Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiTuesday, October 28, 2003
<b>Change Should Come from Within Iran, Says Armitage</b>
• Any political change should come from within Iran, Deputy Secretary of State <b>Richard Armitage</b> said on Tuesday after testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The entire western world is interested in democracy and progress in Iran, and we hope that Iranians conclude that there is no other way, he said on Tuesday in an interview with the VOA. (Mahtab Farid)
<b>Iran Soon to Officially Inform IAEA of Agreement to Sign the Additional Protocol</b>
• Iran will soon inform the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) of its decision to sign the additional protocol to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT), which would allow more stringent, impromptu UN inspections of Iran's nuclear facilities, Iran's representative to the IAEA Ali-Akbar Salehi announced on Tuesday. “We are soon going to send a letter indicating our intention and our readiness to accede to the protocol,” he said. “A letter has been drafted. It has been given to officials. They are studying it,” he added, explaining that the final say now rested with secretary of the supreme national security council Hassan Rouhani. (Alireza Taheri)
• Iran has made no progress in nuclear technology, deputy higher education minister for research Reza Mansouri said in an interview with the official news agency IRNA. The government's claim has spawned false pride in the people, and has had grave political and economic consequences for the country, he added. Iran needs access to nuclear technology in the areas of medicine, agriculture and many other peaceful purposes, Manouri, who is also head of the society of Iranian physicists, added. The government's focus on uranium enrichment, which is only a small, and not peaceful, part of the vast sphere of nuclear technology, should not be allowed to block nuclear research. The government's claim has produced the opposite of progress, because many foreign universities, including Poland's, refused to admit Iranian PhD candidates in scientific fields. (Nima Tamadon)
<b>US Asks Iran and Syria to Prevent Attackers from Crossing into Iraq</b>
• The White House asked Syria and Iran on Tuesday to block cross-border infiltration of foreign fighters into Iraq. (Maryam Ahmadi)
<b>Majles Blames Tehran Prosecutor of Cover-up in Kazemi's Death in Custody</b>
• Over loud objections from the conservative MPs, the Majles complaints committee read its long-awaited report on the judiciary's handling of the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi. The report implicated hard-line Tehran prosecutor Said Mortazavi in the events that lead to Kazemi's death. Zahra Kazemi died July 10, about three weeks after being detained for taking photographs outside the Evin prison during pro-democracy protests. The judiciary charged an intelligence ministry agent of beating her. But the intelligence ministry rejected the charge. In its report, the Majles complaints committee criticized Mortazavi for accusing Kazemi of spying and bullying the culture ministry to announce that the cause of her death was a stroke. A presidential-appointed committee later concluded she died of head injuries sustained while in custody. The Majles also complained that Mortazavi refused to testify in its hearings, and said it would send its report on Mortazavi to the judges' disciplinary court. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
• The complaints committee's report should be considered official, based on which, the entire investigation conducted under the Tehran prosecutor about Kazemi's death should be thrown out, and new investigation should begin from scratch, Paris-based human rights activist <b>Abdolkarim Lahiji</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
• A delegation of Canadian parliamentarians critical of Canadian government's handling of Kazemi's case, met with Majles MPs, and vice president for women's affairs Masoumeh Ebtekar, who promised that three envoys from Canada would be allowed to observe the November 15 trial of an intelligence ministry agent, head of the Canadian delegation told Canada's CBC-TV on his return to Toronto. He said Iran continues to refuse Canada's demand to exhume Kazemi's body. (Maryam Aghvami, Toronto)
<b>US Calls for the Extradition of Iran's al-Qaeda Detainees</b>
• Iran needs to turn its al-Qaeda detainees over to their countries of origin or the US. It was not enough that Iran has given their names to the UN, US State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said yesterday. , he added. (Nima Tamadon)
• The Islamic government rejected a US demand to hand over senior al-Qaeda members it says it has in custody. Foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said they will stand trial in Iran. (Leyli Arman)
<b>Oil Income Increases by 34 Percent</b>
• The country's oil income increased by 34 percent to $10.9 billion during the first six months of the fiscal year that began on March 22, 2003, according to the central bank figures released yesterday. Economists criticized the oil ministry for its tardy announcement of the country's oil income. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
<b>US Concerned about Continued Detention of Berkeley Lecturer</b>
• The US expressed concern about the safety of UC Berkeley political science lecturer Dariush Zahedi, who has been held in the Evin prison for over three months. State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said the Swiss embassy's US interest section would follow the case. Zahedi, West Coast program coordinator of the advocacy group American-Iranian Council, was arrested for spying by the intelligence ministry, and released after investigation, but the judiciary arrested him for the same charge. (Kian Manavi)
<b> Activists Fast in Protest</b>
• Reformist Majles MPs, nationalist and nationalist religious political activists, including the Islamic modernist cleric Mohsen Kadivar, and secretary-general of the Freedom Movement of Iran Ebrahim Yazdi, were among the activists who held a political fast at the Tehran teachers' college. Former culture minister and nationalist activist <b>Parviz Varjavand</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that Isfahan MP Rajabali Mazroui gave a strong speech at the gathering, and wife of jailed teachers' college history professor Hashem Aghajari said the regime is holding her husband's death sentence over his head, as the Damocles' Sword. Wife of jailed nationalist-religious activist Taqhi Rahmani also gave a speech about her husband's long detention and his family's concerns about his health, Varjavand adds. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
<b>Oil Ministry to Spend $3 Billion on Renovate of Two Refinaries</b>
• The oil ministry plans to raise $3 billion in foreign and domestic private investment to pay for the renovation of two 30-year-old refineries in Arak and Isfahan, deputy oil minister Akbar Torkan said today. All of the country's refineries were built under the Shah, and the Islamic government does not have the financial resources to renovate them. Torkan invited the domestic private sector to participate in the renovation of refineries. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran)
<b>Welfare Organization Collected 14,000 Street Children in Six Months, Official Says</b>
• The welfare organization picked up 14,000 street children, 89 percent of whom were working as street peddlers, deputy director of the welfare organization Hasan Alam-Hodai said. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran)
<b>Court Sentences Reformist MP to Six Months in Jail</b>
• A court sentenced Tehran MP Mohsen Armin, deputy chair of the national security and foreign relations committee, to six months in jail for insulting conservative Koohdasht MP Emami-Rad. The court punished Armin for refusing to appear at the hearing to one year suspension of his civil rights. Armin said he will sue the judge for bias. (Amir Armin)
<b>US-Based Rights Activist Suggests Blocking Foreign Assets of the Ruling Clerics</b>
• The international pressure on the Khatami government does little for improving human rights conditions in Iran, because a shadow administration operating in secrecy is responsible for the tortures, jailing and killings of dissidents, New Haven-based activist <b>Ramin Ahmadi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. To pressure the Islamic Republic the assets of the economic mafia needs to be identified and blocked. The ruling clerics value their financial empire more than anything else, and are ready to sell their faith and ideology in order to protect their assets from threats. (Ali Sajjadi)
علي سجادي (راديوفردا): ريچارد آرميتج، قائم مقام وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا، در مصاحبه با راديوآمريکا گفت که دنياي غرب، به پيشرفت و دمکراسي در ايران علاقه مند است. ما اميدواريم ايرانيان به اين نتيجه برسند که تنها راه براي آنها، جز اين نيست.
مهتاب فريد (راديوفردا): ريچارد آرميتج، قائم مقام وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا، در جلسه کميته روابط امور خارجه سناي آمريکا، از صحبت هاي خانم شيرين عبادي، برنده جايزه صلح نوبل، نقل قول کرد که گفته بود: هر گونه تغيير و تحول، بايد از داخل ايران باشد.
آقاي آرميتج، در مصاحبه اختصاصي با صداي آمريکا گفت: فکر مي کنم تمام دنياي غرب، به پيشرفت و آزادي و دمکراسي در ايران بسيار علاقه مند هستند و اين واقعيت بر کسي پوشيده نيست. ما اميدواريم که ايرانيان خودشان به اين نتيجه برسند که تنها راه براي آنها، جز اين نيست.
سناتورهاي ارشد آمريکايي، پس از اظهار نظر قائم مقام وزارت خارجه آمريکا، از ايشان سوالاتي کردند. چاک هيگل Chuck Hagel، سناتور جمهوري خواه از ايالت نبراسکا، سوال کرد: آيا شما فکر مي کنيد که رژيم ايران بايد تغيير کند؟ قائم مقام وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا گفت: خير، اينطور نيست. سياست آمريکا در قبال ايران، اين است که ايران بايد دست از حمايت از تروريسم بردارد، و در جستجوي سلاح هاي اتمي نباشد.
آقاي آرميتج گفت که ايالات متحده و ايران، از طريق سازمان ملل متحد و کشور سوئيس در ارتباط با مسائل مشترک بين دو کشور، مانند امور بازسازي در افغانستان و عراق در تماس بوده اند. آقاي آرميتج اضافه کرد که ايران در کنفرانس بازسازي عراق در مادريد، از شوراي جديد حکومتي عراق استقبال کرد و قول داد که کمک مالي نيز به اين شورا بدهد.
سم براون بک Sam Brownback، سناتور جمهوريخواه از ايالت کانزاس، به آقاي آرميتج توصيه کرد که از وسائل ارتباط جمعي خارج از کشور براي آگاه ساختن مردم در داخل ايران از اوضاع و جريان وقايع استفاده کند.
ريچارد آرميتج معتقد است که اگر ايرانيان خود با مطالعات خود، راه را انتخاب کنند، آن راه جاوداني خواهد بود. ريچارد آرميتج، قائم مقام وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا در مصاحبه با راديوصداي آمريكا گفت که دنياي غرب، به پيشرفت و دمکراسي در ايران علاقمند است. وي که در جلسه کميته روابط امور خارجه سناي آمريکا سخن مي گفت، از صحبت هاي خانم شيرين عبادي، برنده جايزه صلح نوبل، نقل قول کرد که گفته بود: هر گونه تغيير و تحول، بايد از داخل ايران باشد. چاک هيگل Chuck Hagel، سناتور جمهوري خواه از ايالت نبراسکا، سوال کرد که آيا شما فکر مي کنيد که رژيم ايران بايد تغيير کند؟ قائم مقام وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا گفت: خير، اينطور نيست، بلکه حکومت ايران بايد دست از حمايت از تروريسم بردارد، و در جستجوي سلاح هاي اتمي نباشد.