Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, August 03, 2002
- Khalilzad's Iran Speech
- Saudi-Iran opposition to possible US Iraq attack
- Moscow publicizes Russia-Iran long-term agreement
- US-Russia conflict over Iran
- Child Abuse Conference in Esfahan
- Pourzand's wife writes to Islamic human rights commission
- Slum dwelling and culture
Khalilzad's Speech on Iran
* In a speech at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, the NSC office director for the Near East and South Asia, Zalmay Khalilzad, expressed the administration's support for the Iranian people in their struggle for democracy despite the harsh oppression by Iran's "unelected officials." He described the political, social, and economic mismanagement by those officials, and enumerated the problems they cause in terms of terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and violent opposition to the Middle East Peace Process. However, he said the future of Iran must be decided by the Iranian people. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Saudi Foreign Minister in Tehran Opposes US Attack on Iraq
* Tehran announced that Saudi Arabia and Iran share opposition to a possible US attack on Iraq, after the first visit to Tehran since the revolution by the Saudi foreign minister. (Alireza Taheri)
Moscow Publishes Iran-Russia Long-Term Cooperation Agreement
* Rajab Safarov, a member of the Russian president's board of advisors and director of Russia's Iranian studies center, publicized the text of the Iran-Russia long-term cooperation agreement. He said the Islamic Republic has yet to sign the pact. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
US-Russia Dispute over Iran
* Munich's Sddeutsche Zeitung report on the US-Russia conflict over Iran. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Child Abuse Conference in Esfahan
* Ninety-five percent of all abused children were abused by their parents, 78 percent were either beaten or threatened to be grounded or burned, according to a report presented at the first child protection conference held in Esfahan. The conservative Guardians Council rejected a recent Majles bill to protect all children under 18 as un-Islamic since it clashed with the Islamic principle of the guardianship of fathers. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Pourzand's Wife Writes to Iran's Islamic Human Rights Commission
* In a letter to protest the treatment in jail of her husband, veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand, leading human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar said officials of the Islamic Human Rights Commission should resign if they are fearful that performing their duties might subject them to a destiny like Pourzand's. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Slum dwelling and Its Social Impact
* Tehran-based sociology professor Davar Sheikhavandi says that rural culture cannot thrive in an urban environment. Slum dwellers lack a "social capital" and live in an ambiguous cultural world. Most crime syndicates recruit their forces from among the slums. (Shireen Famili)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* The Persian web-based magazine www.itiran.com is the Persian speaking IT managers' and enthusiasts' only source for keeping up-to-date with the developments in the industry. Toronto-based internet journalist and weblogger Hossein Derakhshan tells RFE/RL that the site's library of government circulars, executive directives and regulations about the IT industry and the Internet is unique among its offerings. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
* Government ministries rush to hire IT consultants. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
* News sites CNN and ABC add to their video streaming offerings, but restrict them to paying viewers. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily Medical Advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review Program
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews Persian Literature Encyclopedia edited by Hasan Andisheh.
Review of Iran's Constitutional Movement
* Oxford University professor Homayoun Katouzian, author of several books on Iran's contemporary history, discusses the roots of the constitutional revolution in Iran.
Today in History (Gholamhosein Mirzasaleh, Tehran)
Girl Schools New Dress Code
A test program began by education ministry in Tehran allows schoolgirls in visually protected schools to wear clothes and colors of their choice.
* Paris-based sociologist Said Peyvandi says the goal of the project is to boost students' morale. (Shireen Famili)
Song "Gol-e Qased"
* RFE/RL's music critic discusses an old song "Gol-e Qased" by veteran composer Anoshirvan Ruhani performed by the Los Angeles-based pop singer Zoya Sabet.
* Los Angeles-based DJ Afshin Gorgin plays a mix of Persian pop songs.
New York Magazine
Bruce Springsteen's New Album Focuses on September 11 Tragedy
* Critics hailed Bruce Springsteen's new album Rising, out last Tuesday, as the first complete work of art by an American artist about the September 11 tragedy. In today's New York Magazine, RFE/RL reviews the album, and provides Persian translations of some of the lyrics of key songs, including "Into the Fire," "Rising" and "Paradise." (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Chilean Writer Isabel Allende turns 60. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Daily Science Report:
Genetically Modified Food for Africa: Two Views
* The United States, the biggest contributor of relief food to the World Food Program (WFP), said its food aid might in the future be genetically modified food. Although many environmentalists are against the idea, some scientists, especially Kenyan scientist Florence Wambugu, who pioneered the first genetically modified sweet potato in Sub-Saharan Africa in 1990s, argue that biotechnology can be used to boost nutrition for millions of starving people. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
* EU welcomes Turkey's move to ban death penalty and allow Kurdish media. (Alireza Taheri)
* Iraq's change of tone on UN arms inspectors does not change US resolve to remove Saddam Hussein from power. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* German Chancellor Schroder opposes the possible US attack on Iraq. Middle East crisis turns into a campaign issue in Germany. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Jailbreak in Haiti frees 150, including Amiot Metayer, an ally of former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide. (Alireza Taheri)
* In a message through European countries attending the Five plus Five Mediterranean conference Libya tells US it would not return to past policies. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Family of the French driver blamed for Princess Diana's death sues French police to clear his name. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Syria convicts two human rights activists to jail in a national security court. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Germany busts the largest distribution network of counterfeit euros. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Riyadh airport arrests an Egyptian passenger from Cairo carrying 300 snakes in a suitcase. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
در نخستين كنفرانس دفاع از حقوق كودك در اصفهان، كارشناسان با اشاره به نتايج يك بررسي كه برروي 115 كودك پنج تا چهارده سال در اين شهر انجام شد، اعلام كردند 95 در صد از كودكان آزار شده در معرض بدرفتاري والدين خود قرار گرفتند و 78 در صد از آنها تحت ضرب و شتم قرار گرفتند يا به زندان يا سوزانده شدن تهديد شدند. گزارش ديگري حاكي از تكرار موارد فرزندكشي است. مصوبه مجلس براي حمايت دادستان كل از تمام افراد زير 18 سال، به دليل مغايرت با اصل قيمومت پدر در شرع اسلام، توسط شوراي نگهبان رد شد.