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شنبه ۱۳ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۳:۵۶ - ۳ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

بررسي عملكرد اقتصادي دولت خاتمي، از ديد يك كارشناس


بکتاش خمسه‌پور، مصاحبه با دکتر موسي غني‌نژاد (تهران)

Summary of Iran Stories of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSummary of Iran Stories of Today's Broadcast Sunday, November 24, 2002 Khatami's Economic Performance * The management and planning organization (formerly planning and budget organization) estimated the GDP growth rate to reach 4.4 percent by the end of the current fiscal year on March 22, 2003, only 1 tenth of a point lower than the Third Five-Year Economic Plan's goal. But Tehran economist Musa Ghaninezhad tells RFE/RL that the growth rate comes from higher oil prices, and that the Khatami administration did not reach the plan's goal in jobs creation. Also, inflation is on the rise due to higher than expected budget deficits. (Baktash Khamsehpour) Jailed Pollsters' Torture Warning * In a press conference today, top officials of the leading reformist party Jebheh-ye Mosharekat (Participation Front) asked President Khatami to give the judiciary a constitutional notice since the judiciary's treatment of jailed pollsters Abbas Abdi, Hossein Ghazian and Behruz Geranpayeh is tantamount to torture. The three, who are managers of two padlocked government-owned public opinion survey agencies, were thrown in jail last month after the publication of a poll that showed 74 percent of respondents favor relations with the US. (Siavash Ardalan) Basiji Students Eject Habibollah Pezhman from University Conference on Shariati * On the 70th birthday of Islamic modernist Ali Shariati, the students of Tehran's Shahid Beheshti University turned a meeting in his honor to a rally against professor Hashem Aghajari's death sentence by calling the meeting "Shariati and Islamic Protestanism," the title of Aghajari's June lecture at a mosque in Hamedan, for which he received death penalty. Reza Alijani, a nationalist-religious activist who was released on bail a few months ago, and Majid Haji-Babai, head of the Shahid Beheshti University students' Islamic council, spoke at the meeting. An eye-witness tells RFE/RL that the student members of the Basij corps, the volunteer division of the Islamic revolutionary guards corps, helped the university's security personnel to eject nationalist-religious activist Habibollah Peyman from the meeting, at which he was scheduled to speak. (Mehdi Khalaji) The Expediency Council and President Khatami's Reform Bills * In his speech at Qom's official Friday prayer ceremony, Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, head of the conservative Guardians Council, portrayed the Expediency Council, headed by former president Ali-Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani, as a fourth branch of government, giving it a footing equal to that of the legislative, executive and judiciary branches - a point that was criticized the next day in the Majles. The reformists within the government fear that President Khatami's bills to expand presidential powers and reform the election law would finally reach the Expediency Council, but President Khatami's brother Mohammad-Reza, deputy speaker of the Majles and head of the pro-reform party Jebheh-ye Mosharekat, said if the Guardians Council rejected the bills, the Majles can resort to a national referendum, instead of sending the bills to the Expediency Council. (Mehdi Khalaji) Iran-Italy Negotiations on Industrial Cooperation * After a meeting in Rome between deputy industries minister Morteza Sharifolnasabi and Italy's productive activities (Attivit… produttive) minister Antonio Marzano, a spokesman said Iran is interested in cooperating with Italy on a plan to produce 700,000 jobs next year through investments in small and mid-size industries. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Basij Corp's Support for the Conservative Faction * Thousands of Basij volunteers chanted "death to America" during a street ceremony in front of the former US embassy building in Tehran, which followed a speech by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps commander Rahim Safavi, inaugurating the "Basij Week." Basiji journalist Mohammad Hussein Jafarian tells RFE/RL that the Basijis' demonstrations should not be characterized as a "display of power" against reformist students. He says that Basijis take action when they feel that the fruits of the revolution for which they fought are in danger, and that it is wrong to characterize their crackdown on pro-reform students as support for the regime's conservative faction. (Siavash Ardalan) Registration of All Antique Manuscripts * Tabriz MP Ali-Asghar Sherdust, a member of the Majles cultural committee, said the bill calling for registration of all antique manuscripts in public and private libraries seeks to prevent smuggling. Prominent manuscript collector and head of London's Iran Heritage Foundation Farhad Hakimzadeh tells RFE/RL that it would be practically impossible to catalogue millions of antique manuscripts in private collections. He adds that cataloguing manuscripts in museums and public libraries could help prevent theft, but Iran lacks the resources for it. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Imports Increase by 20 Percent * Iran imported $12.5 billion worth of goods the past seven months, a 20 percent increase as compared to the same period last year, while non-oil exports remained almost constant at $2.5 billion, according to the latest figures issued by the customs bureau. At this pace, the total imports for the current fiscal year would balloon to $21.5 billion, which is alarming, since a drop in oil prices would repeat the financial crisis of the mid-1990s. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) Civil Society and Human Rights: Discrimination against Women * Human rights activist and lawyer Mehrangiz Kar discusses discrimination against women in Iran's legal and political system, where laws prevent women from becoming judges and assuming high level political office. Relative Independence of Student Protests * RFE/RL's Paris based education commentator Said Peyvandi says relative independence from the regime's two political factions marks the recent student protests, which began two weeks ago against Aghajari's death sentence and continued with widespread on campus rallies against the regime. RFE/RL Roundtable: Prostitution * Tehran psychologist Azardokht Mofidi, Tehran University psychology professor Shahin Oliyai-Zand and Paris University sociology professor Azadeh Kian discuss the spread of prostitution and promiscuity in Iran. (Mehdi Khalaji) RFE/RL Roundtable: Student Movement * Mehdi Aminzadeh, a member of the central council of the Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat, association of students Islamic councils, Bahman Kalbasi, a former board member of the Daftar, who is now studying in Toronto, Canada, and Tehran-based reformist journalist Ahmad Zeydabadi discuss the revitalized student movement. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)

سازمان مديريت و برنامه ريزي، رشد اقتصاد ايران تا پايان امسال را بيش از 4 درصد و 4 دهم درصد پيش بيني کرد که با هدف 4 درصد و 5 دهم درصد که در برنامه سوم توسعه اقتصادي تعيين شده، فاصله چنداني ندارد. دکتر موسي غني‌نژاد، کارشناس اقتصاد در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: رشد اقتصادي ناشي از افزايش درآمدهاي نفتي است، که به ايجاد شغل، در حدي که هدف برنامه سوم بود، منجر نشد و به همين سبب، توفيق زيادي به شمار نمي آيد. وي مي افزايد: افزايش نرخ تورم در سال جاري که تا 15 درصد پيش بيني شده است، به سبب افزايش حجم نقدينگي است، ناشي از كسري بودجه دولت.

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