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یکشنبه ۱۴ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۳:۳۶ - ۴ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

پاسخ رهبر جمهوري اسلامي به استعفاي انتقادآميز امام جمعه اصفهان: اعلان جنگ در كمال فروتني و ادب


فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با مهدي مظفري و حسن شريعتمداري

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, July 12, 2002 - Supreme Leader's response to Taheri resignation letter - Clergy to benefit from Esfahan prayer leader's resignation - Iran's double policy on Afghanistan - Students' deeper understanding of the slow pace of reform Supreme Leader Accepts Resignation of Esfahan's Prayer Leader In a letter read over state radio, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei accepted the resignation of Esfahan prayer leader Ayatollah Jalaledin Taheri. * Germany-based political commentator Hasan Shariatmadari, calls Ayatollah Khamenei's letter a politely delivered declaration of war that threatens his critic with a siege of his house by mobs loyal to Khamenei. He tells RFE/RL that the Supreme Leader sidesteps Taheri's wide-ranging criticism about the system and portrays himself wronged by the criticism. * Mehdi Mozaffari, political science professor of Aarhus University in Denmark, describes Ayatollah Khamenei's letter polite, devious and clever. By respectfully addressing his critic and calling his letter "attributed," Khamenei gives a chance to Taheri to deny his letter. He sidesteps the problems raised in Taheri's letter - false propaganda, widespread unemployment, high inflation, growing rich-poor gap, corruption, bribery, graft, drug addiction, official incompetence and the failure of the political structure. Instead, he claims that on problems such as unemployment and corruption - he has been a pioneer of reforms and Ayatollah Taheri a newcomer. He suggests Taheri's criticizisms only help Israel and the US gain a popular base in Iran. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Esfahan Prayer Leader's Resignation Serves the Clergy * Taheri's resignation would serve the Shiite clergy in the long run, says RFE/RL's Washington-based commentator Rasool Nafisy. He says the entire clerical community has become target of political criticism, and so the credibility of those clerics like Taheri who distance themselves from the government helps all the clergy. It shows that the clergy is not monolithic, but comprises many who respect the principle of independence that still exists in the Shiite seminaries. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) US Afghan Affairs Special Envoy Criticizes Iran's Double Policy in Afghanistan * In an interview with RFE/RL, the US special envoy to Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad says the Islamic Republic is pursuing a double policy on Afghanistan. One policy considers the changes in Afghanistan positive while another side of Iran's government, those who are not elected by the Iranian people, feel threatened by what has happened in Afghanistan and have taken actions, such as giving al Qaeda elements safe passage, sheltering the Taliban and providing assistance to anti-central government groups in Afghanistan, that are contrary to the positive steps which have been taken in Afghanistan. Khalilzad says in Kabul he met with the Tehran ambassador under the UN supervision and adds that Iran's economic help to Afghanistan has been positive. Khalilzad also says the US does not plan to stay in Afghanistan forever, but would not leave before Afghanistan can stand on its own feet. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Anniversary of the Police Attack on Police Dorms * The relatively smaller demonstrations and clashes on the third anniversary of the police attack on Tehran University dorms last week was an indication of the students' realization that reform is a slow but steady process, says RFE/RL commentator Rasool Nafisy. Unlike China, Iran's ruling system is not totalitarian and cannot resort to absolute suppression of dissent. Furthermore, China's economic expansion makes political suppression relatively tolerable. But in view of Iran's economic stagnation, total suppression there may backfire. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) WORLD * New information about Iraq's arsenal and its refusal to let UN inspect its weapons programs escalate US and Iraq tensions. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * In their meeting in Geneva, UN and Afghan officials ask for $1.1 billion emergency help. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Italy arrests eight suspects of membership in al Qaeda in Milan. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Turkish ministers of economy and foreign affairs leave the government to form a new centrist party around the economic reform plan of economy minister Kamal Darvish aimed at meeting economic and political conditions set by the EU for Turkey's full membership. Glasgow University international relations professor Reza Taqizadeh says in the upcoming election no party would win the majority, but the new party might try to form a centrist coalition with the nationalist and Islamic parties who are opposed to some of the archaic policies, such Pan Turkism of the current regime. He tells RFE/RL that the Islamist parties would not have an upper hand in the next elections, but can play an important role in the new, centrist party's success. (Shahran Tabari) * US Senate approves a bill that would give courts more power to prosecute corporate wrong doers. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Even if Osama bin Laden is still alive, the brand of politics that he represented is dead, writes veteran journalist Amir Taheri in an op-ed piece for the New York Times. (Nazi Azima) * Foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan will join the next meeting of the US, EU, UN and Russia in the next meeting on peace in the Middle East at the UN. (Jamshid Chalangi) * Fourteenth AIDS conference ends in Barcelona with speeches by President Clinton and Nelson Mandela. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Belgium investigates contamination of soft drinks and meat with a sex MPI hormone. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Former Iraqi army officers join the a meeting in London of Saddam's opponents. (Jamshid Chalangi) * A new computer virus created by Russian hackers blocks access to anti-virus sites. (Mani Kasravi) * More than 860,000 in 70 countries receive 1.5 billion euros in compensation for forces labor in German factories during WWII. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) ARTS AND IDEAS 7-Million-Year-Old Skull Throws Off Human Evolution Theories * A 7 million-year skull discovered in Chad may be the oldest link between monkeys and humans. (Don Hill) Trip to Iran: Travel Writing by Foreign Visitors * In his report on Iran, a French 19th Century envoy to Iran writes about the Qajar king Nasseredin's system of government. (Nazi Azima, Prague; Javad Tabatabai, Paris) Iranian Society and Religious Minorities * In an interview with RFE/RL, Purdue University history professor Janet Afari talks about her recent research on the treatment of religious minorities in Iran during the past two centuries. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) In Memory of Qamar * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam discusses the life and art of Qamar-ol-Moluk Vaziri, the first woman to sing in public in Iran.

آيت اله علي خامنه اي، رهبر جمهوري اسلامي، در پاسخ به استعفانامه انتقادآميز آيت اله جلال الدين طاهري اصفهاني، امام جمعه اصفهان، وي را «پيري موجه ولي بي خبر» خواند. فرزند مرحوم آيت الله العظمي كاظم شريعتمداري در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد آيت الله خامنه اي با اين نامه به منتقد خود اعلان جنگ داد. دكتر مهدي مظفري استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه آرهوس Aarhus دانمارك، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: پاسخ رهبر به امام جمعه مستعفي اصفهان، مودبانه، موذيانه و مدبرانه است. آيت الله خامنه اي، به جاي پاسخگوئي به انتقادات، مسئوليت مشكلات كنوني و آتي را تلويحا متوجه خود آيت الله طاهري مي كند و منتقد خود را به همكاري با آمريكا و اسرائيل براي ايجاد پايگاه مردمي درايران متهم مي سازد و خود را پيشاهنگ مبارزه ضد فساد قلمداد مي كند. حسن شريعتمداري، فرزند مرحوم آيت الله العظمي كاظم شريعتمداري و تحليل گر سياسي در آلمان، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: رهبر جمهوري اسلامي با مظلوم نمائي، از پاسخگوئي به اتهام فساد در جمهوري اسلامي طفره مي رود. رهبر جمهوري اسلامي در باره حذف آيت الله منتظري نيز با رفع مسئوليت از خود، آن را به آيت الله خميني نسبت مي دهد. شريعتمداري مي گويد آيت الله خامنه اي در نامه خود آيت الله طاهري را از جمعيت انبوهي مي ترساند كه ممكن است در خانه او ظاهر شوند. شريعتمداري مي گويد: «در فرهنگ روحانيت اين نامه به معني اعلان جنگ است.»

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