Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiThursday, December 04, 2003
<b>IAEA Chief Urges Iran to Sign the Additional Protocol</b>
• Iran has not yet signed the additional protocol to the non-proliferation treaty, IAEA chief Mohammad ElBaradei said today, suggesting that Iran will sign the protocol within a week. Tehran appeared to be stalling, and that the US and other countries were waiting with impatience “for Iran to keep its promises and sign, an unnamed Western diplomat told AP. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) resolution on Iran's nuclear program warned Tehran that the IAEA would consider further action if “further serious Iranian failures” arise. The additional protocol will give UN inspectors impromptu access to Iran's nuclear facilities.
• “US authorities still believe that they can achieve their objectives through arrogant bullying,” foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said, responding to the Tuesday remarks by US Undersecretary of State John Bolton that US will step up its efforts to block Iran's access to advanced nuclear and missile technologies.
<b>Judiciary Arrests Even Prison Guard for Fatal Beating Kazemi</b>
* Tehran judiciary, under heavy criticism of the reformists for cover up of the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi, announced that it has arrested an Evin prison guard by the name of Bakhshi for fatally beating Ms. Kazemi. Last month the judiciary put on trial an intelligence ministry agent for the same charge. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>OPEC Agrees Production Ceiling, Disagrees on Electing a Chief</b>
• In their Vienna meeting today, OPEC oil ministers agreed on maintaining their 24.5 millions barrel per day production ceiling steady, but disagreed on electing a new chief, as Iran, Kuwait and Venezuela fielded competing nominees. The Islamic government's oil minister said Iran will not vote any of the other two candidates.
<b>Conference on “Government, Society and the Women's Movement in Iran” at Johns Hopkins University</b>
• Democracy is not limited to government systems. It is important to see how people participate in it, Johns Hopkins University's comparative literature professor and author of the critically acclaimed volume <i>Reading Lolita in Iran</i> <b>Azar Nafisi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> in an interview about the goals of the conference she organized last night at the Johns Hopkins University, called “Government, Society and the Women's Movement in Iran.” We also wanted to show our audience the importance of the democracy movement in Iran in promoting democracy in the Western societies, she adds. <b>Mahnaz Afkhami</b>, former women's affairs minister and head of Bethesda-based Women's Learning Partnership for Rights, Development and Peace, who spoke at the conference, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that government needs to be separated from religion, because you can have Christian democrats and Christian dictators. Institutions that impose a one-sided worldview on the people are doomed to extinction; this is the era of democracy, and oppressive regimes should know that the future does not belong to them, Toronto University professor <b>Mohammad Tavakoli Torghi</b>, author of <i>Reconstruction of Iran</i>, who spoke at the conference, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Despite difficulties, the rise in prostitution and the number of suicides, and so on, what the new generation of Iranian women are proposing is not only important for the social dialogue within Iran, but also for the dialogue between East and West, Purdue University professor and author of several books on Iran's recent history <b>Janet Afari</b>, who spoke on Iranian women's movement's before and after the 1979 revolution, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Leyli Sadr)
<b>Court Sentences Writer to Another Year in Jail</b>
• Judge Babai of the Tehran judiciary sentenced writer Emadeddin Baqi to one year in jail on charges brought up by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp, the state radio-TV monopoly, the national police and some conservative Majles MPs. Baqi was released recently after serving a three-year sentence for opposing capital punishment, has 20 says to appeal.
<b>Montazeri Decrees Imprisonment of Political Activists Un-Islamic</b>
• The imprisonment of political opponents by the government is contrary to Islam and contrary to the Islamic Republic constitution, decreed Grand Ayatollah Hosseinali Montazeri, the regime's highest ranking clerical dissident. (Amir Armin)
• In a letter to the culture minister, Montazeri complained about an item in the Supreme Leader's newspaper <i>Jumhuri-ye Eslami</i>, in which the paper's had ridiculed Montazari's two-year old decree on the Islamic ban against shaking hands with women. Conservative clerics criticized Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi for having shaken hands with men. Montazeri's son Sheikh <b>Ahmad Montazeri</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that if another newspaper had ridiculed another religious source of emulation at the rank of Ayatollah Montazeri that newspaper would have been immediately closed. (Shireen Famili)
<b>Canadian-Iranian Torture Victim Sues Islamic Government</b>
• Lawyers for Canadian-Iranian Houshang Bouzari, 51, filed a lawsuit against the Islamic government, alleging that 10 years ago while their client was an oil industry consultant living in Tehran, he was kidnapped by Iranian government agents, tortured and held for months until his family paid several million dollars ransom. Bourzari's lawyer <b>David Matas</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the lawsuit will prove that a torture victim has the right to sue a foreign government in Canada. He will argue his case next week in front of the Ontario Court of Appeal against lawyers of Canada's federal attorney general, who have already received a favorable ruling at the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. (Maryam Aghvami, Toronto)
<b>Iran's Cultural Aggression in Iraq</b>
• Books printed in Iran about Shiite Islam made up 80 percent of books displayed at the Baghdad book fair, which was extended from three to ten days, due to the huge turnout, reported the Italian news agency INA. Iran has invested heavily in religious indoctrination of Iraqis and appears to be succeeding, the news agency writes in a dispatch from Baghdad. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
<b>Serial Murders' Victim Memorial</b>
• On the anniversary of the 1998 killings of writers Mohammad Mokhtari and Mohammad-Javad Pooyandeh by intelligence ministry agents, a silent ceremony in their honor is due to be held at the shrine of Emamzadeh Taher. Mokhtari's son <b>Sohrab Mokhtari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that he the victims' families have received many responses to their open invitation, and tomorrow's event is expected to be well-attended. (Parviz Mardani, Berlin)
<b>Independent Student Organization to Defy Officials on Student Day Demonstration</b>
• At 3 PM on December 7, the Student's Day, the independent student organization United Students Front will hold a demonstration outside Tehran University, the Front's spokesperson <b>Kianoush Sanjari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The street rally will follow a ceremony at the tomb of the three students who died 50 years ago in a demonstration against then US Vice President Richard Nixon who was visiting Iran, he adds. Reformist Islamic student councils and the Student's Basij, the volunteer unit of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp (IRGC) have applied for separate permits to hold demonstrations on Tehran University campus. (Keyvan Hosseini)
• Student Day ceremonies will be held at one of Tehran universities, secretary of the association of Islamic student councils (Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat) Abdollah Momeni told state-owned “students” news agency ISNA. Students in province will hold similar ceremonies. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
<b>Sisters Seek Asylum at Belgian Embassy, Complicating Iran-Belgium Relations</b>
• A 15 year old daughter of an Iranian-Belgian couple took her six year's daughter from their father's house in Tehran to the Belgian embassy and asked to be rejoined with her mother in Liege, Belgium. Sara and Yasaman's father Shahab Salimi had taken them away to Tehran from their mother, who had their custody after the couple's divorce. Iranian officials maintained that without their father's consent, the two cannot leave Iran. Belgian foreign minister asked the embassy to care for the girls until their case could be resolved. The two girls' case has complicated Tehran-Brussels relations at a time when the Islamic government seeks to expand economic relations with the EU. (Mir-Ali Hosseini, Paris)
<b>Iranians Warn Iraqis of Islamic Regime</b>
• Few Iranians appear inclined to recommend their Islamic system of government to their Iraqi neighbors -- at least not without repeated, emphatic and sometimes downright angry warnings, writes Karl Vick in the <i>Washington Post</i>. (Shahran Tabari, London)
<b>Gas Shortage Looms in Horizon, Khorasan Busts Gas Smugglers</b>
• Khorasan police busts a large gas smuggling network. Head of national oil products distribution company warns that if consumption increases at the current pace, government will have ration gasoline. Iran imports $1 billion worth of gasoline per year, but sells it to public at hugely subsidized price, feeding the fast expanding gas smuggling to the neighboring countries, where it fetches ten times the price. (Jamshid Zand, Nima Tamadon)
مريم احمدي (راديو فردا): به رغم فشار فزاينده غرب و تهديد غير مستقيم اعمال تحريم هاي سياسي و اقتصادي، ايران هنوز پروتکل الحاقي به پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي را امضا نکرده است. خبرگزاري Associated Press در اين مورد مي نويسد: محمد البرادعي، سرپرست سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، مي گويد: انتظار دارد ايران به زودي پروتکل الحاقي به پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي را امضا کند، اما يک ديپلمات غربي معتقد است تهران وقت کشي مي کند و مي گويد: ايالات متحده و ديگر کشورها بي صبرانه منتظر هستند که ايران به وعده خود وفا کند و پروتکل الحاقي را امضا کند.
ماه گذشته ايران موافقت کرد تاسيسات هسته اي خود را، که تاکنون بازرسان سازمان بين المللي انرژي به آن دسترسي نداشتند، به روي بازرسي هاي سرزده باز کند تا يقين حاصل شود که ايران چنان که ايالات متحده ادعا مي کند، در صدد توليد سلاح هسته اي نيست. در قطعنامه اي که هفته گذشته به تصويب هيات مديره سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي رسيد، به ايران هشدار داده شد که از مقررات و تلاش هاي بين المللي در زمينه دنبال نکردن برنامه توليد سلاح هسته اي تبعيت کند. گرچه در قطعنامه ايران مستقيما تهيد به تحريم هاي سازمان ملل نشده است، اما عبارات قطعنامه به طور غير مستقيم حاکي از ان است که سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي مي تواند در صورت عدم همکاري ايران، موضوع را به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد ارجاع کند که تحريم هاي اقتصادي يا ديپلماتيک را به همراه خواهد داشت.
روز پنج شنبه علي اکبر صالحي، نماينده ايران در سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، به سوال خبرنگار Associated Press که پرسيده بود آيا در درون ايران در اين زمينه اختلاف نظري وجود دارد، پاسخي نداد و گفت ديگر عهده دار پست نمايندگي ايران در سازمان انرژي اتمي نيست. آقاي البرادعي به خبرنگاران گفته است که سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي دست اندر کار تهيه يکه برنامه عملياتي در مورد چگونگي برخورد با مساله ايران است. آقاي البرادعي گفته است کارشناسان اين سازمان با شرکت هايي که به ايران تجهيزات و تکنولوژي هسته اي فروخته اند، در تماس هستند و هنوز کارهاي زيادي است که بايد انجام گيرد. ايران هنوز پروتکل الحاقي به پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي را امضا نکرده است. خبرگزاري آسوشيتدپرس مي نويسد محمد البرادعي، سرپرست سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، مي گويد: انتظار دارد ايران به زودي پروتکل الحاقي به پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي را امضا کند، اما يک ديپلمات غربي معتقد است تهران وقت کشي مي کند. ماه گذشته ايران موافقت کرد تاسيسات هسته اي خود را به روي بازرسي هاي سرزده باز کند. گرچه در قطعنامه، ايران مستقيما تهديد به تحريم هاي سازمان ملل نشده است، اما عبارات قطعنامه به طور غير مستقيم حاکي از آن است که سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي مي تواند در صورت عدم همکاري ايران، موضوع را به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد ارجاع کند. آقاي البرادعي به خبرنگاران گفت که سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي دست اندر کار تهيه يک برنامه عملياتي در مورد چگونگي برخورد با مسئله ايران است.