لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۱۶ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۱۳:۴۲ - ۶ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

بررسي شكست سياست خارجي جمهوري اسلامي در تامين منافع ايران در درياي خزر، از ديد يك كارشناس


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Summary of Iran Stories of Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiMonday, December 30, 2002 <b>Failure of Iran&apos;s Foreign Policy in the Caspian</b> The 86 MPs who questioned foreign minister at the Majles today charged that the foreign ministry has failed to secure Iran&apos;s interests in its negotiations with the littoral states about the division of the Caspian Sea resources. Foreign minister Kamal Kharazi said reliance on Russia or improving relations with super powers could not have helped Iran&apos;s position. * Washington-based Marine Law and Caspian Sea expert Bahman Aghai Diba tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the Caspian Sea littoral states have begun exploiting its resources with no regard for Iran&apos;s interests, and it seems that Iran will end up with only 13 percent in the most undesirable area. Additionally, two pipelines have been planned that in effect circle Iran, leaving it with no benefit from producing and transferring oil and gas from the Caspian Sea. He blames the regime&apos;s "unproductive and wrong" policies towards its neighbors, Europe and the US for the failure in the Caspian Sea area. (Iraj Arianpour, Washington) * MP Elaheh Kulai, spokesperson of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, said Kharrazi&apos;s explanations did not satisfy the MPs. She said the US is not an ideological enemy of Iran. She added that the US is not so different from Britain or Russia, the countries with which Iran has diplomatic relations. (Alireza Taheri, Prague) <b>Freedom Movement Calls for Keeping Local Councils "Apolitical" </b> * In a statement issued in Tehran, the nationalist-religious opposition party the Freedom Movement of Iran asked political parties and factions to avoid exploiting the upcoming local councils&apos; elections for political gains. * Washington-based anthropologist and political commentator Mohammad Borghei tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that FMI believes that the local councils are the most basic civil society institutions and need to remain free of factional disputes and political rivalries. He said FMI asked political parties to name worthy candidates from a competing party when they can&apos;t find a qualified person among their own members in an area. (Ali Sajjadi, Washington) <b>Foreign Pressures and Improvement of Women&apos;s Rights</b> * Violence against women and gender discrimination were among the topics of discussion two weeks ago in Tehran between EU&apos;s human rights delegation and the Iranian authorities. One result of those talks was judiciary&apos;s order yesterday to end the death by stoning punishment for women adulterers. Tehran MP Elaheh Kulai said we have witnessed that improving women&apos;s rights could not be accomplished without pressure from foreign countries. Paris-based sociologist Ehsan Naraqi said social developments within Iran would follow with reforms in women&apos;s rights. Soon, he adds, nearly 70 percent of all professionals will be women, and no court would be able to say that a woman&apos;s right is half of a man&apos;s. (Mahdieh Javid, Washington) <b>Court Charges MP Bourghani in Pollsters&apos; Trial</b> * Bench 1410 of Tehran&apos;s public court interrogated for the third day in a row Tehran MP Ahmad Bourghani, spokesman of the Majles management council, who is now a defendant in the judiciary&apos;s case against officials of two public opinion survey agencies charged with spying for the US. The court indicted Bourghani with squandering public funds and aiding Behruz Geranpayeh, head of the padlocked national public opinion research institute. Bourghani said he approved a 200 million rials grant for the pollster four years ago when he was deputy foreign minister, but added that the polling institute had already been created at the ministry by his predecessors. Gernapayeh, along with Abbas Abdi and Hossein Ghazian, officials of Ayandeh, the other padlocked polling agency, were arrested two months ago after the publication of a poll that showed 75 percent of respondents favor resumption of US-Iran relations. (Mahmonir Rahimi, Prague) <b>Iran to Build Seven Refugee Camps Near Iraqi Border</b> * The governor of Khuzestan province announced that in anticipation of a possible US attack on Iraq, seven refugee camps in two areas near the border with Iraq will be built to meet the needs of an expected influx of Iraqi refugees. He added that Esfahan and Fars provinces are charged with providing services to the refugees. (Bahman Bastani, Prague) <b>Students&apos; Sit-In Protests in Esfahan and Tehran</b> * As the students&apos; sit-in in the Tehran&apos;s Elm va San&apos;at (Science and Industry) University to protest the expulsion of 300 students enters its second week, the students of the Esfahan Honar (Arts) University began a sit-in to protest management corruption. (Shireen Famili, Prague) <b>Majles Approves Fines for Illegal Use of Satellite TV Receivers</b> * According to the three articles of the bill to reform the ban on the use of satellite receivers which was approved yesterday by the Majles, "illegal" use of satellite receivers would be fined. Despite the legal ban, viewing TV broadcasts via satellite receivers have been rising. (Mahmonir Rahimi, Prague) . هشتاد و شش نماينده اصلاح طلب مجلس شوراي اسلامي، روز يكشنبه كمال خرازي وزير امورخارجه جمهوري اسلامي را در باره عدم موفقيت وزارت خارجه در حل و فصل رژيم حقوقي درياي خزر و تامين منافع ملي ايران مورد سئوال قرار دادند. بهمن آقائي، كارشناس بين المللي حقوق دريائي، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد درست است كه ايران در مسائل مربوط به درياي خزر متضرر شده و كشورهاي اطراف درياي خزر بدون توجه به منافع ايران مشغول تقسيم منابع دريا ميان خود بوده اند و با اين روشي كه در حال حاضر پيش گرفته اند چيزي حدود 13 درصد از مناطق نامرغوب درياي خزر نصيب ايران خواهد شد. وي مي افزايد: وزارت امورخارجه و شخص خرازي مسئول اين سياست ها نيست. اين كل دولت ايران و رژيم ايران است كه در چندين سال گذشته با اتخاذ سياست هاي غيركارآمد و تنظيم روابط خود به صورت غلط چه با كشورهاي منطقه و چه كشورهاي خارج از منطقه، به خصوص با اروپا و آمريكا، اين وضعيت را به وجود آورده. بهمن آقائي، كارشناس امور حقوقي درياي خزر، مي افزايد: ما الان شاهد هستيم كه درياي خزر بر اساس خط منصف اصلاح شده اي كه روس ها پيشنهاد كردند دارد تقسيم مي شود بين كشور ها واز طرف ديگر در ديپلماسي معروف به لوله هاي نفتي، باز هم وضعيت منفي ايران را مشاهده مي كنيم. خط لوله باكو جيحان با تمام مشكلات خود در حال حاضر دارد به طور مداوم پيشرفت مي كند، از طرف ديگر خط لوله براي انتقال منابع گاز تركمنستان از طريق افغانستان و پاكستان را هم شاهد هستيم. دو كريدور، از شرق به غرب و از شمال به جنوب دارند ايران را دور مي زنند و بدون اينكه هيج منافعي متوجه ايران چه از استخراج و چه از انتقال منابع نفت و گاز بشود، پيشرفت مي كنندو اينها همه اش نشانه هائي از عدم كارآئي سياست هاي دولت ايران است در ارتباط با درياي خزر، اما مسئول آن درواقع كل نظام است. هشتاد و شش نماينده اصلاح طلب مجلس شوراي اسلامي، روز يكشنبه كمال خرازي وزير امورخارجه جمهوري اسلامي را در باره عدم موفقيت وزارت خارجه در حل و فصل رژيم حقوقي درياي خزر و تامين منافع ملي ايران مورد سئوال قرار دادند. بهمن آقائي، كارشناس بين المللي حقوق دريائي، در مصاحبه با راديوفردا مي گويد درست است كه ايران در مسائل مربوط به درياي خزر متضرر شده و كشورهاي اطراف درياي خزر بدون توجه به منافع ايران مشغول تقسيم منابع دريا ميان خود بوده اند و چيزي حدود 13 درصد از مناطق نامرغوب درياي خزر نصيب ايران خواهد شد. وي مي افزايد دو خط لوله نفت از شمال به جنوب و از شرق به غرب احداث مي شوند كه ايران را دور مي زنند و منافعي نه از استخراج نفت و گاز و نه از انتقال آن به ايران نمي رسد. وي مي افزايد: وزارت امورخارجه و شخص خرازي مسئول اين سياست ها نيستند. اين كل دولت ايران و رژيم ايران است كه در چندين سال گذشته با اتخاذ سياست هاي غيركارآمد و تنظيم روابط خود به صورت غلط چه با كشورهاي منطقه و چه كشورهاي خارج از منطقه، به خصوص با اروپا و آمريكا، اين وضعيت را به وجود آورده است.
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