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جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۲:۳۳ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

ورود وزير امور خارجه آمريکا به بغداد و تاکيد بر فرونشاندن خشونت و برقراري دمکراسي در عراق


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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSunday, September 14, 2003 <b>Powell: al-Qaeda Leaders in Iran</b> • “We believe Iran has al-Qaeda leaders in Iran, and al-Qaeda personnel,” US Secretary of State Collin Powell said in an interview from Baghdad with the Fox cable news channel. Asked if Iran was helping them, Powell said: “We know that they have detained some. “I dont know that they have control of all of them.” (Ali Sajjai) <b>Iran Threatens to “Reconsider” Relations with IAEA</b> • The IAEA passed a resolution on Saturday that gave Iran until the end of October to provide complete and unlimited access to its nuclear sites for impromptu inspections. Iran is in process of “reconsidering” its relationship with the IAEA, foreign ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi said today. He threatened Canada, Japan and Australia with censure. He also dismissed the possibility that Russia would seize its atomic cooperation with Iran. (Ali Sajjadi) <b>Four Tehran Dailies React to the IAEA Resolution</b> • <i>Entekhab</i> sees the the IAEA resolution as a sign of unity between Europe, the US and the Far East against the Islamic Republic, and urges Iran&apos;s foreign diplomacy to take a more active role in the world, lest it be weakened even further. • <i>Etemad</i> suggests that the September 12 resolution has put the Islamic regime in an unprecedented position that requires unemotional decisions made without anger. • <i>Jomhurieh Eslami</i> calls the resolution an act of bullying and blackmailing, which affords the Islamic government a historic opportunity to once and forever settles its account with the world&apos;s bullies and blackmailers. Accepting the IAEA resolution would amount to allowing foreigners make decisions for Iran, it adds. • <i>Mardomsalari</i> sees signing the resolution as surrender, but says not signing it would have worse consequences for Iran. The conservatives will use Iran&apos;s acceptance of the resolution as an excuse to attack the reformists, as the faction that relinquished Iran&apos;s independence, it adds. (Behnam Nateghi) <b>Prison Loses Zeyadabadi&apos;s File Just before His Release on Furlough</b> • The prison officials said they lost the file of jailed journalist and university professor Ahmad Zeydabadi, just before he was about to be released on furlough, his wife <b>Mahdieh Mohammadi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Leila Sadr) <b>Use of Computers in Religious Schools: Sign of Progress?</b> • Head of Qum religious schools Hosseini Bushehri said using computes in the Shiite seminaries will lead seminarians to the forefront of science. Tehran University political science professor <b>Sadeq Zibakalam</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the country is way behind many other nations in all fields of science and technology, but the lag is not visible in human sciences. In the past 24 years, neither our universities nor our religious seminaries could publish a credible historical research on the Islamic revolution or any other matter. He adds that the Qum seminaries maybe in the forefront of religious thought, but not other human sciences, such as philosophy, history and sociology. (Masud Malek) <b> Najaf Replaces Qum as the Center of Shiite Learning</b> • With the fall of Saddam, Najaf returns to the forefront of Shiite learning, Hazem al-Amin writes in a study published by the London Arabic daily al <i>Hayat</i>. Not only most mainstream theologians in Najaf, but also many Shiite scholars in Qum disapprove the clerical rule and power of the Supreme Leader, and many do not accept Iran&apos;s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as a religious source of emulation. (Farideh Rabhar) <b>Armed MKO Splinter Group Prepares Attacks on US Troops, Kurds and Iran</b> • Nearly 1000 splinter elements of the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO) have taken to the rugged mountains separating Iran and Iraq, and were preparing to wage attacks against US troops, ethnic Kurds and Tehran, local officials and military sources said. However, 4,000 MKO members were consolidated, detained, disarmed and were being screened for any past terrorist acts, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Cantwell, US commander of the MKO&apos;s Camp Ashraf said. (Amir Armin) <b>Roundtable: People&apos;s Participation in Next Year&apos;s Majles Elections</b> In today&apos;s roundtable, Mashhad-based reformist journalist Mohammad <b>Sadeq Javadi-Hesar</b>; former Tehran University president and nationalist-religious activist <b>Mohammad Maleki</b> and Washington-based activist for a secular Iranian republic <b>Amir-Hossein Ganjbakhsh</b> discuss the potential public participation or boycott of next year&apos;s Majles elections. • Sadeq Javadi-Hesar says the Guardians Council has in the past qualified and disqualified same people in different elections, based on the political atmosphere of the time. A great majority did not vote in the last municipal elections, because voters did not see the impact of their previous, enthusiastic participation. • Mohammad Maleki says the people will stay away from the Majles elections, because the experience of the past six years showed that in the current political system elected officials are powerless. The people have concluded that, in the system of clerical rule, elections are meaningless. With these laws, with the Guardians Council and its vetting power, the people will not go to the voting booths. • Amir-Hossein Ganjbakhsh says the Guardians&apos; vetting process of applicants for the candidacy in the Majles elections is a form of inquisition, in which even some insiders have been disqualified. The rulers have increasingly shown less tolerance for the mild and respectful criticism of the Majles MPs and the loyal opposition, like the nationalist-religious coalition. Instead of a legislative body, the reformist Majles functioned as a place where certain criticism could be voiced with impunity. Iran needs major structural change in its political system. But the apathy, or political sulking of the voters, will strengthen the conservatives, who will gladly take back the presidency and their majority in the Majles. <b>Political Fasting in Support of Political Prisoners</b> • In a statement today, a group of reformist and nationalist-religious activists, including MP Meysam Saidi, member of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, announced that they would go on a symbolic fast next Monday to protest the continued detention of Abbas Abdi, board member of the pro-Khatami party the Participation Front. Abdi, a high level leftist theoretician of the reform movement, and a Khatami advisor, whose revolutionary credentials include starting the 1979 hostage crisis by leading the pro-Khomeini students&apos; assault on the US embassy, was sentenced to five years in jail for his role in the public opinion poll that showed 74 percent of respondents favor the resumption of US-Iran relations. (Nima Tamadon) <b>Girls Occupy More Freshmen Places then Boys in Universities</b> • Sixty-two percent of those who succeeded in this year&apos;s competitive national universities&apos; entrance exams were girls, announced Hossein Pour-Kazemi, deputy director of Sazeman-e Sanjesh, the higher education ministry&apos;s organization that oversees the exams. More than 78 percent of this year&apos;s freshmen in such fields as science, medicine and engineering will be girls, and girls will occupy 63 percent of human sciences freshmen seats. (Arash Qavidel) . ليلي صدر (راديوفردا): کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريکا، روز يکشنبه در بدو ورود به بغداد از مراحل پيشرفت دمکراسي در عراق سخن گفت. وي همچنين به اوضاع نا امن اين کشور اشاره کرد، اما با قاطعيت اظهار داشت که نيروهاي آمريکايي در فرونشاندن موج خشونت و برقراري دمکراسي در عراق، موفق خواهند شد. مسعود ملک (راديوفردا): سفر کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريکا به خاطر مسائل امنيتي بدون اطلاع قبلي صورت گرفت. آقاي پاول از کويت با يک هواپيماي نظامي C-130 به بغداد عزيمت کرد و در فرودگاه اين شهر مورد استقبال نيروهاي آمريکايي قرار گرفت. کولين پاول، بلندپايه ترين مقام آمريکايي است که پس از سقوط رژيم صدام حسين در ماه آوريل از عراق ديدن مي کند. وي همچنين نخستين وزير امور خارجه آمريکا است که در نيم قرن گذشته به اين کشور سفر کرده است. وزير امور خارجه آمريکا در بدو ورود به بغداد، پس از ملاقات کوتاهي با هوشيار زباري، وزير موقت امور خارجه عراق، به خبرنگاران گفت: اوضاع عراق هنوز ناامن است، اما نيروهاي آمريکايي قادر خواهند بود آن را مهار کنند. آقاي پاول افزود: بزرگترين تهديد در حال حاضر، تروريست هايي هستند که مخفيانه وارد عراق مي شوند و هدف شان ضربه زدن به روند برقراري دمکراسي در اين کشور است، اما به آنها اجازه داده نخواهد شد به مقاصد خود دست يابند. به گفته مقامات نظامي آمريکا، جنگجويان اسلامگراي بيگانه، به طور فزاينده، اغلب از طريق ايران و سوريه وارد عراق مي شوند. آقاي پاول در ادامه سخنان خود گفت: اکنون ما به مراحل بعدي روند دمکراسي مي انديشيم، يعني تدوين قانون اساسي که به مردم عراق حق بيان آزادانه خواسته هايشان را بدهد. وزير امور خارجه آمريکا گفت: تدوين قانون اساسي ما را به سوي يک عراق دمکراتيک هدايت مي کند و هنگامي که زمان آن فرا رسد، ما با کمال ميل مسئوليت ها را به عراقي ها منتقل خواهيم کرد. ديدار آقاي پاول از عراق، همچنين اقدامي در پشتيباني از شوراي موقت حکومتي عراق و پال برمر، رئيس آمريکايي اداره امور اين کشور به شمار مي رود. آقاي پاول در سخنان خود آشکارا از ذکر تاريخ معيني در سال 2004 براي انجام انتخابات که از سوي شوراي موقت حکومتي و نيز دولت فرانسه پيشنهاد و با مخالفت واشنگتن روبرو شد، امتناع ورزيد، اما هوشيار زباري، وزير امور خارجه موقت عراق، پس از ملاقات با کولين پاول در هتل بغداد، اظهار اميدواري کرد که پيش از پايان سال 2004 ميلادي، مردم عراق بتوانند يک دولت منتخب، مقتدر و مشروع داشته باشند. بنابه گفته آقاي زباري، شوراي موقت حکومتي عراق، در نظر داشت هر چه زودتر ثبت نام راي دهندگان را آغاز کند، تا موفق به برگزاري انتخابات، پيش از پايان سال آينده ميلادي شود. وزير موقت امور خارجه عراق، به ادامه هرج و مرج و حملات مرگبار به نيروهاي ائتلاف اشاره کرد و گفت: اقدام به ثبت نام براي راي گيري، بستگي به شرايط و اوضاع امنيتي در عراق دارد. نيروهاي آمريکايي درعراق روزانه ده ها بار مورد حمله قرار مي گيرند. خشونت، جنايت و بي قانوني، از زمان سقوط صدام حسين در ماه آوريل به طور گسترده در عراق پا گرفته است. کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريکا، روز يکشنبه در بدو ورود به بغداد از مراحل پيشرفت دمکراسي در عراق سخن گفت. وي همچنين به اوضاع نا امن اين کشور اشاره کرد، اما با قاطعيت اظهار داشت که نيروهاي آمريکايي در فرونشاندن موج خشونت و برقراري دمکراسي در عراق، موفق خواهند شد. سفر کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريکا به خاطر مسائل امنيتي بدون اطلاع قبلي صورت گرفت. آقاي پاول از کويت با يک هواپيماي نظامي C-130 به بغداد عزيمت کرد و در فرودگاه اين شهر مورد استقبال نيروهاي آمريکايي قرار گرفت. کولين پاول، بلندپايه ترين مقام آمريکايي است که پس از سقوط رژيم صدام حسين در ماه آوريل از عراق ديدن مي کند. وي همچنين نخستين وزير امور خارجه آمريکا است که در نيم قرن گذشته به اين کشور سفر کرده است.
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