لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

چهارشنبه ۹ فروردین ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۱۲:۳۰

علل كاهش استقبال از انتخابات شوراها: دلسردي از اصلاح طلبان، از ديد يك نماينده شوراي شهر مشهد

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Summary of Iran Stories of Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiWednesday, January 22, 2003 <b>Conservative Publisher Encourages Palestinians to Kill US Soldiers</b> * The Supreme Leader&apos;s representative and publisher of the conservative daily Kayhan Hossein Shariatmadari encouraged the militant Palestinians yesterday to use the opportunity of US military buildup in the Persian Gulf to kill as many as US soldiers as they can for what he called "revenge." Yale University medical professor and founder of the Griffin Center of Health and Human Rights Dr. Ramin Ahmadi tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that Shariatmadari&apos;s statement indicates that the regime continues to support terrorist acts and suicide bombings in the Middle East. He adds that Iran&apos;s rulers plan to provoke the US into attacking Iran, based on the assumption that a foreign attack would galvanize public support for the regime. Dr. Ahmadi adds that, based on recent opinion polls, this policy would no longer work. (Ali Sajjadi) * The Supreme Leader, President Khatami and foreign minister Kharrazi emphasize Iran&apos;s opposition to the possible US attack on Iraq. But the hard-line conservatives, like the editorial writer of Kayhan, welcome the attack on Iraq as an opportunity to foment anti-US sentiments and heighten hostilities. The hard-line position of Kayhan is echoed in the article by Ilan Berman, VP for Policy at Washington&apos;s American Foreign Policy Council, who urges the US to attack Iran after dealing with Iraq. (Bahman Bastani) <b>President Khatami Denounces US-Led Regime Change in Iraq</b> * President Khatami hoped that the UN Security Council finds a peaceful solution to the Iraqi crisis. He said Iran disapproves the practice of regime change through foreign intervention. Berlin-based commentator Ahmad Tahmasbi, former political science professor of Tehran&apos;s Meli University, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that sometimes it is to the benefit a country when its regime changes by foreign intervention. Afghans were lucky to see their regime changed by the US intervention. Germany and Japan won by losing WWII, because foreign intervention installed lasting democracies in their countries, he adds. Tehran University international relations professor Davud Hermidas-Bavand tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that sometimes an action by a foreign power that is pursuing its own interests may coincide with the interest of a nation, especially in a country where people cannot participate in deciding their own political future. (Bahman Bastani) <b>Interior Ministry Submits Urgent Bill on Local Councils&apos; Seats</b> * A month before the local councils&apos; elections, the interior ministry submitted an urgent bill to the Majles to change the number of seats in local councils. Nearly 240,000 applied for candidacy for 170,000 local council seats, but in some cities and towns, the number of applicants is lower than the number of seats in the local council. In the last local councils&apos; elections, first in the post-revolutionary Iran, 400,000 stood for election. Explaining the drop in public interest, Mashhad city council member Akram Hosseinzadeh tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that people have not become disappointed in reforms, but they are tired of the rulers, under whom the country has become worse during the past 24 years. She adds that the outcome of the dissolution of the Tehran city council last week may be fewer votes for well-known political figures, which is not a positive outcome. She predicts that less than 12 percent of the seats in the Khorasan province local councils would be won by women. (Mahmonir Rahimi) * Ali Ta&apos;ali, director of security at the Tehran provincial government, said after the interior ministry&apos;s local executive boards&apos; review and approval of their credentials, the applicants for candidacy in the local councils&apos; elections would be vetted by "supervisory boards". Tehran-based journalist and local councils&apos; elections activist tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that according to the law, the approval of local executive councils is enough. (Mahmonir Rahimi) <b>Pahlavi Asks the World to Press Iran on Human Rights</b> * Son of the former Shah of Iran Reza Pahlavi, in London today for meeting with British MPs, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that Iranian people expect the world to make respect for human rights a pre-condition for dealing with Iran. (Shahran Tabari, London) <b> EC&apos;s Chris Patten Links Human Rights to Trade</b> * In his meeting with foreign minister Kamal Kharrazi yesterday in Brussels Christopher Patten, European Commissioner for External Relations said human rights, trade relations, mass destruction weapons and terrorism are linked. (Fariba Mavedat) <b>Iran Disbands Car Smuggling Network</b> * Police arrested the ring leaders of a car-smuggling network. Customs department&apos;s anti-smuggling official Nasser Babai said it imported cars into Iran through the southern and western borders. The daily <i>Hamshahri</i> said goods smuggling is choking Iran&apos;s economy and the customs department is incapable of stopping it. Babai said $4 billion of goods, including foreign-made vehicles, consumer electronics and everything else, find their way into Iran through smuggling. <i>Hamshahri</i> put the annual total at above $8 billion per year. <b>Radio Farda</b>&apos;s Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says rules in place to protect domestic producers against foreign competition fuels the surge in smuggling, which is carried out mostly by the semi-governmental "institutions" that control some of Iran&apos;s ports and border posts and can even import goods through the Tehran airport without paying duties. <b>Nationalist-Religious Coalition Protests against Jailing of Lawyer</b> * The nationalist-religious coalition issued a statement today protesting yesterday&apos;s jailing of lawyer Abdolfatah Soltani, their defense attorney. Soltani was thrown in jail for spreading lies after he protested in the press against the torture and maltreatment of his clients in jail. The nationalist-religious coalition, whose members were tried on subversion charges but have not been sentenced, said Soltani&apos;s press statements about their maltreatment in jail were nothing but the truth. (Homayoun Majd) <b>Pollster&apos;s Lawyer Submits His final Defense</b> * In his final defense in the trail of pollster Abbas Abdi, his lawyer Saleh Nikbakht said the judiciary did not submit any evidence to prove that his client engaged in spying for the US or sold secret government documents to foreign buyers. Abdi, a high-ranking Mosharekat official, is charged with spying for the US along with other officials of the two padlocked public opinion polling agencies after the publication of a poll that showed 74 percent of the respondents favor the resumption of Iran-US relations. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) <b>Mosharekat&apos;s Khatami Denounces Judiciary&apos;s Ban on <i>Nowruz</i></b> * President Khatami&apos;s brother, deputy Majles speaker Dr. Mohammad-Reza, who heads the pro-reform party Jebheh-ye Mosharekat (the Participation Front) protested against the new ban on the daily <i>Nowruz</i> which planned to resume publication today under his management. The press court had banned the paper for six months and sentenced its former publisher MP Mohsen Mirdamadi, head of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, to five years ban from publishing. (Alireza Taheri) <b>Conservative Newspaper Calls for an End to Dissident Cleric&apos;s House Arrest</b> * In a notable aboutface, conservative daily <i>Resalat</i> called for an end to the five-year house arrest of the highest ranking clerical dissident of the Islamic regime Ayatollah Hosseinali Montazeri, 80. The former designated successor to Ayatollah Khomeini has been under arrest in his house in Qom since October 1997 for criticizing the Supreme Leader&apos;s power and his lavish trips around the country. (Ali Sajjadi) <b>Russia&apos;s Aviaexport Sees Obstacles in Iran Satellite Deal</b> * Head of Russia&apos;s Aviaexport said today in an interview with the Moscow daily Nezavisimaya that it&apos;s Russian and non-Russian competitors create obstacles in the deal it is developing with Iran for designing, building and launching a communications satellite. He said Russia&apos;s atomic energy ministry and Russian arms manufacturers have established relationships with Iran, but his company does not have a track record in Iran. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) . علي تاجرنيا، دبيرهيات نظارت بر انتخابات شوراها گفت وزارت كشور لايحه دوفوريتي تغيير تعداد اعضاي شوراي شهر را به مجلس ارائه مي كند. وي گفت اين لايحه در پي شكست لايحه اصلاح قانون شوراها و نزديك بودن زمان برگذاري انتخابات شوراي هاي شهر و روستا تدوين شد. اكرم حسين زاده، يك نماينده شوراي شهر مشهد، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد: مردم نسبت به اصل اصلاحات دلسرد نشده اند، بلكه از حكمراناني كه بر آنها حكمفرما بودند و هستند بريده اند. وي مي گويد: جامعه سرخورده است چون حكمرانان هيچ رويكرد مثبتي و هيچ بازتاب مثبتي بدست نياوردند و هر روز وضعيت جامعه بدتر شده است. وي مي افزايد: اينها همه بازتاب هاي سياست هاي حاكم بر اين 20 و چند سال گذشته است. وي مي افزايد: اگر تعداد كرسي هاي شوراهاي شهر و روستا بيشتر مي بود، ممكن است شمار متقضايان كانديداتوري نيز افزايش پيدا مي كرد. وي مي افزايد: انحلال شوراي شهر تهران توسط هيات حل اختلاف كه هفته پيش اعلام شد، شايد مموجب راي نياوردن كانديداهاي سياسي بشود و اين مثبت نيست. وي مي گويد: در خراسان وضعيت كلي از نظر رقابتي بين كانديداهاي زن و مرد برابر است اما به دليل مواردي كه در جامعه وجود دارد، رويكرد راي دهندگان به مردان بيشتر است. وي مي افزايد تصور نمي كند زنان بتوانند بيش از 10 درصد الي 12 درصد از كرسي ها را در شوراها اشغال كنند.