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دوشنبه ۱۵ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۸:۴۱ - ۵ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

پيامد رد طرح سه فوريتي نمايندگان مجلس براي اصلاح قانون انتخابات: شكست اصلاح‌طلبان مصالحه‌جو


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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiMonday, January 26, 2004 <b>Powell Raises Concern over Iran-Russia Nuclear Cooperation with Ivanov</b> • At a meeting today in Moscow with Russian foreign minister Igor Ivanov, US Secretary of State Collin Powell raised US concerns about Russia-Iran nuclear cooperation, portraying US-Russia cooperation to defuse Iran&apos;s nuclear threat in the interest of both countries. (Alireza Taheri) <b>Guardians Council Reject Majles Legislation to Amend Election Law</b> • The Guardians Council rejected as un-Islamic the emergency legislation approved yesterday by the Majles reformist majority, which would have nullified the Guardians Council&apos;s bans on the reelection of 83 MPs. The amendments included a clause suggested last week by the Supreme Leader which would have automatically allowed the MPs and those approved to run in previous elections to stand for reelection. Another amendment would have nullified the mass disqualification of over 3,000 candidacy applicants on the basis of commitment to Islam, the Supreme Leader and the Islamic Republic. • The Majles reformists approved the amendments at the urging of President Khatami and Majles speaker Mehdi Karrubi, who advised the more radical reformists to seek a compromise. With the hard position that the Guardians Council took on the Majles legislation, it appears that the resolution of the current crisis has become evem less attainable, because the Guardians Council&apos;s decision pushed the reformists to harden their positions. Tehran MPs Mohsen Armin and Elaheh Kulai said the impasse with the Guardians Council showed that fair and free elections will be impossible, hinting at the reformists&apos; plan to boycott the elections. The resignation threat, raised once more by the reformists, has met with ridicule, due to previous lack of follow-up to such threats. (Siavash Ardalan) • By passing the amendments bill, we tried to turn the Supreme Leader&apos;s advice to the Guardians Council into law, Majles speaker Mehdi Karrubi said today. However, several Majles reformists had spoken against the amendments at yesterday&apos;s open session of the Majles. No one has the right to gauge the piety of a person who has claimed devotion to Islam, Nishabour MP and head of the Majles complaints committee Hossein Ansari-Rad said, criticizing the amendment that would have required a candidacy applicant to bring certifications from ten local trustworthy notables, such as sitting judges, police chiefs, city council members and local Friday prayer leaders, to prove his/her devotion to Islam, the Supreme Leader and the regime. This law would make a candidacy applicant beholden to those who certify his piety, Sanandaj MP Baheddin Adab said. (Mina Baharmast) • The reformist faction does see it possible to take part in the February 20th election, head of the coordination council of the reformist faction (Jebheh-ye Dovom-e Khordad) said today. The process of approving the qualifications of the election candidacy applicants has not improved and the directions given by the nation&apos;s top leaders have been practically ignored, he added. Since free and fair elections under these conditions seem impossible, the coordination council of the reformist faction does not see it possible to be active in such an election. (Ali Sajjadi) • In today&apos;s <b>Radio Farda</b> roundtable, Tehran University political professor <b>Sadeq Zibakalam</b> and central council member of the association of Islamic student councils <b>Mehdi Kahalzadeh</b> comment about the participation of the electorate in the upcoming elections, and the consequences of boycotting it. While Kahalzadeh that due to the mass disqualifications of candidacy applicants by the Guardians Council, the Islamic student movement would not participate actively in promoting the elections, Zibakalam says people should exploit any means for participation provided within the regime&apos;s laws and regulations. We cannot say we don&apos;t want to overthrow the regime but we boycott the elections, he says. However, he adds that during their past six years that they have controlled the presidency and the Majles, the reformists have not had any plan of action to confront their conservative opponents. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) • The people&apos;s alienation with politics continues to mount as the two factions battle over the elections, Berlin daily <i>Der Tagesspiegel </i> writes. The role being played by the reformist President Khatami is becoming more questionable, another Berlin daily <i>Die Tageszeitung</i> writes. (Parviz Farhang, Cologne) • Internationally syndicated columnist Amir Taheri writes: Both factions insist that only those who are “100 percent Khomeinist” should be allowed to stand for election. Thus the debate is not about free elections in the sense understood in any democracy but about the right of some regime insiders to prevent some other insiders from becoming candidates. The best way to describe all this is as a family feud. If you look at the top 600 positions in Iran today, including the 290 members of the Islamic Majlis (parliament), you would be struck by the fact that so many of the individuals concerned are related to each other by blood or marriage. (Leyli Arman) <b>Al Qaeda Threatens Iran with Sunni Unrest</b> • Reacting to the Islamic regime&apos;s stated plan to put on trial 12 al-Qaeda detainees, the al-Qaeda threatened to incite rebellion against the Shiite clerics among the Sunni Baluchis in the southeastern province of Balushistan-va-Sistan, according to London Arabic daily <i>al-Hayat</i>. (Nazi Azima) <b>Defense Ministry Begins Production of New Short-Range Missile</b> • “We have inaugurated the production line for the Raad (Thunder) missiles which have undergone tests in various different circumstances,” defense Minister Ali Shamkhani said today in an address on the state-run TV. The Raad missile, developed for the Iranian navy, will have a range of 225 miles, three times that of the Nour missile, deployed by the army. Although the defense minister called the production of the new missiles defensive, deploying new missiles in the Hormoz Straight has become a cause of concern for Iran&apos;s neighbors. (Alireza Taheri) <b>EU-Iran Relations: Italian Foreign Minister Leaves Brussels for Tehran</b> • After attending the meeting in Brussels of the EU foreign ministers, in which Iran&apos;s nuclear program, human rights violations and the elections crisis were on the agenda, Italian foreign minister Franco Frattini left for Tehran, where he is to meet President Khatami, among others. Head of the Italian parliament&apos;s foreign relations committee Dario Riolta denounced the Guardians&apos; Council rejection of election candidacy applicants as a threat to democracy. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) • In today&apos;s meeting of the EU foreign ministers, Iran&apos;s nuclear program and internal political crisis over the upcoming Majles elections will be discussed. “We are watching developments, political developments in Iran with some concern. We hope that the situation can be resolved through Iran&apos;s internal political processes,” <b>Emma Edwin</b>, spokeswoman for the EU foreign-affairs commissioner, told RFE/RL. “Democracy is an important value at the European Union and it&apos;s important in all of our relationships with the countries,” she said of the elections crisis. (Bahman Bastani) • Both political factions are enthusiastic about expanding the EU-Iran relations, but they were told that signing a comprehensive cooperation agreement with the EU has three conditions: improvement in the human rights conditions, abolition of harsh and inhuman punishments and holding free elections, head of the European Commission&apos;s delegation Hans Svoboda, who has just returned from Iran, said. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) • A US defeat in Iraq would mean the defeat of the international community in the war against terrorism, former Italian foreign minister <b>Gianni De Michelis</b>, who has recently attended several international conferences in Tehran, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. To prevent such a defeat, the US and the European countries need to work closely with Iran, because all pieces of the Middle East puzzle are linked together. To create a democratic system in Iraq, first the Israeli-Palestinian conflict needs to be resolved, and in order to resolve that conflict, Syria and Lebanon&apos;s problems have to solved, and none of these problems can be dealt with without the cooperation of Turkey and Iran, he adds. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) <b>Phase One of the New Tehran Airport to Become Operational after 30 Years of Construction</b> • Phase one of the new Tehran international airport with capacity to serve 2 million passengers per year, will become operational on February 12, coinciding with the anniversary of the Islamic Republic, announced transportation minister Ahmad Khorram. Work on the project began under the former regime, when Tehran was a hob for international tourists and airport capacity was becoming a problem. Also, Iran Air announced that it has acquired a new second-had airbus passenger jet. The plane belonged to a European bank on lease to Midwest Airlines. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Interview with Former UN Human Rights Commission&apos;s Special Rapporteur</b> • The judiciary&apos;s handling of the investigation into the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi is just one example of the regime&apos;s approach to freedom of speech, former UN Human Rights Commission&apos;s Special Rapporteur on Iran <b>Maurice Capithorne</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Mr. Capithorne who was in London last weekend to attend the conference of “Democracy for Iran” group at the London University, says he is optimistic that the Iranian people will eventually reach their goal of having a democratic government, and receive support from the international community to achieve their goal. (Shahran Tabari, London) . سياوش اردلان (راديوفردا): در حاليكه چند ساعت از تصويب طرح سه فوريتي نمايندگان مجلس براي كاهش قدرت شوراي نگهبان نگذشته بود اين شورا طرح را رد كرد. شوراي نگهبان در بيانيه اي كه امروز انتشار داد گفت طرح سه فورتي مجلس مغاير اصولي از قانون اساسي و شرع است. نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس با اين هدف كه خودآنها و همفكران آنها بتوانند در انتخابات بعدي مجلس شركت كنند، در صدد برآمدند بخشي از قانون انتخابات را تغيير دهند. تغييري كه نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس در نظر داشتند، تغييرات حد اقلي بود. مضمون طرح سه فوريتي نمايندگان اين بود كه اگر داوطلبي فعلا يا قبلا نماينده مجلس بوده است بايد براي انتخابات بعدي هم تائيد شود مگر اينكه خلافش ثابت شود. يعني اساسا همان حرفي كه رهبر جمهوري اسلامي دو هفته پيش به شوراي نگهبان توصيه كرد. اما اينكه آيت الله خامنه اي اين را گفت كافي نبود كه شوراي نگهبان را متقاعد كند كه حتي در همين حد كوتاه بيايد. آنگونه امروز علي شكوري راد از نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس عنوان كرد، بسياري از همفكران او اصولا مخالف بردن طرح سه فوريتي به مجلس بودند اما با توصيه رئيس جمهوري و رئيس مجلس كه دعوت به مداراجوئي مي كردند، دست به چنين كاري زدند. نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس اينك فكر مي كنند كه مي توانند با اعلام قطع اميد از مصالحه با شوراي نگهبان به اعتراض هاي خود شدت بيشتري بدهند. زيرا ديگر نمي توانند متهم به نپيمودن تمام راه هاي آشتي جوئي بشوند. محسن آرمين و الهه كولائي، دو تن از نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس امروز اعلام كردند با اقدام شوراي نگهبان ديگر امكان برگزاري انتخاباتي آزاد وجود ندارد. از گفته هاي محسن آرمين و الهه كولائي چنين بر مي آيد كه آنها راههاي ادامه و شدت بخشيدن به اعتراض هاي خود را با اراده بيشتر دنبال مي كنند. محسن آرمين و الهه كولائي بار ديگر تهديد به استعفا را تكرار كردند. تهديدي كه به علت عملي نشدن تا كنون با تمسخر توام با ناباوري جناح راست روبرو شده است. بحث به تعويق انداختن انتخابات نيز بحث جدي ديگري در بين نمايندگان است. محسن آرمين خبر داد كه در پي در پيش گرفتن بحث استعفا امروز با دولت رايزني خواهد كرد. عصر ديروز دولت گفته بود تا تحقق برگزاري شروط انتخاباتي آزادانه، به كار خود ادامه خواهد داد. محمد خاتمي به عنوان رئيس دولت و مهدي كروبي، رئيس مجلس، جزو طيف هاي مداراجوي اصلاح طلبي هستند كه مي كوشند همفكران تندروي خود در مجلس را به كنار آمدن با شوراي نگهبان مجاب كنند. اما سرسختي شوراي نگهبان كمكي به اين امر نكرده است. آخرين مورد سرسختي شوراي نگهبان امروز وضعيت جديدي را به وجود آورده است كه بحران رد صلاحيت ها را از مرحله حل شدن دورتر از پيش ساخته است. در پيامد رد طرح سه فوريتي اصلاح قانون انتخابات كه قدرت شوراي نگهبان را در رد صلاحيت برخي از داوطلبان محدود مي ساخت، اينك نمايندگان اصلاح طلب رد صلاحيت شده مجلس فكر مي كنند كه مي توانند با اعلام قطع اميد از مصالحه با شوراي نگهبان به اعتراض هاي خود شدت بيشتري بدهند. محسن آرمين و الهه كولائي بار ديگر تهديد به استعفا را تكرار كردند. تهديدي كه به علت عملي نشدن تا كنون با تمسخر توام با ناباوري جناح راست روبرو شده است. بحث به تعويق انداختن انتخابات نيز بحث جدي ديگري در بين نمايندگان است. سرسختي شوراي نگهبان باعث شد راه مصالحه و مداراجوئي را كه محمد خاتمي و مهدي كروبي، از طيف اصلاح طلبان مصالحه جو مطرح مي كرندند مسدود ساخت و سرسختي شوراي نگهبان بحران رد صلاحيت ها را از مرحله حل شدن دورتر از پيش ساخته است.
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