization, Iran was second only to China in the number of executions during 2001. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Disrepair Threatens 60,000 Schools with Ruin The deputy education minister for development said more than 60,000 schools are in danger of ruin from disrepair, but the development budget of the education ministry has been reduced from 12 percent of the total budget to only 4 percent. * Tabriz journalist Ensaf-Ali Hedayat tells RFE/RL that the official is talking about 60,000 classrooms, not schools, a figure that is due to appear in an official education ministry report about sub-standard school buildings. The collapse of a school building last year in western Azerbaijan province killed many students and teachers. Hedayat adds that while education expenditures have gone up, due to the high cost of school construction set by private contractors, the budget does not meet the needs. Furthermore, owners of rented buildings which house a total of 16,000 classrooms have no incentive to fix their properties since the rents paid by the ministry are too low and a law prevents the owner to ever reclaim the property. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti's Legacy: Special RFE/RL Report (Part 3 of 3) In a special report on the 23rd anniversary of his death from an explosion that killed 71 other prominent MP's and government officials, RFE/RL reviews the political career of Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, the first post-revolutionary head of the judiciary, who had been the main candidate for succeeding Ayatollah Khomeini as the Supreme Leader. * Mehdi Fatapur, a leader of the Marxist-Leninist urban guerilla group Sazeman Fadaiyan-e Khalq, who appeared in television debates with Beheshti, says the clerics preferred ideological debate to political debate but stopped airing the debate when Beheshti appeared to be losing. * Hamid Ahmadi, from the Hamburg-based center for oral history of contemporary Iran, says Beheshti defeated his opponents, including Mehdi Bazargan, using the hostage crisis. In June 1980, the judiciary under Beheshti and through Tehran revolutionary court prosecutor Asadollah Lajevardi, whom Beheshti appointed, closed 17 newspapers, including former Prime Minister Bazargan's Mizan and president Bani Sadr's Enqelab-e Eslami. * Paris-based political analyst Ahmad Salamatian, a member of the first post-revolutionary Majles, says Beheshti prolonged the hostage crisis in order to organize the political power structure in favor of the Islamic Republic Party (IRP), even though the taking of the hostages was supported by Khomeini's son Ahmad in order to create a "third line" - neither Bazargan's nationalist Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI), nor Beheshti's IRP. Following IRP's carefully laid plan to oust opponents of absolute clerical rule, Hezbollah gangs attacked offices of political parties and demonstrations, including those called for by the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO). Salamatian says his name was the second on a list of 15 whose death had been called for by the Hezbollah. * London-based analyst Farokh Negahdar, a leader of the former pro-Soviet Marxist-Leninist armed guerilla group, People's Fadaiyan, says the perpetrator of the June 1980 explosion in the IRP offices that killed Beheshti along with 71 Majles MPs and government and party officials, is still not known. But the explosion was blamed on the People's Mojahedin whose demonstration a week earlier had been suppressed by the Hezbollah gangs and revolutionary guards. Negahdar says Beheshti's most important political legacy was the establishment of a modern government based on Islamic ideology. (Mehdi Khalaji) WORLD * Israeli and Arab newspapers write about possible changes in the Palestinian Authority's leadership. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Saudi Arabia's head of security says his country is opposed to foreign intervention in Iraq. (Siavash Ardalan) * German Chancellor Schroeder criticizes Arafat. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * In a meeting with NATO officials, the head of Israel's intelligence service Mossad warns against Iran, Iraq, Libya and Syria. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * In an interview with RFE/RL, Afghanistan's transitional president Hamed Karzai says he has asked warring warlords in the north to keep the peace. (Shireen Famili) * Russian parliament says NATO's expansion to Russia's border is a threat to Russia's national security. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * World leaders reacted to the accounting scandal of Worldcom and other US corporations by doing nothing, writes the Financial Times. (Fariba Mavedat) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games. Soccer Brings Nations Closer * More than any UN conference, soccer world cup competition brings people of the world closer together, writes London's Independent. (Fariba Mavedat) Dancing on Glasses: Persian Play in Bonn * Amir-Reza Kuhestani, writer-director of the Persian play "Dancing on Glasses," selected for the Bonn international theater festival when it was first performed in Tehran's Fajr festival, tells RFE/RL that his play's appeal reaches beyond geographical boundaries. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) New York Magazine Interview with Writer Maryam Mortaz * New York-based writer Maryam Mortaz, whose book of short stories was published last year in Tehran, tells RFE/RL after a reading last week in Queens Public Library that in her stories she tries to hide catastrophes by focusing on the mundane daily life of her characters. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Democracy Exercise: Meeting Filmmaker Babak Payami * Babak Payami, whose second film "Secret Ballot" had its US premiere last week at the Human Rights Watch International Film Festival, tells RFE/RL that in his allegorical tale of election day on a remote island, he wanted to show different attitudes towards democracy and civil society in Iran. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran: Haji Baba-ye Esfahani * Paris-based political history scholar Javad Tabatabi reviews Mirza Habib Esfahani's translation of James Morier's Haji Baba, which paved the way for a new Persian prose capable of expressing contemporary concepts. (Nazi Azima) Classic Love Stories: Vis va Ramin * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Vis va Ramin based on Fakhredin Asad Gorani. Cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh * Germany-based cartoonist Kambiz Derambakh tells RFE/RL about his start 40 years ago in Tehran magazines and the development of his work. (Bahman Bastani) Progressive Music in Iran * RFE/RL's music critic discusses the history of Persian music ensembles in the 20th Century.

دكتر فريدون خاوند كارشناس اقتصادي راديوآزادي مي گويد: هدف طرح اعزام نيروهاي دانشگاه ديده به خارج از كشور كاهش تنش اجتماعي و كسب درآمد ارزي است. وي مي افزايد: زيان عمده چنين طرحي براي كشورهاي جهان سوم از دست دادن بخش وسيعي از نيروهاي متخصص است. رقباي ايران در صدور مغز ها، كشورهاي اروپاي شرقي، هند و ديگر كشورهاي آسيايي هستند.

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