لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

شنبه ۳۰ دی ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۰۷:۲۴

اختلاف دو جناح حاكميت برسر برقراري شرايط فوق العاده: نظامي كردن فضاي سياسي

مهدي خلجي، مصاحبه با جمشيد برزگر، سردبيرسياسي سابق

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, March 04, 2002 - Factional conflict over emergency rule - IRI foreign policy spokesman on US relations, Middle East & Caspian Sea - Militants resume registering suicide volunteers online - Rift in pro-reform student organization - $500 million for buying passenger jets from Airbus - New car imposes higher cost and lower quality on Iranian consumer - RFE/RL's Rome correspondent elected head of Foreign Journalists Association - World news IRI Factions Divide over Declaring Emergency Rule * Emergency rule to suspend political freedoms can be declared by the High Council for National Security when the government is found incapable of controlling the situation, says Jamshid Barzegar, former political editor of the Tehran daily Entekhab (Choice). He tells RFE/RL that IRI's conservative faction wants to declare emergency rule over the wishes of the reformists. Barzegar says the "totalitarian" faction, having "lost its popular legitimacy," wants to "exploit the US threat in order to silence political activity . . . and militarize the environment." Mehdi Khalaji. Foreign Policy Positions * Yesterday's foreign ministry press conference suggests the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) may be adopting a more moderate tone toward the US. Reacting to Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah's Middle East peace proposal, IRI appears to wish not to offend Riyadh while keeping its hard-line, pro-Palestinian position. On another issue, though, spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi reiterated IRI's position that all five littoral states should agree on the Caspian legal regime. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Militant Ansar Resumes Registering Suicide Volunteers Online * The Internet site of the hard-line Ansar-e Hezbollah militia has resumed operation after going offline as a result of an assault by hackers, according to Hamid Ostad, an Ansar leader in Khorasan. The website registers volunteers for suicide terrorist missions against the US, though its Canadian ISP says it is not responsible for the content. Ostad, who was denied clergy status in Mashhad, has been convicted in a local court for disturbing a popular live comedy show. (Alireza Taheri) Rift in the Pro-Reform Student Movement * The two warring sides of the Office of Reinforcing Unity (Daftar), Iran's largest pro-reform student organization, have in the past shown they can coexist, says Dr. Saeed Peyvandi, a Paris-based scholar of Iran's educational system. However, Peyvandi tells RFE/RL that the current conflict threatens the Daftar with paralysis. He says Majlis deputies had warned of infiltration in the Daftar leadership, but he does not see the current conflict a result of sabotage tactics by the conservatives. The mediation offered by the ministry of higher education can only resolve the organizational aspect of the conflict, not its political substance, says Peyvandi. (Amir-Mossadeq Katouzian) Majles Sets Aside $500 Million to Purchase Jets from Airbus * The Majles has responded to the nation's air travel safety problem by approving $500 million to buy passenger jets from Airbus. New jets would replace Iran's dated fleet of Russian jetliners that have killed hundreds of passengers in eight major crashes over the past ten years. The deal would benefit the European airplane maker if it can find a way to bypass US sanctions that prevent it from using Pratt and Whitney and GE engines on the Airbus jetliners sold to Iran. (Alireza Taheri) Misguided "Self-Sufficiency" Policy of Iranian Automaker * As globalization improves quality and lowers costs in manufacturing automobiles worldwide, Iranian policymakers trumpet their new car model, Samand, as the success of their policy of industrial self-sufficiency. But RFE/RL's Fereydoun Khavand, in today's economic commentary, argues that by relying on a "protected" domestic market, the new car imposes higher cost and lower quality on the Iranian consumer. RFE/RL's Rome correspondent elected to head Italian Foreign Journalist Association * With 517 members representing world newspapers, news agencies and broadcasting companies, the association is the oldest of its kind in Europe, says Ahmad Ra'fat. He is the first Iranian and the second Middle Eastern to head the Association in its 90 years history. (Ardavan Niknam) WORLD * US troops fight 2000 al-Qaida operatives in Eastern Afghanistan. (Alireza Taheri) * Taliban and al-Qaida engage largest ever unit of US and allied troops, says the commander of US forces in Tampa, FL. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Israel increases its military pressure on the Palestinians. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Egyptian President to meet President Bush, others in Washington. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Reporters san Frontiers accuses Israel of shooting at journalists. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Prime Minister Blair supports US President on "axis of evil" and Iraq policy. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Iraq arrests oil company executives on corruption charges. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * OPEC Secretary visits Russia in an effort to lower world crude output. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Review of English-language newspaper articles about Saudi plan for Middle East peace. (Fariba Mavedat) * French paper La Croix discusses Tehran's confused reaction to the Saudi plan for Middle East peace. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * French sabotaged NATO's attempt to capture Serbian fugitive leader, Karadzic. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * After voting to join the UN, Switzerland will continue to stay out of the EU, predicts analyst Manuchehr Khubru during an interview with RFE/RL. (Shahram Mirian, Koln) * London School of Economics professor, Fred Holiday, lectures on religion and politics at Oxford. (Shahran Tabari, London) * National Geographic's Iranian photographer Reza Deghati tells RFE/RL that he publishes four newspapers and magazines in Kabul through his non-for-profit company, Ayneh, staffed entirely by Afghan journalists. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) THIRD HOUR Life and Art of Mehdi Khaledi, Composer: Songs & Songwriters * I n today's Songs & Songwriters program, RFE/RL's Mahmoud Khoushnam reviews the achievements of the late Kaledi and plays some of his most memorable songs. Jasmine & Sickle: One Book, One Writer * Faraj Sarkouhi, former editor of banned Tehran weekly "Adineh" talks to RFE/RL about his latest book, "Jasmine & Sickle: 20 Years of Iranian Intelligentsia and the Security Forces" in which he describes the story of his arrest and torture by IRI's intelligence ministry. (Bahman Bastani) Wildlife in Iran: Persian Gulf Sharks * Tehran-based scholar of environment continues his series on Persian Gulf sharks by talking about the white shark. (Dr. Esmaeel Kahrom)

جمشيد برزگر، سردبير سياسي سابق روزنامه "انتخاب"، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد اعلام شرايط فوق العاده جزو وظايف شوراي امنيت ملي است و هنگامي انجام مي شود كه دولت خود را از اداره امور عاجز ببيند. وي مي گويد جناح محافظه كار خواستار اعلام وضعيت فوق العاده است و جناج اصلاح طلب مي كوشد از اعلام آن جلوگيري كند. جمشيد برزگر مي افزايد تهديدهاي آمريكا بهانه اي شده است براي كساني كه مشروعيت مردمي خود را از دست داده اند وعليرغم تمام نهادهاي قدرت كه در اختيار دارند، نتوانسته اند به هدف خود كه خاموش كردن نيروهاي فعال سياسي در جامعه است، دست پيدا كنند. برزگر مي افزايد: جناح اقتدارگرا حالا فكر مي كند با دستاويز قراردادن يك تهديد خارجي مي توانند فضاي سياسي كشور را نظامي كند.

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