لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

شنبه ۲۰ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۱:۰۴ - ۱۰ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

درگيري بين وزارت کشور و شوراي نگهبان بر سر دفاتر نظارتي شوراي نگهبان، از ديد يک استاد دانشگاه و يک روزنامه نگار


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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiMonday, August 11, 2003 <b>Guardians Council and Interior Ministry Clash over Election Supervision</b> • Election campaign for the Seventh post-revolutionary session of the Majles began, unofficially, with interior minister Abdolvahed Mousavi-Lari ordering provincial governors to prevent the operation of the local intelligence gathering offices of the Guardians Council, that target for investigation potential applicants for candidacy in the Majles elections. Today, conservative daily <i>Jomhuri-ye Eslami</i> lashed back that the Guardians Council will not give up the “election supervision offices.” Tehran University political science professor <b>Sadeq Zibakalam</b> says similar clashes between the conservative election “supervision” organs and reformists&apos; interior ministry went on during the last Majles election. He tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that parallel elected and unelected organs continually clash over election supervision, due to ambiguity in the election law. With the help of the Judiciary, another unelected body under the Supreme Leader, the Guardians Council, may prosecute the interior minister and his staff for sabotage. Journalist <b>Ali Safai-far</b>, secretary of the society for defense of press freedom, believes that the passage of President Khatami&apos;s election law reform bill could have solved the problem. The bill, which was rejected by the Guardians Council, called for limiting the Guardians&apos; role in vetting candidacy applicants. He tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the political parties and organizations have not yet begun campaigning, but the interior ministry and Guardians Council are fighting on procedure. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) • The conference of provincial governors ended its Mashhad meeting with an attack against the Guardians Council. In a statement issued on Sunday the governors called for the passage of President Khatami&apos;s election reform bill that would end the Guardians&apos; veto power over election candidacy applicants. (Ardavan Niknam) • The reformists&apos; defeat in last year&apos;s municipal elections, in which the majority of the voters declined to participate, encouraged the conservatives. They formed a national election headquarter under former Majles speaker and presidential candidate Ali-Akbar Nateq-Nouri to coordinate and unify their efforts, Islamic leftist cleric and former interior minister, MP Ali-Akbar Mohtashami said today. Secretary-general of the hard-line Jam&apos;iat Mo&apos;talefeh Eslami Habibollah Asgar-Oladi instructed his membership to coordinate their election campaigns with Nateq-Nouri. (Keyvan Hosseini) <b>Guardians&apos; Secretary Blames Journalists for Pro-Democracy Demonstrations</b> • In last Friday&apos;s official prayer sermon, Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati blamed journalists for last June&apos;s 10-day pro-democracy demonstrations. Issa Saharkhiz, former culture ministry&apos;s director of domestic press and publisher of the monthly <i>Aftab</i> said Jannati&apos;s remarks showed that he has little knowledge of what journalists do. Jannati probably tagged those lines to his speech after he was told that last Friday coincided with the national reporter&apos;s day, Saharkhiz added. (Ali Sajjadi) <b>Big Investors Manipulate Stock Prices with Phony Deals</b> • Value of shares traded in the Tehran stock exchange jumped from $17 billion to $30 billion in the past two months. Observers worry that a bubble-bursting crash may prove devastating to small investors, who have been luredto the market by false information. The 8000 billion rials worth of new issues Government said it will offer soon helped cool the overheated market. The market index fell by 80 points Sunday. Investors diverted funds from real estate and mobile phone speculation to the stock market, and, observers say, US and Europe Iranians have invested nearly $2 billion in the Tehran market in the recent months. Furthermore, the stock market is proving a useful tool for money laundering. Monday newspapers charged that major investors push up stock prices by putting out information about false stock deals among themselves. (Fereydoun Khavand) • In addition to new issues, price caps will be enforced as of Tuesday to control the overheated market, secretary-general of the Tehran stock exchange said. The limits will remain effective for 15 days, he added. In the first four months of the fiscal year that began on March 22, 2003, stock prices rose by 68 percent, despite slow economy and rising unemployment. (Arash Qavidel) <b>Supreme Leader&apos;s Newspaper Attacks National Hero Babak</b> • The Supreme Leader&apos;s daily newspaper <i>Jumhuri-ye Eslami</i> mounted a sharp attack against national hero Babak Korramdin, the 9th Century anti-Islam commander and nation-builder, who, in 9th Century A.D. established an Iranian government in the area now called Azerbaijan, independent from the Baghdad Islamic caliphate. The paper&apos;s article was a reaction to Babak&apos;s mounting popularity, which brings tens of thousands of celebrants to his tomb and castle in eastern Azerbaijan every year. Jumhui-ye Eslami said Babak&apos;s advocates have called for a federal system of government in Iran and claim that he was a hero, whereas, according to historic studies, he was a corrupt tyrant who committed many crimes against the people of the area. (Ardavan Niknam) <b>Urban Population Soars as Villagers Abandon Rural Life</b> • The cities&apos; share of the population soared to 62 percent from 32 percent in 1957, according to the national statistics center (Markaz-e Amar-e Iran). It said 283,000 per year abandon their villages. (Fereydoun Khavand) <b>Jailed Writer Sues Judge for Torture</b> • In a complaint filed with the Majles complaints committee, jailed writer and Tolstoy translator Alireza Jabbari, a member of the Iranian writers&apos; union, accused Mohammad-Jafar Saberi-Zafarqandi, AKA Haji-Aqa Hosseinkhani, former judge of the Mehrabad airport&apos;s special judiciary, of torture. He said the judge tortured him for 40 days during the three-times-a-day interrogations, Sajjadi&apos;s lawyer Khalil Bahramian said. (Shireen Famili) <b>Spokesman Invokes Religious Ban against Nuclear Weapons</b> • Foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said the Tehran visit of the UN International Atomic Energy&apos;s legal delegation was “useful and positive,” and an opportunity for Iran to express its position. He denied the US charges that Iran was developing nuclear arms, and quoted the Supreme Leader who said Islamic beliefs prevent Iran from using nuclear or other mass destruction weapons. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) • Reformist MP Davud Hassanzadegan, member of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, said signing the additional protocol of the UN nuclear non-proliferation treaty, before obtaining guarantees on the outcome, would be a mistake. (Arash Qavidel) <b>Public Indictment against Tehran Prosecutor</b> • The society for defense of human rights in Iran issued a 7-count indictment against Tehran prosecutor Said Mortazavi, accusing him of attempted cover-up of the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi. The society&apos;s director, Paris-based human rights lawyer <b>Abdolkarim Lahiji</b>, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that Kazemi&apos;s case should be assigned to a supreme court judge without a history of service in such suppressive organs as the Islamic revolutionary courts. (Bahman Bastani) • The judiciary admitted publicly on Monday that some of its personnel played a role in the death in custody of Zahra Kazemi. Judiciary spokesman Gholam-hossein Elham said our internal investigation showed that some individuals committed crimes, but there has been no institutional wrongdoing. Of the five security agents arrested on July 23, two have been released on bail, he added. (Masoud Malek) <b>High Emissions Shut Down Production of Sinad</b> • For the first time in its history, the environmental protection organization ordered Kish automaker to shut down the production of Sinad, after studies showed that the car violates emission standards. Ecologist <b>Leyla Khosravi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that some of the products of Iran&apos;s largest carmaker Iran-Khodro have been found to exceed emission standards, and the production line of popular Pride sedans, based on a South Korean car, may be closed in the near future. (Farin Asemi) <b>$500 Million for Renovation of Textile Industry</b> • Secretary of the textile society said the government will spend $500 million to renovate 47 major textile factories. He said Iran&apos;s share in the world&apos;s $450 billion textile market is only $320 million. Poor quality of Iran&apos;s textiles and their relative high prices has been a factor of illegal imports of fabrics. (Arash Qavidel) <b>Judiciary Releases 10 Student Protestors</b> • With the release today of 10 student protesters who had been arrested during last June&apos;s pro-democracy demonstrations, the number of the released students reached 22, according to MP Mohsen Safai Farahani. More than 4,000 were arrested during those demonstrations, of which 2000 has been kept in custody awaiting their trials. (Ali Sajjadi) . فريدون زرنگار (راديو فردا): به نظر مي رسد با اظهارات وزير کشور در گردهمايي استانداران در مشهد، مبارزات انتخاباتي دوره هفتم مجلس شوراي اسلامي هر چند نه رسما، که عملا آغاز شده است. عبدالواحد موسوي لاري، وزير کشور جمهوري اسلامي خطاب به استانداران کشور گفت: از کار دفاتر نظارتي شوراي نگهبان جلوگيري کنيد، زيرا اين دفاتر غيرقانوني هستند و استانداران مکلف هستند تا از کار آنها جلوگيري کنند. طبيعي بود که يک چنين حمله آشکار به حريم مورد ادعاي شوراي نگهبان نمي توانست بي جواب بماند. امروز روزنامه جمهوري اسلامي نوشت: اين دل بستن به سراب است و شوراي نگهبان از حق قانوني خود در زمينه داشتن دفاتر نظارتي به هيچ وجه نخواهد گذشت. پس از انتخابات دوره ششم مجلس و شکست محافظه کاران، شوراي نگهبان تصميم گرفت با تاسيس دفاتر دائمي هياتهاي نظارت شوراي نگهبان در سطح شهرستانهاي کشور، اطلاعات راجع به شخصيتهاي مطرح که احتمالا در رقايتهاي انتخاباتي آينده شرکت خواهند کرد جمع آوري کند که اين تصميم مورد اعتراض شديد اصلاح طلبان قرار گرفت. دکتر صادق زيبا کلام درگيري بين وزارت کشور و شوراي نگهبان را پديده اي تازه نمي داند و مي گويد: در جريان همه انتخابات تقريبا چنين درگيريهايي را شاهد بوده ايم و علت اين درگيريها هم وجود نهادهاي موازي انتخابي و انتصابي است. دکتر صادق زيبا کلام (استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران): ببينيد، عين همين دعوا 4 سال پيش هم مطرح بود و در خيلي از حوزه ها که شوراي نگهبان مداخله مي کرد، وزارت کشور معتقد بود که اين در چهارچوب اختيارات شوراي نگهبان نيست يا برخي از بودجه ها و هزينه هايي را که شوراي نگهبان مي طلبيد، وزارت کشور خودداري مي کرد از پرداختش. يعني مي خواهم بگويم که عين همين مرافعه 4 سال پيش هم بود. ما متاسفانه در جمهوري اسلامي يک سري نهادهاي موازي داريم که معمولا اين نهادها به اين صورت هستند که يک سري از اين نهادهاي موازي ريشه اشان در حقيقت به رهبري مي رسد و يک سري ديگر به بخش انتخابي، به بخش منتخب، و به اصطلاح به بخش جمهوريت نظام مي رسد. اينها علي الاغلب بينشان مشکلات هست چون به هر حال حوزه کاريشان درست تعريف نشده، دقيق تعريف نشده، و يکي از اين موارد همين جا هست که هم شوراي نگهبان در قانون پيش بيني شده که بايد بر انتخابات نظارت بکند و هم وزارت کشور. ف.ز: علي صفايي فر، دبير انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات نامعلومي سرنوشت لايحه انتخابات ارائه شده از سوي رئيس جمهور به مجلس را باعث اين درگيري مي داند و مي گويد: اين بدان معني نيست که مبارزات انتخاباتي آغاز شده باشد. علي صفايي فر (دبير انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات): تصورم اين است که هنوز به آن مفهوم مبارزات انتخاباتي جدي شروع نشده است، بلکه اينها مباحثي است که در واقع پرسشهايي را به همراه دارد و هنوز پاسخهاي آن دريافت نشده است، از جمله اين که اين لايحه انتخابات نهايتا تاييد خواهد شد يا نخواهد شد؟ تاييد اين لايحه در سرنوشت انتخابات خيلي موثر خواهد بود. اين مباحثي که الان مطرح است به نظر من بيشتر جنبه اجرائي کار هست و بين نهادهاي نظارتي و اجرايي کشور است که ما خيلي از جزئيات اطلاع نداريم. اما گروههاي سياسي هنوز وارد صحنه نشده اند و فکر مي کنم ماه‌هاي آينده وضعيت را روشنتر خواهد کرد. ف.ز: اما آيا وزارت کشور قدرت جلوگيري از کار دفترهاي نظارتي شوراي نگهبان را دارد؟ دکتر صادق زيبا کلام مي گويد: وزارت کشور به هيچ وجه در موقعيتي نيست که اين خواست خود را عملي کند. دکتر صادق زيبا کلام: من تصور مي کنم که وزارت کشور به هيچ وجه نمي تواند اين دفاتر را ببندد، براي اين که خيلي اگر کار بالا بکشد، آن وقت شوراي نگهبان از طريق يک نهاد ديگري به نام قوه قضائيه که آن هم باز بر مي گردد به بخش انتصابي نظام مقاومت مي کند و مي تواند في الواقع خيلي جدي وزير کشور، فرمانداران، و استانداران را به صلابه بکشد. بايد گفت که در حقيقت اين يک ژست سياسي هست که به نظر من وزارت کشور گرفته و به هيچ وجه وزارت کشور آن توان را ندارد و از آن جايگاه قدرتي برخوردار نيست که في الواقع بتواند اين دفاتر را ببندد. ف.ز: در حالي که علي صفايي فر، دبير انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات به اجراي قانون خوش بين است و مي گويد: درخواستي که در چهارچوب قانون مطرح شود، پيشبرد دارد. علي صفايي فر: آن که قانون را بخواهد قطعا در چهارچوب قانون حرف او به اجرا خواهد رسيد، حالا هر يک از دو طرفي که در چهارچوب قانون درخواستي دارند قطعا آن درخواست، درخواستي است که اجرا خواهد شد. عبدالواحد موسوي لاري، وزير کشور جمهوري اسلامي در گردهمايي استانداران در مشهد، گفت که استانداران مکلف هستند از کار دفاتر نظارتي شوراي نگهبان جلوگيري کنند، زيرا اين دفاتر غيرقانوني هستند. دکتر صادق زيبا، استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد که درگيري بين وزارت کشور و شوراي نگهبان پديده اي تازه‌اي نيست و در جريان همه انتخابات تقريبا چنين درگيري‌هايي را شاهد بوده ايم و علت اين درگيريها هم وجود نهادهاي موازي انتخابي و انتصابي است. وي اين اقدام وزارت کشور را يک ژست سياسي مي داند، چرا که اگر کار بالا بکشد، آن وقت شوراي نگهبان از طريق قوه قضائيه، وزير کشور، فرمانداران، و استانداران را به صلابه مي‌کشد. اما علي صفايي فر، دبير انجمن دفاع از آزادي مطبوعات در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد که به اجراي قانون خوش بين است و مي‌افزايد که درخواستي که در چهارچوب قانون مطرح شود، پيشبرد دارد.
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