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چهارشنبه ۶ اردیبهشت ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۰۹:۰۹

فعالان حقوق بشر در نامه به اتحاديه اروپا محكوميت جمهوري اسلامي در كميسيون حقوق بشر را خواستار شدند

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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiFriday, March 26, 2004 <b>Advocates Urge EU to Introduce Resolution in the UN Human Rights Commission on Iran&apos;s Abuses </b> • In a public letter, a group of human rights advocates urged the European Union to introduce a resolution in the UN Human Rights Commission condemning the Islamic government&apos;s human rights violations. Since no resolution has yet been introduced on Iran, we wrote to the EU as an ultimatum, Paris-based human rights advocate, and deputy director of the federation of human rights organizations <b>Abdolkarim Lahiji</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Hopefully, the EU and Canada will introduce a resolution within the next couple of weeks, otherwise we will have to continue our campaign, he says. Democratic governments need to justify their neglect of Iran&apos;s human rights abuses to their own people, he adds. In talks with the EU officials, “we said we did not oppose their policy of dialogue with Iran, but dialogue cannot be one-sided, and you can&apos;t have dialogue with the deaf, he says. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) <b>Iran and the Prospect of A Democratic Iraq</b> • The Islamic Republic faces big trouble in Iraq, internationally syndicated columnist <b>Amir Taheri</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>, after speaking last night to a crowd of more than 500 of the admirers of his articles, which are now appearing regularly in the <i>New York Post</i>. “On one hand, the Islamic regime does its best to make things as hard as possible for the US forces in Iraq. On the other hand, Iran cannot afford a US failure in Iran, which for Iran would mean being sucked into chaos and disintegration of the cosmic black hole that would become of Iraq. “A democratic, Muslim Iraq means that the dictatorship based on the principle of clerical rule cannot survive in Iran,” he says. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) <b>EU Warns Iran on Human Rights</b> • The European Union postponed any improvement of relations with Iran to progress in human rights conditions, according to a draft statement to be issued later today in Brussels at the end of the EU summit meeting. (Mina Baharmast) • The leaders of the 15 member states of the EU discussed the prospects of improving relations with the Islamic Republic this afternoon. Some member states, including Ireland, believe that trade relations with Iran could be expanded only after progress in Iran&apos;s cooperation on the nuclear issue and the human rights. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) • The EU warned the Islamic government on Thursday that it had seen little progress in Iran&apos;s human rights record, a precondition to negotiations on a comprehensive trade treaty. Ireland&apos;s envoy Mary Whelan told the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva that the EU&apos;s policy of constructive engagement with Tehran on human rights was flagging. Despite some improvement in women&apos;s rights, Whelan said violations of human rights “continue to be widespread” in Iran, including torture, disappearances after arrests, arbitrary detention and political and religious repression. The EU also noted that a de facto moratorium on amputations in Iran, a criminal penalty under Islamic law, had not been respected, while public executions continued. “The recent interference in the electoral process represents a setback for democracy and a general trend toward even more restrictions on the exercise of political rights and freedoms,” Whelan charged. • The warning would have little impact on the EU-Iran relations, Tehran University political science professor <b>Sadeq Zibakalam</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Violations of human rights, and violations of Iran&apos;s constitution and other laws, are unfortunately common, such as closing of newspapers by the judiciary, without due process. However, criticizing Iran&apos;s human rights record often turns into a political lever, and does not help in improving the conditions. Those who violate human rights could say they are being targeted for criticism, because of their foreign policy positions, or their belief in Islam, he adds. There are many countries in which violations of human rights are more common and more extensive than Iran, but they are hardly being criticized by the EU or the US, he says. (Tara Atefi) <b>Iran-Armenia Gas Pipeline to Compete with Baku Ceyhan Line</b> • If extended to Georgia and Ukraine, the Iran-Armenia gas pipeline, due to come on line by 2005, can pose serious competition to the US-backed Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline. The Iran-Armenia line can extend to Western Europe through Ukraine, Armenia&apos;s energy minister said in a speech at the Armenian parliament. The EU, which until 2000 opposed the formation any energy consortium involving Iran, Russia and Armenia, now backs the Iran-Armenia gas pipeline project, because this project would rid Europe, as well as Turkmenistan and Ukraine, from dependence on Russian energy. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) <b>Japan Approves $1.2 Billion Loan to Iran to Secure Future Crude Imports</b> • Japan&apos;s state-owned Bank for International Cooperation announced that it will join four other Japanese banks to finance $1.2 billion loan to the Iranian National Oil Company. The loan will be paid back with crude oil over nine years. Japan lent Iran $3 billion in 2001, drawing criticism from the U.S., which opposes business ties with the Persian Gulf nation because it believes the country may develop nuclear arms. The new loan is to secure Japan&apos;s oil supplies, a stand the U.S. government understands, the Japanese bank&apos;s spokesman Masaaki Yamada said. <b>Economic Review: GNP Growth and Deficits</b> • The Economic Intelligence Unit reported Iran&apos;s GNP growth at 6.1 percent, and predicted that the GNP rate will continue to grow next week. The GNP growth, which the EIU has quoted from official sources, is the result of higher oil prices, <b>Radio Farda</b>&apos;s Paris-based economic commentator says. Blessed with higher oil prices in the past five years, the government has stashed away a reserve, but by asking the Majles permission to begin using the surplus fund to pay for deficits, it has defeated the fund&apos;s purpose, he adds. The fund had been set up as a hedge against possible fall oil revenues, he says. During last fiscal year, the anticipated income from privatization of state enterprises and car imports did not materialize, he says. (Jamshid Zand) . رئيس فدراسيون بين المللي حقوق بشر، رئيس سازمان حقوق بشر ايالت كبگ كانادا، نايب رئيس فدراسيون جهاني دفاع از حقوق بشر، رئيس جامعه دفاع از حقوق بشر در ايران در نامه اي سرگشاده به اتحاديه اروپا و دولت كانادا، خواستار موضعگيري درباره پايمال شدن حقوق بشر در ايران شدند. دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي (نايب رئيس فدراسيون جهاني دفاع از حقوق بشر): درست يك ماه پيش از صدور اين نامه ما ملاقاتي داشتيم در بروكسل با نمايندگان اتحاديه اروپا. يعني كميسيون امور خارجه پارلمان اروپا، رئيس پارلمان اروپا آقاي كاكس و آقاي كريس پاتن، كميسر امور خارجي. و طي اين گفتگوها ما بارها تاكيد كرديم كه ما مخالف گفتگوي اتحاديه اروپا با جمهوري اسلامي نيستيم، ولي به شرطي كه اين گفتگوها به نتايجي منتج بشود و در غير اين صورت معني ندارد كه اتحاديه اروپا امسال را هم بخواهد مانند سال گذشته به طفره و تعلل بگذراند و راجع به حقوق بشر در ايران يك اقدام عاجلي نكند. مقامات اتحاديه اروپا تاكيد كردن و گفتند حتي دو كنفرانس خبري كه در روزهاي 25 و 26 در بروكسل تشكيل شد توسط رئيس پارلمان اروپا و آقاي كريس پاتن در حضور شيرين عبادي، تاكيد كردند كه اتحاديه اروپا همچنان به مساله حقوق بشر در ايران اهميت مي دهد و با توجه به اين كه نزديك به دو هفته است كه كميسيون حقوق بشر كارش را آغاز كرده و متاسفانه تا كنون هيچگونه قطعنامه اي درباره وضع حقوق بشر در ايران به كميسيون حقوق بشر داده نشده و گفتگوهاي ما با اتحاديه اروپا و با دولت كانادا هم طي سه چهار روز گذشته به جايي نرسيده، ما اين نامه را به منزله يك اتمام حجتي به دولت كانادا و به اتحاديه اروپا نوشتيم. فريدون زرنگار (راديو فردا): به نظر شما علت اين رفتار اتحاديه اروپا چه مي تواند باشد؟ دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي: در گفتگوهايي كه ما داشتيم، آنها مي گفتند كه ما سعي مي كنيم از طريق گفتگو جمهوري اسلامي را متقاعد كنيم كه بايد نسبت به وضعيت حقوق بشر يك توجه بيشتري شود و ما مي گفتيم كه ما مخالف گفتگو نيستيم، ولي گفتگو نمي تواند يكطرفه باشد. در غير اين صورت به زبان فرانسه در مثل هست، مي گويند گفتگوي با كرها. يعني اگر شما به نتايج مشخصي نرسيد، گفتگو معني ندارد. وقتي يك سال و نيم پيش آقاي لوئي ژوانه، گزارشگر كميسيون حقوق بشر درباره بازداشتهاي خودسرانه طي گزارشي كه به كميسيون حقوق بشر در خردادماه گذشته پس از ماموريتي كه در دسامبر يك سال قبل به ايران رفته، مي گويد كه دادگاههاي انقلاب، دادگاههاي ويژه روحانيت بايد منحل شود، مي گويد كه تمام زندانيان عقيدتي، سياسي سالهاي گذشته بايد آزاد بشوند، مي گويد كه سعيد مرتضوي بايد از مقامش برداشته شود و طي ده ماه گذشته هيچگونه اقدامي از طرف جمهوري اسلامي صورت نمي گيرد، پس ديگر ادامه گفتگو معنايي ندارد. بنابراين ما نمي توانيم بپذيريم اينها فقط به بهانه اينكه ما مشغول گفتگو هستيم، به آن صورتي كه در مورد انرژي اتمي با جمهوري اسلامي به توافق رسيديم، درباره حقوق بشر هم خواهيم رسيد، اين براي ما متقاعد كننده نيست. ف . ز : با توجه به شناختي كه شما از اتحاديه اروپا داريد و با توجه به سياستي كه اين اتحاديه داشته، شما چشم انداز يك نوع موضعگيري از طرف اتحاديه اروپا درباره وضعيت حقوق بشر را در ايران چگونه مي بينيد؟ دكتر عبدالكريم لاهيجي: ما اين اميد را داريم كه طي دو هفته آينده طرح اين قطعنامه توسط كانادا، اتحاديه اروپا به كميسيون حقوق بشر داده شود، در غير اين صورت ما چاره اي نداريم كه مبارزه خودمان را ادامه دهيم براي اينكه بالاخره كشورهاي دموكراتيك ناگزيرند در مقابل افكار عمومي يك توجيهي نسبت به سكوتشان يا مماشاتشان داشته باشند. در پي انتشار نامه سرگشاده جمعي از فعالان فدراسيون بين المللي حقوق بشر كه در آن خواستاراعمال فشار بر جمهوري اسلامي در زمينه حقوق بشر شدند، عبدالكريم لاهيجي، نايب رئيس فدراسيون بين المللي جوامع حقوق بشر و رئيس جامعه دفاع از حقوق بشر در ايران، در مصاحبه با راديو فردا مي گويد: با توجه به اينكه تا كنون قطعنامه اي درباره وضع حقوق بشر در ايران به كميسيون حقوق بشر داده نشده و گفتگوهاي ما با اتحاديه اروپا و دولت كانادا به جايي نرسيده، اين نامه را به منزله اتمام حجت نوشتيم. وي مي افزايد اميد داريم كه طي دو هفته آينده طرح اين قطعنامه توسط كانادا و اتحاديه اروپا به كميسيون حقوق بشر داده شود، در غير اين صورت ما چاره اي نداريم كه مبارزه خودمان را ادامه دهيم براي اينكه بالاخره كشورهاي دموكراتيك ناگزيرند در مقابل افكار عمومي توجيهي نسبت به سكوت يا مماشات خود داشته باشند.