لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

شنبه ۲۰ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۶:۴۳ - ۱۰ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

دولت آيين نامه اي در مورد نحوه نظارت مجمع تشخيص مصلحت بر سياست هاي كلي نظام به اين مجمع پيشنهاد كرد


سياوش اردلان

RFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, July 22, 2002 - Conflict over expediency council's supervisory role - China condemns US sanctions - Comparing Iran and Malaysia - NYT on Tehran's role in 1994 Buenos Aires bombing - Son of Mashhad's strong cleric under corruption investigation - Court to hand down Freedom Movement members' verdicts on Saturday - Mobile phone SIM cards in short supply - Ambiguity of book creators' tax exemption Expediency Council Considers Government's Alternative Supervisory Proposal Faced with strong opposition from the Khatami government and the Majles, the Expediency Council shelved its draft of a directive that would have placed it above the Majles and the Parliament. Tehran MP Majid Ansari, a member of the Expediency Council, said today that Khatami's government proposed an alternative draft. The contents of both drafts have been kept secret. Reformist MP Elaheh Kulai today questioned the act of writing directives on the matter. (Siavash Ardalan) China Condemns US Sanctions * The Chinese foreign ministry said US sanctions against 9 suppliers of advanced biological and chemical weapons technology to Iran were "illogical." (Fariba Mavedat, London) Comparing Iran and Malaysia * Unlike Tehran, Prime Minister Mahatir Muhammad says Malaysia regards attacks on unarmed civilians as terrorism, says Ahmad Kazemi-Musavi, professor of Islamic law in Kuala Lumpur's international institute of Islamic philosophy. A day after the arrival of President Khatami at the helm of a 91-man delegation to Kuala Lumpur, Kazemi-Musavi tells RFE/RL that Iran can learn from Malaysia, which has established friendly relations with all countries of the world, including those with potential religious, racial or political conflicts, such as Singapore, China and India. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) * Within a few decades, Malaysia has succeeded to develop its economy by relying on foreign trade and foreign investments. Malaysia's per capita GNP is now at $3,400, nearly three times that of Iran. Malaysia, a country of only 22 million, was the world's 18th biggest exporter in 2001, earning $89 billion from non-oil exports -- 21 times more than Iran's non-oil exports last year. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) NYT Reports Iran Bribed Argentina's Menem in Bombing According to the New York Times, the Islamic Republic paid the Argentine government to cover up Tehran's involvement in the 1994 bomb attack on a Buenos Aires Jewish center that killed 60. (Siavash Ardalan) Son of Mashhad Ayatollah under Corruption Investigation * The son a Shiite cleric who runs one of the largest economic conglomerates in the Middle East was freed on 50 billion rials bail pending a corruption investigation. Naser Vaez-Tabasi, son of Ayatollah Abbas Vaez-Tabasi, supervisor of the Razavi Foundation that controls the vast endowment of the shrine of Imam Reza, is being investigated in relation to the activities of his private company "al-Makaseb." Also, the trial of businessman Shahram Jazayeri, accused of paying off high officials from both factions, continued behind closed-doors for "national security" reasons. (Ardavan Niknam) FMI Verdicts to come on Saturday * The Tehran revolutionary court summoned 34 members of the oppositionist, nationalist-religious Freedom Movement of Iran to hear their verdicts next Saturday. This is the third date announced for handing down the verdicts in their trial on subversion charges, according to a lawyer of some of the FMI members Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah, who read the court's announcement in newspapers. He tells RFE/RL that verdicts are usually communicated through a special office in the judiciary, not through the courts, which are legally "relieved" from the case as soon as they reach a verdict. Dadkhah, who has been sentenced to 10 years in prison and 10 years suspension from practice for his defense of the FMI members, says he is not sure he would be allowed to appear in the court on Saturday on behalf of his clients. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) Iran Telecom Cuts Supply of Mobile Phone SIM Cards * Farhad Mansurian, a mobile phone trader in Tehran, tells RFE/RL that a cutback in the supply of mobile phone SIM cards by Iran telecom has pushed up mobile phone prices. A mobile phone with unused an SIM card now trades for 8.5 million rials, nearly $1,000. But it is not really worth it, he says, since mobile phones do not work in many Tehran neighborhoods. (Ardavan Niknam) Ambiguity in Book Creators' Tax Exemption * Even though a law passed three years ago exempted all book creators from paying income tax, in effect only book publishers and booksellers benefit from the tax exemption. Tehran-based publisher Shahla Lahiji tells RFE/RL that everyone signing a contract in Iran must pay a 5 percent tax, regardless of profession. Book creators, such as writers, translators, editors and graphic artists, can only benefit from tax exemption if they publish their own books or sign no contract with publishers for their services. (Mehdi Khalaji) Court Tries Newspaper Publisher in Absentia * A court in Tehran gave the publisher of the controversial "Gozaresh-e Ruz" (Daily Report) newspaper Mohammad Mahdavi-Khorrami, who is not in Iran, two weeks to return home and answer more than 30 complaints by security organs such as the revolutionary guards, secret police and intelligence ministry against him. Gozaresh-e Ruz was among the first 12 reformist newspapers closed by the judiciary in 1999. Edited by student activist Heshmatollah Tabarzadi, it amassed tens of official complaints during only two months of publication. Mahdavi-Khorrami's lawyer Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi tells RFE/RL that his client may face a jail sentence. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) WORLD * Spain says US help in resolving its conflict over an uninhabited island off the coast of Morocco does not mean the EU has become ineffective diplomatically. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Foreign minister Peres says Israel would pull out of two Palestinian towns if the Palestinian authority can guarantee security. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Yemen holds three relatives of an al-Qaeda member who escaped from jail last month. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Greece arrests members of the November 17 terrorist organization responsible for the assassination of 22, including US and British servicemen, since 1975. (Fariba Mavedat, London) * Turkish parliament postpones for one week the vote on early elections. (Mina Baharmast) * Moscow's Vremia Novosti newspaper writes that Russia's goal in holding Caspian Sea maneuvers is to present itself as the dominant power to other littoral countries and beyond. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Worldcom's collapse comes at a time of economic weakness in Europe, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * The Frenchman who kicked up the gun pointing at President Jacque Chirac during a failed assassination attempt last week received bravery medal from the Senate. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Scientists from Iran, Israel, the PA and other Middle East countries join a research program on nuclear particles. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Largest aircraft show opens in Farnborough, Britain. (Fariba Mavedat, London) * Formula One races. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) ARTS AND IDEAS Songs and Song Makers: Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh * Veteran Los Angeles-based pop composer Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh tells RFE/RL about his more than 30-year career in pop music. (Mahmoud Khoshnam) One Book, One Author: "The Republic of Prisons" * Lawyer Beria Bamada, author of "The Republic of Prisons," published in Persian in Frankfurt, tells RFE/RL that the book includes his own first-hand experience as a political prisoner in Iran, as well as a study of Iran's prison system. (Bahman Bastani)سياوش اردلان (راديوآزادي): گفته هاي روز يكشنبه مجيد انصاري، نماينده تهران در مجلس اين امكان را داد تا هواداران اصلاحات بعد از هفته ها نگراني و اعتراض، نفس راحتي بكشند. مجيد انصاري، كه علاوه بر نمايندگي مجلس، عضو مجمع تشخيص مصلحت هم هست، روز گذشته اعلام كرد بررسي آيين نامه اي كه قرار بود اين مجمع تهيه و اجرا كند، از دستور كار خارج شد. قرار بود در اين آيين نامه نحوه نظارت مجمع تشخيص مصلحت بر سياستهاي كلي نظام مشخص شود. مخالفان آيين نامه، اصلاح طلبان، معتقدند هدف از نوشتن آيين نامه، افزودن به قدرت و اختيارت مجمع تشخيص و كاستن از قدرت و اختيارات مجلس است. اما موافقان آيين نامه به قانون اساسي استناد ميكنند كه بر اساس ان رهبر جمهوري اسلامي اختيار نظارت بر دستگاه ها را دارد و او هم كار نظارت را به مجمع واگذار كرده است. بر اساس انچه مجيد انصاري، از مخالفان آيين نامه، ديروز اعلام كرد، او و همكارانش توانستند در مجمع تشخيص استدلال كند كه چنين ايين نامه اي غير قابل اجراست. اما اظهارات آقاي انصاري مشخص نمي كند آيا ديگر اعضا مجمع، كه دستكم چهار ماه است ايين نامه مود نظر خود را بررسي كرده اند، واقعا قانع شدند كه غير قابل اجراست يا اينكه بخاطر فشآرها و اعتراض هاي مخالفان آيين نامه، از پيگيري ان صرفنظر كردند. هر چه باشد. مهمترين مخالفان آيين نامه، رييس دولت، محمد خاتمي و رييس مجلس، مهدي كروبي بودند كه هر دو عضو مجمع تشخيص هستند. از انجاييكه جلسات مجمع تشخيص غير علني است، كسي نمي داند مذاكرات و چانه زني هاي پيش از تصميم گيري چه كيفيتي دارند، بويژه در اين مورد خاص كه به نظر ميرسد اكثريت موافق ايين نامه كوتاه امدند و تسليم نظر يا فشار اقليت شدند. با اين حال، آنچه ظاهرا اكثريت اعضا مجمع در برابر ان كوتاه نيامده اند ايده ايست كه نام ان را "حسن اجراي نظارت بر سياستهاي كلي نظام" گذاشته اند. به گفته مجيد انصاري، دولت خود يك آيين نامه ديگري تنظيم كرده است كه رسما به مجمع تشخص تقديم كرده است. مجيد انصاري تاكيد دارد در ايين نامه اي كه دولت داده، ايرادات ايين نامه قبلي رفع شده است. تاكنون افكار عمومي نه ميداند مفاد ايين نامه قبلي چه بود و نه از مفاد اين ايين نامه كه گفته شده دولت به مجمع داده خبر دارد. اما شايد اين نفس راحت كشيدن اصلاح طلبان مدت زيادي دوام نياورد. اولين دليل آن، مخالفت اصولي اصلاح طلبان با ايده نظارت كردن مجمع است. مجمع حتي اگر هم ايين نامه اي را بپذيرد كه دولت به ان داده، معلوم نيست كه همه اصلاح طلبان طرفدار دولت ان را تاييد كنند. اولين هشدار تلويحي اصلاح طلبان امروز از سوي الهه كولايي، نماينده دوم خردادي تهران در مجلس، عنوان شد. خانم كولايي گفت كه نوشتن ايين نامه از سوي هر نهادي كه باشد، بايد بر اساس اين اصل باشد كه مجلس در راس همه امور است. اين اظهار نظر الهه كولايي نشان ميدهد كه شايد صرفنظر كردن مجمع از آيين نامه اول و تن دادن به بررسي آيين نامه دولت، از بار اعتراض ها و نگراني هاي اصلاح طلبان نكاهد بويژه كه در حال حاضر ظاهرا نمايندگان مجلس هم دقيقا نمي دانند مفاد ايين نامه پيشنهادي دولت چيست.

مجيد انصاري، نماينده تهران در مجلس شوراي اسلامي و عضو مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام، گفت آئين نامه نحوه نظارت تشخيص مصلحت بر حسن اجراي سياست هاي كلي نظام از دستور كار اين مجمع خارج شد. محمد خاتمي، رئيس جمهوري اسلامي و مهدي كروبي، رئيس مجلس، كه آنها نيز عضو مجمع هستند، با اين آئين نامه مخالف بودند. آئين نامه ديگري در باره نحوه نظارت مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام، از سوي دولت به مجمع ارائه شد. محتواي هيچ يك از اين دو آئين نامه فاش نشد. اولين نشانه مخالفت هاي احتمالي با اقدام دولت در بين جناح اصلاح طلب امروز از سوي الهه كولايي، نماينده مجلس عنوان شد كه نفس آيين نامه نويسي در اين باره را مورد ترديد قرار داد.

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