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شنبه ۱۳ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۹:۱۷ - ۳ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

شكارچيان مغز در ايران: شبكه هاي شناسائي و اعزام متخصصان علمي به خارج از كشور


مهدي خلجي

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, August 11, 2002 - Iran's cooperation in the fight against terrorism - Brain hunting network - Khatami to visit Afghanistan - Delay in crackdown on illegal Afghans - MIRO protests Aghajari's arrest - Reaction to Zarafshan's arrest - MPs concern over conservatives' action in Khatami's absence - Caspian virgin forests - Central bank-finance ministry dispute Iran-Saudi Arabia-US Cooperation against al-Qaeda * Saudi Foreign Minster Prince Saud Faisal said in an interview with the Washington Post that Iran turned over 16 Saudi-born al-Qaeda fugitives to Saudi Arabia and worked directly with the US to combat al Qaeda. (Alireza Taheri) Brain Hunting Network Exports Iranian Talent The state-owned daily "Iran" reported that "a network of brain hunters," fished for scientific and technical talent through conferences and seminars it helped set up, and exported its catch for work in foreign countries, particularly Germany. * Brain drain is an outcome of the widespread unemployment, says RFE/RL Mehdi Khalaji. The government plans to export Iranian talent abroad. The official news agency IRNA newspaper's labeling similar efforts the work of "foreign-based brain hunting network" seeks to blame foreigners for the failure of the regime's economic, educational and social policies that has led to the mass exodus of professionals and scientists. Khatami to Visit Afghanistan * President Khatami will visit Afghanistan later this week at the head a high-level political, economic and cultural delegation from Iran. This will be a first top level visit by an Iranian official to Afghanistan since the fall of Taliban. Details of the trip is being kept secret for security reasons, wrote the Associated Press. (Shahran Tabari, London) Iran Delays Crack Down on Illegal Afghan Immigrants * The interior ministry's director of alien affairs said the project to gather and deport Afghans illegally in Iran is being postponed for 16 days. UN High Commission for Refugees expressed concern about the increasing number of returning Afghan refugees and complained that Iran is pressuring Afghan refugees to leave. (Golnaz Esfandiari) MIRO Protests against Aghajari's Arrest * The leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), a key member of the pro-Khatami coalition, demanded the release of MIRO central council member and Tehran University professor Hashem Aghajari, who was arrested last week by the order of a Hamedan court that had released him on bail earlier. Aghajari is accused of insulting the clergy and the prophet for his mid-June speech in a Hamedan mosque in which he criticized the clerical rule and questioned the Shiite principle of religious emulation. In its statement, MIRO said Aghajari's arrest and the closing last week of two reformist dailies Ruz-e Now and Ayneh Jonub were the judiciary's reaction to 151 MPs letter protesting the judiciary's crackdown on political dissent. (Mehdi Khalaji) Relatives of Serial Murders' Victims Protest Their Lawyer's Jailing * Parastu Foruhar, daughter of the murdered nationalist leaders Parvaneh and Dariush Foruhar, two victims of the 1998 serial killings of dissidents and journalists by intelligence ministry officers, tells RFE/RL that by jailing lawyer Naser Zarafshan, who represented the family of Mohammad Moskhtari, another victim of the murders, the authorities want to keep secret the masterminds of the murders and show that anyone who dares to investigate the killings would be punished. Naser Zarafshan's verdict of five years in prison and 50 lashes for "revealing government secrets" was confirmed three weeks ago by an appeals court. He began to serve his sentence last Thursday after he was picked up in a Tehran street on his way to work. On the day his sentence was confirmed, Zarafshan told RFE/RL that he expected consequences when he continued to press for more investigation on the murders despite pressures and threats. (Siavash Ardalan) Worried MPs Seek to Cancel the Majles Summer Holidays * A group of MPs decided to ask Speaker Mehdi Karubi to cancel the Majles summer holidays. The Majles MPs are concerned about the recent crackdown by the judiciary on reformist press and activists like Hashem Aghajari, as well as President Khatami's upcoming Afghanistan trip. The conservatives have in the past shown that they chose the occasion of a presidential trip abroad for potentially embarrassing moves against the reformist politicians and press. Ali Rabiee, a Khatami advisor and spokesman for national security council, warned that the regime would soon face random riots and "political terror." Reacting to the present deadlock in the conflict within the regime between the reformists and conservatives, some reformists suggested exiting the regime as a solution. Habibollah Askaroladi, general secretary of the hard-line conservative Hey'at-hayeh Mo'talefeh-ye Eslami, said the reformists' brings the future of the regime under question. (Alireza Taheri) German Ecologist Finds Caspian Forests Uniquely Vrigin * In a book published in Germany last week, ecology professor Wolfgang Nesler writes that Iran's Caspian forest is unique in the world, because parts of its has never been touched by mankind. He suggests preservation of the Mazandaran forest as a global heritage. Cologne-based ecology professor Turaj Yavari tells RFE/RL that the book suggests that the Caspian forest can be used as a virgin source for studying natural forests, since most forests in the world are now the product of reforestation by man. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) Central Bank-Finance Ministry Rivalry: Round Two * For the second time in so many years, minister of economy and finance Tahmasb Mazaheri asked the cabinet to remove central bank director Mohsen Nurbakhsh. The organizational and personal clash between two of Khtami's three-man economic team has led to confusion in Iran and abroad about the direction of government's economic policy. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) ARTS AND IDEAS Daily Internet Report: Iranian Feminists * A Tornoto-based site, www.iranianfeminists.com posts for reading online and downloading full texts of books on feminism and women's rights banned or recalled by the judiciary. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Daily Medical Advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles) Daily Book Review: "Religion Within Limits of Reason Alone * RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews a Persian translation by Manuchehr Sanieh of German philosopher Emmanuel Kant's book "Religion Within Limits of Reason Alone, published last week by Naqsh-ve-Negar in Tehran. Today in History (Gholamhossein Mirzasaleh, Tehran) Use of Aspirin in the Prevention of Pancreatic Cancer * Consistent use of Aspirin can reduce chances of developing pancreatic cancer, according to a large-scale study conducted by the University of Minnesota. Dr. Ernest Hawk, director of the gastrointestinal research at the National Cancer Institute, tells RFE/RL that before advising people to use aspirin for this purpose, more randomized studies need to be performed. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) Civil Society and Human Rights * Lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar says in her weekly appearance on RFE/RL that in her remarks to the 1998 Berlin conference on reforms in Iran, which was disrupted by hard-line leftists living in Europe, she said gaining a majority in the Majles did not mean that the reformists had reached their goal. The writers, lawyers and activists who took part in that conference, including Ms. Kar were arrested and tried by the judiciary on the charge of anti-regime activity. Song: "Ashofteh Bazaar" * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam plays "Ashofteh Bazaar," an old song by the 1970's popular pop singer Dariush. Joy (Shahdi) * Los Angeles-based DJ Afshin Gorgin spins latest Persian pop songs. RFE/RL Roundtable: Democracy * Washington-based sociologist Rasool Nafisy and philosophy scholar Ramin Jahanbeglu discuss the meaning of democracy. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Mohsen Kadivar's Speech at Columbia University: From Constitutional Monarchy to Islamic One-Man Rule * In a speech in Persian at Columbia University, dissident cleric Mohsen Kadivar said the Islamic Republic has turned into a form of one-man absolute dictatorship headed by a the Supreme Leader, who claims his legitimacy comes from God and is not accountable to any man-made legal institution. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) WORLD * Reacting to US talks with the Palestinian Authority officials in Washington, Hamas says it will continue terrorist attacks within Israel. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * The leaders of six Iraqi opposition groups meet with US officials in Washington. (Alireza Taheri) * The Arab League president says US anti-Saddam attack would deepen crisis in the region. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Libya considers abolition of death penalty. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * A French court summons Egypt's top newspaper editor to explain an anti-Semite article printed in the French version of the semi-official al-Ahram. Osama Saraya, editor of the Cairo weekly al-Ahram-ol-Arabi tells RFE/RL that many Jewish extremists print offending comments about Muslims. Such comments should be ignored. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Russian defense minister warns Georgia that it would react to another excursion into Russia by armed Chechen rebels with air attacks on Georgian territory. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Brown cloud over southeast Asia worries UN ecology experts. Claus Topper, head of UN environmental research program in London tells RFE/RL that the polluted cloud threatens the health of millions in the region. (Shahran Tabari, London)مهدي خلجي (راديوآزادي): محمد خاتمي رئيس جمهوري ايران گفته است در حال حاضر درصد کثيري از شرکت کنندگان در المپيادها، نخبگان و متفکران در خارج از کشور به سر مي برند و بايد براي جذب آنها تلاش صورت گيرد. آقاي خاتمي راه اساسي جذب و نگه داري نيروي انساني را تأمين امنيت و زندگي آبرومند دانسته است. آقاي خاتمي گفته است ما نيروهاي متخصص زيادي در سراسر دنيا داريم که بسيار هم علاقه مند هستند براي خدمت به ايران بازگردند اما ما بلد نيستيم آنان را جذب کنيم. در عين حال روزنامه ايران در شماره امروز خود تيتر اصلي را به گزارشي با عنوان فعاليت شبکه هاي شکار مغز در ايران و ماجراي باند استقلال اختصاص داده و مدعي شده که خروج 101 دانش آموز و دانشجوي طراز اول کشور از مجموعد 350 نفر نشان مي دهد که شکارچيان مغز در ايران شبکه گسترده اي را تدارک ديده اند. روزنامه ايران نوشته برخي از افراد فعال در اين زمينه با همکاري گروهي از فعالان دانشگاهي با برگزاري سمينارها و شناسايي نخبگان علمي در اين امر فعال هستند. روزنامه «ايران،» سمينارها و کنفرانس هاي علمي و هم چنين المپيادها را راهي براي جست و جوي مغرها و فراري دادن آنها توصيف کرده است. روزنامه دولتي ايران از کسي با نام دکتر محمود سين نام برده و او را رابط يک سفارت اروپايي معرفي کرده که با برگزاري و حضور در چنين سمينارهايي نخبگان را به طور دسته جمعي، جمع آوري مي کند و آنها را به کشورهايي مانند آلمان صادر مي نمايد. بحث فرار مغزها در ايران، از سال ها پيش مطرح شده، اما طبق آمارهاي رسمي، روند مهاجرت ايرانيان تحصيل کرده، در سال هاي اخير کاهش نيافته است. کارشناسان اجتماعي و اقتصادي، فقدان بازار کار، نبود امنيت شغلي، آزادي بيان و آزادي هاي فردي و اجتماعي را از عوامل اصلي مهاجرت ايرانيان تحصيل کرده مي دانند. طبق پاره اي از آمارها بيش از نيمي از فارغ التحصيلان رشته هاي علوم انساني در ايران، کار متناسب با تحصيلات خود را نمي يابند. اين مسأله تا آن جا پيش رفته که خود دولت جمهوري اسلامي در حال انديشيدن تدابيري براي صادر کردن نيروي کار و حتا فارغ التحصيلان پزشکي به خارج از کشور است. در چنين شرايطي، معلوم نيست که متهم کردن عده اي به عنوان شکارچي مغز، چه اهدافي را دنبال مي کند؟ در محافل گفته مي شود که در ايران عده اي دوست دارند سرنخ هر مشکلي را در برنامه اي توطئه آميز و پنهاني و احياناً هدايت شده از خارج کشور پيدا کنند. احتمالاً با طرح شبکه شکارچيان مغز، خارجي ها مقصر و سياست هاي آموزشي و اجتماعي تبرئه خواهند شد.

بنا به گزارش روزنامه «ايران،» دلالان و شبكه هاي شكار مغز، كارشناسان و متخصصان ايراني را از طريق برگزاري سمينارهاي علمي شناسائي و سپس براي كار به خارج از كشور، از جمله آلمان منتقل مي كنند. بحث فرار مغزها در ايران، از سال ها پيش مطرح شده، اما طبق آمارهاي رسمي، روند مهاجرت ايرانيان تحصيل کرده، در سال هاي اخير کاهش نيافته است. کارشناسان اجتماعي و اقتصادي، فقدان بازار کار، نبود امنيت شغلي، آزادي بيان و آزادي هاي فردي و اجتماعي را از عوامل اصلي مهاجرت ايرانيان تحصيلکرده مي دانند. اين مسئله تا آنجا پيش رفته که خود دولت جمهوري اسلامي در حال انديشيدن تدابيري براي صادر کردن نيروي کار و حتي فارغ التحصيلان پزشکي به خارج از کشور است. در چنين شرايطي، معلوم نيست که متهم کردن عده اي به عنوان شکارچي مغز، چه اهدافي را دنبال مي کند؟ احتمالاً با طرح شبکه شکارچيان مغز، خارجي ها مقصر و سياست هاي آموزشي و اجتماعي تبرئه خواهند شد.

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