Summary of Iran Stories of Today's BroadcastBehnam NateghiThursday, May 20, 2004
<b>No Iran-Style Islamic Republic to Emerge in Iraq: US President Says</b>
• “I do not believe that there's going to be a Shiite theocracy in Iraq, dominated by Iran,” US President George Bush said yesterday in an interview with Arab newspaper <i>al-Zaman</i>. “I believe the Iraqi people want to have their own country, their own identity, that (they) understand the Shiite, Sunni and Kurd can and must work together for the good of the whole,” he added. "And I believe the Iraqi people don't want to be dominated by anybody. They want the US to be a friend, but the US to not dominate. They certainly don't want the Iranians to dominate,” he said.
<b>US Probes Russia over Nuclear Cooperation with Iran</b>
• Iran has remained a sore point in Russia-US relations, as US Undersecretary of State for Non-Proliferation John Bolton probed Moscow today on the nature of Russia-Iran nuclear cooperation. Under US and Israeli pressure, Moscow is demanding that all of the fuel provided for the reactor is sent back to Russia, and has called for a guarantee that the fuel is delivered safely across Iran. “We remained concerned about what the government of Iran may do once the reactor begins operation and it is supplied with fresh rods,” Bolton said today in Moscow, after meeting deputy Russian foreign minister Sergei Kislyak, who did not say Russia would stop projects with Iran to build nuclear power plants.
<b>Slower Growth, High Deficits: French Forecast for Iranian Economy</b>
• In 2004, the rate of gross domestic product will drop to 3.4 percent from 6 percent in 2003 and 7.6 percent in 2002, according to Iran statistics publication of France's ministry of finance and economic affairs. Despite higher revenues due to higher oil prices, Iran is currently faced with a $5.4 billion shortfall, and the budget deficit will grow to 4 percent of GNP, the French government publication added. Since 2000, foreign investments have grown, and will reach to $450 million in 2004, it added. (Fereydoun Khavand)
<b>Political and Economic Insecurity Slams Stocks</b>
• The Tehran stock exchange index dropped another 9 point yesterday in scant trading. Money is leaving the stock market, and gold and foreign currency prices show that investors are holding on to their cash or taking it out of the country, according to Tehran daily <i>Vaqaye-ye Etefaqieh</i>. Uncertainly over the country's political future and the government's economic polices, which intensified after the sacking of former finance minister Tahmasb Mazaheri and his handpicked heads of stock exchange and privatization organizations, slammed the stocks, <b>Radio Farda</b>'s Paris-based economic commentator <b>Fereydoun Khavand</b> says.
<b>German Reporter Sees Little Evidence of Construction in Earthquake-Ridden Bam</b>
• Bam, the city of 200,000 which lost more than 40,000 lives to last November's earthquake, which leveled 90 percent of all its structures, continues to grapple with unsanitary conditions, lack of running water, theft and widespread shortages, according to German newspaper <i>Die Zeit</i>'s reporter, who said in a recent trip to Bam, he did not see much construction activity, despite the local government's claim that 500 bulldozers and earth moving machines were at work.
<b>Iran Expels <i>Guardian Reporter</i> For Reporting on Bam</b>
• The culture ministry expelled London daily <i>Guaridan</i>'s reporter in Tehran Dan De Luce, and banned him from returning for three months, because, he was told, he violated a ban on traveling to Bam, and gained access there by posing as a volunteer. Before leaving Tehran, De Luce said he believes the Islamic government wanted to make him an example for other foreign correspondents active in Iran. In an stinging article, the Guardian criticized Iran for suppressing freedom of press.
• “I was told through the culture ministry's foreign press office that my visa would not be extended, because of my Nowruz trip to Bam, for which I had not received an official permit,” <i>Dan De Luce</i> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> on his return from Tehran. “There were rumors that my expulsion was for another article I have written, but I have not been notified in writing,” he adds. Other (foreign) reporters went to Bam without permission, and were not punished as I was,” he says. “What I saw in Bam was shocking, and it was my duty to report it, and they did not find anything false or biased in my report,” he says. British ambassador in Tehran Richard Dalton pleaded with the foreign ministry on behalf of the Guardian, but obviously this meeting had no impact on the decision of the culture ministry, he says, adding that he may apply again for permit to work in Iran, if the the Guardian decides to send him back. (Shahran Tabari, London)
<b>Immigration Pushes Crime in Karaj</b>
• Karaj, a small resort town 40 kilometers west of Tehran has the highest crime rate in the country, according to Karaj prosecutor. Due to its closeness to Tehran and the many factories built nearby, Karaj is a huge magnet for immigration, Karaj-based journalist <b>Arash Aryanfar</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The disparity of income between the new, mostly poor immigrants, who have come from different parts of the country, and the original, rather wealthy population, is the cause of the city's high crime rate, he adds. The variety of cultures and languages of the new immigrants is another cause of tension in the city, he adds. The city's police force, which is good for a population of 300,000, has been overwhelmed, he says. Karaj is a very special town, head of the Karaj development organization <b>Hossein Zarghami</b> says. The city's population has grown from 15,000 forty years ago to nearly 2 million today. The immigrants from 17 different provinces have turned the city into a microcosm of Iran, he adds. (Jamshid Zand)
جرج بوش رئيس جمهوري آمريكا در مصاحبه با سردبير نشريه عراقي الزمان، گفت در عراق حكومت شيعه زير نفوذ جمهوري اسلامي روي كار نخواهد آمد. وي در اين مصاحبه كه در كاخ سفيد واشنگتن انجام شد، نسبت به برنامه هاي اتمي ايران ابراز نگراني كرد.
جمشيد چالنگي (راديو فردا): رئيس جمهوري آمريكا به سردبير الزمان مي گويد: در عراق حكومتي شيعه كه زير نفوذ ايران باشد روي كار نخواهد آمد. جرج بوش مي افزايد من معتقدم كه ملت عراق مي خواهد هويت خود را داشته باشد و از اينرو شيعه، سني و كرد هرچه در توان دارند براي مصلحت جمع به عنوان يك ملت انجام مي دهند.
رئيس جمهوري آمريكا افزود ملت عراق مي خواهد مستقل باشد و زير نفوذ هيچ كشور و حكومتي خارجي نمي رود. آمريكا دوست عراق است و نمي خواهد ايراني ها بر عراق مسلط شوند. آمريكا در كنار عراق است و ملت عراق را در رسيدن به هدف هايش ياري خواهد داد.
رئيس جمهوري آمريكا در عين حال تلاش ايران را براي دست يافتن به سلاح اتمي خطرناك خواند و گفت ما در اين زمينه نگرانيم. ايران بر اين باور است كه مي تواند سلاح هسته اي توليد كند اما اين يك اشتباه بزرگ است. جرج بوش در مصاحبه با الزمان برقراري تحريم هاي آمريكا عليه سوريه را ناشي از حمايت سوريه از تروريسم خواند و گفت دولت سوريه اجازه مي دهد از اين كشور تروريستها وارد عراق شوند. جرج بوش، رئيس جمهوري آمريكا در مصاحبه با سردبير نشريه عراقي «الزمان»، گفت در عراق حكومت شيعه زير نفوذ جمهوري اسلامي روي كار نخواهد آمد. وي گفت من معتقدم كه ملت عراق مي خواهد هويت خود را داشته باشد و از اينرو شيعه، سني و كرد، هرچه در توان دارند براي مصلحت جمع به عنوان يك ملت انجام مي دهند. رئيس جمهوري آمريكا در عين حال تلاش جمهوري اسلامي را براي دست يافتن به سلاح اتمي خطرناك خواند و گفت «ما در اين زمينه نگرانيم. ايران بر اين باور است كه مي تواند سلاح هسته اي توليد كند، اما اين يك اشتباه بزرگ است.» جرج بوش در مصاحبه با «الزمان» برقراري تحريم هاي آمريكا عليه سوريه را ناشي از حمايت سوريه از تروريسم خواند و گفت دولت سوريه اجازه مي دهد از اين كشور تروريست ها وارد عراق شوند.