Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiTuesday, November 25, 2003
<b>US, EU3 Agree on IAEA's Iran Resolution</b>
• The US and the three European powers Britain, France and Germany agreed on a draft resolution on Iran's nuclear program, which will be put to vote at the meeting of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s board of governors tomorrow in Vienna. Last week the session was interrupted due to apparently insurmountable differences between the United States and Europe. The US had demanded that Teheran be threatened with immediate notification by the UN Security Council if there were any further Iranian violations of the nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. (Ardavan Niknam)
• Secretary of State Colin Powell said he was ``very happy'' with the resolution, which ``notes that Iran has been in breach of obligations.'' ``And there is one particular paragraph in the resolution which makes it very, very clear that if Iran does not now comply with obligations and the other agreements it's entered into, then this will be a matter that will be immediately referred to the IAEA board of governors for action, as appropriate under the various statutes,'' Powell said in Washington. (Maryam Ahmadi)
• French President Jacque Chirac lauded US-Europe agreement on Iran. (Amin Armin)
<b>Pro-Reform Party Set to Participate in Majles Elections</b>
• Members of the pro-reform party the Participation Front, headed by President Khatami's brother Mohammad-Reza Khatami think only of the upcoming Majles election as their only way for sharing power, student activist <b>Mehdi Kahalzadeh</b>, who participated in a discussion group held at the party's headquarters last night, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. They are not ready to change their ways, he adds. But they do realize that under this system, democracy may not be attainable, he says. Many journalists, university professors, women's rights activists, and students took part in the session, he adds. Women's rights journalist Shadi Sadr questioned readiness of the political system to accept women's basic demands. Nationalist-religious activist Azam Taleqani said religious leaders' concept of Islamic laws was at the root of discrimination against women. Don't our religious leaders read the Qoran, she asked. There are so many verses there in support of gender equality, Taleqani added. (Nima Tamadon)
• In an open letter, scores of political activists, journalists and students asked the public for support for jailed students and journalists, particularly student activist Ahmad Batebi. The likes of Batebi receive little support, because they are not associated with any of the regime's two factions, the letter said, calling on all Iranians to neutralize what it termed as “the second genocide.” (Baktash Khamsehpour)
• Batebi's condition pains the heart of any justice-loving person, because he was sentenced to death and then to ten years in jail only for holding up the bloody tee-shirt of a fellow demonstrator, Tehran-based writer and poet <b>Kasra Anqai</b>, who signed the letter, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. [The judiciary arrested and tried Batebi after his photograph, holding up the bloody tee-shirt, appeared in foreign magazines, and became the symbol of the July 1999 student uprising.] (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>Vice President's Weblog</b>
• Vice president for legal and legislative affairs Mohammad Ali Abtahi began writing a daily journal on the Internet in the form of a well-designed weblog, in which he softly responds to attacks by the conservatives on his fellow reformists, and publishes his personal notes about his conversations with international and domestic leaders and journalists. A strong feature of the site are the photos he has secretly taken of himself with politicians and world leaders, including an image of him sitting next to former Georgian President Edward Shevardnadze at the inauguration ceremony of Azerbaijan president Elham Aliev. (Keyvan Hosseini)
<b>War Victims Society Seeks Damages</b>
• The war victims' society seeks to collect damages for its members from Western arms makers who sold weapons of mass destruction to Saddam Hussein's regime, secretary general of the society Mohandes Vafai told domestic news agencies. The society, founded in 1999 has 400 members, all veterans of the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, he added. (Baktash Khamsehpour)
<b>Reaction to Reformist MP's Criticism of Nuclear Policy</b>
• Supporting Isfahan MP Ahmad Shirzad, head of pro-reform party the Participation Front said Shirzad, a nuclear physicist, is one of he few in the Majles fully qualified to comment about the country's nuclear program. Shirzad's remarks met harsh criticism and heckling from conservative MPs. It would not be surprising if people hang the traitors on the Majles steps, conservative MP Najafinezhad said, calling Shirzad an element of “the project of revolt against the regime.” Shirzad sharply criticized the country's nuclear program as irrational and ambitious, and said the regime's violations of human rights and international treaties have aligned international bodies against Iran. (Keyvan Hosseini)
<b>Iraqi Council Chief Calls for MKO Pardon</b>
• Head of the Iraqi governing council Jalal Talabani asked Iran to pardon members of the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO), excepting the now disarmed anti-regime group's leaders from the pardon, due to their cooperation with the Saddam regime. (Peyman Pezhman, Baghdad)
• The Islamic Republic has accepted to pardon low level MKO members, Talabani said. (Siavash Ardalan)
• Presence of a force of 90 Lebanese Hezbollah fighters in Iraq may be a warning to the US against from Iran against letting the MKO resume its armed operations against the regime, writes the <i>New York Times</i>. (Fariba Mavedat)
<b>Lawyers and Jailed Activists to Receive Human Rights Awards</b>
• In a ceremony later today at the Embassy of Poland in Washington, D.C., the Jan Karski Foundation will give its moral courage award to Iran's longest-held political prisoner Abbas Amir-Entezam and jailed history professor and Islamic activist Hashem Aghajari, who was sentenced to death after in a June 2002 speech on Islamic Protestantism at a mosque in Hamedan he criticized the clerical rule and questioned the Shiite tradition of religious emulation. This award, and the Nobel Peace Prize given to Iranian women's rights activist Shirin Ebadi are the signs of the extra attention being paid by the world to Iranian human rights leaders, New Haven based human rights activist <b>Dr. Ramin Ahmadi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Keyvan Hosseini)
• The French human rights commission announced that it will give its first international award to the Tehran-based society of human rights defenders, co-founded by the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi. A jury of political activists, lawyers and union leaders choose the award's recipient among those recommended by the French diplomatic missions around the world, the secretary-general of the French human rights commission <b>Gerard Fellous</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The group of Iranian lawyers was selected for its proposal to provide support for the families of political prisoners, he added. Co-founder, Tehran-based lawyer Abdolfatah Soltani, will receive the award from French Prime Minister in a ceremony to be held next month. (Mir-Ali Hosseini)
<b>Confusion over the End of Ramadan</b>
• The silence of the Supreme Leader's office created confusion about the official end the Ramadan. Tehran was half-closed today, as some people took it for the Eid holiday following the month of fasting. Traditionally, a top cleric approved the sighting of the new moon, in order to officially declare the end of the Ramadan. The government closes for the Eid only after the office of the Supreme Leader officially ratifies Ramadan's end. (Arash Qavidel)
• Three top Shiite sources of religious emulation in Qum confirmed the end of Ramadan, but the state radio-TV monopoly remained silent on the topic, waiting for instructions from the Supreme Leader's office. (Arash Qavidel)
امير آرمين (راديوفردا): کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه ايالات متحده آمريکا، روز سه شنبه گفت: ايالات متحده آمريکا از قطعنامه اي که در مورد برنامه هاي هسته اي ايران تنظيم شده، بسيار راضي است.
مريم احمدي (راديو فردا): قطعنامه (آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي درباره جمهوري اسلامي)، نتيجه مصالحه آمريکا و کشورهاي اروپايي است. روز دوشنبه ايالات متحده از يک سو و فرانسه و آلمان وبريتانيا از سوي ديگر، درباره قطعنامه به توافق رسيدند. در قطعنامه، ايران به خاطر مخفي نگاه داشتن برنامه هاي هسته اي خود در گذشته محکوم مي شود، اما به ادامه سياست جديد داير بر صداقت و همکاري کامل با سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي تشويق مي گردد. هيات مديره سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي روز چهارشنبه در وين، مقر سازمان، تشکيل جلسه مي دهد تا درباره قطعنامه بحث و گفتگو شود و انتظار مي رود هر 35 عضو هيات مديره قطعنامه را بپذيرند.
آقاي پاول به خبرنگاران گفت: من از قطعنامه بسيار راضي هستم و مايلم از همتايان خود در اتحاديه اروپا که براي دستيابي به اين قطعنامه به دشت تلاش کرده اند، تشکر کنم. آقاي پاول گفت: ايالات متحده به ويژه از آن بخش از قطعنامه که به موارد نقض مقررات سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي در آينده اشاره دارد، استقبال مي کند. وزير امور خارجه آمريکا گفت: اين همان بخشي است که ما مي خواستيم در قطعنامه باشد، بخشي که مي گويد: اگر در آينده نشانه اي حاکي از عدم تبعيت از مقررات مشاهده شود، چه بايد کرد.
ايالات متحده پيشتر خواستار قطعنامه شديداللحن تري بود، از جمله اين که موضوع به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد ارجاع شود. اما با توجه به مخالفت قدرت هاي بزرگ اتحاديه اروپا با ارجاع مساله به شوراي امنيت، موضع خود را نرمتر کرد.
ديپلمات هاي غربي مي گويند که قطعنامه فقط يک راه پيش روي ايران قرار مي دهد: شفافيت کامل. يک ديپلمات معتقد است که ايران تا حدي به هدف خود رسيده و از ارجاع شدن به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد گريخته، اما اين پيروزي مطلق نيست و در قطعنامه هشدار داده شده که اگر پنهانکاري ديگري از سوي ايران ديده شود، چه مربوط به گذشته باشد، چه حال يا آينده، پرونده ايران به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد خواهد رفت. در پيشنويس قطعنامه آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي، جمهوري اسلامي به خاطر مخفي نگاه داشتن برنامه هاي هسته اي خود در گذشته محکوم مي شود، اما به ادامه سياست جديد داير بر صداقت و همکاري کامل با سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي تشويق مي گردد. کولين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريکا گفت که از قطعنامه بسيار راضي است و از همتايان خود در اتحاديه اروپا تشکر کرد. آقاي پاول گفت که آمريکا به ويژه از آن بخش از قطعنامه که به موارد نقض مقررات سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي در آينده اشاره دارد، استقبال مي کند. وزير امور خارجه آمريکا گفت: اين همان بخشي است که ما مي خواستيم در قطعنامه باشد، بخشي که مي گويد: اگر در آينده نشانه اي حاکي از عدم تبعيت از مقررات مشاهده شود، چه بايد کرد.