Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiMonday, October 06, 2003
<b>Mixed Signals on Meeting IAEA Deadline</b>
• Iran does not feel committed to follow the October 31 deadline set by the IAEA board of governors, Iran's representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency Ali Akbar Salehi said on Sunday, contradicting his own statement on Friday, when he declared Iran has reached “total agreement” with the IAEA delegation. The deadline was not a criterion for Tehran, because Iran had not accepted the IAEA resolution, he added. In an interview with the Arabic daily <i>al-Vatan</i>, Salehi said Iran has rejected impromptu inspections of its nuclear sites. The inspections are a condition of the additional protocol to the UN nuclear non-proliferation treaty that Iran had signaled it would consider signing. However, he said Iran would continue to cooperate with the IAEA, and would try to answer the outstanding issues, as quickly as possible. (Bahman Bastani)
• In an interview with the <i>New York Times</i>, President Vladimir Putin of Russia called for Iran's Islamic authorities to accept expanded international inspections of Iran's nuclear facilities, saying they had no reason to object if they had nothing to hide. “We are not only hearing what our U.S. partners are telling us, we are listening to what they have to say,” Mr. Putin said. “And we are finding that some of their assertions are justified.” He made it clear that Russia reserved the right to complete Iran's reactor at Bushehr, the newspaper writes. Putin said Russia had sought to address American concerns about its aid in the construction of a civilian nuclear reactor in Iran by insisting that Iran return any spent nuclear fuel — a demand not yet ironed out in talks with Iran. Without identifying them, he complained that American and European companies also assisted Iran's nuclear ambitions but did not face sanctions, as some Russian companies had. (Leyli Arman)
• Iran's nuclear facilities have been acquired through unconventional means, through intermediaries, Iran's envoy to the IAEA board Ali Akbar Salehi said. For that reason, he added, it may be impossible for Iran to trace the origin of some the equipment, on which traces of enriched uranium have been found. (Ebrahim Biparva)
<b>Tehran Prosecutor Releases Mohsen Sazegara</b>
• Dissident Mohsen Sazegara, whose continued detention despite his poor health had worried his family and his supporters, was released on bail earlier this morning, according to a statement issued by the Tehran prosecutor's office. It said Sazegara had been arrested last June for inciting student demonstrations. [Sazegara, who formed the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps's intelligence unit in the early years of the revolution, was the publisher of several banned pro-Khatami newspapers. He is an ardent critic of the Supreme Leader and called for a constitutional reform to remove the role of the omnipotent Supreme Leader from Iran's system of government. Some of his supporters claimed he may have already been dead or was about to die from repeated hunger strikes and refusal to take medication for his ailing heart.] He stepped out of jail in good health, but appears to have lost at least 40 pounds in weight, according to his family. Also, writer Ahmad Zeydabadi was released after 13 months in jail. (Keyvan Hosseini)
<b>Sharon's Spokesman Threatens Iran with Air Attack</b>
• The attack on the Iranian-backed Islamic Jihad weapons storage in Syria was a clear signal to the “Tehran-Gaza axis of Terror,” Prime Minister Sharon's spokesman Raanan Gissin told CNN today. Gissin said Iran not only has been moving ahead with supporting terrorism in Gaza and boosting ties with Yasir Arafat, but was also attempting to extend its influence to the Israeli Arabs. He did not answer when asked if Israel planned to attack Iran as well. [The Islamic Jihad, which carried out yesterday's massacre in Haifa, “enjoys the support and sponsorship of Iran and Syria,” according to an Israeli Defense Forces statement.] (Bahman Bastani)
• Iran could not ignore the threat of possible Israeli attacks, warned the Tehran reformist daily <i>Etemad</i>. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
<b>Reza Pahlavi Says Islamic Regime Cannot Be Trusted with Nuclear Technology</b>
• Iran's atomic energy organization was founded under the Shah for the purpose of peaceful use of nuclear technology, and the construction of the Bushehr nuclear power plant, which is the focus of controversy today, was 80 percent complete at the time of the 1979 revolution. Major western powers, including the US and France, who are now insisting that Iran should abandon its nuclear program, used to compete with each other to enter into deals with Iran on nuclear power and everything else, former crown prince <b>Reza Pahlavi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Every nation has the right to decide on ways to make use of its natural resources, including nuclear fuel, but considering its 25-year scorecard, neither the world community nor the Iranian people can trust that the Islamic regime does what it claims, he adds. The only guarantee that the Iranian people and the rest of the world could have, would be democracy, he says. It does not really matter whether they sign the additional protocol to the NPT. The nuclear issue, as well as the misery and isolation of our country are precisely due to the lack of democracy, and Iran's final solution is democracy, he says. I believe that we need to reverse the nuclear proliferation trend, and that too is only possible with the proliferation of democratic regimes in the world, otherwise, every country can argue that because this or that other country may threaten it with nuclear arms, it too needs to develop atomic weapons. Also, the more weapons and ammunition you stock in a given house, the more chances of mishaps and disasters. The way to deal with the threat is elimination, not proliferation. Iran's other problems, including the dispute with the UAE over the Persian Gulf islands, or the fact that it has been bypassed as the cheapest way for the transport of oil from the Caspian Sea area to the world markets, will all be resolved after establishing a democratic and responsible government in Iran. The regime used the people's participation in previous elections to prove its legitimacy, but the elections proved that the regime cannot be reformed, he says. What democratic regime in the world you can find that screens election candidates, he asks. Democracy, secularism, freedoms, non-violent resistance and referendum, are the foundations of his political view, he says. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
<b>Majles Fails to Convene Hearing on Kazemi's Death</b>
• The Majles complaints committee's hearing on the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi did not convene, because it did not reach quorum, committee's spokesperson Tehran MP Jamileh Kadivar said on Sunday. The reformist MPs said the conservative members of the committee stayed out, because they did not want the details of Kazemi's murder to be revealed in an open hearing. (Nima Tamadon)
• The Iranian authorities have promised that the trial of Kazemi's suspected killer will be held openly, Canada's minister of foreign affairs Bill Graham said in an interview with the French daily <i>La Liberation</i>. He added that Iran had refused to hand over Kazemi's body to Canada for autopsy, citing the Islamic rules on burial, whereas many Muslims bury their dead in Canada, in accordance with proper Islamic procedure. (Mir-Ali Hosseini, Paris)
<b>Teachers Demonstrate for Better Pay, Benefits</b>
• Protesting their low pay and inadequate benefits, teachers staged large demonstrations Sunday in Tehran and other major cities, on the occasion of the UN international day of teachers. Four were arrested in Tehran for demonstrating without proper teachers' ID, reported the state-owned labor news agency. High school classes were closed for the second day in a row in Isfahan, where high school teachers went on strike. Despite ban on public demonstrations, more than 2000 gathered in front of the city's education administration, chanting slogans against the authorities whom they alleged are living in luxury, while they lecture teachers that knowledge is better than wealth. (Bahman Bastani)
<b>Three Women MPs Call for Suspension of Attempted Rape Victim's Death Sentence</b>
• In a letter to the judiciary head, three women MPs called for the suspension of the death sentence against Afsaneh Nowrouzi. Last week, the judiciary's supreme court confirmed Nowrouzi's death sentence for the 1998 killing of the Kish island's head of police intelligence, who had attempted to rape her. In their letter to Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi-Shahroudi, MPs Azam Nasseripour, Jamileh Kadivar and Tahereh Rezazadeh reminded him that Ms. Nowrouzi had been acquitted six years ago in her preliminary trial. (Bahman Bastani)
<b>Imports Rise against Stagnant Non-Oil Exports</b>
• The customs bureau's figures show that Iran's non-oil exports reached $2.8 billion in the first five months of the fiscal year that began on March 22, 2003. The figures show an increase of 22 percent over the same period last year, but the non-oil exports were not much higher than six years ago. Meanwhile, imports reached $13 billion. (Fereydoun Khavand)
<b>Judiciary Prosecutes Human Rights Lawyers for Accompanying Their Colleagues to Jail</b>
• The judiciary summoned four human rights lawyers to stand trial on charges of calling for an unauthorized rally, because they had announced last year that they would accompany two of their convicted colleagues to jail. By that announcement, the lawyers did not mean to organize a rally, Tehran-based lawyer <b>Mohammad Seifzadeh</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Furthermore, the constitution protects the right of the citizens to organize political rallies, he adds. (Nima Tamadon)
کيوان حسيني (راديوفردا): اعضاي شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل در حال مشورت با دولت هاي خود درباره پيشنويس قطعنامه پيشنهادي سوريه براي محکوم کردن حمله ديروز اسرائيل به اردوگاهي در نزديکي دمشق هستند. جان نگرو پونته، سفير آمريکا در سازمان ملل که رياست اين ماه شوراي امنيت را به عهده دارد، گفته است که اعضاي شورا نياز به وقت بيشتري براي مشورت با دولت هاي خود دارند و امشب جلسه اي برگزار نمي شود. سفير سوريه ديشب گفت: شوراي امنيت مسئوليت دارد حمله اسرائيل را محکوم کند، اما مشاور نخست وزير اسرائيل، روز گذشته به دنبال اين حمله، گفت که اين حمله هشداري است به سوريه و نيز ايران تا به گفته او، از حمايت هاي خود از گروه هاي تروريستي فلسطيني دست بردارند. سخنگوي دولت اسرائيل هم با اشاره به جمهوري اسلامي به عنوان يکي از حاميان جهاد اسلامي گفت که هر کشوري که به تروريست ها پناه يا آموزش نظامي دهد و آنها را تشويق و پشتيباني کند، مسئول خواهد بود و بايد پاسخگوي چنين اقداماتي باشد. ايران حمله اسرائيل به سوريه را محکوم کرده است. کمال خرازي، وزير امور خارجه جمهوري اسلامي گفت که اين حمله تهديدي براي تمام منطقه خاورميانه به شمار مي رود. درباره تهديد اسرائيل عليه ايران، گلناز اسفندياري با دکتر محمدرضا جليلي، استاد روابط بين الملل در ژنو گفتگو کرده است.
گلناز اسفندياري (راديوفردا): آقاي دکتر جليلي، اسرائيل ديروز اعلام کرد که حمله به سوريه، هشداري است براي سوريه و ايران که دست از حمايت خود از گروه هاي تروريستي بردارند. اين نخستين باري است که اسرائيل مستقيما ايران را تهديد مي کند. چقدر اين تهديد جدي است؟
محمدرضا جليلي (استاد روابط بين الملل، ژنو): تهديد جدي است، به دليل اينکه اسرائيلي ها بعد از 30 سال، براي اولين بار به سوريه حمله کردند و احتمالش اين است که به کشورهاي ديگري که از نظر اسرائيل، گروه هاي تروريستي را حمايت مي کنند، حمله بکند، منجمله ايران. ولي خوب ايران فاصله اش با اسرائيل خيلي زيادتر از سوريه است و عکس العمل در برابر ايران مي تواند عواقب ديگري براي اسرائيل داشته باشد، بنابراين به نظر من اين تهديد واقعيت دارد، ولي با شرايط الان گمان نمي کنم براي اسرائيلي ها مناسب باشد که به مناطقي در ايران حمله بکنند.
گ.ا.: حالا با اينحال، با توجه به تهديدهايي که در گذشته از سوي برخي از مقامات اسرائيلي مطرح شده، درباره حمله احتمالي به تاسيسات هسته اي ايران. آيا ممکن است که با بالا گرفتن اين بحران، برخورد جدي صورت بگيرد بين ايران و اسرائيل؟
محمدرضا جليلي: به نظر نمي رسد که اين بحران، شدت زيادتري بگيرد، براي اينکه دولت سوريه هيچ نفعي ندارد که با اسرائيل در رويارويي قرار بگيرد و بنابراين، من خيال مي کنم که اين بحران جديد، فقط در چهارچوب شوراي امنيت و سازمان ملل مطرح بشود و بنابراين، گسترش بيشتري نگيرد، براي اينکه کشورهاي هم پيمان ايران، مثل سوريه، نفعش نيست که جنگ جديدي با اسرائيل آغاز بکند که احتمالا اين جنگ را ببازد، و بنابراين بحران سوريه چون گسترش پيدا نخواهد کرد، به نظر من، احتمال اينکه حمله اي از جانب اسرائيل به ايران بشود، احتمالش در حال حاضر کم است.
گ.ا.: اخيرا به نظر مي رسيد که روابط ايران و سوريه به گرمي سابق نيست. آيا اين مسائلي که تازه پيش آمده، ممکن است باعث شود که اين دو کشور به هم نزديک تر بشوند؟
محمدرضا جليلي: البته به نظر من اين دو کشور به هم نزديک تر مي شوند، همينطور که سوريه حتي با کشورهاي عربي هم که مشکلاتي در گذشته داشت، نزديک تر خواهد شد، براي اينکه انزوا به نفع سوريه نيست. مشاور نخست وزير اسرائيل، روز گذشته به دنبال حمله جنگنده هاي اين کشور به پايگاه گروه هاي فلسطيني در خاک سوريه، گفت که اين حمله هشداري است به سوريه و نيز جمهوري اسلامي، تا به گفته او، از حمايت هاي خود از گروه هاي تروريستي فلسطيني دست بردارند. دکتر محمدرضا جليلي، استاد روابط بين الملل در ژنو، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد که تهديد اسرائيل جدي است، به دليل اينکه اسرائيلي ها بعد از 30 سال، براي اولين بار به سوريه حمله کردند و احتمال آن مي رود که به کشورهاي ديگري که از نظر اسرائيل، گروه هاي تروريستي را حمايت مي کنند، حمله کند. وي مي گويد که با اين وجود، به علت فاصله زياد با ايران و نيز با توجه به اين که رويارويي با اسرائيل به نفع سوريه نخواهد بود و ظاهرا مساله تنها در چهارچوب شوراي امنيت و سازمان ملل مطرح مي شود، اين بحران گسترش بيشتري نخواهد يافت.