عليرضا طاهري، براساس گزارش «واشنگتن پست»
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, July 23, 2002
- Khatami abandoned by US as too weak
- Khatami in Kuala Lumpur
- Iran-Britain Trade
- Menem denies receiving Iran's hush money
- Qom's IRGC threatens reformists
- Conservative editor sues reformist website
- Contract teachers' problems
- "Authorized joy"
- Privatization of state banks
Bush Administration Loses Hope in Khatami and Regime's Reformists
* The Bush administration has abandoned hopes it can work with President Khatami and his reformist allies within the Iranian government and is now directing its attention to democracy supporters among the Iranian people, administration officials told the Washington Post. (Alireza Taheri)
Khatami in Kuala Lumpur
* President Khatami said Tuesday in Kuala Lumpur that the US is steering the world along a "frightening" path towards war. He said the US "language of insults and humiliation would not lead us anywhere." Ahmad Kazemi-Moussavi, Islamic law professor in Kuala Lumpur, who was at Khatami's lecture yesterday in Kuala Lumpur's Institute for Strategic Studies, tells RFE/RL that the Malaysian press welcomed Khatami's proposal to create an Islamic Union, but the real outcome of his trip were two agreements on reducing double taxing of goods exchanged between the two nations and facilitating investments. (Amir-Mosaddeq Katouzian)
* The British foreign ministry said in its annual report that out of 86 applications for exporting British goods to Iran, only 16 were refused last year, 3 for exporting military equipment and 13 for exporting dual purpose goods. British businesses need to obtain a license for exporting military or dual use goods to Iran. Michael Thomas, a British commerce department advisor, tells RFE/RL that the low number of export applications does not indicate a reduction in Iran-Britain trade, since exporting non-military items requires no license. Britain's trade with Iran has expanded 77 percent in the past three years. (Shahran Tabari)
Menem Denies Receiving Iran's Hush Money
* Former Argentine president Carlos Menem denied having received $10 million from Iran to keep silent on Iran's alleged role in the 1994 Buenes Aires bombing, and said Monday's NYT report on that subject would have little impact on his presidential campaign next year. (Siavash Ardalan)
Qom's IRGC Threatens Reformists
* After the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps headquarters' statement last week attacking the reformists as domestic agents of foreign powers, Qom's IRGC, threatened "lackeys of foreign powers" with "revolutionary reaction of the Hezbollah." (Siavash Ardalan)
Conservative Editor Sues Reformist Website for Airing His Interview
* The editor of the conservative newspaper "Entekhab" who denied having complained to "emrooz.org" about losing control of the paper to its hard-line owners, sued the reformist website in a Tehran court after "emrooz.org" put up the audio of his interview to refute his denial. Tehran-based journalist Sina Motalebi says this is the first time a website is being sued in Iran. He tells RFE/RL that there are no laws in Iran to regulate websites, but if the judiciary decides to close down "emrooz.org," it can resort to a 1950 law on crime prevention that was used for closing nearly 30 newspapers. But, he adds, a website can easily resume operation under a new name, and unlike newspapers, starting websites requires no license. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Problems of Contract Teachers
* Each year, the ministry of education employs some of the thousands of freelance teachers working in Iran's schools, but freelancers are in the dark about the time of their employment. Tehran-based freelance teacher Malieh Rahmani, who completed 224 hours of required training last summer, says no date has yet been announced for the exam she has to take before going on salary. She tells RFE/RL that freelance teachers are paid by the hour and have no paid holidays, healthcare or other benefits. (Mahmonir Rahmi)
* Assadollah Badamchian, of the conservative Islamic Coalition Association (Heyat-e Motalefeh-ye Eslami), introduced the term "authorized joy" in a speech yesterday to a national gathering of Friday prayer leaders. He said it is the job of the ruling clerics and the Islamic government to "decide" about the kind of "joy" young people can have, and to plan for it. RFE/RL's Mehdi Khalaji says "authorized joy" is a new term, and means that the conservatives would like to regulate the kind and the amount of joy in people's lives.
Privatization of State Banks
* The Tehran stock market today announced conditions under which banks can offer their shares to the public. RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says the article 44 of the Islamic Republic constitution declares banking a government monopoly. Foes of privatization can always close down private banks citing this article. Furthermore, state banks are bloated, money losing bureaucracies, hardly appealing to private investors.
Doctor in Germany Buys Iranians a Cultural Center
* Retired Dsseldorf doctor Hossein Moshiri tells RFE/RL that he bought a cultural center for Iranians with the money he received from selling his own house. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Pop Singer Farhad Hospitalized in France
* Veteran pop singer Farahad is hospitalized in Lille in northern France under the care of his sister, awaiting liver transplant. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Israel's air attack on a private house in Gaza kills 15, including a Hamas military leader. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Tunisian journalist Afif Afzal criticizes Hamas for its suicide bombing attacks on civilians, which he says only aids Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon. In an article in al-Hayat, he also accuses Arafat of having lost a golden peace opportunity during the Clinton years. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* According to Moscow's Kommersant newspaper (www.kommersant.ru) quotes two groups of analysts on the impact of possible US attack on Iraq on oil prices. Some say holding oil prices steady after US attack would only be possible by increasing production. Others believe that a jump in oil prices would be short-lived. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* UN says 1.2 million Afghan refugees returned home since the fall of Taliban. (Shireen Famili)
* US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld says a high level al Qaeda member in charge of the terrorist group's finance was arrested in Pakistan last week. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* The EU foreign ministers hold their last meeting before summer holidays in Brussels and discuss the spread of hunger in Africa and ways to punish Mugabe government in Zimbabwe. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* The Pope to visit Canada, Mexico and Guatemala. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* US cutoff aid to UN's World Population Fund. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Former British foreign secretary Douglas Hurd writes in the Financial Times that the notion that democracy always leads to peace and security is misleading in the Middle East. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* 50th anniversary of Egyptian revolution. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Two Albanian illegal immigrants drown in the Adriatic after their boat collides with a coast guard ship.
ARTS AND IDEAS
Classic Love Stories from Shahnameh: Siavash and Sudabeh
* Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the love story of Siavash and Sudabeh, based on Ferdowsi's epic Shahnameh.
Weekly Book Review Show
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews four books published last week in Tehran, including a Persian translation of Kenneth Thompson's Religion and Social Structure.
بنا به گفته مقامات آمريكايي، دولت جرج بوش اميد به همكاري با محمد خاتمي رييس جمهوري اسلامي و همپيمانان اصلاحگراي او در حكومت ايران را از دست داده است و مستقيما به هواداران مردمسالاري در ميان مردم ايران روي خواهد كرد. روزنامه واشنگتن پست در گزارشي تحت عنوان «U.S. Halts Overtures To Iran's Khatami» به قلم «گلن كسلر» Glenn Kessler نوشت: پس از پنج سال تلاش براي بررسي راههاي همكاري با خاتمي و تشويق اصللاحات در ايران، كاخ سفيد در روش هاي پيشين تجديد نظر مي كند.