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آغاز محاكمه غيرعلني پس از بيش از يك سال بازداشت غيرقانوني: ديدگاه وكيل مدافع حبيب الله پيمان

گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با عبدالفتاح سلطاني

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, April 07, 2002 - Islamic Leftist Peyman's trial begins - MP's donate one day salary to Palestinians - S & L's flourish - Berlin Conference 2nd anniversary special - Press court jury selection bill Islamic-Leftist Leader's Trial Begins after One Year Solitary Prison * The closed-door trial of Habibollah Peyman, leader of the Islamic-leftist "Militant Muslims Movement" (Jonbesh-e Mosalmanan-e Mobarez), on subversion charges begins in a revolutionary court in Tehran, after he spent more than one year in solitary confinement. Abdolfatah Soltani, one of Peyman's lawyers, tells RFE/RL that the court did not allow Peyman's lawyers to see a large part of the file or hear the taped speeches that are being used as evidence against Peyman. He maintains that the charges against Peyman are political and, by law, he must be tried in a public court with jury. Of the fourteen nationalist-religious coalition leaders arrested on March 1, 2001, only Peyman and Taghi Rahmani are still in jail. Others were tried and are free on bail, awaiting their verdicts. No date has been given for Rahmani's trial. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Majles MP's Donate One Day Salary to the Palestinians * To express solidarity with the "Palestinian people," a number of Iranian MP's donated to them one day of their pay, which according to AFP equals $7,300. It is not clear how the money will be used. Meanwhile, Iraq has increased payments to the families of suicide bombers from $10,000 to $25,000. (Alireza Taheri) Majles Begins Discussions on Press Court Jury Reform Bill * In its first post-holiday session, the Majles begins deliberation on a bill to reform the law on the makeup of the press court jury. The Guardians Council rejected the bill on 11 counts four months ago. The press court jury became an issue for the Majles after the Islamic Republic Leader prevented it from reforming the press law, says Tehran journalist Mehdi Mahdavi-Azad. Now that the Majles cannot stop the judiciary from closing the newspapers, it began to concern itself with the aftermath of such closings, he tells RFE/RL. He finds it improbable that Iran's two major factions would agree on press freedoms, even if the country's domestic conditions and perceived US threats may have brought them closer together. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Thriving S & L's Compete Disrupt Central Bank's Monetary Policy * Islamic S & L's which operate outside the jurisdiction of the banking system are not unlawful; they are regulated by the ministry of cooperatives, says Tehran-based economist Habib Chini. By setting their own interest rate and lending large sums to selected borrowers, the S & L's have grown beyond the norms of a healthy economy, he tells RFE/RL. Their charter is limited to making small loans, but the central bank governor has complained that some illegally offer financial services such as corporate financing. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) German Scholar of Persian Literature Celebrates Her 80th Brithday * Writer Khosrow Naqed talks to RFE/RL about the German Iranist and former Harvard professor Anne Marie Schimmel, on the occasion of her 80th birthday. (Shahram Mirian) Berlin Conference Revisted: Special Report * On its second anniversary of the Berlin conference on reforms in Iran, which was followed by the conservative judiciary's assault on reformist journalists and political activists, Bahman Nirumand tells RFE/RL that eventually no one was convicted for the "crime" of attending the conference, even though three conference participants are still in jail on other charges. Writer Kazem Kardavani tells RFE/RL that participants were invited as individuals and ranged from religious supporters of the reformist government to secular political and human rights activists. Lawyer Mehrangiz Kar, a conference participant who was arrested, tried and initially convicted to four years in prison, tells RFE/RL that during the interrogation process, she realized that her arrest had little to do with the Berlin conference. Kar says the Berlin conference followed the elections in which the conservative faction lost control of the Majlis. RFE/RL's special reports include segments of speeches given at the conference by writer Akbar Ganji and Ms. Kar. (Shireen Famili) Rising Joblessness in Iran * Improved foreign exchange reserves and growing joblessness are the two major economic trends in Iran today, says REF/RL economic commentator, Fereydoun Khavand. During the 9-month period between March 2001-November 2001, Iran had more than $5 billion in foreign exchange reserves, according to the central bank. In spite of an increase in imports, Iran added $2.7 billion to its reserves. During the same period, foreign obligations decreased to $6.5 billion. But better finances have had no impact on the joblessness problem. To keep unemployment at the current level of 3 million, Iran needs to create 756,000 new jobs per year. The best estimates put the economy's annual job creation capacity at 400,000. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) WORLD * Israeli siege of Palestinian towns continues despite Bush's call for withdrawal. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Sudan re-opens its training camps for volunteers for war against Israel. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Pope prays for peace in Mideast. (Ahmad Ra'fat) * Peres tells a German weekly about his disagreement with Sharon on isolating Arafat. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Bush and Blair discuss the Middle East and Iraq. (Alireza Taheri) * Iraq is ready to defend against a possible US attack, says Saddam's younger son, Qudey Hussein, who is being groomed to rule Iraq after his father. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Protest in Italy against a scientist's experimental use of a cloned sperm to impregnate a woman. (Ahmad Ra'fat) * UN investigates mass graves in Afghanistan. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Turkey fears that a possible US attack on Iraq would destabilize its Kurdish regions by giving the Iraqi Kurds a greater say in Iraq's future government. * Replica of a Chirac puppet featured as "super liar" on a popular TV satirical program becomes a bestseller gift item, as elections heat up in France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) ART AND IDEAS Modern Thought in Contemporary Iran * Inspired by a Russian princess, two Iranian Qajar-era reformists wrote social criticism from the point of view of a donkey. (Javad Tabatabai, Nazi Azima) Historical Research: Government in the Passage of Time * Tehran-based professor of political history Gholam-Hossein Mirza-Saleh discusses the roots of the Renaissance. (with Nazi Azima) Interview with French Documentary Filmmaker * Alan Brunet, a French documentary maker whose film on Sabein, tells RFE/RL about a closed religious society living in the shores of the south of Iran. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)

به مناسبت آغاز محاكمه غيرعلني دكتر حبيب الله پيمان، رهبر جنبش مسلمانان مبارز، در دادگاه انقلاب اسلامي، عبدالفتاح سلطاني، وكيل مدافع حبيب الله پيمان در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد هنوز به او اجازه مطالعه تمام پرونده داده نشده است. سلطاني مي گويد اتهامات پيمان از مصاديق بارز جرائم سياسي هستند و وي بايد با حضور هيات منصفه و به طور علني مورد محاكمه قرار گيرد. سلطاني مي افزايد اين اتهامات مطابق قوانين جمهوري اسلامي بايد در دادگاه هاي عمومي مورد رسيدگي قرار گيرند و دادگاه انقلاب براي رسيدگي به اين اتهامات صلاحيت ندارد. سلطاني مي گويد پرونده داراي دو جلد است كه يكي از مجلدات درحين رسيدگي از وي گرفته شد و از نوار هاي صدا كه مورد استناد پرونده قرار گرفت، فقط يكي در اختيار وكلا قرار گرفت. دكتر حبيب الله پيمان،روز 21 اسفند 1379 همراه با چهارده تن ديگر از رهبران ائتلاف "ملي - مذهبي" بازداشت شد كه 12 تن از آنان تاكنون آزاد شده اند. علاوه بر پيمان، تقي رحماني نيز همچنان در نقطه نامعلومي در بازداشت به سر مي برد و موقع محاكمه او هنوز فرانرسيده است.

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