فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با مهدى مهدوى آزاد، روزنامه نگار (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, February 26, 2002
New Factional Battle: The Risk of Declaring a State of Emergency
* Tehran's conservatives wish to oust the reformist faction from power by fomenting crises in Iran and declaring a state of emergency, says Tehran journalist Mehdi Mahdavi-Azad in an interview with RFE/RL. However, considering the social and political climate in Tehran, Mahdavi-Azad does not see the closing down of all democratic institutions a possibility. He says the Constitutional warning given today by the parliament's reformist majority deals with the statement by Armed Forces General Headquarters, which called the IRI reformists "American." Majlis MP's had called for prosecution of those involved in the "adventurous" activities in Afghanistan and the Middle East. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Iran's Share in the Reconstruction of Afghanistan
* Agreements signed with Afghan interim leader Hamed Karzai indicate Tehran's extensive desires for bilateral cooperation, from rebuilding Afghan military and police forces to agricultural and rural development. But Changiz Pahlavan, a Berlin-based Iranian scholar of Afghan contemporary history, does not yet see Tehran's participation in multi-national reconstruction projects in Afghanistan. He also tells RFE/RL that the Iranian private sector's long-term involvement depends on stability and security in Afghanistan. (Shireen Famili)
London's Guardian Reporter Evaluates Karzai's Iran Visit
* IRI Leader Khamenei's meeting with Karzai indicates an effort by Tehran to display unity on Afghan policy, according to Jonathan Steele, Guardian's Tehran correspondent. Karzai showed his independence from the US by going to Iran, Steele tells RFE/RL. (Shahran Tabari)
German Press on Karzai's Iran Visit and Kharrazi's Trip to Berlin
* A review of German newspaper commentaries on Karzai's trip to Iran and a 2-day visit to Germany by a delegation headed by Iranian Foreign Minister Kharrazi and Majlis Speaker Karubi. Tehran cancelled a project to develop 4000-kilometer range missile "Shahab 4," which would have had nothing for Iran except high costs and the wrath of foreign governments, writes Munich's Suddeutsche Zeitung. (Shahram Mirian)
English Language Newspapers on Iran-Afghanistan Relations
* Press articles in the US and UK on Karzai's Tehran visit and his meeting with the IRI Leader. (Fariba Mavedat)
Le Figaro on Internal Conflicts in Afghanistan as Reported by Keyhan
* In an article by Serge Michel, Le Figaro discusses the report in the Tehran conservative daily Keyhan about a rift in Karzai's interim administration between the Afghan Tajik fundamentalists and their pro-US secular colleagues. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
French Foreign Ministry on the Detention of journalist Siamak Pourzand
* Responding to the Society of Iranian Residents of France, the legal adviser to the French Foreign Minister wrote that the president, prime minister and foreign minister are aware of Pourzand's abduction and detention and that France will try to address violations of human rights in Iran with the help of EU. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Iranian Journalist Association Condemns the Murder of Daniel Pearl
* Iranian journalists regret the murder of a fellow journalist, Tehran newspaperman Ahmad Zeyd-Abadi tells RFE/RL about the statement issued in Tehran.
Reporters sans Frontiers Condemns Closing of Conservative Newspaper
* In an open letter to the IRI Judiciary Chief, RSF demands a repeal of the court order against the Tehran daily Siasat-e Rouz. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Student Organization Protests Beating and Arrest of its Leaders
* In a press conference aired in part by RFE/RL, Akbar Atri, the leader of the pro-reform faction of the largest student organization in Iran says yesterday's police raid on its headquarters was aided by the "traditionalist" faction led by Ali Tabatabai, who is supported by conservative elements outside the student movement. Atri accuses Leader Khamenei's representative in the universities of funding the splinter group with the goal of strengthening anti-reform elements in the student body known as Daftar Tahkim Vahdat, or "Office of Reinforcing Unity." Amir-Mossadegh Katouzian
Italy's Minister of Productive Activities Returns from Iran
* Disregarding US accusations about IRI's support for terrorism, Italy will continue its Constructive Dialogue with Iran, says Antonio Marzano, who was in Iran to run the Iran-Italy Joint Economic Commission. Italy's trade with Iran grew by 25 percent during the first 9 months of the current Persian year to reach 2.7 billion Euros. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
Caspian Sea Legal Regime Conference in Moscow
* Representatives of the five Caspian Sea littoral states and the US participated in the 2-day conference organized by Moscow institute of international studies. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
Tehran Conference on Iranian Participation in Afghan Reconstruction
* Active participation in the Afghan reconstruction projects has become a major foreign diplomacy objective of IRI, with the parallel goals of Afghanization and regionalization of the effort, writes RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator, Fereydoun Khavand.
Victor Hugo, and Persian translations
* On the bicentennial of the French romantic writer, Nazi Azima reviews Hugo's life and his impact on Persian culture through the many translations of his books.
Middle East Crisis: Support for the Saudi Peace Proposal
* King Abdullah of Jordan and President Hosni Mobarak of Egypt expressed support for the Saudi proposal. More than 3,000 are in Lebanese jails on charges of aiding Israel. (Jamsheed Chalangi, Cairo)
Israeli Foreign Minister in France
* Shimon Peres met French president, prime minister and foreign minister. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Saudi Peace Proposal: An Appraisal
* Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah's proposal to trade recognition of Israel with complete withdrawal from the occupied territories shows Saudi Arabia is ready to drop its opposition to Israel, says London's Arabic daily Sharq-Al-Awsat political writer, Alireza Noorizadeh, in an interview with RFE/RL. The positive reaction of Israeli Foreign Minister Peres to the proposal shows that Abdullah has managed to attract some public opinion in Israel to his proposal. (Mina Baharmast)
UN to Resume Talks with Iraq
* Annan will resume direct negotiations with Iraq's Foreign Minister after a three year pause. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Saudi's Warning to the US about Attacking Iran and Iraq
* Saudi Arabia tells the US not to include Iran and Iraq in its war against terrorism. Washington Post writes about US efforts to eradicate Afghan poppy fields. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Bomb Explosion in Rome and Terrorist Threats
* In the aftermath of the bomb explosion near Italy's Interior Ministry, police found holes in underground tunnels leading to the US Embassy building. The arrest of 8 Moroccans with plans to poison Rome drinking water tells of catastrophic terrorist plots in Rome. (Ahmad Ra'fat)
"Vis va Ramin"
* RFE/RL's Sadr-edin Elahi retells the ancient Persian love story as put into verse by the 12th Century poet Fakhr-edin As'ad Gorgani.
New Books in Iran
* In his weekly program on RFE/RL, literary critic Kamran Fani reviews three books, including an anthology of contemporary poetry by women, titled "In Spite of Closed Windows."
مهدى مهدوى آزاد، روزنامه نگار در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادى مى گويد: هدف يک جناح اين است که با بحرانى کردن اوضاع و اعلام وضع فوق العاده در کشور، جناح ديگر را از حوزه قدرت بيرون بياندازد. با اين حال، وى ايران را در شرايطى نمى داند که بتوان با اعلام وضع فوق العاده، نهادهاى دمکراتيک را در آن تعطيل کرد، ولى مى افزايد که تلاش هاى گروهى براى رسيدن به اين وضعيت را نمى توان ناديده گرفت. مهدوى آزاد مى گويد: اخطار قانون اساسى نمايندگان مجلس در باره تعقيب قانونى عناصرى از نيروهاى مسلح جمهورى اسلامى که نمايندگان اصلاحگراى مجلس را "آمريکايى" قلمداد کرده بودند، به بحث مربوط به اقدامات ماجراجويانه در افغانستان و خاورميانه از سوى محافل نظامى نزديک به جناح محافظه کار در ايران بازمى گردد