Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiThursday, September 07, 2003
<b>US National Security Advisor sees Iran as source of Terrorism</b>
• Iran poses a “difficult problem” and “has been a source of terrorism,” US National security adviser Condoleezza Rice said Sunday on the Fox cable news channel. She said the US will continue asking Iran to turn over the Al Qaeda members it said it had arrested. (Amir Armin)
<b>Special Report: 25th Anniversary of the First Violent Anti-Shah Riots</b>
• Former journalist and leftist activist <b>Nosratoolah Nouh</b>, who covered the events of September 8, 1978, at the Jaleh circle for the evening daily <i>Kayhan</i> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> despite the curfew in Tehran and 10 had other cities, a great number of people were in the streets chanting slogans against the government. He says <i>Kayhan</i> censored his report at the time, but it was later published by the communist party Tudeh. (Amir Armin)
Three, who witnessed the events of September 8, 1978, that led to the Islamic revolution, remember that fateful day in interviews with <b>Radio Farda</b>.
• Notre Dam University's history professor <b>Abbas Milani</b>, author of the <i>The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution</i>, says the anti-Shah opposition was not organized and had no political plan, except for the Islamic groups under Ayatollahs. He says the number of the dead was grossly exaggerated by the opposition. Later it was revealed that half of those killed were from the police, which shows that some of the demonstrators were armed and had come to provoke the police to shoot back.
• Washington-based businessman <b>Hamid Moqadam</b>, a former leftist, anti-Shah activist, says the political groups had no role in organizing the anti-Shah demonstrations that finally led to the revolution. Activists, including the leftists, had no notion about democracy, and from the early on it was clear that an Islamic network was moving to consolidate power.
• Former member of the armed Marxist-Leninist Fedaiyan-e Khalq guerilla group <b>Maryam Satvat</b> says her organization had no role in organizing the events, but was in the streets in full force to see what people were saying. Ousting the Shah was so important to people at the time that nobody thought of what should come after, she adds. She said dogmatism and despotism was everywhere, even within her Marxist group, in which no one was allowed to think outside the box. (Shahran Tabari)
<b>Brain Drain: 200,000 Highly Educated Left, Stats Say</b>
• “Frustrated by bleak job prospects, restricted freedoms and a stagnant economy, more than 200,000 of Iran's most educated professionals left the country legally last year, according to government statistics, plucked by companies and governments in Canada, Australia, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Eastern Europe and the United States -- one of the highest rates of brain drain in the world,” writes Afshin Molavi in the <i>Washington Post</i>. (Mahdieh Javid)
<b>US to Pressure IAEA to Block Iran's Nuclear Weapons Program</b>
• “America will tomorrow demand that the UN takes urgent action to prevent Iran acquiring the atom bomb… The US will make the demand at a special meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna that has been arranged to consider a 10-page report by Mohamed Elbaradei, the agency's director-general, into the state of Iran's nuclear program, reports the London daily the <i>Sunday Telegraph</i>. The <i>Telegraph</i> said Iran was capable to achieve full nuclear capability in two years and has underground facilities to enrich uranium that can house 1000 workers. (Amir Armin)
<b>Roundtable: The “Special” Courts</b>
• The UN Human Rights Commission called last week for the elimination of the Special Courts for the Clergy and the Islamic Revolutionary Courts. In today's roundtable, <b>Elaheh Shrifpour Hicks</b>; Iran specialist at the New York-based the Human Rights Watch, <b>Ahmad Kazemi Mousavi</b>; a former judge and an Islamic law professor at the Kuala Lumpur's International Institute Of Islamic Thought & Civilization; and Tehran-based lawyer <b>Masud Khosravi</b> discuss the legal, religious and human rights aspects of the two “special” court systems. (Maryam Ahmadi)
<b>Yazd Police Kills Young Biker</b>
• Police violence resulted in the death of a young man in the city of Yazd, triggering an immediate public protest attended by 3000 and lasting several hours. Carrying out new stop and check policy on young bikers, a policeman yesterday kicked the motorbike of a 22-year-old at a checkpoint, when the biker refused to stop. The biker collided with a car and died, infuriating the people who had gathered to watch the police action at the anti-biking checkpoint, <b>Dehghani</b>, an eyewitness, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Furious people blocked the streets and chanted angry slogans, and beat the policemen, he adds. More than 3000 gathered for several hours, before being dispersed by the police, he says. . The Yazd Firday prayer leader had called for checks on bikers in a bid to stem the rise of biking as a fashionable pastime for the city's youth, and the new police chief is carrying out the policy with an extra zeal, he adds. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b> Rich-Poor Gap Widens Despite Heavy Subsidies</b>
• The gap between the low income and high income classes widened, as, according to official stats. Paris-based economist <b>Jamshid Asadi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the rich-poor gap maybe even greater than the officials would lead us to believe. For example, he says, clerics in charge of large-scale economic-religious cartels use the funds under their control as personal property. He adds that the huge subsidies paid by the government for everything from food to energy to medicine, reflects a sick economy choked by monopolies and special interests, who keep prices high and siphon the government subsidies. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>US Rejected Iran's Offer to Hand-Over Ben Laden Kin</b>
• By means of Germany, Iran offered to hand over to the US some close relatives of Osama bin Ladan, but Washington refused to reciprocate by extraditing members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) wanted in Iran on terror charges, German weekly Die <i>Welt</i> reports. Iran had also asked to be removed from the US list of state sponsors of terrorism. (Parviz Farhang, Cologne)
<b>Judiciary Silent on Detained Students</b>
• There is no information on the charges, sentences or release dates of the students arrested during last June pro-democracy protests, former central council member of the association of Islamic student councils. <b>Hadi Kahalzadeh</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Even their names do not appear in the Majles list of detained students. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>Iranian Ambassador Returns to London</b>
• Iranian ambassador to Britain Morteza Sarmadi returned to London a week after being recalled, unofficially, as a reaction to the arrest in London of Iran's former ambassador to Argentina on terror charges. (Keyvan Husseini)
<b>US Arrests Iranian Border Crossers</b>
• Deputy Kurdistan governor Alireza Jamshidi confirmed the US forces arrested Iranians who crossed the border into Iraq with the help of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan party members. Iran's state-owned labor news agency had reported yesterday that the US forces arrested 22 Iranians near the Marivan border crossing. (Mehdi Khalaji)
<b>Police Prepares Plan to Admit Women in Sports Stadiums</b>
• The police submitted a plan to the interior ministry which would open popular sports, such as soccer to women audiences. The plan meets the approval of the government's sports authority, but the police is against it, a Tehran journalist tells Radio Farda. (Nima Tamadon)
ليلي صدر (راديوفردا): مشاور امنيت ملي کاخ سفيد مي گويد: جمهوري اسلامي به منبع تروريسم تبديل شده و براي آمريکا معضل دشواري به وجود آورده است.
امير آرمين (راديوفردا): کانداليزا رايس در گفتگو با شبکه تلويزيون Fox در روز يکشنبه تاکيد کرد که ايران منبع تروريسم است و ما مدام به آنها خواهيم گفت که تروريست ها را تحويل بدهند. مقام هاي جمهوري اسلامي اخيرا گفته اند که تعدادي از اعضاي القاعده را در اين کشور دستگير کرده اند و آمريکا خواهان تحويل گرفتن آنها است. منابع آگاه مي گويند که سران القاعده و از جمله سليمان ابوغيث که کويت شهروندي وي را ملغي کرده است، در بازداشت جمهوري اسلامي به سر مي برد و آمريکا خواهان تحويل گرفتن اين شخص است.
از خانم رايس درباره تغيير رژيم در ايران سوال شد. مشاور امنيت ملي کاخ سفيد گفت که مردم ايران بارها خواست خود را به آزادي ابراز کرده اند و رئيس جمهوري آمريکا از آن خواست حمايت کرده است. خانم رايس افزود که با وجود اين، در ايران انتخابات برگزار مي شود و مردم در اين انتخابات نظر خود را اعلام کرده اند. ما مي خواهيم مطمئن شويم که هميشه از ابزارهاي درست در مکان و اوضاع و احوال درست استفاده مي کنيم.
کانداليزا رايس گفت که جاي هيچ شکي نيست که رژيم جمهوري اسلامي نه تنها براي آمريکا که براي ساير نقاط جهان، يک معضل دشوار است. براي مثال به برنامه هسته اي آنها نگاه کنيد. به نظر من سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي با توجه به يافته هايش در ايران حيرت زده شده و يکه خورده است. اين يک هشدار بود. حالا دارند نگاه دومي به ايران مي اندازند و ما از اين نگاه دوم استقبال مي کنيم. کانداليزا رايس، مشاور امنيت ملي آمريکا در گفتگو با شبکه تلويزيون Fox در روز يکشنبه تاکيد کرد که جمهوري اسلامي منبع تروريست است. وي گفت که مردم ايران بارها خواست خود را براي آزادي ابراز کرده اند و رئيس جمهوري آمريکا از آن خواست حمايت کرده است. خانم رايس گفت که که جاي هيچ شکي نيست که رژيم جمهوري اسلامي نه تنها براي آمريکا که براي ساير نقاط جهان، يک معضل دشوار است. وي به طور مثال از برنامه هسته اي حکومت ايران نام برد و گفت که سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي با توجه به يافته هايش در ايران حيرت زده شده و يکه خورده است و اين به منزله يک هشدار بود. حالا دارند نگاه دومي به ايران مي اندازند و ما از اين نگاه دوم استقبال مي کنيم.