فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با علي ميرزاخاني، دبير اقتصادي يك روزنامه (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceWednesday, April 10, 2002
- MP's Bill to Pay Unemployment Benefit to 3 Million Jobless
- German celebrities protest trials of political activists in Iran
- The Impact of Repatriation of Afghan Refugees on Iran's Job Market
Majles Rejects MP's Bill to Pay Unemployment Benefit to 3 Million Jobless
* The bill introduced by 36 MP's to pay unemployment benefits to Iran's 3 million jobless young people would be inflationary and encourages people to remain unemployed, says the economic editor of a Tehran newspaper, Ali Mirzakhani. He tells RFE/RL that the MP's move was a political gesture. The Majles plan and budget commission rejected the bill, finding it at odds with the Third Five-Year Development Plan. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
German Celebrities Protest Trials of Political Activists in Iran
* In a letter to the Islamic Republic judiciary chief, German writers and human rights activist protest against the trials of political activists in Iran. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Phone Users Say Iran Telecom Connect Overseas Calls through Internet
* Telecom customers complain to the press that Iran Telecom has begun using voice over IP for overseas calls, while charging customers regular long-distance prices. Officials deny the reports. Last month, Tehran Telecom cut off two-way phone service to ISP's in order to stop their voice over IP businesses. Korosh Shams, journalist and Internet consultant in Tehran, says callers experience delay and disruptions common to voice over IP connections. He tells RFE/RL that Canadian phone numbers appear on caller ID screens of foreign recipients of phone calls from Iran, which would appear to confirm suspicions that Tehran Telecom is being served by an Iranian-run Canadian company that acts as an origination point for the calls from Iran. Iran Telecom charges 4,000 rials per minute for calls to Europe, while voice over IP costs between 400 to 800 rials. (Jamshid Zand)
The Impact of Repatriation of Afghan Refugees on the Economy
* Wages for construction workers in Iran increased 20 percent to 30,000 rials per day from 25,000 rials a day after the UN-Iran plan for voluntary repatriation of 400,000 of the 2 million Afghan refugees was announced. The departure of Afghans who worked for less in hard construction jobs will not open up any job opportunities for the millions of jobless Iranians, since a majority have high school and university degrees and do not take construction jobs. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
* In Madrid, the UN, EU and Russia announced their support for Colin Powell's mission to Middle East. Powell called for an end to violence. (Alireza Taheri, Prague; Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Hamas took responsibility for the latest suicide attack, which killed 13 Israeli soldiers. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* European parliament asks the 15 EU nations to suspend trade with Israel. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Three Middle East analysts discuss the potential outcome of Israel's military operation in the West Bank and its impact on future security of Israel in interviews with RFE/RL's Siavash Ardalan.
o London-based journalist Alireza Nourizadeh says the long-term psychological effects on Palestinians outweigh the short-term benefits of the siege; and hatred breeds more suicide bombers. The security belt Sharon government intends to build would be as ineffective, he adds.
o Shahram Chubin, of the Center for Strategic Studies, Geneva, says that Palestinian guerillas do not have the power and structure to make their destruction at the cost of a political solution worthwhile to Israel.
o Magnus Ranstorp, of the Center for Research on Terrorism and Political Violence in St. Andrews University, says Israel will want to continue containment and control after pulling out of the West Bank.
o Paul Breador of Jane's Defense questions the wisdom of Israel's military operations in the West Bank, including using tanks in Bethlehem squares, adding that Israel's destruction of Palestinian refugee camps in the West Bank is not realistic. (Siavash Ardalan)
* The number of executions in the world doubled in 2001 as compared to the year before, according to Amnesty International. China, Saudi Arabia, Iran and the US accounted for 90 percent of world executions. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Russia and Germany reached an agreement over the Soviet Union's debt to Germany during President Putin's visit to Berlin. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Afghan interim leader Hamid Karzai tells RFE/RL that Afghans demand an end to war and dictatorial powers of regional warlords. Economic and security uncertainties worry Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan who prepare to repatriate. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Nobel laureates in Italy nominate builder of hospitals in Afghanistan Dr. Gino Strada to receive the prize. (Ahmad Ra'fat)
* The first permanent international court designed to investigate and prosecute individuals for war crimes - International Criminal Court -- is on the verge of becoming a reality, as a preparatory commission meets in Geneva. Iran is among the 139 nations who have signed the so-called Rome Treaty, but is not among the 60 who have ratified it. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* In the opening session of the nuclear non-proliferation conference in New York, the US representative to the UN warned of the terrorism risk of the proliferation of atomic weapons among third world countries. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* China moves to lower the annual 10,000 death toll among its coal miners. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing)
* Pointing to hundreds of Taliban and al-Qaeda terrorists residing in Yemen, analysts see US-Yemen anti-terrorism cooperation difficult. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Thirty-four Bahraini women become candidates in the first ever election of local councils. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Russia plans to set fines for misuse of Russian language in the media. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Youth, Society and Education
* Said Peyvandi, Paris-based sociologist and expert on education issues in Iran, talks about textbook reform in Iran. He also takes a look at the impact of joblessness on Iranian youth during the next ten years. (Kian Manavi)
The Weekly Science Show
* Archaeo-zoologist Marjan Mashkour of the Paris Sorbonne university and France's National Museum of Natural History tells RFE/RL about her recent research in Iran on the ancient roots of tribal migration through studying animal bones. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
* A new report from the Federation of American Scientists indicates that due to an increase in carbon dioxide, sudden climate changes are possible. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
* Iraj Gorgin reads a passage by the classical Persian writer and poet, Saadi. (Iraj Gorgin)
An Interview with filmmaker Kia Rustami. (Faramarz Khodayari)
An Interview with composer Homayoun Khorram. (Shahram Mirian)
علي ميرزاخاني، سردبير اقتصادي يك روزنامه در تهران به راديوآزادي مي گويد طرح 36 تن از نمايندگان مجلس براي پرداخت مستمري ماهانه به 3 ميليون جوان بيكار، تورم زا است و به صورت ماليات بر صاحبان درآمدهاي ثابت تحميل مي شود و همجنين با تشويق مستمري بگيران به بيكار ماندن، انگيزه كاريابي را كم مي كند. اخذ عوارض از مسافران خارج و واردكنندگان كالاهاي غيرضروري و همچنين تعيين عوارض جديد بر معاملات تجاري و ملكي در اين طرح به عنوان منبع پرداخت اين مستمري پيشنهاد شده است. كميسيون برنامه وبودجه مجلس اين طرح را به علت مغايرت آن با قانون برنامه سوم توسعه اقتصادي رد كرد.