Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiWednesday, July 09, 2003
<b>Regime Crushes July 9 Demonstrations in Tehran</b>
• Police and plainclothes security agents violently put down anti-regime unrest that started around 8 PM in the Enqelab circle, near Tehran University's main campus, Tehran university student <b>Mohammad Amini</b>, an eyewitness, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. He says more than 20,000 people gathered in the area, despite heavy anti-riot police and security agents presence. “They just beat people, with anything they can grab, clubs, chains, whips and iron bars, he adds. Panting heavily, he says he was struck on the neck with a club. “They have no mercy; they beat people. People have started bon fires in the Enqelab circle and in the Azadi avenue, but the police smothered them. He adds that the demonstration began half-hour ago, when the area swelled with cars and people. He adds that the area was more crowded than usual since this morning, with people gathering to shout anti-regime slogans, only to be dispersed under attacks by the security agents. The plainclothes agents broke windshields and windows of honking cars, and videotaped the whole scene. Police arrested many of those who shouted slogans demanding the release of arrested students, he adds. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
• An eyewitness tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that he saw many clashes since this morning between people and the security agents. Many had come from faraway to take part in the demonstrations to commemorate the July 9, 1999, police attack on Tehran University student dorms, but police blocked all streets leading to Tehran University, which had been ordered closed for the day. (Mahdieh Javid)
• The ruling clerics hoped that they could prevent a large demonstration on July 9 by widespread arrests of student activists, easing the prices of certain goods, and preventing access to foreign-based TV and radio broadcasts and the Internet, writes <i>The Financial Times</i>. (Bahman Bastani)
• <b>Radio Farda</b> airs a special report on the July 1999 student uprising that followed the police attack on theTehran University dorms, using interviews and sound bites from the RadioAzadi archives. (Mehdi Khalaji)
• Tehran is under police control, Tehran University student <b>Mohammad Amini</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> on Wednesday afternoon. Around the university and the Enqelab circle nearby, every couple of steps, there is a policeman or a security agent stationed, and they don't allow any car to stop in the area. There was a little gathering near the Shanzdah Azar, and they blocked the streets and dealt with it immediately. Police officers patrol the area on motorbikes, and policemen order the pedestrians not to slow down, as they pass by the Tehran University, which was closed for the day. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
• Tehran is calm and the streets appear less crowded than normal days, Tehran-based journalist <b>Faramarz Qarabaghi</b> says of Thursday morning. He tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that on the day that students had vowed to hold a rally despite the official ban to commemorate July 9, 1978's police attack on student dorms, it appears that the government's conservative and reformist factions have agreed to prevent any unrest. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>Senator Coleman: US Can Help Iranians by Providing Media Tools</b>
• The fight against the Islamic regime is an Iranian struggle and I applaud the courage of Iranians who stand up to oppression, US Senator <b>Norm Coleman</b> (R-MN) tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. He adds that the US can help by supporting voices of freedom inside Iran and providing the means for Iranians to express their views. He adds that although this is Iranians' struggle, the US would benefit from it in the fight against terrorism and the Middle East peace effort. He says the statement by Secretary of State Collin Powell during a radio interview last weekend was consistent with the US position, but Iranian news agency misquoted it. He agrees with Powell that the pre-selection of candidates makes elections in Iran less than democratic. However, he adds, recent elections showed that people demand reforms, but no reform has taken place ever since. So long as clerics control the system, he adds, there could be no democracy in Iran, and President Bush's remarks that placed Iran in the axis of evil, reflects this fact, he says. Iran's developing nuclear weapons and the regime's support for terrorism are unacceptable to the US, he adds, “but I leave policy options for the President to decide.” (Maryam Ahmadi, Washington)
<b>Senator Brownback: No US Military Intervention Required</b>
• Iranian people are strong enough to change the “oppressive” Islamic regime on their own, and there is no need for US military intervention, senator Sam Brownback (R-Kansas) told a thousands of anti-regime demonstrators at the Capital Mall. “America must make it clear that we see the difference between the Iranian regime and the Iranian people, and we support the people," he added. “We must do everything we can to assist the pro-democracy forces in Iran, as they struggle to take back their country,” said Brownback, who is a sponsor of the Iran Democracy Act, which aims to promote democracy in Iran. The bill, up for Senate vote this week, calls for US financial assistance for the US-based satellite TV broadcasting to Iran. Senator Brownback told <b>Radio Farda</b> that Iranian media misquoted Secretary of State Collin Powell's remarks on Iran. “There is no flip-flop in the US policy towards Iran, and today the Senate will vote strongly on this.”
<b>Security Force Arrests Three Student Leaders after Press Conference</b>
• Plainclothes security agents arrested three outspoken leaders of the association of the Islamic student councils – Daftar Tahkim-e Vahdat—after, in a press conference on Wednesday, they criticized the Islamic authorities for refusal to permit student rallies on the fourth anniversary of the police attack on the Tehran University student dorms, according to <b>Matin Meshkini</b>, board member of the Allameh Tabatabai Islamic student council, who saw the arrests. The arrested three, Reza Ameri Nasab, central council member, and Arash Hashemi and Ali Moqtaderi, members of Daftar's general council, said in their press conference that President Khatami's reforms failed to materialize. They also accused the conservative-led judiciary of suppressing freedom of thought. In an open letter to UNSG Kofi Annan, released on Tuesday, student activists called for separation of religion and the government, and said reformists and conservatives are parts of the same system. (Massoud Malek)
<b>IAEA Chief Asks Iran to Allow Impromptu Inspections</b>
• In a joint press conference with foreign minister Kamal Kharrazi in Tehran, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency Mohamed Elbaradei urged Iran to sign the additional protocol of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, which would make possible tougher, impromptu inspections of Iran's nuclear facilities. However, Kharrazi said Iran was still negotiating with Elbaradei. (Bijan Farhoodi)
• Foreign minister Kharrazi criticized IAEA for what he called “double standards,” in dealing with Iran and Israel's nuclear programs. (Bahman Bastani)
• French and Russian foreign ministers urge Iran to sign the additional protocol.
<b>Demonstrations in the US and Europe in Support of Iranian Students</b>
• Waving Iranian flags with the pre-revolutionary lion and sun emblem, and US-Iran flags sown together, hundreds of Iranians held a rally in front of the UN in New York to show sympathy with the Iranian students and to call for the fall of the Islamic regime. <b>Amir-Mehdi Tehrani</b>, a New York University PhD candidate, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that this and other demonstrations across the US have been organized by the Iranian Solidarity and Unity Council to give an unified voice to all political groups and activists. A grandmother who lives in New York, Ms. <b>Samii</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the New York event is significant, because of the difficulty of getting a lot of people in one place in the city. Organizer <b>Sam Mirian</b>, who spoke at the rally, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that he proposed reforming the Iranian constitution based on seven principles, including freedom of religion and separation of religion from the government. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
• Thousands demonstrated in support of Iranian students in the Capital Mall on Wednesday. (Ali Sajjadi)
• Thousands of Iranian demonstrators blocked the evening rush hour traffic in Los Angeles, as they marched from the Federal building to UCLA's main campus. A demonstrator tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that demand for democracy in Iran is a cause that all Iranians support, regardless of their political views. (Firouzeh Khatibi, Los Angles)
• Hundreds gathered in front of the Bundestag in Berlin to voice support for Iranian students on the anniversary of the July 9, 1999 police attack on university dorms. A demonstrator tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the action in Berlin was organized by the Cologne-based committee to defend political prisoners in Iran. He adds that in a meeting with the chief of staff of Bundestag Speaker, Iranian activists gave him a list of political prisoners, and asked him to help in their release. Another demonstrator tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that now that the regime has banned demonstrations in Iran, it is the duty of Iranians living abroad to act as the voice of their compatriots inside Iran. (Shireen Famili)
• Former student activist Bahman Kalbasi, who was jailed for two months after the July 1999 student uprising, student activist Bahar Amin Vaziri, and poet and literary critic Reza Barahani spoke at a rally attended by more than 600 in Toronto. (Mayam Aqvami)
• Monarchists and communists were among the wide spectrum of political groups who took part in two anti-regime demonstrations in London, one in front of the Iranian embassy and the other in front of the Prime Minister's office. The demonstrators carried pictures of former crown prince Reza Pahlavi and jailed student Ahmad Batebi. Political refugee <b>Iman Samizadeh</b>, who had been arrested during the July 1999 student uprising, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that students across Iran struggle for democracy. Another demonstrator, <b>Azar Mehr</b> calls for pluralism in Iran. (Shahran Tabari, London)
• Iranians in Sweden held a rally in Stockholm on Wednesday in front of the Iranian embassy. Organizer <b>Azadeh Shokouhi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that pictures being carried by demonstrators included a large image of jailed student Ahmad Batebi, who was arrested after July 1999 demonstrations, because his picture holding up a bloody tee-shirt appeared in the London weekly <i>Economist</i>. Demonstrators want Sweden's foreign minister to write a letter supporting their demands, which include release of political prisoners. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
• Waving English and Persian slogans, a group of Iranians held a demonstration in front of the Iranian embassy in Sydney. A demonstrator tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that she is mad that the Australian government remained silent on the arrests and torture of thousands of pro-democracy students in Iran. Another participants tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the rally was the biggest ever in Australia. (Jamshid Adil, Sydney)
• The council for Iranian cooperation held a demonstration on Tuesday in front of the Iranian consulate in Hamburg, during which statements of support for Iranian students from various German leftist and green parties were read. An organizer tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the demonstration included only the leftist parties. He adds that another demonstration has been planned for Saturday by pro-democracy groups. (Shahram Mirian, Hamburg)
• A demonstrator at a rally in Cologne tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that exile Iranians would not remain silent in the face of widespread arrests and prosecution of pro-democracy students inside Iran. Another demonstrator tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that he participates in every anti-regime rally, even though he may not agree with the political views of the organizers. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
• Seven MPs sponsored a resolution in support of Iranian pro-democracy activists. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
<b>Private Sector Eyes Iraq</b>
• Iran's private sector appears to be eying Iraq as a new export market. Chair of the Tehran Chamber of Commerce Mohammad-Reza Behzadian announced that a trade delegation will soon go to Baghdad in order to avoid Iran's past failures in finding a foothold in the Central Asian markets, post-Taliban Afghanistan and post-gulf war Kuwait. Iran-Iraq trade relations depend on the future of Iran-US relations, says <b>Radio Farda</b>'s Paris-based economic commentator <b>Fereydoun Khavand</b>. He adds that India and Turkey are competing for a share of the Iraqi market, while Qatar, Kuwait and the UAE hope for great participation in the reconstruction of Iraq.
<b>Father of Two Jailed Students Disappear</b>
• Father of jailed students Manouchehr and Akbar Mohammadi disappeared. His wife tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that her husband may have been arrested after he went to Tehran to get news about his sons. Police arrested Mohammadi brothers after the July 9, 1999, student uprising, and a revolutionary court sentenced them to 8 years in prison. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
مريم احمدي (راديوفردا): سناتور نرم كلمن، جمهوريخواه از ايالت مينوسوتا و عضو كميته روابط خارجي سناي آمريكا، در مصاحبه با راديو فردا، از حركتهاي اعتراضي در ايران ، براي كسب آزادي و دموكراسي، حمايت كرد.
مريم احمدي (راديو فردا): سناتور كلمن، شما اظهارات متفاوت و گاه متناقض دولتمردان آمريكا را در مورد ايران، چگونه توجيه مي كنيد، از جمله اظهار نظر آقاي پاول را كه گفته بودند آمريكا نبايد در دعواهاي داخلي ايران مداخله كنند و ايران هم اين را به عنوان قبول واقعيتها در ايران تلقي كرد.
سناتور كلمن: I think we have to go back to what the President said. President sets the course of American foreign policy. به نظر من بايد برگرديم به سخنان رئيس جمهوري. رئيس جمهوري، مسير سياست خارجي را تعيين مي كند و گفته است ايران جزئي از محور شرارت است و اين يك بيانيه روشن از رئيس جمهوري آمريكا است. اگر به دقت به سخنان كولين پاول توجه كنيم، اين حقيقت كه اصلاح طلبان در ايران، انتخاب شده اند، درست است، اما بايد توجه داشت كه اين افراد از صافي گذشته اند، بنابراين يك دموكراسي واقعي وجود ندارد، علاوه بر اين من همان انتخابات را هم نشاني اين ميدانم كه مردم ايران اصلاحات مي خواهند و واقعيت اين است كه اصلاحات انجام نشده. وقتي روحانيون سيستم را كنترل ميكنند، دموكراسي واقعي وجود ندارد، بنابراين سخنان رئيس جمهوري كه ميگويد ايران بخشي از محور شرارت است، اين واقعيت را بازتاب ميدهد.
م . ا: سناتور كلمن به نظر شما آمريكا چطور مي تواند از نيروهاي طرفدار دموكراسي در ايران حمايت كند؟
سناتور كلمن: قبل از هرچيز بايد بگويم اين مبارزه، مبارزه مردم ايران است و من شجاعت آنها را تحسين ميكنم كه در مقابل سركوب ايستاده اند. امروز وقتي از پله هاي سازمان كنگره بالا مي آمدم، هزاران ايراني را ديدم كه خواهان دموكراسي بودند و خشونت رژيم را نسبت به دانشجويان در چهار سال پيش بازتاب ميدادند. آنچه كه ميتوانيم بكنيم، اين است كه از صداهاي آزادي حمايت كنيم. اجازه دهيم كه آنها بتوانند با ديگران در ارتباط باشند. اگر بتوانيم منابعي تهيه كنيم كه به ايرانيها امكان دهد با يكديگر در ارتباط باشند، اين كمك موثري خواهد بود. باز مي گويم اين مبارزه ايرانيها است و ما هم در پايان دادن به پايان دادن به تروريسم و برقراري دموكراسي بيشتر در خاورميانه، منافعي داريم، اما ايرانيها هستند كه بايد فشار اين مبارزه را تحمل كنند و اين كار را هم مي كنند. اگر ما بتوانيم ابزار برقراري ارتباط ميان ايرانيها را فراهم كنيم، در مسير برقراري دموكراسي در ايران، كار كرده ايم.
م.ا.: آقاي البردعي به تهران رفتند. شما انتظار داريد اين سفر چه دستاوردهائي داشته باشد؟
سناتور كلمن: First of all, our expectation is that Iran's support of terrorism is not acceptable to the US.I want to start with that. قبل از هرچيز بايد گفت حمايت ايران از تروريسم براي آمريكا قابل قبول نيست وبه خاطر همين است كه در كنار سفر البرادعي، امروز و فردا سناي آمريكا بر طرح دمكراسي در ايران تمركز خواهد كرد. اين آشكارا مورد توجه ماست كه ايران يك كشور حامي تروريسم نباشدو نيز اين تضمين كه آزادي و دمكراسي در ايران برقرار شود و مردم ايران حق داشته باشند شكل حكومت خود را انتخاب كنند. بنابراين طيف گسترده اي از مسائل را درنظر داريم. از حمايت ايران از تروريسم تا برقراري دمكراسي درآن كشور.
م.ا.: اگر ايران با امضاي پروتكل الحاقي پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي اتمي موافقت نكند، به نظر شما آمريكا چه بايد بكند؟
سناتور كلمن: We cannot tolerate Iran developing nuclear weapons. That is simply unacceptable. I leave the policy options for the President to decide بديهي است كه ما نمي توانيم با توسعه سلاح هاي هسته اي توسط ايران مدارا كنيم. اين به هيچ وجه قابل قبول نيست. من انتخاب خط مشي سياسي را به رئيس جمهوري واگذار مي كنم اما توسعه توانائي توليد سلاح هسته اي از سوي ايران قابل تحمل و قابل توجيه نيست. بنابراين ما بايد با قاطعانه ترين شكل ممكن روشن كنيم اين كار ممكن و مجاز نيست. طبعا تصميم گيري با رئيس جمهوري است اما بايد اين پيام به ايران برسد ك آنها بايد از هرگونه تلاش براي توليد سلاح هسته اي صرفنظر كنند. سناتور نورم كلمن، جمهوريخواه از ايالت مينه سوتا، عضو كميته روابط خارجي سناي آمريكا، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد آمريكا مي تواند با حمايت از صداهاي آزاديخواه و دمكراسي طلب و تامين منابع ارتباط ايرانيان با يكديگر به جنبش دمكراسي در ايران كمك كند. وي مي افزايد: وي مي گويد در شرايطي كه روحانيون كنترل نظام و انتخابات را در دست دارند، دمكراسي واقعي نمي تواند در ايران وجود داشته باشد. وي مي گويد مبارزه براي دمكراسي مبارزه مردم ايران است كه با شجاعتي قابل تحسين و با مقاومت در برابر سركوب آن را دنبال مي كنند، هرچند برقراري دمكراسي در ايران و خاتمه حمايت جمهوري اسلامي از تروريسم به نفع آمريكا نيز هست. وي مي افزايد تلاش براي توليد سلاح اتمي در ايران و همچنين حمايت جمهوري اسلامي از تروريسم براي آمريكا قابل قبول نيست.