لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۲ آبان ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۱۰:۰۷

بحران خاورميانه: بي تفاوتي مردم ايران عليرغم تبليغات شديد جمهوري اسلامي در حمايت از مواضع فلسطيني ها

سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با صادق زيباكلام، جعفرگلابي، داور شيخاوندي

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceThursday, April 11, 2002 - Public indifference to Middle East news - Loss of Chances for US-Iran D‚tente - Caspian negotiations - Labor Tensions in the face of Inflation - Amnesty International's Concern about Jailed Student - Judiciary to try oil company officials - Iran to sell cars to UAE - German production of a Dario Fo play by an Iranian director Public Apathy towards the Middle East Crisis * As crisis in the Middle East escalates, some Iranian newspapers regret Iranians' relative indifference to the plight of the Palestinians. Two university professors and a reformist journalist in Tehran comment about the general apathy about the Middle East crisis during interviews with RFE/RL. * Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zibakalam says few showed up for last Tuesday's pro-Palestinian demonstrations in Tehran. The excessive airtime given to the subject by the Iranian TV and people's distrust of the government broadcasting contribute to the apathy. Most people disagree with the government's official position which opposes the right of Israel to exist, contrary to the positions of Arab nations, the Palestinians and the rest of the world. Unlike Iran's official media, most Iranians equally condemn any violence against Israeli and Palestinian civilians, he adds. * Reformist journalist Jafar Golabi says people feel that their participation in the official pro-Palestinian demonstrations would only help the government propaganda. They feel that Iran has paid a heavy price for the regime's radical stance on the Middle East. The excessive government propaganda on the subject has turned people off, he adds. * Professor Davar Sheikhavandi, a Tehran University sociologist, says the huge volume of the regime's pro-Palestinian propaganda, especially during the holidays, contributed to its failure in mobilizing the public opinion. Also, the Arab government's continuous support for Iraq against Iran and their recent backing of the UAE claim on the three Persian Gulf islands has had an adverse effect on the pro-Palestinian sentiment in Iran. (Siavash Ardalan) Majles MP's Regret Lost Chances for US-Iran D‚tente * In a closed-door meeting, Majles reformists bemoaned loss of opportunities to mend relations with the US, according to Mohammad Naimipour, the head of the largest reformist Majles faction, the Mosharekat. e HHehE He did not elaborate on the discussions in the meeting, but probably the subject of the discussion revolved around the political forces that have repeatedly blocked any direct contact between Iranian and US officials. On several occasions when US lawmakers and their Iranian counterparts agreed to meet, their plans were blocked by personal intervention of the Islamic Republic Leader Ayatollah Khamenei. However, Namimipour's statement today suggests that, in spite of the Leader's rejections, the reformists have not totally given up hope for a dialogue with the US. (Siavash Ardalan) Majles MP's Criticize Foreign Ministry's Handling of the Caspian Negotiations * Leftist cleric MP Ali-Akbar Mussavi-Khoini gave a constitutional notice to the government, criticizing the foreign ministry's handling of the negotiations with Caspian littoral countries over Iran's share of the sea's mineral and marine resources. The leaders of Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Iran plan to meet on April 23 to discuss the Caspian legal regime. Said Mahmoudi, professor of international law in Sweden says Iran's treaties with the former Soviet Union are still valid, even though, as Azerbaijan asserts, Iran has never used the rights specified in those treaties. He tells RFE/RL that the other four countries have in the past disagreed with Iran's demand for an equal division of the resources. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Labor Tensions to Grow in the face of Inflation * Parviz Ahmadi, head of the association of Islamic councils of Tehran factory workers predicts a rise in labor tensions during the next 12 months as a result of the escalating inflation. Ahmadi tells RFE/RL that the labor is preparing to express its concern about the rising prices during the Labor Day demonstrations. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Amnesty International's Concern about Jailed Student * The Amnesty International expresses concern over the continued detention of Ahmad Batebi, the student activist who became a symbol of student protest in Iran when his picture appeared in London's Economist magazine holding up a bloody tee-shirt during the July 1999 student disturbances. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Revolutionary Court Postpones the Trial of Jailed Nationalist-Religious Leader * Abdolfatah Soltani, defense attorney of Taqi Rahmani, a jailed Nationalist-Religious coalition leader, says the revolutionary court canceled the first day of his closed-door trial, due to the absence of the representative of the public prosecutor's office. He tells RFE/RL that the judge's move to cancel the proceedings was not legal. Rahmani's wife, Narges Mohammadi tells RFE/RL that her husband has been kept in solitary confinement for more than 13 months and the cancellation of the long over-due trial did not have any legal justification. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Judiciary to Try Oil Company Officials on Corruption Charges * Islamic Republic judiciary is determined to press charges against the officials of the National Iranian Oil Company and Petropars company, writes Financial Time's Tehran reporter, Guy Dinmore, quoting sources within the oil ministry. (Siavash Ardalan) Iran to Sell Cars to UAE * Iran's largest auto-maker, Iran-Khodro, plans to ship 1000 new Sahand cars to UAE, writes al Khalij news paper. Alireza Qaneh, an executive of Iran-Khodro is quoted as saying the main buyers of these cars are expected to be Iranians living in the UAE. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Iranian Director Stages an Italian Play in Cologne * Alireza Jalali, an exiled Iranian director talks to RFE/RL about this German production of the "Forbidden Tales" by the Italian playwright Dario Fo. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) WORLD * Powell seeks a way out of the Middle East crisis in talks with the Arab and Israeli leaders. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Germany suspends arms exports to Israel. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Roundup of Palestinian and Israeli comments about the conflict. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Afghanistan discovers more rockets aimed at international peacekeeping forces. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * UN celebrates the establishment of the new International Criminal Court. (Golnaz Esfandiari, Prague; Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Israeli forces will not attack churches, promises the Israeli President in a letter to the Pope. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * EU's considering the suspension of trade treaty with Israel is important in the light of EU's negotiations with Lebanon and Morocco about a similar treaty, says Jamshid Asadi, an expert of international relations. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) ARTS AND IDEAS Los Angeles Report * Composer Mostafa Kasravi talks to RFE/RL about his long career in creating anthems and chorus music. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles) * Weekly soccer news and commentary. (Mehrdad Masudi, London)

به رغم اوج گيري بحران خاورميانه، برخي از روزنامه ها در ايران از انفعال و بي تفاوتي ايرانيان نسبت به مشكلات فلسطين ابراز تاسف مي كنند. دكتر صادق زيباكلام استاد علوم سياسي در دانشگاه تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي، انفعال مردم ايران نسبت به بحران خاورميانه را تائيد مي كند و مي گويد: تعداد تظاهركنندگان روز سه شنبه در تهران بسيار ناچيز بود. وي مي افزايد بي اعتمادي مردم نسبت به مطالبي كه از راديوتلويزيون جمهوري اسلامي پخش مي شود، عامل ديگري است در بي تفاوتي آنها نسبت به بحران خاورميانه. زيبا كلام مي افزايد بسياري از مردم ايران سياست رسمي جمهوري اسلامي در مورد فلسطين را درست نمي دانند. در حاليكه دنيا و حتي خود فلسطيني ها موجوديت اسرائيل را پذيرفته اند، نمي توان گفت اسرائيلي ها را بايد به دريا ريخت. وي مي گويد ايرانيان به تدريج نسبت به محكوم ساختن جنايت عليه غيرنظاميان هم توسط اسرائيل و هم توسط تندروهاي فلسطيني تمايل پيدا كرده اند. جعفرگلابي، روزنامه نگار اصلاح طلب، مي گويد: مردم حس مي كنند دولت و رسانه ها به اندازه كافي به موضوع فلسطين پرداخته اند و حضور آنها در خيابان صرفا به سوء استفاده هاي سياسي منجر مي شود. گلابي مي افزايد: پرداخت هزينه هاي زياد و اعمال روش هاي افراطي از سوي جمهوري اسلامي در برخورد با مسئله فلسطين، مردم را از آن رويگردان ساخته است. گلابي مي گويد: مردم ايران احساس مي كنند كه هزينه اي بيشتر از كشورهاي عربي براي حمايت جمهوري اسلامي از مواضع فلسطيني ها پرداخت كرده اند. دكتر داور شيخاوندي، استاد جامعه شناسي در تهران، تبليغاتي بودن پوشش خبري راديوتلويزيون جمهوري اسلامي و پرحجم بودن اين پوشش تبليغاتي و همزماني بحران خاورميانه با روزهاي عيد را از دلايل ناكارآمدي جمهوري اسلامي در تهييج احساسات عمومي مي داند. وي مي افزايد عملكرد اعراب برخلاف منافع ملي ايران در حمايت از عراق و حمايت آنها از ادعاي امارات در مورد جزاير سه گانه خليج فارس نيز بر روحيه ايرانيان تاثير منفي گذاشته است. در نخستين گام عملي براي حمايت از مقاومت فلسطين، "بنياد شهيد" جمهوري اسلامي طرحي براي تكفل بستگان عوامل انفجار هاي انتحاري و قربانيان زدوخوردهاي مسلحانه با اسرائيل را به مورد اجرا مي گذارد.

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