لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

چهارشنبه ۱۷ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۱:۲۱ - ۷ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

شركت نزديك به دوميليون جوان در كنكور سراسري دانشگاه ها، از ديد دو كارشناس و دو دانش آموز كنكوري


فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با صادق زيباكلام و داورشيخاوندي (تهران)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, July 05, 2002 - Two million take university entrance exam - Remote Iranian village joints the global village - Arafat accuses Supreme Leader of supporting terrorism - Tehran's cost of living one of the world's cheapest - Shiraz judiciary bans pyramid scheme Nearly Two Million Take University Entrance Exam * Of the 1.5 million high school graduates who took the national universities entrance exam today only 150,000 would find a place in a higher education institution somewhere in Iran. A student who took the exam today tells RFE/RL that this year's was harder than before. A girl who also took the exam today after preparing for it for one year says there is no hope for a young person without a university diploma. It bothers her that revolutionary guards, handicapped war veterans, former prisoners of war, and relatives of war victims get into universities without the entrance exam. But Tehran University professor Sadeq Zibakalam tells RFE/RL that the number of such "quota" students has decreased since the war and that and they are no less than others in academic performance. Tehran-based sociology professor Davar Sheikhavandi says the entrance exam has turned into a social competition between families as young people seek the social status of being university students. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Police Special Unit's Show of Force a Warning to Students * In his weekly political analysis for RFE/RL's Persian Service, Washington-based Rasool Nafisy says recent bloody beatings of young people by special police units for not observing Islamic dress and behavior is meant to be a warning to students a week before the anniversary of the police attack on Tehran University dorms. Nafisy tells RFE/RL that such show of force is typical of a government that feels weak and vulnerable. For the regime, the enforcement of Islamic codes is a means for political control. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Iran Demands 20 Percent of Caspian Resources * In an article on the two-day Tehran seminar on Caspian,the Russian oil ministry's magazine "Caspian" writes that Iran expects 20 percent of the Caspian's resources. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Remote Village Shahkooh Joins the Internet * A remote village in Iran, Shahkooh joins the global village through the Internet, writes the New York Times. (Shahran Tabari) Arafat Accuses the Supreme Leader of Supporting Terrorism * According to the Italian newspaper Unita, Yasir Arafat told the head of Italy's social democratic party that Supreme Leader Khamenei funds Palestinian terrorist groups directly and through South Africa. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Tehran's Cost of Living among the World's Lowest * The Economist Intelligence Unit finds the cost of living in Tehran 30 percent that of New York, 130th in the world. An Economist Review Unit editor tells RFE/RL that the survey is a reflection of inflation and foreign exchange rate, and shows that Iran's currency is undervalued. (Shahran Tabari, London) Shiraz Judiciary Bans Pyramid Scheme Goldquest * The Shiraz judiciary shut down a Hong Kong-based pyramid scheme promoted in Shiraz and other cities through Iranian speculators who have bought into it. Tehran-based journalist Ashkan Pazuki says Goldquest coins are backed by international banks, but to receive a Goldquest coin a buyer must refer 10 new buyers in addition to paying a "down payment" and $60 shipping fee. (Ardavan Niknam) WORLD * FBI says the Egyptian man killed after shooting to death two El Al workers at Los Angeles Airport did not have political motive. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Egyptian journalist Mohammad Salah, whose book on al Qaeda was just published in London, tells RFE/RL that he believes the Los Angeles airport shooting was an isolated event, not a terrorist attack. (Jamshid Chalangi) * US considers plan for attack against Saddam. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Iraq's ambassador in Moscow says Iran and Iraq would benefit from improved relations. He adds that economic sanctions prevent Iraq from earning enough to pay back its debt to Russia. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * The political editor of the Bahraini newspaper al-Ittihad tells RFE/RL that the new law approved today that would allow women's participation in next October's parliamentary elections would put Bahrain on the path to democracy. (Jamshid Chalangi) * On the 40th anniversary of Algerian independence, a bomb kills 40 in Algiers. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Highest administrative court in Germany bans Islamic hijab from schools, ruling on an Afghan-born German teacher's complaint that wearing an Islamic scarf does not constitute promotion of a religion. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Women direct only 6 percent of Hollywood movies, according to a study published in Los Angeles. (Jamshid Chalangi) ARTS AND IDEAS Trip to Iran: Travel Writing by Foreign Visitors * In his report on Iran, a French 19th Century envoy to Iran writes about the Qajar king Nasseredin's system of government. (Nazi Azima, Prague; Javad Tabatabai, Paris) In the Memory of Abolhassan Saba, Composer, Scholar and Teacher * Composers and master violin players Ali Tajvidi and Rahmatollah Badi, both former students and colleagues of Abolhasan Saba tell RFE/RL about the life and work of one of Iran's greatest musicians, innovators and scholars. (Mahmud Khoshnam) Classic Love Stories: Vis va Ramin * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Vis va Ramin based on Fakhredin Asad Gorani. Cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh * Germany-based veteran cartoonist Kambiz Derambakh tells RFE/RL about his start 40 years ago in Tehran magazines and the development of his work. (Bahman Bastani) Nooshafarin, Los Angeles Pop Singer * Nooshafarin, a popular Los Angeles singer in an interview with RFE/RL. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)

نرديك به دو ميليون دختر و پسر ايراني ديروز و امروز در گرماي تيرماه در آميزه اي ازتنش و نگراني در رقابت سخت آزمون سراسري (كنگور) شركت كردند. يك پسر دانش آموز در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد سئوال ها نسبت به سالهاي قبل سنگين تر بود و امكان راه يابي كساني كه درس خوانده اند به دانشگاه بيشتر است. يك دختر دانش آموز در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي كنكور را سرنوشت ساز توصيف مي كند و مي گويد مي خواهد ليسانس بگيرد كه بتواند كار بگيرد و مستقل شود. وي مي افزايد يك سال است كه هر روز ار صبح تا شب به كلاس رفته است. امسال يك ميليون و پانصد هزار نفر در كنكور دانشگاه شركت كردند كه 150 هزار نفر از آنها قبول مي شوند. وي مي افزايد بخشي از اين رقم به دانشجويان سهميه اي تعلق دارد كه از بسيجي ها، مجروحان جنگي، اسراي جنگي سابق و بازمانده كشته شدگان در جنگ تشكيل مي شوند كه مي توانند بدون كنكور وارد دانشگاه شوند. وي مي گويد: ادبيات و معارف اسلامي ملاك قبولي در رشته هاي مختلف است، حتي رشته پزشكي. دكتر صادق زيبا كلام استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: فاصله علمي زيادي بين دانشجويان سهميه اي و ديگر دانشجويان وجود ندارد و حتي بعضي بهتر هم بوده اند و با گذشت زمان، سهميه ها مرتبا دارد كم مي شود. دكتر داور شيخاوندي استاد علوم اجتماعي در دانشگاه در تهران مي گويد: موفقيت در كنكور تبديل به يك پديده اجتماعي شده است. وي مي افزايد بازده هاي اقتصادي و استخدامي فارغ التحصيل شدن چندان نيست ولي داشتن تيتر دانشجو براي جوان، شان و اعتبار و منزلت اجتماعي مي آورد. پديده كنكور سواي مسابقه فرهنگي براي ورود به دانشگاه، به رقابتي بين خانواده ها و اقشار مختلف تبديل شده است.

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