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جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۹:۲۸ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

توافق جمهوري اسلامي و تركيه بر سر كاهش بهاي صادرات گاز ايران و تاثير منفي آن بر سرمايه گذاري انرژي در منطقه


جمشيد زند، براساس گزارش مايكل لليولد (راديوآزادي)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, October 11, 2002 - Turkey slashes Iran's and Russia's gas price. - Factions clash over opinion poll on US relations - Arab press on Jack Straw's Tehran visit - Iran's territorial disputes - Judiciary summons convicted journalist - Bill to ban money-laundering - Women's rights in development - Judiciary forms committee on Internet crimes - Conservative press publish slander against arrested activists Turkey Slashes Gas Imports' Volume and Price * Turkey and Iran agreed to cut the price of Iranian gas exports to Turkey by 9 percent. Also, Russia's Gasporan cut 6 percent in the price of the gas it exports to Turkey. Furtheremore, Turkey's nixed its commitment to import a set amount of gas per year from Iran. All this will all depress investments in oil and gas exploration in the area, writes RFE/RL's Michael Lelyveld. (Jamshid Zand) Factions Clash over Opinion Poll on US Relations * A public opinion poll sponsored by the Iranian government, which showed more than 75 percent of Iranians favored relations with the US, pitted the two rival factions within the regime against one another, reports the Reuters news agency. (Shahran Tabari, London) Jack Straw's Tehran Visit: The View from the Arab Press * Al-Hayat said Iran wants to avoid opposing the US in the Iraq crisis, quoting defense minister Ali Shamkhani who said Iran would not consider US planes hostile if they use Iranian air space. Al-Ahram wrote that Iran passed on the opportunity to join the US in crushing its old enemy Iraq and preferred to remain neutral. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) Iran's Territorial Disputes with Its Neighbors * A symposium at London University deals with Iran's territorial disputes with its neighbors and Caspian Sea littoral states. Tehran University international relations professor Davud Hermidas-Bavand, who is attending the conference, tells RFE/RL that any agreement on the Caspian Sea legal regime should be approved by all the littoral states. He says the way to eliminate Iran-Azerbaijan differences on the Caspian oil fields is joint exploitation. Tehran University doctoral candidate Sohrab Asghari says Iran has territorial disputes with three neighboring states: Iraq, Kuwait and the UAE. (Shahran Tabari, London) Judiciary Summons Convicted Journalist * The Judiciary summoned journalist Isa Khandan, social editor of the banned Khordad newspaper, on charges of acting against national security. Khandan, who was jailed for three months on a similar charge, was freed last year after paying 500 million rials in fines. His wife Narges Shahkari tells RFE/RL that they are told the summons is unrelated to his previous conviction and is connected to the trials of members of the nationalist-religious coalition. (Jamshid Zand) Government Approves Bill to Ban Money Laundering * The cabinet approved a bill to ban money laundering. Tehran-based economist Habib Chini tells RFE/RL that income from bribes, smuggling and other illegal activity can be transferred abroad and brought back in as foreign investment. However, he adds, the new bill seems to have been put together in response to the international community's post-September 11 pressure on Iran to close financial loopholes that terrorism financers may use to park their money in Iran's banks, using Iran's new foreign investment law. (Shireen Famili) Women's Rights and Development Conference * 1200 participated in the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) forum held last week in Guadalajara, Mexico. Mahnaz Afkhami, head of the Bethesda, MD-based Women's Learning Partnership for Rights, Development and Peace, who took part in the conference, tells RFE/RL that the conference's goal was to find ways to expand social justice in the globalization process, and to reduce the gap between rich and poor. She adds that the conference also discussed religious fundamentalism and its impact on women. (Shireen Famili) Internet and Computer Crimes Committee Meet * The committee to develop bills to deal with Internet and computer-related crimes met for the first time yesterday at the Judiciary. Mostafa Mohammadi, head of Iranian ISPs association, who is a member of the committee formed at the order of judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmud Shahrudi, tells RFE/RL that the committee, made up of judiciary and communications ministry staff, as well as representatives from the industry, has only an advisory role. (Jamshid Zand) Civil Society and Human Rights * Human rights advocate and visiting University of Virginia law professor Mehrangiz Kar discusses the conservative newspapers' practice of slandering arrested journalists and political activists before their trials. She cites false reports in the daily Resalat against Naser Zarafshan, jailed lawyer of the relatives of the 1998 serial murders of dissidents by intelligence ministry agents. ARTS AND IDEAS * Through its website, the National Iranian-American Council promotes participation in US civil society organizations and local, state and national elections among Iranian immigrants. Also, http://www.alwaystranse.com serves Iranian techno-music enthusiasts with the latest news and artists discographies in Persian, as well as video and audio clips, and access to a newsgroup. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles) Daily Book Review * RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews a new Persian translation of August Strindberg's play Miss Julie. Iranian Publishers at the Frankfurt Book Fair * Shahla Lahiji, head of theTehran-based Roshangaran publishing company, tells RFE/RL that in her speech at the Frankfurt international book fair she introduced Iranian new literature, which incidentally is dominated by talented women writers. (Shahram Mirian, Frankfurt) Daily Science Report * Asia Pacific countries are investing heavily in research on and production of herbal drugs based on traditional medicine. In Iran a few companies have become active in the field, for example Qatran Iran exports herbal extracts to Germany, France, England, Japan and Persian Gulf countries. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) Song: Forugh-e Eshq (Ray of Love) * RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic Forugh-e Eshq, by composer Hossein Dehlavi based on classic poetry of Faridedin Attar, performed by 1970s Tehran Opera singer Hossein Sarsar, who died in 1999. WORLD * US Congress approves resolution to give war powers against Iraq to the President. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Review of Arab press reaction to US Congress' anti-Iraq resolution. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * CIA director warns that Iraq might resort to chemical and biological weapons if cornered by a US attack. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * British Prime Minister visits Russia's president in Moscow. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * In the aftermath of the terrorist attack on the French tanker in Yemen waters, French terrorism expert George Luger tells RFE/RL that Islamic radicals do not differentiate between western countries and a year after US attack on Afghanistan want to claim their presence in the region. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Parvez Musharraf party Muslim League was declared the winner in the first post-coup free elections in Pakistan, in which Molana Azam Tariq, the leader of the Sahabeh, a radical Sunni party charged with assassinations of Shiite religious and community leaders, won a seat in the Pakistan parliament. Former prime ministers Binazir Butto and Navaz Sharif were banned from the elections. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Washington residents are gripped by fear as an unidentified assailant takes his eighth victim in a Virginia gas station. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Former US President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Prize. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * The six members of the Golf Cooperation Council plan a unified currency, such as EU's euro. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)

سرانجام تركيه موفق شد قيمت و حجم گاز وارداتي از ايران و روسيه را كاهش دهد. در يكي دوهفته آينده صادرات گاز طبيعي ايران به تركيه از سر گرفته خواهد شد. شركت دولتي گاز پروم روسيه نيز 9 در صد از بهاي گاز صادراتي اين كشور كاست. براساس تفاهم نامه جديد ميان تركيه و جمهوري اسلامي، تركيه ملزم به رعايت حداقل ميزان صادرات گاز نخواهد بود. پائين آمدن قيمت گاز و عدم تعهد نسبت به خريد آن باعث كاهش سرمايه گذاري در استخراج نفت و گاز در منطقه خواهد شد.

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